1915 in Australia
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|1915 in Australia|
|Prime minister||Andrew Fisher, then Billy Hughes|
|Elections||South Australia, Queensland|
- Monarch – George V
- Governor-General – Ronald Munro-Ferguson
- Prime Minister – Andrew Fisher (until 27 October), then Billy Hughes
- Chief Justice – Samuel Griffith
- Premier of New South Wales – William Holman
- Premier of Queensland – Digby Denham (until 1 June), then T. J. Ryan
- Premier of South Australia – Archibald Peake (until 2 April), then Crawford Vaughan
- Premier of Tasmania – John Earle
- Premier of Victoria – Alexander Peacock
- Premier of Western Australia – John Scaddan
- Governor of New South Wales – Gerald Strickland
- Governor of Queensland – Hamilton Goold-Adams (from 15 March)
- Governor of South Australia – Henry Galway
- Governor of Tasmania – William Ellison-Macartney
- Governor of Victoria – Arthur Stanley
- Governor of Western Australia – Harry Barron
- 25 April – The Anzac tradition begins during World War I with a landing at Gallipoli on the Turkish coast.
- 30 April – Australian submarine AE2 sunk in Sea of Marmara.
- 6 June – The BHP steelworks opens in Newcastle, New South Wales.
- 19 July – Albert Jacka becomes the first Australian to win the Victoria Cross during the First World War.
- 9 August – Alexander Burton died at Lone Pine, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was awarded the Victoria Cross.
- 24 August – The town of Holbrook, New South Wales was renamed from Germanton.
- 10 October – Twenty six men left Gilgandra, New South Wales on the Cooee March; the first of the World War I Snowball marches. At each town on the route they shouted "cooee" to attract recruits; the march arrived in Sydney on 12 November with 263 recruits.
- 27 October – Billy Hughes becomes the seventh Prime Minister of Australia and the first to serve consecutive terms in office.
- 20 December – Completion of ANZAC evacuation from Gallipoli before dawn.
Science and technology
- 10 December – Father and son scientists William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg win the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Arts and literature
- Patrobas wins the Melbourne Cup
- 1914/15 the Sheffield Shield was won by Victoria; after this season it was not contested due to the war.
- The 1915 NSWRFL Premiership is won by Balmain.
- 6 February – Donald Friend (died 1989), artist, writer and diarist
- 2 March – John Wear Burton (died 2010), public servant and diplomat
- 3 March – Manning Clark (died 1991), historian
- 22 March – Charlotte Anderson (died 2002), professor of paediatrics
- 9 April – Bob Quinn (died 2008), SANFL footballer (Port Adelaide)
- 30 May – Michael Thwaites (died 2005), poet, academic and intelligence officer
- 31 May – Judith Wright (died 2000), poet
- 3 June – Jim McClelland (died 1999), senator and government minister
- 16 July – David Campbell (died 1979), poet
- 3 August – Arthur John Birch (died 1995), organic chemist
- 26 October – Lindsay Pryor (died 1998), botanist
- 2 November – May Campbell (died 1981), field hockey player
- 25 November – Ron Hamence (died 2010), cricketer
- 29 November – Bob Cotton (died 2006), senator and government minister
- 31 December – John Murray (died 2009), politician
- 11 January – James Wilkinson (born 1854), Queensland politician
- 11 March – Thomas Alexander Browne (born 1826), author (Robbery Under Arms)
- 4 April – Sir Francis Bathurst Suttor (born 1839), pastoralist and politician
- 19 April – Thomas Playford II (born 1837), Premier of South Australia (1890–1892) and federal Minister for Defence (1905–1907)
- 25 April - William Henry Strahan (born 1869) Poet, farmer and politician dies during the Galipolli landings
- 2 June – George Randell (born 1830), West Australian politician
- 25 June – Frederick Manson Bailey (born 1827), botanist
- 28 June – Victor Trumper (born 1877), cricketer
- 18 July – Marshall Hall (born 1862), musician
- 2 August – John Downer (born 1843), Premier of South Australia (1885–1887, 1892–1893)
- 8 October – E. Phillips Fox (born 1865), painter
- 20 November – Robert Barr Smith (born 1824), businessman and philanthropist
- 4 December – George Richards (born 1865), NSW politician
- 21 December – Thomas Sergeant Hall (born 1858), geologist and biologist
- List of Australian films of the 1910s