|United States Senator|
Assumed office |
July 16, 2013
Serving with Elizabeth Warren
|Preceded by||Mo Cowan|
|Chair of the House Energy Independence Committee|
March 8, 2007 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Committee established|
|Succeeded by||Committee abolished|
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
November 2, 1976 – July 15, 2013
Torbert Macdonald (7th)|
Niki Tsongas (5th)
Mike Capuano (7th)|
Katherine Clark (5th)
7th district (1976–2013)|
5th district (2013)
|Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives|
from the 26th Middlesex district
January 3, 1973 – November 2, 1976
|Preceded by||William R. Callahan|
|Succeeded by||John C. McNeil|
Edward John Markey|
July 11, 1946
Malden, Massachusetts, U.S.
Susan Blumenthal (m. 1988)
|Education||Boston College (BA, JD)|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1968–1973|
|Rank||Specialist Fourth Class|
|Unit||United States Army Reserve|
Edward John Markey (born July 11, 1946) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the U.S. Representative for Massachusetts's 7th congressional district from 1976 to 2013. Between the two offices, Markey has been in Congress for more than 41 years. He also served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1973 to 1976.
Markey has focused on energy policy and was Chairman of the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming from 2007 to 2011. In 2013, after John Kerry was appointed United States Secretary of State, he was elected to serve out the balance of Kerry's sixth Senate term in a 2013 special election. Markey defeated Stephen Lynch in the Democratic primary and Republican Gabriel E. Gomez in the general election. When he left the House, he was its eighth most senior member. In 2014 Markey was elected to a full six-year Senate term. He is the dean of the Massachusetts congressional delegation and the second longest-serving current member of Congress from New England, behind Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont.
- 1 Early life, education, and career
- 2 U.S. House of Representatives
- 3 U.S. Senate
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Electoral history
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Early life, education, and career
Markey was born on July 11, 1946, in Malden, Massachusetts, the son of Christina M. (née Courtney) and John E. Markey, a milkman. The family was Irish Catholic, and Markey was educated at Immaculate Conception School and Malden Catholic High School. He graduated from Boston College in 1968 with a Bachelor of Arts, and from Boston College Law School in 1972 with a Juris Doctor. After graduating, Markey worked as a lawyer in private practice.
Markey served in the United States Army Reserve from 1968 to 1973, attaining the rank of Specialist Fourth Class. He joined while a junior in college, and has stated that he enlisted before receiving a Vietnam War draft notice. He further stated that even though he opposed the war, if he had been drafted without having secured a position in the Reserve, he would have answered the induction notice and gone to Vietnam. Ed Markey's South Boston reserve unit included Thomas P. O'Neill III, Steve Grossman, and Markey's brothers Richard and John. Markey was discharged in 1973, a year before his enlistment agreement was due to expire, which was not unusual as the military discharged many members early during post-Vietnam force drawdowns.
U.S. House of Representatives
On May 21, 1976, incumbent Congressman Torbert Macdonald died in office. Markey, who had just been elected to a third term in the state house, entered a seven-candidate Democratic primary for what was then the 7th District. In the primary—the real contest in this heavily Democratic district—Markey won the nomination with a plurality of 22% of the vote. In the November 1976 election, he defeated Republican Richard Daly 77%-18%. That election doubled as both a special election for the balance of Macdonald's 11th term and a regular election for a full two-year term, and so Markey took office later that night. This gave him greater seniority than other Representatives elected in 1976.
Markey was reelected 19 more times from this district, which included most of the northern suburbs of Boston. His lowest vote total was 62% in 1992, in a three-way election. Markey faced no Republican opposition in eight of his bids for reelection, in 1978, 1980, 1986, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2002, and 2006. His district was renumbered the 5th after the 2010 census, in which Massachusetts lost a district.
Environment and energy
In December 2007, Markey became the first US politician to use Second Life, through which he addressed the delegates of the UNFCCC in Bali as part of OneClimate's Virtual Bali event. It was estimated that the carbon dioxide he saved by not flying to Bali was around 5.5 tons. Pressure from Markey prompted BP to provide a live underwater video feed showing oil leaking out of a pipe in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010. Markey has been a longtime critic of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and has been critical of the NRC's decision-making on the proposed Westinghouse AP1000 reactor design and the NRC response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.
In 2011, Markey criticized Republicans and the Tea Party movement, saying "Rick Perry and these other guys are allergic to science...too many of the tea party people, who basically don’t believe in science, are now controlling the Republican Party." In reply to Alaska's Governor Sarah Palin's position on how the American Clean Energy and Security Act (also known as Waxman-Markey, named after Markey and Henry Waxman) could have a negative impact for Alaskans, Markey wrote an article criticizing Palin's inaction on global warming and her environmental positions.
Markey sarcastically suggested in August 2010 that global warming deniers form their own country on an iceberg: "An iceberg four times the size of Manhattan has broken off Greenland, creating plenty of room for global warming deniers to start their own country." Markey also said that, at the time, 2010 was the hottest recorded year, and "scientists agree Arctic ice is a canary in a coal mine that provides clear warnings on climate". Markey has derided Republicans' stance on global warming, stating during a hearing: "I won’t physically rise, because I’m worried that Republicans will overturn the law of gravity, sending us floating about the room."
In January 2011, House Republicans eliminated the Select Committee for Energy Independence and Global Warming, which Nancy Pelosi created in 2006 and Markey chaired.
Markey was one of the 31 members of the House who voted not to count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 Presidential election; without Ohio's votes John Kerry would have been elected president.
Markey drew some controversy through his proposal to introduce legislation that deals with amusement parks' roller coasters, believing that newer, faster rides that exert greater G-pressures on the human body are dangerous mentally and physically, despite a lack of concrete evidence to support these claims, and contrary to studies that affirmed the safety of roller coasters in general.
As a Representative in 2009, Markey sponsored the Internet Freedom Preservation Act to enact principles of net neutrality. The proposed legislation received support from a few dozen co-sponsors and public interest organizations but ultimately died in committee before enactment. According to an article published in January 2018, Markey has been "leading the charge" on net neutrality.
In 2003, Markey called attention to the lack of security surrounding air cargo placed on commercial passenger planes, arguing that if passenger baggage is screened for explosive devices, cargo on the plane should be as well. In 2007, he succeeded in getting a 100 percent air cargo screening requirement signed into law. In the law codifying the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission, Markey wrote the mandate requiring all cargo on passenger planes to be screened.
- Committee on Energy and Commerce
- Committee on Natural Resources (Ranking Member)
In 2004, Markey was considered a contender for John Kerry's seat in the United States Senate if Kerry were to be elected President of the United States. Markey was considered a leading contender in the 2010 special election to replace the late Ted Kennedy, but on September 12, 2009, he announced his decision not to run and endorsed fellow Congressman Michael Capuano, who went on to lose the Democratic primary to Martha Coakley.
2013 special election
On December 27, 2012, Markey was the first to announce his candidacy to run in a special election to fill Kerry's seat after Barack Obama nominated him for United States Secretary of State. Several politicians, including Kerry, endorsed Markey even before the Senate confirmed Kerry. On April 30, 2013, Markey won the Democratic nomination by defeating fellow Congressman Stephen Lynch in the primary election. He defeated Republican challenger Gabriel E. Gomez in the general special election on June 25 and completed the remaining 17 months of Kerry's term.
Markey is the longest tenured House member ever elected to the Senate, with his 36-plus years of service exceeding that of Frederick H. Gillett, who served in the House for 32 years before moving to the upper chamber in 1925. Markey is the 11th oldest candidate to win a U.S. Senate special election out of more than 170 men and women since the passage of the 17th Amendment.
Markey resigned his House seat on July 15, 2013 and was sworn into the Senate on July 16. Although he is the dean of the Massachusetts delegation, he is the state's junior Senator, alongside Elizabeth Warren.
Markey is known for the "blizzard" of public letters he posts on his website and sends to the press to draw attention to his favored issues.
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on European Affairs
- Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection, and Peace Corps
- Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Markey supports gun control, including improved background checks, ending illegal gun trafficking, and closing loopholes on gun purchases. In 2015 he proposed a "smart gun" bill that aimed to equip handguns with technology making them usable only by the purchaser.
After the Orlando nightclub shooting, Markey called for more gun regulations and supported the Feinstein Amendment, which would have made it illegal for suspected terrorists to buy guns. He also supports universal background checks.
In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Markey said, "This Congress has the responsibility to make sure the NRA stands for ‘not relevant anymore’ in American politics, and we have to begin this debate now." He co-sponsored a proposal to ban bump stocks, which make a semi-automatic weapons act like automatic weapons.
Since 1988, Markey has been married to Dr. Susan Blumenthal, who served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services for Women's Health and held the rank of rear admiral as Assistant U.S. Surgeon General. Since 2005, he has been a contributing writer for The Huffington Post. He was one of several politicians who had a cameo role in the 2003 film Gods and Generals, in which he played an Irish Brigade officer.
- "Ed Markey: The milkman's son who broke the rules | News | The Harvard Crimson". www.thecrimson.com. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- "Obituary; John E. Markey, at 89, manager for H.P. Hood". Boston Herald. July 14, 2000.
- "Obituary; Christina M. Markey, congressman's mother". Boston Herald. July 24, 1998.
- "Markey, Edward John". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress.
- Noah Bierman, Boston Globe, A Drive That Stunned Markey’s Family, and Never Ebbed: Representative Came in as a Rebel, Then Rose, April 21, 2013
- Curt Nickisch, WBUR Radio, Markey, U.S. Congressman For 36 Years, Sets His Sights On The Senate, April 24, 2013
- Emily O'Donnell, Attleboro Sun-Chronicle, Faithful Embrace Markey at Victory Party, May 1, 2013
- William E. Schmidt, New York Times News Service, Lawrence Journal-World, 12 of Quayle's Contemporaries Served in Reserve, Guard Units, August 21, 1988
- John J. Monahan, Worcester Telegram, Front-Runner Ed Markey: It’s Time for us to Start Singing ‘Getting to Know You’, January 27, 2013
- Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 1973, 1975. Massachusetts General Court.
- "MA District 07 - D Primary Race - Sep 14, 1976". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "MA District 07 - Special Election Race - Nov 02, 1976". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "MA District 07 - D Primary Race - Sep 16, 1980". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "MA District 7 - D Primary Race - Sep 18, 1984". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "MA District 7 - D Primary Race - Sep 17, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "Office of the House Clerk – Electoral Statistics". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "Election Results". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- "National Special Interest Groups". Vote Smart. Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "Remarks of the Avatar of the Hon. Edward J. Markey on the virtual island of Bali, Indonesia in Second Life". December 11, 2008. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- "BP Bows to Pressure for Oil Leak Livestream". CBS News. May 19, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Matthew L. Wald (July 28, 2011). "U.S. Regulator Says Fukushima Lessons Can Percolate". New York Times.
- Peter Fairley (March 15, 2011). "Fukushima's Spreading Impact". Technology Review.
- "Republicans 'are allergic to science'". MSNBC. Raw Story.
- "Governor Palin Opposes Waxman-Markey Bill". June 30, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Markey predicts U.S. economy will rebound soon". Boston Business Journal. June 11, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "Markey: Deniers of global warming should 'start their own country'". The Hill. 7 August 2010.
- "MA pol: warming skeptics should move to ice island". Boston. 7 August 2010.[dead link]
- "During Climate Hearing, Markey Asks If Anti-Science GOP Will Repeal Gravity, Heliocentrism, Relativity". March 10, 2011. Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Sheppard, Kate (January 6, 2011). "Republicans kill global warming committee". The Guardian. London.
- Final Vote Results for Roll Call 7. Clerk.house.gov. January 6, 2005.
- "USA Daylight Saving Time change from 2007". daylight-saving-time.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- Stecklow, Steve; Angwin, Julia (May 7, 2011). "House Releases 'Do Not Track' Children Bill". AllThingsD. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "MARKEY TO INTRODUCE ROLLER COASTER SAFETY LEGISLATION". Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Cooke, Charles C. W. "Ed Markey's Peculiar Crusade". National Review. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Collins, Dan (February 11, 2009). "Researchers: Roller Coasters Are Safe". CBS News. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Text of H.R. 3458 as Introduced in House: Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009". opencongress. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Brodsky, Art. "Public Knowledge Hails Internet Freedom Preservation Act". Public Knowledge. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Romm, Tony. "It ain't over: Net neutrality advocates are preparing a massive new war against Trump's FCC". Recode. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- Kathy Uek (November 1, 2010). "Markey targets air cargo loophole". The MetroWest Daily News. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Markey cites progress on 100% air cargo screening, says more needs to be done". States News Service. July 31, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Ed Markey (January 5, 2007). "Commerce Won't Trump Homeland Security in the 110th Congress". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Markey weighs Senate bid". Politico. September 7, 2009.
- Rhee, Foon (September 12, 2009). "Markey not running for Kennedy seat". Boston.com.
- Arsenault, Mark (December 27, 2012). "US Rep. Markey to run in Senate special election". Boston.com.
- Phillips, Frank. "Kerry supports Markey's Senate run". Retrieved December 28, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Steve LeBlanc and Bob Salsberg, Huffington Post, Ed Markey Wins Massachusetts Democratic Senate Primary, April 30, 2013,
- Levenson, Michael; Frank Phillips (June 26, 2013). "Edward Markey keeps party's hold on Senate seat". The Boston Globe. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Katharine Q. Seelye (June 25, 2013). "Democrat Wins Special Election for Kerry's Senate Seat". nytimes.com.
- Michael A. Memoli, Los Angeles Times, Rep. Edward Markey Wins John Kerry's Senate Seat in Massachusetts, June 25, 2013.
- Ostermeier, Eric (June 27, 2013). "Paying His Dues: Markey Shatters Senate Record for Prior House Service". Smart Politics.
- Ostermeier, Eric (June 26, 2013). "How Long Will Ed Markey Serve?". Smart Politics.
- "Special election set for Dec. 10 to fill Ed Markey's U.S. House seat". masslive.com. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Byers, Alex (November 2, 2014). "Ed Markey's policy strategy: Letter rip". Politico. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "New US Sen. Markey receives committee assignments". Associated Press. July 17, 2013. Archived from the original on July 17, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- "U.S. Sen. Markey Pushing For Tougher Gun Control Measures". WBUR. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Everett, Burgess. "Markey to introduce 'smart gun' bill". POLITICO. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Schoenberg, Shira. "Sen. Ed Markey calls for stronger gun control after Orlando shooting". MassLive. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- DeMetrick, Alex. "Calls For Tougher Gun Control Laws Grow After Las Vegas Attack". CBS Baltimore. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Kellar, Travis. "Sen. Bob Casey, other lawmakers introduce legislation to outlaw bump stocks, similar devices". PennLive.com. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- Susan J. Blumenthal, Biography, 2010
- "Rep. Ed Markey". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Gods and Generals (2003), retrieved 2018-08-13
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- on YouTube
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ed Markey.|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
- Senator Ed Markey official U.S. Senate website
- Ed Markey for Senate
- Ed Markey at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 7th congressional district
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 5th congressional district
|New office|| Chair of the House Energy Independence Committee
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
| United States Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
Served alongside: Elizabeth Warren
|Order of precedence|
| United States Senators by seniority