|Type||Finger food, Fast food, Street food|
|Place of origin||France|
|Region or state||Rhône-Alpes|
|Main ingredients||Tortilla, meat, fries, sauce|
A French tacos[note 1] (French: tacos français [takos fʁɑ̃sɛ] or simply tacos[note 2]) also known as Lyon tacos (French: tacos lyonnais [takos ljɔnɛ]) or matelas (French for "mattress") is a fast food dish which usually consists of a flour tortilla grilled and folded around a filling of French fries, cheese, and meat, among other deli ingredients. More similar to a burrito than to a taco, and claiming inspiration from Mexican cuisine, it originated from the region of Rhône-Alpes in France in the early 2000's, before becoming popular among teenagers and young adults in all of France and abroad.
Despite the name, the French tacos has little to do with the taco and may in fact be more similar to a burrito (specifically the California burrito); it has also be compared to the panini and the döner kebab sandwich. It consists of a flour tortilla wrapped or folded in a rectangular shape around a filling which usually includes:
- French fries;
- cheese, be it cheddar, processed cheese (specifically American cheese) or any type of French cheese; a cheese sauce may be used instead;
- various types of meat, such as chicken, turkey or beef, in the form of mince, escalopes, chicken nuggets, döner kebab, cordon bleu, turkey lardons, etc.
- an additional relish, which is generally any of ketchup, mayonnaise, BBQ sauce, or other sauces usually available in kebab shops;
- vegetables, generally in the form of salad, but also in other forms such as shakshouka.
It is then served warmed by grilling (with the use of a panini grill) or toasting.
Many different recipes exist, and it is common for French tacos restaurants to deliver made to order products by letting customers choose from the aforementioned ingredients. Meat-free variants also exist.
There are conflicting accounts about the exact origin of the French tacos. According to Moroccan magazine TelQuel, it was invented in the mid-2000's by Moroccan-born brothers Abdelhadi and Mohammed Moubarek as they were running a kebab shop in Savoy. French documentary series 66 minutes, on the other hand, credits Mohamed Soualhi, founder of the chain Tacos Avenue (formerly Tacos King) with inventing the sandwich in Grenoble in the late 2000's. However, Soualhi himself, as well as other sources, have affirmed that "French tacos" were first sighted in fast food restaurants in the city of Vaulx-en-Velin near Lyon in the early 2000's.
By the late 2000's, French tacos had become popular among teenagers and young adults in Rhône-Alpes. Years later, their popularity spread to the rest of France as dedicated chains ran massive ad campaigns, with the help of social media and celebrity endorsements.
In 2013, the Moubarek brothers opened the first French-tacos-dedicated restaurant in Morocco, "Tacos de Lyon" in Mers Sultan. The sandwich later became popular among young adults in the major cities of the Kingdom. Similar restaurants were opened in other countries such as Senegal.
The origin of the name "French tacos" is subject to as much speculation as the sandwich itself. Daniel Shkolnik of Vice describes the naming as tacos as "a kind of marketing bait-and-switch, drawing people with the promise of a Mexican culinary icon and then selling them something completely different." As its popularity grew, the sandwich was gradually branded as tacos français to tell it apart from the original taco. In turn, the taco is sometimes referred to in France as "Mexican taco" (French: taco mexicain) to emphasize the difference between the two dishes.
- "Les « tacos » lyonnais, l'invention qui conquiert toute la France" (in French). Le Petit Paumé. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- "ENQUÊTE : Les Tacos, nouveaux rois du fast-food français". Clique.tv (in French). 2017-01-16. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
- Mazellier, Margaux (2017-09-27). "Phénomène : le tacos français, le nouveau chawarma des Marocains". telquel.ma (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- Vincent, Jean-Christophe (2017-04-07). "Les tacos à la française". estrepublicain.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- Emptaz, Elvire (2018-05-03). "Pourquoi la nouvelle génération raffole autant des tacos". grazia.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- Shkolnik, Daniel (2017-05-12). "'French Tacos' Are Not Tacos". vice.com. Retrieved 2017-04-28.