Wu surname in regular script
Ng (Cantonese, Hakka)
Go/Goh/Gouw (Min Nan)
|Language(s)||Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean|
|See also||O (surname) |
Wu is the pinyin transliteration of the Chinese surname 吳 (Traditional Chinese), 吴 (Simplified Chinese), which is the tenth most common surname in Mainland China. Wu (吳) is the sixth name listed in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames.
The Cantonese and Hakka transliteration of 吳 is Ng, a syllable made entirely of a nasal consonant while the Min Nan transliteration of 吳 is Goh, Go, Gouw, depending on the regional variations in Min Nan pronunciation.
吳 is also one of the most common surnames in Korea. It is spelled 오 in Hangul and romanized O by the three major romanization systems, but more commonly spelled Oh in South Korea. It is also related far back in Chinese history with the name "Zhou (周)" and "Ji (姬)". The Vietnamese equivalent of the surname is Ngô.
Several other, less common Chinese surnames with different pronunciations are also transliterated into English as "Wu": 武, 伍, 仵, 烏, 鄔 and 巫. Wu' (or Woo or Wou) is also the Cantonese transliteration of the different Chinese surname 胡 (see Hu), used in Hong Kong, and by overseas Chinese of Cantonese-speaking areas of Guangdong, Guangxi, and/or Hong Kong/Macau origin.
History of the surname Wu (吳)
In the 13th century BC, the state of Zhou (which will later become the Zhou Dynasty) was ruled by Tai Wang (King Tai of Zhou). His surname was originally Ji (姬). He had three sons: Taibo, Zhongyong, and Jili. King Tai of Zhou favored the youngest son, Jili to inherit the reins of power, therefore Taibo and his brother Zhongyong voluntarily left Zhou with a group of followers and headed southeast where they established the state of Wu. Taibo and Zhongyong's descendants eventually adopted Wu (吳) as their surname. The state of Wu later became a powerful kingdom of its own with the help of Generals Wu Zixu and Sun Tzu, the latter best known as the author of the military treatise The Art of War, both serving under King Helü of Wu. King Helü is considered to be one of the Five Hegemons of China during the Spring and Autumn period.
Taibo and Zhongyong's youngest brother Jili stayed to rule the Zhou state and was the grandfather of Wu Wang (King Wu of Zhou) who started the Zhou Dynasty after successfully overthrowing the Shang Dynasty. The descendants of Wu Wang eventually changed their surname from Ji(姬) to Zhou (周) during the Qin Dynasty to commemorate the merits and virtues of their ancestors.
Therefore, the surnames Wu (吳), Zhou (周), and Ji (姬) are historically related.
(in alphabetical order according to their names as spelled in Pinyin, or if unavailable, in English)
- 姬 吳泰伯 - Taibo of Wu The eldest son of King Tai of Zhou and the legendary founder of the State of Wu, and the propagator of all people with the surname Wu(吳). Ancestral name is Ji(姬).
- 吳起 (吴起) - Wu Qi A famous Chu (state) General who wrote the Wuzi.
- 吳漢 (吴汉) - Wu Han (Han dynasty) Military General of Eastern Han
- 吳景 (吴景) - Wu Jing (Han dynasty) Military General under Warlord Sun Jian
- 吳三桂 (吴三桂) - Wu Sangui (1612–1678) - Ming Dynasty General.
- 吳梅 (吴梅) - Ng Mui (Wu Méi) - one of the legendary Five Elders of the Shaolin Temple.
- 吳懿 (吴懿) - Wu Yi (Three Kingdoms) General of Shu Han
- 吴藻 - Wu Zao (1799–1862), Chinese poet
- 吳經熊 - John C.H. Wu, John Ching Hsiung Wu,(1899-1986) Jurist, Author
- Wu Den-yih, Chairperson of Kuomintang
- 吳恬敏 (Constance Wu), American actress
- 吴倩 -Wu Qian Chinese actress
- 吳振偉 [David Wu] TSH General Security guard
- Billy Goh
- 吳辰君 (吴辰君) - Annie Wu 吳辰君, Taiwanese Actress
- 吳庚霖 - Wu Geng Lin, birth name of Aaron Yan 炎亞綸, actor and singer in Taiwanese band Fahrenheit
- 吳清源 (吳清源) - Wú Qīngyuán (Go Seigen), Chinese-born Japanese Go Player
- 吳百福 (吴百福) - Wu Baifu (Ando Momofuku) (1910–2007), Taiwanese-born Japanese inventor of instant noodles
- 吳邦國 (吴邦国) - Wu Bangguo, Chairman of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China
- 吳尊 - Wu Chun, Brunei-born actor and singer in Taiwanese band Fahrenheit
- 吳健雄 (吴健雄) - Wu Chien-Shiung, Chinese scientist
- 吳彥祖 (吴彦祖) - Wu, Daniel, American actor
- 吳凱文 (吴凯文) - Wu, Kevin, American internet personality
- 吳振偉 (吴振伟) - Wu, David, congressman from the 1st district of Oregon
- 吳憲 (吴宪) - Wu, Hsien (1893–1959), an early protein scientist
- 吳季剛 (吴季刚) - Jason Wu, Taiwanese Canadian fashion designer
- 吳迪 -Di Wu (pianist), American-Chinese concert pianist
- 吳鑑泉 (吴鉴泉) - Wu Jianquan (1870–1942), Taijiquan teacher
- 吴立红 - Wu Lihong, environmental activist
- 吴乐宝 - Wu Lebao, Chinese cyber-dissident
- 吳蠻 (吴蛮) - Wu Man, pipa and ruan player
- 吳明瑛 (吴明瑛) - Wu Mingying (Nancy Wu), Chinese actress
- 吳慶瑞 (吴庆瑞) - Wu Qingrui (Goh Keng Swee, 1918–2010), former Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
- 吳瑞 - Wu Rui, Chinese eunuch in Lê Dynasty Annam (Vietnam)
- 吳蕊思 (吴蕊思) - Wu Ruisi (Goh, Theresa Rui Si), Singaporean Paralympic swimmer
- 吳詩聰 - Shin-Tson Wu (born 1953), American physicist and professor
- Wu Shoei-yun
- 吴水娇 – Wu Shuijiao (born 1992), Chinese track and field hurdler
- 吳天明 (吴天明) - Wu Tianming, Chinese film director
- 吳文俊 - Wu Wenjun (1919-2017), Chinese mathematician
- 吳儀 (吴仪) - Wu Yi, Vice-premier of the People's Republic of China
- 大衛吳 (大卫吴) - David Wu, Best known for his love of school (except Chemistry), did some rad judo chops and engineering god. A true lover of bread (banana bread incident of 2015) and forever in debt of Alex Gagnon for adding him to wikipedia.
- 呉子良 - Wu Ziliang, the birthname of Emi Suzuki, Japanese model of Chinese descent
- 吴贝翔 - Wu John, American-born descendant of Wu Yi (吴懿), American Financial and Data Analyst
- 吳作棟 (吴作栋) - Wu Zuodong (Goh Chok Tong), former Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore, current Senior Minister of Singapore and the chairman of the central bank of Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore
- 吴亦凡 - Kris Wu, Ex-member of the Chinese - South Korean Boygroup EXO, Chinese Actor and Singer-songwriter
- 吴宣仪 - Wu Xuanyi, Member of South Korean - Chinese Girl Group Cosmic Girls (WJSN), Contestant on Produce 101 China, and member of Chinese Girl Group Rocket Girls 101
- Frank Wu, science-fiction artist
- 吳奇隆 - Wu Qilong (Nicky Wu), Chinese Actor/Singer
- 吴映洁 - Wu Ying Chieh (Gui Gui), Taiwanese Mandopop singer and actress
- 吳天恩 - Andrew Gotianun (1927-2016), Chinese Filipino businessman
- 吳奕輝 - John Gokongwei (1926-) Chinese Filipino businessman
- 吴非 - Wu Fei, Beijinger composer and guzheng performer and improviser
- 吳世新 - Wu Shi Xin - Alvin Ng, SJ (1969-), Malaysian Jesuit priest
- Sasom Pobprasert, Thai footballer
- 伍連德 - Wu Lien-teh, Chinese physician and plague fighter
- Wu, Melissa, Australian diver
- 伍潔芳 (伍洁芳) - WuDunn, Sheryl, American writer
- 伍家球 - Wu, William F., science fiction author
- 伍子胥 - Wu Zixu, general in the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history
- 伍佰 - Wu Bai, stage name of Taiwanese singer Wu Chun-lin (吳俊霖).
- 武承嗣 - Wu Chengsi
- 武松 - Wu Song, hero from the Chinese classic Outlaws of the Marsh.
- 武则天 - Wu Zetian
- 武衛 - Maggie Wu, Chinese business executive and Chief Financial Officer of Alibaba Group
- 武磊 - Wu Lei (footballer), Chinese footballer.
- 鄔君梅 (邬君梅) - Wu Junmei (Vivian Wu), Chinese actress
- "百家姓" [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
- "Wu Family History". ancestry.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- "History of Chinese surname Wu". People's Daily Online. 21 June 2005. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- "Chinese Zhou surname history". People's Daily Online. 17 June 2005. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
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