Microsoft Office 2010

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Microsoft Office 2010
Microsoft Office 2010 programs on Windows 10 clockwise from top left: Word, Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint; together, these four programs make up the Home and Student edition.
Microsoft Office 2010 programs on Windows 10 clockwise from top left: Word, Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint; together, these four programs make up the Home and Student edition.
Developer(s) Microsoft
Initial release June 15, 2010; 7 years ago (2010-06-15)[1]
Stable release
14.0.7182.5000 click-to-Run / June 13, 2017; 12 days ago (2017-06-13)[2]
Development status Mainstream support ended on October 13, 2015.[3]
Extended support ends on October 13, 2020.[3]
Operating system Windows XP SP3—Windows 8; Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2012[4]
Platform IA-32 and x64
Available in 38 languages[5]
Type Office suite
License Trialware
Website products.office.com/office-2010

Microsoft Office 2010 (codenamed Office 14[6]) is a version of the Microsoft Office productivity suite for Microsoft Windows.[1] Office 2010 was released to manufacturing on April 15, 2010,[1] and was later made available for retail and online purchase on June 15, 2010.[7] It is the successor to Microsoft Office 2007 and the predecessor to Microsoft Office 2013. Research and development of Office 2010 began in 2006, before the release of its predecessor.[8]

Office 2010 introduces user interface enhancements including a Backstage view interface that consolidates document management commands into a single location. The ribbon introduced as part of Access, Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word in Office 2007 is the primary user interface for all apps and is fully customizable in Office 2010.[9][10][11] The design of Office 2010 incorporates features from SharePoint and borrows from Web 2.0 ideas.[12][13][14] Other new features include extended file format support;[6] co-authoring features that allow multiple users to share and simultaneously edit documents;[15] integration with SharePoint and OneDrive;[15] and security improvements such as the introduction of Protected View, a new read-only, isolated sandbox environment to protect users from potentially malicious content.[16] Office 2010 is the first version of the productivity suite to ship in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions,[17][18] but the 64-bit version is not officially compatible with Windows XP or Windows Server 2003.[19][20] It is also the first version to require product activation for volume license editions.[21][22] It is the last version of Office compatible with Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 as its successor, Office 2013, does not support these operating systems.[23][24][25][26]

Office 2010 marks the debut of Office Online (formerly Office Web Apps), a collection of free web-based versions of Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word.[27][28][29] Office Starter 2010, a new edition of Office, replaced the low-end Microsoft Works home productivity software.[30][31][32] Office Mobile 2010, an update to Microsoft's mobile productivity suite, was released on May 12, 2010 as a free upgrade from the Windows Phone Store for Windows Mobile 6.5 devices with a previous version of Office Mobile.[33][34][35]

Reception to Office 2010 was generally positive, with critics praising the new Backstage view interface, the new customization options for the ribbon, and the incorporation of the ribbon into all apps.[36][37] While sales were initially lower than those of its predecessor,[38] Office 2010 was a success for Microsoft, surpassing the company's previous records related to adoption,[39] deployment,[39] and revenue.[40] Microsoft sold approximately 200 million licenses of Office 2010 as of December 31, 2011,[41] before its discontinuation on January 31, 2013.[42] Mainstream support for Office 2010 ended on October 13, 2015; extended support will end on October 13, 2020.[3]

History and development[edit]

Development started in 2007 while Microsoft was finishing work on Office 12, released as Microsoft Office 2007. The version number 13 was skipped because of the fear of the number 13.[8] It was previously thought that Office 2010 (then called Office 14) would ship in the first half of 2009.[43]

On April 15, 2009, Microsoft confirmed that Office 2010 would be released in the first half of 2010. They announced on May 12, 2009, at a Tech Ed event, a trial version of the 64-bit edition.[44][45] The Technical Preview 1 (Version: 14.0.4006.1010) was leaked on May 15, 2009.[46]

An internal post-beta build was leaked on July 12, 2009. This was newer than the official preview build and included a "Limestone" internal test application (note: the EULA indicates Beta 2).[47] On July 13, 2009, Microsoft announced Office 2010 at its Worldwide Partner Conference 2009.

On July 14, 2009, Microsoft started to send out invitations on Microsoft Connect to test an official preview build of Office 2010.[48] On August 30, 2009, the beta build 4417 was leaked on the internet via torrents.[49]

The public beta was available to subscribers of TechNet, MSDN and Microsoft Connect users on November 16, 2009.[50] On November 18, 2009, the beta was officially released to the general public at the Microsoft Office Beta website, which was originally launched by Microsoft on November 11, 2009 to provide screenshots of the new office suite.[51] Office 2010 Beta was a free, fully functional version and expired on October 31, 2010.[52]

In an effort to help customers and partners with deployment of Office 2010, Microsoft launched an Office 2010 application compatibility program with tools and guidance available for download.[53] On February 5, 2010, the official release candidate build 4734.1000 was available to Connect and MSDN testers. It was leaked to torrent sites.[54] A few days after, the RTM Escrow build was leaked.

Microsoft announced the RTM on April 15, 2010, and that the final version was to have speech technologies for use with text to speech in Microsoft OneNote, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Outlook, and Microsoft Word. Office 2010 was to be originally released to business customers on May 12, 2010,[55] however it was made available to Business customers with Software Assurance on April 27, 2010, and to other Volume Licensing Customers on May 1.[56] MSDN and TechNet subscribers have been able to download the RTM version since April 22, 2010. The RTM version number is 14.0.4763.1000.[57][58]

On June 15, 2010, Office 2010 reached general availability.[59][60]

Service packs[edit]

Service pack Version number Release date
Service Pack 1 (SP1) 14.0.6029.1000[61] November 17, 2010[62]
Service Pack 2 (SP2) 14.0.7015.1000[61] April 8, 2013[63]

Microsoft released a total of two service packs for Office 2010 that were primarily intended to address software bugs. Both Service Pack 1 (SP1)[62] and Service Pack 2 (SP2)[63] were released concurrently with updates for Office Online, PowerPoint Viewer, Project, SharePoint, SharePoint Designer, Visio, Visio Viewer, and Word Viewer.

On November 17, 2010, Microsoft sent out invitations to a select number of testers at the Microsoft Connect web portal to test the beta release of SP1.[64][65] SP1 was officially released by Microsoft on June 27, 2011 and included compatibility, performance, security, and stability improvements. SP1 is a cumulative update that includes all previous updates, as well as exclusive fixes.[62][66] A list of exclusive fixes in was released by Microsoft.[67] SP1 also introduced additional features for Access, Excel, OneNote, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word. As examples, OneNote 2010 SP1 introduced the ability to open notebooks stored in OneDrive directly from within the app itself, while Outlook 2010 SP1 introduced support for Office 365.[66] With its release, the use of Office Online in the Google Chrome web browser was officially supported by Microsoft for the first time.[68]

On April 8, 2013, a beta build of Office 2010 SP2 was released.[69] SP2 was a cumulative update officially released on July 16, 2013 and included all of the previous fixes for compatibility, performance, stability, and security issues, as well as numerous exclusive fixes.[63] As was the case with SP1, a list of fixes exclusive to SP2 was released by Microsoft.[70] Microsoft claimed that, with the release of SP2, Office 2010 would feature improved compatibility with its Internet Explorer 10, Office 2013, SharePoint 2013, and Windows 8 products.[63][71] Because SP2 is cumulative, SP1 is not a prerequisite for its installation.[72]

New features[edit]

User interface[edit]

Office 2010 is more "role-based" than previous versions; there are features tailored to employees in "roles such as research and development professionals, sales people, and human resources."[14] In both its client apps and its Internet implementation, Office 2010 incorporates SharePoint features and borrows from Web 2.0 ideas.[12][13][14]

Backstage view[edit]

The Info tab on the navigation pane of the Backstage view displaying an overview of the current document alongside file management tasks in Microsoft Word 2010.

A new interface referred to as the Backstage view is included in all Office 2010 apps and replaces the Office menu that was introduced in Office 2007.[73] The Backstage view is designed to facilitate access to file management tasks, including compatibility, metadata, permission, printing, and sharing tasks, and to consolidate them within a single location. The term "backstage" refers to the area behind the stage in a theatre where behind the scenes activities and preparations commence—accordingly, the backstage view in Office is an interface dedicated to document activities and preparations prior to saving or sharing.[74] The Backstage view consists of both a left-hand navigation pane and an adjacent main pane. The navigation pane includes a series of vertically arranged common commands such as commands to open or save files, and tabs that, when opened, expose file management tasks and contextual information within the main pane.[73][75] A customizable number of recently opened documents can also be displayed within the navigation pane.[76]

Tasks that are accessed via tabs in the main Backstage view pane are categorized into separate groups that display contextual information related to app configurations, files, and tasks; each tab displays contextual information relevant to that tab. On the Info tab in Word, for example, document metadata details are displayed within the Prepare for Sharing group to inform users of potentially personal information before the file is shared with other users,[77] whereas the Help tab displays Office version information and product licensing status.[78] In Office 2007, this information was included within separate user interface locations.[77][78] Users can access revisions of currently open Excel, PowerPoint, and Word documents, as well as the latest unsaved version of a document that was previously closed, from the Info tab of the Backstage view.[79] Additionally, the Backstage view combines the previously separate print and print preview features by displaying printer tasks and settings, and a zoomable preview of the currently opened document, within the Print tab.[80]

The Backstage view, like the ribbon, is extensible; developers can add their own commands, tabs, tasks, and related information.[81][82][83]

File tab[edit]

The new File tab replaces the Office button introduced in Office 2007 and offers similar functionality. The previous Office button—a round button adorned with the Microsoft Office logo—had a different appearance from the ribbon tabs in the Office 2007 interface and was positioned away from them, with a target that extended toward the upper left corner of the screen in accordance with Fitts's law.[76][84] Microsoft has stated that this button enhanced the usability of Office, but many users saw it as "branding decoration, rather than a functional button." As a result, in Office 2010 it was replaced with a File tab that appears next to the other tabs in the ribbon instead of the upper left-hand corner of the screen.[76] The File tab is colored on a per-app basis (e.g., it is colored orange in Outlook). Opening the File tab displays the new Backstage view.[85]

Pasting options gallery[edit]

Office 2010 introduces a pasting options gallery on the ribbon, in the context menu, and in the object-oriented user interface that replaces the Paste Special dialog box and Paste Recovery feature seen in previous versions of Office. The gallery introduces Live Preview effects to the paste process when users position the mouse cursor over an option in the gallery so that the result of the process can be previewed before it is applied to the document; a tooltip with an associated description and keyboard shortcut for that option will also appear. If users position the mouse cursor over a gallery option in the context menu, the rest of the context menu becomes transparent so that it does not obstruct preview results within the document. To facilitate keyboard-based paste operations, users can navigate the gallery by using the arrow keys on a keyboard. Users can also press Ctrl after pressing Ctrl+V to display gallery options. Gallery options are contextual and change based on the content in the clipboard and the app that the content is pasted into.[86]

Ribbon customization[edit]

The ribbon interface, introduced in Office 2007, is fully customizable and included in all apps in Office 2010.[9][10] Users can add or rename custom ribbon tabs and groups, add additional commands to the default tabs, and hide tabs that are not used. Users can also export or import any customization changes made to the ribbon (to facilitate backups, deployment, or sharing) or reset all ribbon customizations.[87]

After the launch of Office 2010, Microsoft provided free downloads for customized ribbons with a new "Favorites" tab that consolidated various commands based on customer feedback in regards to the most frequently used commands in Office; the customized ribbons were available as separate downloads for Access, Excel, InfoPath, OneNote, Outlook, PowerPoint, Project, Publisher, Visio, and Word.[88]

Other UI changes[edit]

  • The default color scheme in Office 2010 is silver instead of blue as in Office 2007. To improve accessibility and readability, the silver color scheme has been updated to feature a 5:1 contrast ratio.[85]
  • All app icons have been redesigned in Office 2010. The new icons are based on colors that correspond to their respective apps, as per previous releases, with an increased emphasis on app letters.[85]
  • The Office 2010 splash screen has been redesigned from the one seen in Office 2007 and animates when an app is launched.[85]
  • OneNote and PowerPoint support mathematical equations through an Equation Tools contextual tab on the ribbon.[89][90]
  • PowerPoint and Publisher include alignment guides so users can align objects to a grid.[90][91]

File formats[edit]

Microsoft Office 2010 includes updated support for ISO/IEC 29500:2008, the International Standard version of Office Open XML (OOXML) file format.[6] Office 2010 provides read support for ECMA-376, read/write support for ISO/IEC 29500 Transitional, and read support for ISO/IEC 29500 Strict.[92] In its pre-release form, however, Office 2010 only supported the Transitional variant, and not the Strict.[93]

Microsoft Office 2010 also continued support for OpenDocument Format (ODF) 1.1, which is a joint OASIS/ISO/IEC standard (ISO/IEC 26300:2006/Amd 1:2012 — Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.1).[6]

Document co-authoring[edit]

Office 2010 introduces co-authoring functionality in the Excel Web App, the OneNote Web App, and in the client versions of OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word for documents stored on SharePoint 2010 sites and for documents stored in shared folders by OneDrive. A co-authoring session is automatically initiated when two or more users open the same document. From the Backstage view users can also save documents directly to remote locations within Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word to facilitate remote access and co-authoring sessions. A Microsoft account is required to use Office 2010 functionality related to OneDrive.[15] Office 365 is also supported.[94] In the Excel Web App, the OneNote Web App, and OneNote, edits to a shared document in a co-authoring session occur on a sequential basis, and appear in near real-time as a shared document automatically saves itself each time a co-author edits it. In PowerPoint and Word, users must upload changes to the server by manually saving the shared document.[15]

During a co-authoring session, the Excel Web App, PowerPoint, and Word denote how many co-authors are editing a document at a given time through an icon on the status bar. Clicking this icon in PowerPoint and Word displays contact information including presence information about co-authors; similar information can be accessed through the Info tab of the Backstage view. When co-authors click the name of another co-author, they can send an e-mail message with an email client or start instant messaging conversations with each other if a supported app such as Skype for Business is installed on each machine. If a conflict between multiple changes occurs in PowerPoint or Word, sharers can approve or reject changes before uploading them to the server.[15]

In both the OneNote Web App and OneNote, co-authors can optionally view the names of co-authors alongside their respective edits to the content in a shared notebook, or create separate versions of pages for individual use. Edits made since a notebook was last opened are automatically highlighted and the initials of the co-author who made an edit are automatically displayed. In the client version of OneNote, co-authors can also search for all edits to a notebook made by a specific co-author. OneNote 2010 notebooks can be shared with Office Mobile 2010 users on Windows Phone 7.[15] OneNote 2007 users can participate in a co-authoring session with OneNote 2010 users if shared notebooks use the older OneNote 2007 file format; however, the aforementioned co-author search and page versioning features, as well as compatibility with the OneNote Web App, will be unavailable.[95]

Installation and deployment[edit]

Office 2010 introduces a new Click-to-Run installation process based on Microsoft App-V streaming and virtualization technology as an alternative to the traditional Windows Installer-based installation process for the Office 2010 Home and Student and Home and Business editions, and as a mandatory installation process for the Starter edition. Office 2010 Click-to-Run products install in a virtualized environment, or Q: partition, that downloads product features in the background after the apps themselves already been installed so that users can immediately begin using the apps. The download process is optimized for broadband connections.[96]

Volume license versions of Office 2010 require product activation. In Office 2007 product activation was only required for OEM or retail versions of the product.[21]

Security[edit]

Office File Validation[edit]

Office File Validation, previously included only in Publisher 2007 for PUB files, has been incorporated into Excel, PowerPoint, and Word in Office 2010 to validate the integrity of proprietary binary file formats (e.g., DOC, PPT, and XLS) that were introduced in previous versions of Microsoft Office. When users open a document, the structure of its file format is scanned to ensure that it conforms with specifications defined by XML schema; if a file fails the validation process it will, by default, be opened in Protected View, a new read-only, isolated sandbox environment to protect users from potentially malicious content.[97] this design allows users to visually assess potentially unsafe documents that fail validation.[98] Microsoft has stated that it is possible for documents to fail validation as a false positive. To improve Office File Validation, Office 2010 collects various information about files that have failed validation and also creates copies of these files for optional submission to Microsoft through Windows Error Reporting.[97] Users are prompted approximately every two weeks from the date of a failed validation attempt to submit copies of files or other information for analysis; prompts include a list of files that will be submitted to Microsoft and require explicit user consent prior to data submission. Administrators can disable data submission.[99]

On December 14, 2010, Microsoft announced its intent to backport the Office File Validation feature to Office 2003 and Office 2007.[100][101] On April 12, 2011, Office File Validation was backported as an add-in for Office 2003 Service Pack 3 and Office 2007 Service Pack 2, and was later made available through Microsoft Update on June 28, 2011.[102] Office File Validation in Office 2003 and Office 2007 differs from the version in Office 2010 as these two releases do not include the Protected View feature. When users attempt to open a document that fails validation, they must first agree to a warning prompt before it can be opened.[102] Additionally, the configuration options in these two releases are only made available through the Windows Registry,[103] whereas Office 2010 also provides Group Policy options.[97]

Protected View[edit]

Protected View, an isolated sandbox environment for Excel, PowerPoint, and Word, replaces the Isolated Conversion Environment update available for previous versions of Microsoft Office. When a document is opened from a potentially unsafe location such as the Internet or as an e-mail attachment, or if a document does not comply with File Block policy or if it fails the file validation process, it is opened in Protected View, which prohibits potentially unsafe documents from modifying components, files, and other resources on a system; users can also manually open documents in Protected View.[104] When a document is opened in Protected View, users are allowed to view, copy, and paste the contents of the document, but there are no options to edit, save, or print contents, and all active document content including ActiveX controls, database connections, hyperlinks, and macros is disabled.[105] Users can open documents outside of Protected View by clicking on the "Enable Editing" button that appears on a message bar within the Office user interface. As a precautionary measure, active content within a potentially unsafe document is still disabled when a user reopens it after exiting Protected View—content remains disabled until a user clicks the "Enable Content" button on the message bar, which designates the document as a trusted document so that users are not prompted when it is opened in the future.[106]

Protected View is implemented as a separate child process instance of Excel, PowerPoint, and Word. The main process of each app is assigned the current user's access token and hosts the Office user interface elements such as the ribbon, whereas the Protected View process consists of the document viewing area, parses and renders the document content, and operates with reduced privileges; the main process serves as a mediator for requests initiated by the separate process. In Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, Mandatory Integrity Control and User Interface Privilege Isolation further restrict the separate process.[104] Protected View is also available in Office 2010 when installed on Windows XP, but it is not as robust due to the absence of these security features.[107]

Trusted documents[edit]

Office 2010 allows users to designate individual documents as trusted, which allows all active content to operate each time a specific document is opened; trusted documents do not open in Protected View. Documents residing in either local or remote directories can be trusted, but users are warned if an attempt is made to trust a document from a remote resource. To increase security, documents in Temporary Internet Files and the TEMP directory cannot be trusted. Trusted document preferences, referred to as trust records, are stored within the Windows Registry on a per-user basis; trust records contain the full path to trusted documents and other information to protect users from social engineering attacks.[106]

Other security features[edit]

  • Office 2010 is the first version of Office to natively support Data Execution Prevention (DEP).[16] Office 2010 apps comply with DEP policies defined by an administrator and provide an option to disable DEP within the interface or Group Policy.[108]
  • A new Office ActiveX kill bit provides options to configure ActiveX controls within Office 2010 without affecting the operation of these controls within Internet Explorer[16]
  • Additional Group Policy settings for File Block functionality in Excel, PowerPoint, and Word[16]
  • Cryptography improvements, including support for Cryptography API: Next Generation in Access, Excel, InfoPath, OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word; Suite B support; and integrity validation of encrypted files[16]
  • Document time stamping of digital signatures[16]
  • Domain-based password complexity and enforcement policies[16]

Graphics[edit]

Artistic effects[edit]

Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word include a variety of artistic effects such as glass, paint stroke, pastel, and pencil sketch effects that users can apply to inserted images.[109]

Background removal[edit]

A new background removal feature based on Microsoft Research technology is included in Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word to remove the backgrounds of images inserted into documents. It is exposed as a Remove Background command that appears on the Picture Tools contextual tab on the ribbon when an image is selected. When activated this command displays a separate Background Removal contextual tab and places a selection rectangle and magenta color over portions of the selected image. The selection rectangle determines, based on an algorithm, which area of the selected image will be retained once the background removal process is complete, whereas the magenta color indicates the areas that will be removed. Users can manually adjust the position and size of the selection rectangle and also mark individual areas of an image to keep or remove;[110] it is also possible to delete a mark after an inadvertent selection or if it produces an undesired result. After the background has been removed, users can apply various visual effects to the result image or wrap text in a document around it; users can also crop the image since removing the background does not reduce its original size.[111]

Cropping improvements[edit]

Office 2010 introduces improvements to the image crop process in Excel, Outook, PowerPoint, Word. The crop selection rectangle now grays out the portions of an image to be removed during a crop process and displays the result area in color, instead of completely removing all portions of an image outside of the selection rectangle from view as in previous versions of Office; images can now be repositioned underneath the selection rectangle while it is active. A new Aspect Ratio option under the Crop command on the ribbon presents a drop-drop down menu with options for both landscape and portrait page orientations to customize the aspect ratio of the selection rectangle before users crop an image, which automatically resizes the selection rectangle when users start the crop process; users can manually resize the selection rectangle and simultaneously preserve its aspect ratio by resizing it from its corners while pressing the ⇧ Shift key.[112] The aforementioned cropping improvements are also available in Publisher.[113]

The Picture Shape command in previous versions of Office has been replaced with a new Crop to Shape command that allows users to resize and move the selected shape during the crop process. By default, Office 2010, like previous versions, automatically resizes images that are inserted into shapes, which can negatively affect their aspect ratio. To address this, images in shapes can now be cropped or resized after being inserted, and individual Fit and Fill options have been incorporated. The former option resizes the selected image so that the entire area of the crop selection rectangle or shape is filled, whereas the latter option resizes the image so that it is displayed within the selection rectangle or within a shape in its entirety; both options maintain the original aspect ratio of the selected image. Images inserted into SmartArt diagrams can also be cropped, resized, or repositioned.[112]

Font effects and enhancements[edit]

Excel, PowerPoint, and Word support text effects such as bevels, gradient fills, glows, reflections, and shadows. Publisher and Word support OpenType features such as kerning, ligatures, stylistic sets, and text figures with fonts such as Calibri, Cambria, Corbel, and Gabriola.[109]

Hardware acceleration[edit]

Office 2010 apps including Excel, PowerPoint, and Word support hardware accelerated graphics when installed on a machine with a DirectX 9.0c-compliant GPU that has at least 64 MB of video memory. Excel supports hardware accelerated chart drawing, and PowerPoint supports hardware accelerated animations, transitions, and video playback and effects; slideshow elements are now rendered as sprites, which are then composited with additional effects such as fades and wipes implemented using Pixel Shader 2.0. All Office 2010 apps support hardware accelerated SmartArt and WordArt object and text rendering through Direct3D.[114] Additionally, the background removal feature and image adjustments such as brightness and contrast are all accelerated when used on capable hardware.[115]

Screenshot capture[edit]

Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word allow users to immediately insert a screenshot of open app windows or a selection of content on the screen into documents without saving the image as a file. The functionality is exposed through a new Screenshot command on the Insert tab of the ribbon that, when clicked, presents individual options to capture either app windows or selections of content. The former option presents open windows as thumbnails in a gallery on the ribbon that insert a screenshot of the selected window into the active app, while the latter option minimizes the currently active app, dims the screen, and presents a selection rectangle for users to create a screenshot by holding the main mouse button, dragging the selection rectangle to a desired area of the screen, and then releasing the button to automatically insert the selection as an image into the document. Only windows that have not been minimized to the taskbar can be captured. After a screenshot has been inserted, various adjustments can be made.[116]

SmartArt improvements[edit]

SmartArt, a set of diagrams introduced in Office 2007 for Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word, has been updated with new effects, options, and interface improvements. The SmartArt text pane now allows users to insert, modify, and reorder images and their associated text within a diagram, and new Move Up and Move Down commands on the ribbon facilitate the reordering of content. Images are automatically cropped when inserted into shapes within SmartArt diagrams to preserve their aspect ratio; users can also manually reposition images. During the crop process, the layout of shapes in SmartArt diagrams is locked to prevent users from inadvertently modifying its position while making adjustments to an image.[112] Approximately 50 new diagrams have been introduced. Of these, a new Picture category, dedicated to the presentation of images, includes over 30 diagrams, and the Organization Chart category includes 3 new diagrams.[117]

A new Convert command on the SmartArt contextual tab on the ribbon includes additional features for Excel and PowerPoint. The Convert to Shapes command, a feature introduced in Office 2007 SP2 as a context menu option that turned SmartArt into a group of customizable shapes, is now featured as on option on the ribbon in both apps. Additionally, in PowerPoint, it is possible to convert SmartArt diagrams into bulleted lists through a new Convert to Text option.[117]

Accessibility[edit]

Accessibility Checker[edit]

Office 2010 introduces an Accessibility Checker feature in Excel, PowerPoint, and Word that inspects documents for issues that could negatively affect visually impaired readers. Accessibility Checker can be accessed through the "Check for Issues" button on the Prepare for Sharing group on the Info tab of the Backstage view. Clicking the button opens a task pane with a list of accessibility issues discovered in the document, and also provides suggestions to address these issues. The Backstage view also reports accessibility issues in the Prepare for Sharing group so that they can be addressed before the document is shared with other users.[118] Administrators can configure how prominently this information is displayed within the interface through Group Policy.[119]

Language preferences[edit]

A Language Preferences interface in Access, Excel, OneNote, Outlook, PowerPoint, Project, Publisher, Visio, and Word is accessible in the Backstage view and replaces the language customization interface seen in previous versions of Office.[120] The new interface provides information about currently installed language packs and their related components, hyperlinks to download additional content, and a new ScreenTip Language feature that allows users to customize the language of tooltips.[121]

Text-to-speech improvements[edit]

A new Mini Translator feature allows users to translate selected text in OneNote, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Word. Translations for phrases or words are displayed within a tooltip, from which users can hear an audio pronunciation of the selected text provided by one of the Microsoft text-to-speech voices installed on a machine, copy the translation to the clipboard so that it can be inserted into another document, or view a definition provided by an online service if the selected text is a word.[122] The audio pronunciations are made available through a Speak feature, which can be accessed separately from the Mini Translator (e.g., added to the ribbon), but it can only be activated if a text-to-speech engine that matches the language of the selected text is installed. Users can download various text-to-speech engines from Microsoft.[123] The Speak feature is not available when Office 2010 is installed on Windows XP.[124]

New app-specific features[edit]

New features in Word 2010
  • A new navigation pane replaces the document map in previous versions of Word and allows users to drag and drop headings within the pane to rearrange pages in a document. Additionally, the navigation pane replaces the Find dialog box in previous versions and automatically highlights document search results.[125]
  • Windows Live Writer integration.[9]
New features in Excel 2010
  • Excel 2010 includes a redesigned calculation engine to improve performance in response to feedback from users related to previous versions of Excel.[114] As part of the new calculation engine, a new version of the Solver add-in and new versions of statistical functions were introduced.[126]
  • Graphing features including Sparklines, miniature graphics that represent trends among data; and Slicers, which allow users to quickly filter data results.[126]
  • Macro recording support for chart elements.[126]
  • Rule-based cell formatting.[126]
  • The number of data points in a data series is limited only by available memory in Excel 2010, compared with a maximum of 32,000 data points in a data series for 2D charts in Excel 2007.[126]
New features in PowerPoint 2010
  • A new Reading View allows presentations to be displayed and advanced within a window.[90]
  • An Animation Painter allows users to select and copy an animation and apply it to another slide.[90]
  • Audio editing and playback functionality is included, allowing users to fade audio, bookmark specific audio points which then play during a specific slide, or trim audio.[90]
  • PowerPoint 2010 supports the modification and playback video inserted within presentations; local videos are now embedded within slides by default so that they can be played regardless of whether users have access to the original source. Video editing options include the ability to add various visual effects, to bookmark specific scenes for playback when advancing slides, to fade in or out, and to trim the duration of videos. Online videos can also be inserted into presentations, and presentations themselves can be saved as videos.[90]
  • Presentation sections allow users to visually customize the organization of slides in a presentation.[90]
  • Support for custom shapes.[90]
  • The ability to remotely broadcast a slide show ("Broadcast Slide Show") with the use of a Microsoft account; local broadcasts through SharePoint are supported.[90]
  • Users can simulate a laser pointer with a mouse cursor by holding down the Ctrl key and primary mouse button while a presentation is active.[90]
New features in OneNote 2010
  • A native 64-bit printer driver for 64-bit operating systems.[127]
  • A new docked mode enables OneNote to be displayed alongside next to another app window to eliminate the need to switch between OneNote and another app while taking notes.[89]
  • A notebook recycle bin, which stores for 60 days any notebooks, pages, sections, and section groups that were previously deleted.[89]
  • A Quick Filing feature allows users to choose which location in a notebook to quickly send information to from within other apps.[127]
  • Linked Notes reference specific sections of a source document or web page so that clicking a note that was taken while the source was open will automatically return users to that content;[127] Internet Explorer 6 and later versions, PowerPoint 2010, and Word 2010 support Linked Notes.[89]
  • Incremental search has been incorporated and future search results are prioritized based on previous search queries.[89]
  • Multi-touch pan and pinch gestures when installed on a multi-touch capable operating system such as Windows 7.[127]
  • Outlook tasks can be created directly from OneNote.[127]
  • Page versioning, which allows multiple versions of a single page to exist in a notebook.[89]
  • Sections can be copied or merged.[89]
  • Style galleries, similar to those in Word, have been included in OneNote to provide basic formatting options.[89]
  • Support for automatic text wrapping.[127]
  • XPS documents protected by information rights management can be inserted as printouts.[127]
  • The ability to sync notebooks with a Microsoft account;[127] SP1 introduced the ability to open notebooks from OneDrive.[66]
  • The Format Painter in Word is available in OneNote.[89]
  • Wiki-style bracket syntax can be used to link to pages, sections, and section groups from other locations in a notebook.[89]
New features in Outlook 2010
  • A new Search Tools contextual tab is displayed on the ribbon when users perform a search and provides commands to filter results based on different criterion.[128]
  • An improved Conversation View groups messages by their subjects regardless of their originating folders. Additionally, a new Ignore command deletes all messages in a conversation and sends all future replies to the Deleted Items folder, while a new Clean Up command deletes all messages but the most recent.[128]
  • Outlook 2010 notifies users before an e-mail message is sent without a subject.[128]
  • Outlook 2010 introduces a Social Connector that aggregates content from users' social network contacts and displays related information such as activity feeds, appointments, communication history, and file attachments.[128]
  • Quick Steps, individual collections of commands that allow users to perform multiple actions simultaneously. Users can create their own Quick Steps and optionally assign keyboard shortcuts or customize tooltips for each of them.[129]
  • Spell check is available in more areas of the Outlook interface including subject lines in e-mail messages, tasks, and meeting requests.[128]
  • Support for multiple Exchange accounts within a single Outlook profile.[128]
  • The default size limit for Unicode .ost and .pst files in Outlook 2010 is 50 GB instead of 20 GB as it was in Outlook 2007.[130]
  • The To-Do Bar introduced in Outlook 2007 includes additional customization options.[128]
  • Users can adjust the zoom level of Outlook.[128]
New features in Publisher 2010
  • A new Page Navigation pane presents thumbnails of each page in a document; clicking a thumbnail opens that page, while dragging it rearranges pages.[91]
  • Live Preview effects for formatting, objects, and text.[91]
  • Options to share building blocks and templates to the online Publisher user communities.[91]
  • The scratch area can now be hidden.[91]
New features in Access 2010
  • A Navigation Form interface allows database elements to be customized via drag-and-drop.[131]
  • An Image Gallery stores previously used images so that users can quickly reuse them in a database.[131]
  • Application Parts, predefined database templates.[131]
  • Data bars offer gradient fill options.[131]
  • Databases can be shared on the web via Access Services in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010.[132]
  • Quick Start fields provide predefined groups.[131]
  • Web services can be used as external data sources.[132]

Removed features[edit]

Removed from the entire suite
Features removed from Word
  • AutoSummary feature.[125]
  • Person Name smart tag.[125]
  • Smart tag auto-recognition.[125]
  • Support for Word Add-in Libraries (WLL).[125]
Features removed from Excel
  • The Conditional Sum and Lookup wizards have been deprecated; a new Function wizard offers similar functionality.[126]
  • Smart tags have been deprecated in favor of an "additional actions" option when text within cells is selected.[126]
Features removed from PowerPoint
  • The maximum sound file size option has been replaced by the ability to embed files of any size, which provides similar options.[134]
  • The ability to save a presentation as a web page.[134]
Features removed from OneNote
  • Live Session functionality, including the ability to start and join a live session; Microsoft touts the new Shared Notebook functionality as a replacement.[127]
  • List and Document task panes are no longer available<.ref name="OneNote2010Changes"/>
  • Options to create Outlook appointments or contacts.[127]
  • Outlining toolbar.[127]
  • SimpleImporter API.[127]
Features removed from Outlook
  • ANSI offline Outlook data files (.ost) for Exchange synchronization.[135]
  • Business Contact Manager; Microsoft later released the add-in as a download for consumers who purchased either a retail edition of Office 2003 or 2007 that included the Business Contact Manager or a standalone version of Outlook 2003 or 2007, and also a retail version of Office 2010 Home and Business, Office 2010 Professional, or Outlook 2010.[136]
  • Calendar rebasing tool[135]
  • DAV connectivity for HTTP account types
  • Exchange 2000 connectivity.[135]
  • Exchange Message Security feature support.[135]
  • Postmarks.[135]
  • Photo resize options for 640 x 480 and 800 x 600 display resolutions.[135]
  • Search toolbar add-in.[135]
Features removed from Publisher
  • The ability to create new web publications or websites; users can still edit publications or websites created in earlier versions of Publisher.[137]
  • Various outdated publication settings.[137]
Features removed from Access
  • Calendar control.[132]
  • Replication Conflict Viewer.[132]
  • Reports can no longer be exported as individual SNP files; Microsoft recommends that users export to PDF or XPS files.[132]
  • Data access pages.[132]
  • ISAM for Lotus 1-2-3. Paradox versions 3-7, Access 1.0, and Access 2.0 (Red 2 or Jet 2.0).[132]
Features removed from Project
  • Custom forms support.[138]
  • Office Web Components resource availability graphs.[138]
  • Save as Excel Pivot Table has been deprecated; the ability to save directly into a Pivot Table is no longer available.[138]
  • Various add-ins have been removed.[138]
Features removed from Visio
  • Find Shape feature; users can instead search for new content online.[139]
  • ShapeStudio, available in previous versions of the Visio software development kit (SDK), has been removed from the Visio 2010 SDK.[139]
  • Stencil docking no longer allows users to dock to the top or bottom of the interface.[139]
  • Various status bar items.[139]

Editions[edit]

Comparison[edit]

Table of Editions[140][141][142][143]
Suites[144][145] As an individual product Starter Office Online Personal1 Home and Student2 Home and Business3 Standard Professional3
Professional Academic4
University
Professional Plus5
Licensing scheme Varies OEM Free Retail and OEM Retail Retail Retail and Volume Academic and Retail Retail and Volume
Word Yes Starter edition Basic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Excel Yes Starter edition Basic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
PowerPoint Yes Viewer (Separate) Basic Viewer (Separate) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
OneNote Yes No Basic No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Outlook Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Publisher Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes
Access Yes No No No No No No Yes Yes
InfoPath Yes No No No No No No No Yes
SharePoint Workspace Yes No No No No No No No Yes
SharePoint Designer Yes No No No No No No No No
Project Yes No No No No No No No No
Visio Yes Viewer (Separate) No Viewer Viewer Viewer Viewer (Separate) Viewer Viewer
Lync Yes No No No No No No No Volume channel only
Office Customization Tool (OCT)6 No No No No No No Volume channel only No Volume channel only
Remarks
1 Office 2010 Personal was made available for distribution only in Japan.[145]
2 The retail version of Office 2010 Home and Student can be installed on up to three machines in a single household for non-commercial use only. The Product Key Card version only allows a single installation on a single machine.[146]
3 The retail versions of Office 2010 Home and Business and Office 2010 Professional can be installed on two devices including a primary machine, and a portable device such as a laptop, for use by a single user. The Product Key Card version only allows a single installation on a single machine.[146]
4 On February 1, 2012, Office 2010 University replaced the previous Office 2010 Professional Academic edition in an effort to curtail fraudulent product use.[147]
5 Office 2010 Professional Plus is only available for Volume License customers.[148] The retail version is offered through MSDN or TechNet.[149]
6 The Office Customization Tool is used to customize the installation of Office by creating a Windows Installer Patch (.MSP) file, and replaces the Custom Installation Wizard and Custom Deployment Wizard included in 2003 and earlier versions of the Office Resource Kit. It is only available in Volume License editions.[150]

Starter edition[edit]

Office Starter 2010 was an ad-supported product that was discontinued in June 2012, prior to the release of Office 2013 and Windows 8.[151] It included Word Starter and Excel Starter, reduced-functionality versions for viewing, editing, and creating documents. Office Starter 2010 was only available to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to preload on Windows PCs and was intended as a replacement for Microsoft Works;[30][31][32] it is only compatible with Windows Vista and Windows 7.[152] Office Starter 2010 omits several features available in the retail editions of Microsoft Office. Word Starter cannot insert footnotes, endnotes, citations, indexes, captions, equations, or SmartArt, and does not support customizations, macros, change tracking, full screen reading, or digital rights management.[153] Excel Starter does not support PivotTables, PivotCharts, custom views, external data connections, error checking, calculation steps, or circular references.[154] Advertisements are displayed in the lower right area of the Office interface. Office Starter 2010 is the only edition to offer a To-Go Device Manager feature, which allows users to install the productivity suite on to a USB flash drive and run it temporarily on any computer with Windows Vista SP1 or Windows 7 installed to which the USB drive is connected.[155]

Office Online[edit]

Office Online is a collection of free web-based versions of Excel, OneNote, PowerPoint, and Word that offers fewer features than its client counterparts.[28] It was released to OneDrive users before the general availability of Office 2010.[29]

Office Mobile 2010[edit]

Office Mobile 2010 was released prior to the general availability of the Office 2010 client as a free upgrade for users of Windows Mobile 6.5 devices with a previous version of Office Mobile installed.[33] Some of the new features in Office Mobile 2010 include:[156]

  • Presentation Companion: The add-on to PowerPoint Mobile allows users to control a presentation through their Windows Phone and display speaker notes.
  • Conversation View: Outlook Mobile threads related emails into a group for easier reading and management
  • SharePoint Workspace Mobile: The new application allows users to sync documents from SharePoint servers directly to their Windows Phone for offline viewing and editing.
  • Support for New Content in Office 2010: SmartArt graphics and charts can be displayed in Office Mobile

System requirements[edit]

Office 2010 system requirements[4]
Minimum Recommended
Microsoft Windows
Operating system
Windows XP SP3 (excluding x64 editions), Windows Server 2003 SP2 with MSXML 6.0 (excluding x64 editions)
Windows Vista SP1, Windows 7, Windows 8; Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012
CPU
500 MHz (1 GHz for Outlook with Business Contact Manager)
Memory
256 MB (1 GB for Outlook with Business Contact Manager)
512 MB
Hard drive
3 GB of free space (3.5 GB for Professional, Professional Academic, Professional Plus)
Graphics hardware
1024×768 (XGA) (1024x576 (WSVGA) for Home and Student, Home and Business)
DirectX 9.0c graphics processor and 64 MB video memory
Network
Internet access is required for product activation and online functionality
Input device(s)
Mouse and keyboard
Camcorder, scanner, or TWAIN-compatible digital camera for certain OneNote features
Microphone for speech recognition
Touchscreen for certain inking features

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Office 2010 received mostly positive reviews upon its release, with particular praise devoted to the modified ribbon and the new Backstage view. Laptop Mag rated the suite 4 out of 5 stars, referring to it as “the best Office suite yet” because of the new customization options provided by the ribbon, the new multimedia editing capabilities, a new option to share presentations online via PowerPoint, and app response times; Microsoft's decision to include OneNote in all retail versions of Office 2010 also received high praise.[36] PC Magazine also rated the suite 4 out of 5 stars for similar reasons; the inclusion of the ribbon in all apps was viewed favorably because it enhances consistency and usability, and the Backstage view was praised for simplifying access to file management and printing options. However, PC Magazine expressed dissatisfaction with the "intrusive" default auto formatting options in Word; the lack of an upgrade edition or pricing for users of a previous version of Office; and the stability of Office apps. Nevertheless, Office 2010 was regarded as a "dazzlingly attractive upgrade” that received the magazine's Editors' Choice and Best of the Year 2010 accolades.[37] Office 2010 also received positive reviews from Alphr,[157] PC Advisor,[158] PC World,[159] and TechRadar.[160]

Not all assessments and reviews were positive. Randall C. Kennedy, writing for InfoWorld considered the modified Ribbon in Office 2010 to be a "disorganized mess." Additionally, the Backstage view was criticized for "containing a schizophrenic array of buttons, button menus, and hyperlink-like text labels" and for being presented as a full-screen interface, instead of as a drop-down menu similar to the versions of Paint and WordPad in Windows 7. Sluggish performance was also a subject of criticism, though the review was written before development of the product had completed.[161]

Reactions to the various product versions, including the 64-bit version of Office 2010, were mixed. Emil Protalinski, writing for Ars Technica, believed that Microsoft’s transition to a 64-bit version of the productivity suite would facilitate the industry’s adoption of 64-bit software.[18] However, concerns about backward compatibility and performance issues were raised.[162][163] After the product’s launch, Microsoft stated that "the 64-bit version of Office 2010 is likely to introduce compatibility issues" and recommended the 32-bit version for most users;[164] the Office 2010 setup program installs the 32-bit version by default unless a 64-bit version is already installed on the target machine.[17][163] In a departure from previous versions of Office, Microsoft did not offer an upgrade version of Office 2010—a move that was criticized for effectively increasing the cost of the productivity suite for users already running a previous version.[162][165][166] While the new Product Key Card program was considered to be an affordable alternative to an upgrade version because of its affordability when compared with a full retail purchase,[166][167] it presented a limitation not seen with a full retail version in that its license prohibited the software from being transferred to another machine.[167][168]

The Starter edition of Office 2010 received mostly positive reviews;[169][170][171] a feature omitted from other editions of Office 2010 that received praise was To-Go Device Manager, which allowed users to copy Office 2010 Starter installation files to a USB flash drive and use its programs on another PC, even one where a version of Office was not installed.[169][171] However, criticism was directed at the edition’s lack of functionality and its mandatory advertisements.[172][173][174]

Sales[edit]

The initial two-week sales of Office 2010 were lower than those previously observed with the suite’s predecessor, Office 2007, a fact considered by Stephen Baker of NPD Group to be “disappointing.”[38][175][176] Baker attributed this lack of sales to "a seasonally slow period for PC purchases" and an "increasingly saturated installed base." Free alternatives to the productivity suite such as Google Docs were not regarded as detrimental to the adoption of Office 2010;[38][175] however, this view was not shared by all journalists.[177][178] In spite of initial sales that were lower than expected, sales of Office 2010—particularly consumer sales—contributed to a record first-quarter profit for Microsoft during its 2011 fiscal year.[40][179][180][181][182] While other products contributed to this record, Microsoft Business Division, the division responsible for Office, earned the highest percentage of total revenue during this time period.[181][183] As of November 1, 2010, over six million copies of Office 2010 were sold, a figure that represented "more than 30 copies being sold every minute."[184]

Details related to Microsoft's second-quarter earnings during the company's 2011 fiscal year were posted on January 27, 2011, showing that the company had set a record for second-quarter revenue of $19.95 billion. The Microsoft Business Division grew by 24% year-over-year, with Office 2010 becoming the fastest-selling consumer version of Office in history; license sales of Office 2010 were also "over 50% ahead of Office 2007 over an equivalent period following launch."[185][186][187] Results during the company’s third-quarter 2011 fiscal year were later strong, with Microsoft's Business division expecting to see "Office sales exceed PC demand in fiscal 2011.”[188]

On June 15, 2011, a year after Office 2010’s general availability, Microsoft Office corporate vice president Takeshi Numoto stated that deployment of the productivity suite among business customers was “five times faster” than that of its predecessor, Office 2007, and that the latest version was “the fastest-selling consumer version of Office ever” with a copy being sold every second since the product launched;[39] the claim was previously made by Microsoft in January during the Consumer Electronics Show.[189][190] Based on this claim, Network World estimated that an approximate 31.5 million licenses were sold since Office 2010’s launch.[39] Office Online proved to be popular as well, with Nuoto stating that it had seen over 50 million unique visitors since its launch.[39] By July 2011, over 100 million licenses were sold,[191] which contributed to record Q4 earnings and annual revenue.[192] However, year-over-year consumer revenue for Office had declined by 8 percent, though revenue from Microsoft’s Business Division had increased by 27 percent during the same period.[193] During the second quarter of Microsoft’s 2012 fiscal year, the company reported a revenue of $20.9 billion—another record for the company—with Office 2010 being a contributing factor, having sold nearly 200 million licenses as of December 31, 2011,[41] in spite of declining Windows sales.[194]

Microsoft reportedly discontinued sales of Office 2010 on January 31, 2013, just two days after its successor, Office 2013, reached general availability.[42]

Enterprise adoption[edit]

According to a survey conducted by market research company Forrester Research in 2011 with a sample consisting of 150 North American and European enterprise executives, Office 2010 was in use by 52% of respondents, behind Office 2003 or earlier and Office 2007 at 74% and 72%, respectively.[195] In a 2013 survey, Office 2010 was the dominant productivity suite when compared to previous versions and competitors' offerings with a total of 85% usage share among the 155 enterprise survey respondents.[196]

See also[edit]

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