Administration in Bihar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Administration in Bihar
Seal of Bihar.svg
Seal of Bihar
Seat of Government
Governor of Bihar Ram Nath Kovind
Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar
Bihar Legislative Assembly
Speaker U. N. Chaudhury
Members in Assembly 243
Bihar Legislative Council
Chairman Awadhesh Narain Singh
Members in Council 75
Patna High Court
Chief Justice of High Court Hon. Mr. Justice L. Narasimha Reddy (assumed office on 2 January 2015)


District Courts
Administrative division
Divisions of Bihar 9
Districts of Bihar 38
Sub-Divisions of Bihar 101
Towns of Bihar 130
Blocks in Bihar 534
Panchayats in Bihar 8,471
Villages in Bihar 45,103
Police Stations in Bihar 853
Police Districts in Bihar 43

Administrative Structure[edit]

Municipal Corporations
City Councils

Administration Division[edit]

The state is divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts, for administrative purposes. The various districts included in the divisions - Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division, are as listed below.

District map of Bihar
Division Headquarters Districts
Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Banka, Bhagalpur
Darbhanga Darbhanga Begusarai, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur
Kosi Saharsa Madhepura, Saharsa, Supaul
Magadh Gaya Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada
Munger Munger Jamui, Khagaria, Munger, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura
Patna Patna Bhojpur, Buxar, Kaimur, Patna, Rohtas, Nalanda
Purnia Purnia Araria, Katihar, Kishanganj, Purnia
Saran Chapra Gopalganj, Saran, Siwan
Tirhut Muzaffarpur East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, West Champaran


High Court[edit]

Main article: Patna High Court

The Patna High Court (Hindi: पटना उच्च न्यायालय) is the High Court of the state of Bihar. It was established on February 3, 1916 and later affiliated under the Government of India Act, 1915. The court is headquartered in Patna, the administrative capital of the state.

Proclamation made by the Governor-General of India on the 22 March 1912. The foundation-stone of the High Court Building was laid on 1 December 1913 by His Excellency the late Viceroy and Governor-General of India, Sir Charles Hardinge of Penshurst.The Patna High Court building on its completion was formally opened by the same Viceroy on 3 February 1916. Hon. Sir Justice Edward Maynard Des Champs Chamier was the first Chief Justice of Patna High Court.

This High Court has given two Chief Justice of India, first was Hon'ble Mr. Justice Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha, the 6th C.J.I. and second was Hon. Mr. Justice Lalit Mohan Sharma, the 24th C.J.I..

Hon. The Chief Justice Mr. L. Narasimha Reddy is the current Chief Justice of Patna High Court. He assumed this office on 2 January 2015. [2]

City Courts[edit]


Bihar is one of the seven states where bicameral legislature exists. Other states are: (Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh). The Vidhan Parishad serves as the upper house and Vidhan Sabha serves as the lower house of a bicameral legislature.

Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Main article: Bihar Vidhan Sabha

The Vidhan Sabha also known as 'Legislative Assembly. The Bihar Legislative Assembly first came into being in 1937. The current strength of the House is 243.

See also: Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Parishad[edit]

Main article: Bihar Vidhan Parishad

The Vidhan Parishad also known as Legislative Council.


A new Province of Bihar and Orissa was created by the British Government on 12 December 1911. The Legislative Council with a total of 43 members belonging to different categories was formed in 1912. The first sitting of the Council was convened on 20 January 1913. In 1936, Bihar attained its separate Statehood. Under the Government of India Act, 1919, the unicameral legislature got converted into bicameral one, i.e. the Bihar Legislative Council and the Bihar Legislative Assembly. Under the Government of India Act, 1935, the Bihar Legislative Council consisted of 29 members. After the first General Elections 1952, the number of members was increased up to 72 and by 1958 the number was raised to 96. With the creation of Jharkhand, as a result of the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 passed by the Parliament, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Council has been reduced from 96 to 75 members.

See also: Vidhan Parishad

See also[edit]


External links[edit]