Administration in Bihar

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Administration in Bihar
Seal of Bihar.svg
Seal of Bihar
Seat of Government
Patna
Executive
Governor of Bihar Lalji Tandon
Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar
Legislative
Bihar Legislative Assembly
Speaker Vijay Kumar Chaudhary
Members in Assembly 243
Bihar Legislative Council
Chairman Awadhesh Narain Singh
Members in Council 75
Judiciary
Patna High Court
Chief Justice of High Court Hon. Mr. Justice Rajendra Menon (assumed office on 15 March 2017)[1]
District Courts
Panchayat
Administrative division
Divisions of Bihar 9
Districts of Bihar 38
Sub-Divisions 101
Towns 130
Blocks in Bihar 534
Panchayats 8,406
Villages in Bihar 45,103
Police Stations 853
Police Districts 43
Website
bihar.nic.in

Bihar is a state situated in North India. It is surrounded by West Bengal to the east, Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south and Nepal to the north.

History[edit]

Before 1905, Bihar was a part of British East India Company's Bengal Presidency. In 1905 the Bengal Presidency was divided and created two new provinces: East Bengal and West Bengal. Until then Bihar was part of West Bengal. Again West Bengal and East Bengal reunited in 1911 but the people of Bihar and Orrisa demanded a separate province based on language rather than religion. In 1912 Bihar and Orissa Province was created separating from Bengal Presidency. In 1936, Bihar and Orrisa Province divided into two new provinces: Bihar Province and Orissa Province.

The area of Bihar in Bengal Presidency during 1905

Bihar and Orissa Province[edit]

Following Divisions were included in Bihar and Orissa Province when it separated from Bengal Presidency in 1912:

On 1 April 1936 Bihar and Orissa Province was divided into two new provinces: Bihar Province and Orissa Province

Bihar and Orissa Province in 1912

Bihar Province[edit]

In 1936, Bihar became a separate province including part of Jharkhand.

After the independence of India in 1951, Bihar including Jharkhand had 18 districts, and had 55 districts in 1991.

Bihar[edit]

In 2000, Bihar again divided into two states: the current Bihar and Jharkhand. In 2001 Bihar had a total of 37 districts.

Administrative structure[edit]

Structurally Bihar is divided into divisions (Pramandal), districts (jila), blocks (Prakhand), municipal corporations (Nagar Nigam), municipalities (Nagar Parishad) and city councils (Nagar Panchayat).

The state is divided into 9 divisions, 38 districts, 534 blocks,[2] 12 municipal corporations, 49 Nagar Parishads and 80 Nagar Panchayats,[3][4][5][6][7] for administrative purposes. The various districts included in the divisions—Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division—are as listed below.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
India
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bihar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Divisions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Districts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blocks
(Tehsils)
 
Municipal Corporations
(Maha-Nagar-Palika)
 
 
 
Municipalities
(Nagar-Palika)
 
City Councils
(Nagar-Panchayat)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Villages
(Graam/Gau'n)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wards

Divisions[edit]

There are 9 divisions in Bihar.

Districts[edit]

There are 38 districts in Bihar, grouped into 9 divisions.

Sub-divisions[edit]

Sub-divisions (Anumandal) in Bihar are like sub-districts. There are 101 subdivisions in Bihar.

Blocks[edit]

The Indian state of Bihar is divided into 534 administrative subdivisions called blocks.[8][9]

Municipal corporations[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

City Councils[edit]

Judiciary[edit]

High Court[edit]

The Patna High Court (Hindi: पटना उच्च न्यायालय) is the High Court of the state of Bihar. It was established on February 3, 1916, and later affiliated under the Government of India Act, 1915. The court is headquartered in Patna, the administrative capital of the state.

A proclamation was made by the Governor-General of India on 22 March 1912. The foundation-stone of the High Court Building was laid on 1 December 1913 by His Excellency the late Viceroy and Governor-General of India, Sir Charles Hardinge of Penshurst. The Patna High Court building on its completion was formally opened by the same Viceroy on 3 February 1916. Hon. Sir Justice Edward Maynard Des Champs Chamier was the first Chief Justice of Patna High Court.

This High Court has given two Chief Justices of India: Hon'ble Mr. Justice Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha, the 6th C.J.I., and Hon. Mr. Justice Lalit Mohan Sharma, the 24th C.J.I..

Hon. The Chief Justice Mr. Rajendra Menon is the current Chief Justice of Patna High Court. He assumed his office on 15 March 2017.[10]

City Courts[edit]

Legislature[edit]

Bihar is one of the seven states where bicameral legislature exists. Other states are Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The Vidhan Parishad serves as the upper house and Vidhan Sabha serves as the lower house of a bicameral legislature.

Vidhan Sabha[edit]

The Vidhan Sabha is also known as Legislative Assembly. The Bihar Legislative Assembly first came into being in 1937. The current strength of the House is 243.

Vidhan Parishad[edit]

The Vidhan Parishad is also known as Legislative Council.

A new province of Bihar and Orissa was created by the British Government on 12 December 1911. The Legislative Council with a total of 43 members belonging to different categories was formed in 1912. The first sitting of the Council was convened on 20 January 1913. In 1936, Bihar attained its separate Statehood. Under the Government of India Act, 1919, the unicameral legislature got converted into bicameral one, i.e. the Bihar Legislative Council and the Bihar Legislative Assembly. Under the Government of India Act, 1935, the Bihar Legislative Council consisted of 29 members. After the first General Elections 1952, the number of members was increased up to 72 and by 1958 the number was raised to 96. With the creation of Jharkhand, as a result of the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 passed by the Parliament, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Council has been reduced from 96 to 75 members.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]