Ethan (biblical figure)

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Ethan (Hebrew: אֵיתָן, Modern Eytan / Eitan, Tiberian ʾÊṯān, "Firm") the Ezrahite, is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. It may be that Ethan was a cymbal-player in King David's court. He authored Psalm 89.[1] Charles Spurgeon theorised that this was the same person as Jeduthun.[citation needed] Theologian John Gill refers to a Jewish tradition which identifies Ethan with Abraham, Heman with Moses, and Chalcol with Joseph.[2]

Ethan means strong and optimistic, solid and enduring; permanent. The name Ethan appears eight times in the Hebrew Bible (1 Kings 4:31, Ps. 89 title, 1 Chr. 2:6 and 2:8, 1 Chr. 6:42 and 6:44, and 1 Chr. 15:17 and 15:19).

He was a standard of wisdom to whom King Solomon is compared favorably.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Psalms 89: the Psalm is entitled "a maschil or contemplation of Ethan the Ezrahite
  2. ^ Hieron. Trad. Heb. in 2 Reg. fol. 80. 1, quoted in Gill, J., Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible on 1 Kings 4, accessed 25 September 2017
  3. ^ 1 Kings 4:31