|Alternative names||Ban Jian Kuih, Chin Loong Pau, Min Chiang Kueh, Martabak Manis, Terang Bulan, Kue Bandung, Apam Pulau Pinang, Kuih Haji (in certain areas)|
|Place of origin||Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia|
|Main ingredients||Flour, hot water, baking powder, bicarbonate soda, sugar, eggs, peanut, margarine, butter|
|Cookbook: Apam balik Media: Apam balik|
Apam balik (English: 'turnover pancake') or terang bulan (English: 'full moon') in Indonesia is a type of griddle pancake common in Southeast Asia. It is usually sold at specialist roadside stalls throughout Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia.
The dessert is also known by various names depending on the region. Some of them are:
- Martabak Manis, lit: sweet murtabak (in Jakarta);
- Terang Bulan, (lit.:"moon light") refer to the big round pancake, prior to folding, resembling the shape of a full moon, (in most of Indonesia);
- Kue Bandung (in Semarang, Central Java and its surrounding areas)
- Martabak Bangka (in Medan, North Sumatra and its surrounding areas)
- Apam Pulau Pinang;
- Kuih Haji (in certain areas),
- Kap Biang (used by the Hakkas of Sabah);
- Min Chiang Kueh (in Johor and Singapore);
- Hok Lo Pan;
- Ban Jian Kuih,
- Dai Gau Min (in Perak), or;
- Chin Loong Pau (in Kuala Lumpur/Selangor).
The pancake's batter is made from a mixture of flour, eggs, sugar, baking soda, coconut milk and water. The batter is cooked upon a thick round iron frying pan in plenty of palm margarine to avoid it sticking to the pan. Then other ingredients are sprinkled as filling; the most common or traditional is crushed peanut granules with sugar and sweetcorn kernels (available from cans), but modern innovations such as chocolate sprinkles and cheddar cheese are also available. Then, the pancake is folded (hence the name: "turnover pancake") and cut into several pieces.
In Indonesia there is a smaller version made with smaller pan, they are called martabak mini or terang bulan mini.
The texture of the apam balik can vary depending on the amount of batter and type of pan used, from one that is akin to a crispier form of crumpets to small thin light pancake shells that break when bitten (the latter is usually called apam balik nipis, 'thin apam balik').
The dish has been declared a heritage food by the Malaysian Department of National Heritage.
Sweet Martabak filled with Toblerone chocolate
- "Deliciously Unique Pancakes...". The Malaysia Pancake Co. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Rondoletto. "Indonesian Sweet Martabak / Terang Bulan". Food.com.
- Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei. Lonely Planet. 2010. pp. 119–. ISBN 978-1-74104-887-2. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Martabak Manis Alias Kue Terang Bulan" (in Indonesian). Femina. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Intangible Heritage Objects". Jabatan Warisan Negara Malaysia (The National Heritage Department of Malaysia). 20 January 2016.
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