Timeline of events associated with Anonymous
Anonymous is a decentralized virtual community. They are commonly referred to as an internet-based collective of hacktivists whose goals, like its organization, are decentralized. Anonymous seeks mass awareness and revolution against what the organization perceives as corrupt entities, while attempting to maintain anonymity. Anonymous has had a hacktivist impact. This is a timeline of activities reported to be carried out by the group.
Hal Turner raid
According to radio Hal Turner, in December 2006 and January 2007 individuals who identified themselves as Anonymous took Turner's website offline, costing him thousands of dollars in bandwidth bills. As a result, Turner sued 4chan, eBaum's World, 7chan, and other websites for copyright infringement. He lost his plea for an injunction; however, failed to receive letters from the court, which caused the lawsuit to lapse.
Chris Forcand arrest
On December 7, 2007, the Canada-based Toronto Sun newspaper published a report on the arrest of the alleged Internet predator Chris Forcand. Forcand, 53, was charged with two counts of luring a child under the age of 14, attempt to invite sexual touching, attempted exposure, possessing a dangerous weapon, and carrying a concealed weapon. The report stated that Forcand was already being tracked by "cyber-vigilantes who seek to out anyone who presents with a sexual interest in children" before police investigations commenced.
The Global Television Network report identified the group responsible for Forcand's arrest as a "self-described Internet vigilante group called Anonymous" who contacted the police after some members were "propositioned" by Forcand with "disgusting photos of himself". The report also stated that this is the first time a suspected Internet predator was arrested by the police as a result of Internet vigilantism.
On January 14, 2008, a video produced by the Church featuring an interview with Tom Cruise was leaked to the Internet and uploaded to YouTube. The Church of Scientology issued a copyright violation claim against YouTube requesting the removal of the video. In response to this, Anonymous formulated Project Chanology. Calling the action by the Church of Scientology a form of Internet censorship, members of Project Chanology organized a series of denial-of-service attacks against Scientology websites, prank calls, and black faxes to Scientology centers.
On January 21, 2008, individuals claiming to speak for Anonymous announced their goals and intentions via a video posted to YouTube entitled "Message to Scientology" and a press release declaring a "War on Scientology" against both the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center. In the press release, the group states that the attacks against the Church of Scientology will continue in order to protect the right to freedom of speech and end what they believe to be the financial exploitation of church members. A new video "Call to Action" appeared on YouTube on January 28, 2008, calling for protests outside Church of Scientology centers on February 10, 2008. On February 2, 2008, 150 people gathered outside of a Church of Scientology center in Orlando, Florida to protest the organization's practices. Small protests were also held in Santa Barbara, California, and Manchester, England. On February 10, 2008, about 7000 people protested in more than 93 cities worldwide. Many protesters wore masks based on the character V from V for Vendetta (who, in turn, had been influenced by Guy Fawkes), or otherwise disguised their identities, in part to protect themselves from reprisals from the Church.
Anonymous held a second wave of protests on March 15, 2008, in cities all over the world, including Boston, Dallas, Chicago, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Vancouver, Toronto, Berlin, and Dublin. The global turnout was estimated to be "between 7000 and 8000", a number similar to that of the first wave. The third wave of protests took place on April 12, 2008. Named "Operation Reconnect", it aimed to increase awareness of the Church of Scientology's disconnection policy.
On October 17, 2008, an 18-year-old from New Jersey described himself as a member of Anonymous, and he stated that he would plead guilty to involvement in the January 2008 DDoS attacks against Church of Scientology websites.
Epilepsy Foundation forum invasion
News.com.au reported that the administrators of 4chan.org had posted an open letter claiming that the attacks had been carried out by the Church of Scientology "to ruin the public opinion of Anonymous, to lessen the effect of the lawful protests against their virulent organization" under the Church's fair game policy.
Defacement of SOHH and AllHipHop websites
In late June 2008, users who identified themselves as Anonymous claimed responsibility for a series of attacks against the SOHH (Support Online Hip Hop) website. The attack was reported to have begun in retaliation for insults made by members of SOHH's "Just Bugging Out" forum against members of Anonymous. The attack against the website took place in stages, as Anonymous users flooded the SOHH forums, which were then shut down. On June 23, 2008, the group which identified themselves as Anonymous organized DDoS attacks against the website, successfully eliminating 60% of the website's service capacity. On June 27, 2008, the hackers utilized cross-site scripting to deface the website's main page with satirical Nazi images and headlines referencing numerous racial stereotypes and slurs, and also successfully stole information from SOHH employees. Following the defacement, the website was temporarily shut down by its administration. AllHipHop, an unrelated website, also had its forum raided.
Sarah Palin email hack
Shortly after midnight on September 16, 2008, the private Yahoo! Mail account of Sarah Palin was hacked by a 4chan user. The hacker, known as "Rubico", claimed he had read Palin's personal e-mails because he was looking for something that "would derail her campaign". After reading through Palin's emails, Rubico wrote, "There was nothing there, nothing incriminating — all I saw was personal stuff, some clerical stuff from when she was governor." Rubico wrote that he used the Sarah Palin Wikipedia article to find Palin's birth date (one of the standard security questions used by Yahoo!.) in "15 seconds". The hacker posted the account's password on /b/, an image board on 4chan, and screenshots from within the account to WikiLeaks. A /b/ user then logged in and changed the password, posting a screenshot of his sending an email to a friend of Palin's informing her of the new password on the /b/ thread. However, he did not blank out the password in the screenshot. A multitude of /b/ users then attempted to log in with the new password, and the account was automatically locked out by Yahoo!. The incident was criticized by some /b/ users, one of whom complained that "seriously, /b/. We could have changed history and failed, epically."
No Cussing Club
In January 2009, members of Anonymous targeted South Pasadena, California teen McKay Hatch who runs the No Cussing Club, a website against profanity. As Hatch's home address, phone number, and other personal information were leaked on the internet, his family has received hate mail, obscene phone calls, and bogus pizza and pornography deliveries.
2009 Iranian election protests
Following allegations of vote rigging after the results of the June 2009 Iranian presidential election were announced, declaring Iran's incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the winner, thousands of Iranians participated in demonstrations. Anonymous, together with The Pirate Bay and various Iranian hackers, launched an Iranian Green Movement Support site called Anonymous Iran. The site has drawn over 22,000 supporters worldwide and allows for information exchange between the world and Iran, despite attempts by the Iranian government to censor news about the riots on the internet. The site provides resources and support to Iranians who are protesting.
In September 2009, the group reawakened "in order to protect civil rights" after several governments began to block access to its imageboards. The blacklisting of Krautchan.net in Germany infuriated many, but the tipping point was the Australian government's plans for ISP-level censorship of the internet. The policy was spearheaded by Stephen Conroy and had been driven aggressively by the Rudd Government since its election in 2007.
|Message To The Australian Government From Anonymous, directed at Kevin Rudd and Seven News hours before Operation Titstorm began.|
Occurred from 8 am, February 10, 2010, as a protest against the Australian Government over the forthcoming internet filtering legislation and the perceived censorship in pornography of small-breasted women (who are perceived to be under age) and female ejaculation. Hours earlier, Anonymous uploaded a video message to YouTube, addressed to Kevin Rudd, and Seven News, presenting a list of demands and threats of further action if they were not met. The protest consisted of a distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS) on Australian Government websites. Australian anti-censorship groups complained that the attack only hurt their cause, and Australian government members dismissed the attack and said that they would just restore the service when the attack finished. Analysis of the attacks cited their peak bandwidth at under 17Mbit, a figure considered small when compared with other DDoS attacks.
Oregon Tea Party raid
In July 2010, there was a reaction to the use of one of Anonymous' slogans by the Oregon Tea Party. The Party's Facebook page was flooded with image macro and flames. Within a few hours, the Tea Party posted a message saying "Anonymous: We appreciate your resources and admire your tactics. You have taught us more than you know. As requested, we are no longer using the 'anonymous' quote." Following this raid, the Party's Facebook page was removed, and its Ning page limited to member-only access.
Operations Payback, Avenge Assange, and Bradical
In 2010, several Bollywood companies hired Aiplex Software to launch DDoS attacks on websites that did not respond to software takedown notices. File sharing activists then created Operation Payback in September 2010 in retaliation. The original plan was to attack Aiplex Software directly, but upon finding some hours before the planned DDoS that another individual had taken down the firm's website on their own, Operation Payback moved to launching attacks against the websites of copyright stringent organizations, law firms and other websites. This grew into multiple DDoS attacks against anti-piracy groups and law firms.
On April 2, 2011, Anonymous launched an attack on the media giant Sony, named #opsony, as a part of Operation Payback. Anonymous claims the attack a success after they took down the PlayStation Network and other related PlayStation Websites. Anonymous' actions also included personal harassment of employees and their families. The PlayStation Network subsequently has had lengthy outages, although Anonymous claims that this is not due to any officially sanctioned action on their part, but may be due to sub-groups of Anonymous.
Sony Corp. came to Anonymous' attention after it took legal action against George Hotz (a.k.a. GeoHot), the coder behind a popular tool that allows homebrew software to run on the PlayStation 3 (PS3). Sony is also taking legal action against Alexander Egorenkov (aka Graf_Chokolo) for his efforts to restore Linux to the PS3. The reason why Hotz and Egorenkov did that follows on from Sony's decision to remove the system's OtherOS feature, which enabled the use of Linux. While the pair has earned respect for their research and technical skills, they have also gained the attention of Sony's legal team. With a lawsuit now against Hotz this attracted the attention of Anonymous. They claim that Sony is breaching the free speech border, and this is the reason for their actions.
In December 2010, the document archive website WikiLeaks (used by whistleblowers) came under intense pressure to stop publishing secret United States diplomatic cables. In response, Anonymous announced its support for WikiLeaks, and Operation Payback changed its focus to support WikiLeaks and launched DDoS attacks against Amazon, PayPal, MasterCard, Visa and the Swiss bank PostFinance, in retaliation for perceived anti-WikiLeaks behavior. This second front in the December offensive was performed under the codename Operation Avenge Assange. Due to the attacks, both MasterCard and Visa's websites were brought down on December 8. A threat researcher at PandaLabs said Anonymous also launched an attack which brought down the Swedish prosecutor's website when WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was arrested in London and refused bail in relation to extradition to Sweden.
After suspected leaker Chelsea Manning was transferred to Marine Corps Brig, Quantico in July 2010, allegations of abuse arose around Manning's isolation in a maximum security area, and the suicide-watch she was put under which included constant verbal checks by guards and forced nudity. Military officials denied the treatment was abuse or abnormal. In an event that led to his resignation, State Department spokesman Philip J. Crowley made statements condemning the treatment. In response to Manning's imprisonment and treatment, Anonymous threatened to disrupt activities at Quantico by cyber-attacking communications, exposing private information about personnel, and other harassment methods. Dubbed "Operation Bradical", spokesperson and journalist Barrett Brown stated that this would be in direct response for the alleged mistreatment. Military spokespersons have responded that the threat has been referred to law enforcement and counterterrorism officials and requested an investigation.
Operation: Leakspin had the purpose of sorting through the WikiLeaks releases to identify potentially overlooked cables. According to the project, exposure had a bigger potential impact than DDoS attacks. Operation: Leakspin included translation and explanation of cables, quality control, culture jamming and publication channels. Leakspin represented a sharp departure from the tactics of Operation Payback. Rather than attacking perceived enemies of the pro-WikiLeaks movement, the sole focus is on propagating material determined to be of public interest. This potentially could lead to media outlets and the general public focusing on the issues uncovered by the released diplomatic cables rather than the morality or sensibility of DDoS attacks as a form of protest or Julian Assange's current legal travails. It is difficult to ascertain how much support Operation Leakspin had garnered in the Anonymous community.
Visa, Mastercard, PayPal
Anonymous launched several Denial-of-Service attacks on the Visa, MasterCard and PayPal companies for cutting off their services to WikiLeaks.
Attack on Fine Gael website
The website for the Irish political party, a centre right party in coalition government with the Labour Party, was hacked by Anonymous during the 2011 general election campaign according to TheJournal.ie. The site was replaced with a page showing the Anonymous logo along with the words "Nothing is safe, you put your faith in this political party and they take no measures to protect you. They offer you free speech yet they censor your voice. WAKE UP! <owned by Raepsauce and Palladium>".
Arab Spring activities
The websites of the government of Tunisia were targeted by Anonymous due to censorship of the WikiLeaks documents and the Tunisian Revolution. Tunisians were reported to be assisting in these denial-of-service attacks launched by Anonymous. Anonymous's role in the DDoS attacks on the Tunisian government's websites have led to an upsurge of internet activism among Tunisians against the government. A figure associated with Anonymous released an online message denouncing the government clampdown on recent protests and posted it on the Tunisian government website. Anonymous has named their attacks as "Operation Tunisia". Anonymous successfully performed DDoS attacks on eight Tunisian government websites. The Tunisian government responded by making its websites inaccessible from outside Tunisia. Tunisian police also arrested online activists and bloggers within the country and questioned them on the attacks. Anonymous's website suffered a DDoS attack on January 5.
During the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Egyptian government websites, along with the website of the ruling National Democratic Party, were hacked into and taken offline by Anonymous. The sites remained offline until President Hosni Mubarak stepped down.
Anonymous was divided on the 2011 Libyan civil war, while they hacked into Libyan government websites, and persuaded the host of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's personal website to take it down, other members of the group sided with the dictator in what they called "Operation Reasonable Reaction". The pro-Gaddafi attacks were fairly unsuccessful, only managing to take down minor opposition sites for a little while.
Anonymous also released the names and passwords of the email addresses of Middle Eastern governmental officials, in support of the Arab Spring. Countries targeted included officials from Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, and Morocco.
Attack on HBGary Federal
On the weekend of February 5–6, 2011, Aaron Barr, the chief executive of the security firm HBGary Federal, announced that his firm had successfully infiltrated the Anonymous group, and although he would not hand over details to the police, he would reveal his findings at a later conference in San Francisco. In retaliation for Aaron Barr's claims, members of the group Anonymous hacked the website of HBGary Federal and replaced the welcome page with a message stating that Anonymous should not be messed with, and that the hacking of the website was necessary to defend itself. Using a variety of techniques, including social engineering and SQL injection, Anonymous also went on to take control of the company's e-mail, dumping 68,000 e-mails from the system, erasing files, and taking down their phone system. The leaked emails revealed the reports and company presentations of other companies in computer security such as Endgame systems who promise high quality offensive software, advertising "subscriptions of $2,500,000 per year for access to 0day exploits".
Among the documents exposed was a PowerPoint presentation entitled "The Wikileaks Threat", put together by HBGary Federal along with two other data intelligence firms for Bank of America in December. Within the report, these firms created a list of important contributors to WikiLeaks; they further developed a strategic plan of attack against the site. As TechHerald explains, "the plan included pressing a journalist in order to disrupt his support of the organization, cyber attacks, disinformation, and other potential proactive tactics." The report specifically claims that Glenn Greenwald's support was key to WikiLeaks' ongoing survival.
Anonymous also personally attacked Aaron Barr by taking control of his Twitter account, posting Mr Barr's supposed home address and social security number.
In response to the attacks, founder of HBGary Federal, Greg Hoglund, responded to journalist Brian Krebs, "They didn't just pick on any company, we try to protect the US Government from hackers. They couldn't have chosen a worse company to pick on." After the attacks, Anonymous continued to clog up HBGary Federal fax machines, and made threatening phone calls.
On February 16, 2011, the group supposedly wrote an open letter to the Westboro Baptist Church, stating: "Cease & desist your protest campaign in the year 2011... close your public Web sites. Should you ignore this warning... the propaganda & detestable doctrine that you promote will be eradicated; the damage incurred will be irreversible, and neither your institution nor your congregation will ever be able to fully recover." On February 19, 2011, the church responded, telling Anonymous to "bring it on" and calling them, among other things, "a puddle of pimple-faced nerds". Anonymous subsequently denied the authenticity of the threat, suggesting that someone from outside Anonymous had made the posting. Due to their website being openly editable by anyone, it is unknown who made the post at this time. Anonymous responded with a press release calling the Westboro Church "professional trolls" stating that they believe that it was a member of the Westboro Church making an attempt to provoke an attack, thus acting as a honeypot which would both allow the church to retaliate against Internet service providers in court, and to gain it further publicity. They also claimed that they had more pressing matters to attend to, namely the support of the protests that led to the 2011 Libyan civil war. That said, Anonymous later suggested tactics for those who wished to attack Westboro nevertheless, avoiding DDoS in favor of sending "prostitutes, preferably male", and in general to "rape their asses in the most unpredictable ways possible".
|"Our best guess is that you heard about us on that newfangled TV of yours and thought we might be some good money for your little church."|
|—Anonymous response to the Westboro issue|
Anonymous also indicated that an attack would be self-defeating, stating: "When Anonymous says we support free speech, we mean it. We count Beatrice Hall among our Anonymous forebears: 'I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.'" Nonetheless, Westboro's website at godhatesfags.com suffered an attack. Another hacktivist by the name of Jester claimed to bring down the websites from the Westboro Baptist Church on his Twitter account. Nonetheless, people are still unsure who actually attacked the Westboro Baptist Church. In a thread on 4chan, several members revealed their confusion and wondered about Jester's motives.
2011 Wisconsin protests
On February 27, 2011, Anonymous announced a new attack on Koch Industries as a response to the Wisconsin protests. Between 1997 and 2008, David and Charles Koch collectively gave more than $17 million to groups, such as Americans for Prosperity, Club for Growth and Citizens United, lobbying against unions. The Kochs are one of (Republican) Governor Walker's largest corporate supporters. Anonymous accused the brothers of attempting "to usurp American Democracy" and called for a boycott of all Koch Industries products.
2011–2012 Operation Empire State Rebellion
On March 14, 2011, the group Anonymous began releasing emails it said were obtained from Bank of America. According to the group, the files show evidence of "corruption and fraud", and relate to the issue of improper foreclosures. They say that a former employee named Brian Penny from Balboa Insurance, a firm which used to be owned by BofA, appeared to be a reputable insider in the force placed insurance market, a market which, in 2012, began getting more and more coverage from various government and media sources, including the New York Department of Finance, 50 State Attorney General Coalition, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and large class action lawsuits. Balboa Insurance is now owned by Australian Reinsurance company QBE, while Brian privately consults various agencies and institutions on the inside workings of mortgage/insurance tracking systems and force placed insurance while maintaining a blog about his experience as a whistleblower.
Anonymous announced their intent to attack Sony websites in response to Sony's lawsuit against George Hotz and, specifically due to Sony's gaining access to the IP addresses of all the people who visited George Hotz's blog as part of the libel action, terming it an 'offensive against free speech and internet freedom' Although Anonymous admitted responsibility to subsequent attacks on the Sony websites, Anonymous branch AnonOps denied that they were the cause behind a major outage of the PlayStation Network in April 2011. However, as Anonymous is a leaderless organization, the possibility remains that another branch of the group is responsible for the outage, though screenshots of AnonOps promotion of the attack still exist.
On June 12, 2011, there was a DDoS attack on the website of the Spanish Police, starting at 21:30 GMT. Anonymous claimed responsibility the following day, stating that the attack was a "direct response to the Friday arrests of three individuals alleged to be associated with acts of cyber civil disobedience attributed to Anonymous." The site was down for approximately an hour as a result of their efforts.
On June 15, 2011, the group launched attacks on ninety-one websites of the Malaysian government in response to the blocking of websites like WikiLeaks and The Pirate Bay within the country, which the group labels censorship of a basic human right to information.
On June 20, 2011, members of the group took down the websites of the Orlando, Florida Chamber of Commerce and inserted a message into the website of the Universal Orlando Resort requesting that users "boycott Orlando". The group did so in response to the arrests of members of Food Not Bombs for feeding the homeless in Lake Eola Park against city ordinances. The group had planned and announced the attack on their IRC channel. The group has vowed to take a different Orlando-related website offline every day, and have also targeted the re-election website of Mayor of Orlando Buddy Dyer and the Orlando International Airport. A member of the group left a Guy Fawkes mask outside of the mayor's home; the police are treating the picture taken of the mask as a threat against the mayor. On July 11, the group took down the website of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orlando and the Rotary Club of Orlando.
On June 28, 2011, Anonymous announced that within the next 24 hours, it would hack into the website of the Knesset, the legislature of Israel, and knock it offline. It was stated that the planned attacks were a response to alleged hacking attacks by Israeli intelligence such as the Stuxnet virus, a computer virus which allegedly was created by Israeli and U.S. intelligence and targeted the Iranian nuclear program.
The group collaborated with LulzSec to hack the websites of a number of government and corporate sources and release information from them. As well as targeting American sites, Anonymous also targeted government sites in Tunisia, Anguilla, Brazil, Zimbabwe, Turkey, and Australia. On July 21, Anonymous released two PDFs allegedly taken from NATO.
In August 2011, someone created an account on Twitter with the name OP_Facebook and announced the "Operation Facebook". According to the links on the post, Anonymous was going to take down Facebook on November 5, 2011. The date "November 5" is believed to be attributed to the comics V for Vendetta, where the character "V" conducts his major plans every fifth of November in memory of Guy Fawkes. This operation isn't assuredly an Anonymous one. There was an earlier OpFacebook that was abandoned, and this current plan is a revival of the communication channels previously used. The plan is contentious and does not appear to be supported by the majority of those who say they are part of Anonymous. Operation Facebook, against popular belief, never showed any signs of itself. Facebook continued to run after the supposed Operation Facebook was to begin. On that day, Anonymous tweeted that they never announced Operation Facebook and that this was some guy's idea of a joke.
In August 2011, in response to Bay Area Rapid Transit's shutdown of cell phone service in an attempt to disconnect protesters from assembling in response to a police shooting, as well as the shooting itself, Anonymous sent out a mass email/fax bomb to BART personnel and organized multiple mass physical protests at the network's Civic Center station. Anonymous also hacked the BART website, releasing the personal information of 102 BART police officers, as well as account information for about 2,000 customers.
Shooting Sheriffs Saturday
In an event dubbed "Shooting Sheriffs Saturday," Anonymous hacked 70 (mostly rural) law enforcement websites and released 10 GB of leaked information. The name is likely a reference to the song "I Shot the Sheriff" by Bob Marley.
Support of Occupy Wall Street
In early August, Anonymous hacked the Syrian Defense Ministry website and replaced it with a vector image of the pre-Ba'athist flag, a symbol of the pro-democracy movement in the country, as well as a message supporting the 2011 Syrian uprising and calling on members of the Syrian Army to defect to protect protesters.
In October 2011, the collective campaigned against child pornography protected by anonymous hosting techniques. They temporarily DDoSed 40 child porn sites, published the usernames of over 1500 people frequenting one of those websites, and invited the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation and Interpol to follow up.
Opposition to Los Zetas
On October 6, 2011, Anonymous released a video stating that Los Zetas had kidnapped one of the group's members, and threatened that unless the hostage was freed, they would publish personal information about members of the cartel and their collaborators in politics, police, military, and business, which might lead to their prosecution by Mexican authorities, or targeting by rival cartels. The website of Gustavo Rosario Torres, a former Tabasco state prosecutor, was subsequently defaced with a message suggesting his involvement with the organization. Early November, Los Zetas reportedly freed the kidnapped victim without knowledge of its Anonymous affiliation, as announced on Anonymous Iberoamerica blog. However, following widespread news coverage of the video, reporters did not find evidence of a previous Anonymous action matching the description given, and found little evidence of support among Anonymous members, particularly in Mexico. Many blogs run by members of Anonymous also report on this.
Operation Brotherhood Takedown
On November 7, 2011, Anonymous released a warning threat to the Muslim Brotherhood that they would take down major websites belonging to their organization. On November 12 the Muslim Brotherhood released a statement detailing the extent of the attack and that four websites were temporarily taken down. On November 12, 2011, another video was released claiming the attack would continue until November 18.
John Pike incident
Attack on Stratfor
On December 24, claims were made that Anonymous stole thousands of e-mail addresses and credit card information from security firm Stratfor. Reportedly, Anonymous commented that this is because the data was unencrypted, however Anonymous put out a press-release stating "This hack is most definitely not the work of Anonymous".
Operation Pharisee was an attack organized via social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube against the Vatican website for World Youth Day 2011. It was unsuccessful, despite a denial-of-service attack resulting 34 times normal traffic, and well-documented due to the efforts of Imperva, the security firm employed by the Vatican.
Anonymous, along with 4chan's /b/ board, Reddit, Twitter and Funnyjunk, teamed together to make a raid on 9gag called Operation Deepthroat. The raid was separated in multiple teams: The first team, the Alpha Team, spammed "horrifying" images of child pornography, gore, furries and scat on 9gag's site, followed by fake accounts made by 4chan, Anonymous, Reddit, Twitter and Funnyjunk voting the spam up, effectively overloading the servers. The second team, the Gold Team, used the Low Orbit Ion Cannon and the High Orbit Ion Cannon (LOIC and HOIC, respectively), and fired on 9gag, which DDoS'd the entire site down. The third team, the Red Team, was tasked to spread the information of the OP on 4chan, Reddit, Twitter and Funnyjunk, and also supported the other teams. The fourth and final team, the White Team, was tasked with spamming chat sites such as Omegle and Chatroulette with inappropriate messages, such as "9gag.com is the place for Child Pornography!", in order to tarnish 9gag's "wholesome" and "family-friendly" name. The reason behind this whole operation began when 9gag took several of 4chan's memes and called them theirs, followed by making a legion called the '9gag army', a ripoff of Anonymous. The operation began on December 21, 2011, at 12:00 AM, and ended at 11:59 PM. 9gag was mainly offline for the next few days, except for some servers which managed to protect themselves from the LOIC and HOIC. Prior to the operation, 4chan users used fake accounts to trick 9gaggers into DDoS'ing themselves, saying the coordinates were that of 4chan. The pre-raid attack was mostly ineffective, however, as only a few servers went down.
In January 2012, Anonymous hacked the website of the California Statewide Law Enforcement Association to protest police brutality.
In solidarity with Occupy Nigeria, Anonymous has joined forces with the People's Liberation Front and the Naija Cyber Hactivists of Nigeria. Anonymous promised "a relentless and devastating assault upon the web assets of the Nigerian government" in support of Occupy Nigeria. This was in protest to the removal of fuel subsidy that the majority of impoverished Nigerians depend upon for their very existence, causing the price of fuel and transportation to skyrocket and therefore extreme hardship for the majority of Nigerians. On January 13, the Nigerian Economic and Financial Crimes Commission website was hacked, with a false report of the arrest of people involved in the oil sector replacing the normal page.
In retaliation for the shut down of the file sharing service Megaupload and the arrest of four workers, Anonymous DDoSed the websites of UMG (the company responsible for the lawsuit against Megaupload), the United States Department of Justice, the United States Copyright Office, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the MPAA, Warner Brothers Music, the RIAA, and the HADOPI the afternoon of January 19, 2012. The operations by Anonymous were speculated to have been driven further by anger over the House of Representatives' Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Senate's Protect Intellectual Property Act (PIPA).
Anti-ACTA activism in Europe
On January 21, 2012, a series of DDoS attacks on Polish government websites took place, for which the Anonymous took responsibility and referred to as "the Polish Revolution". The group via their Twitter account stated it was a revenge for upcoming signing of ACTA agreement by the Polish government. Starting with websites of the Sejm, Polish Prime Minister, President, Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, later on websites of the police, Internal Security Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs were also blocked. The presumed attack was further strengthened by the media coverage which resulted in extremely high interest of public opinion, followed up by blackout of popular Polish websites on 24th and protests of thousands of people on January 24 and 25, in major cities of Poland, against signing ACTA. Other suspected targets were the websites of Paweł Graś - the government's spokesman (blocked after Graś denied the attacks ever took place), the website of PSL (blocked after Eugeniusz Kłopotek, a member of the party, supported ACTA on air of the major TV station). Governmental sites in France's presidential website and Austria's Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Economy and also the website of the Federal Chancellor were also cracked and paralyzed.
Anonymous in Slovenia announced opposition against the Slovenian signing of the ACTA and have posted video threats on various websites against the government officials, as well as against Nova Ljubljanska Banka (commonly known as NLB), accusing the latter of corruption. On February 4, 2012, The NLB was a victim of a cyber attack and was offline for one hour, while public demonstrations were held in the capital of Ljubljana and in Maribor. Some estimated 3000 people gathered in the capital, while around 300 protested in Maribor.
Unidentified hackers cracked email boxes of some prominent pro-Kremlin activists and officials, including Vasily Yakemenko, head of the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs, Kristina Potupchik, press secretary for Nashi youth movement, and Oleg Khorokhordin, deputy head of the Department for Internal Affairs at the Presidential Administration. Since February 1, links to contents of the mailboxes have been appearing on @OP_Russia Twitter account. The hackers confirmed they consider themselves a part of the Anonymous movement; "We are Anonymous", they stated in an interview. The information discovered enabled many to accuse Yakemenko and his colleagues in paying some influential bloggers, as well as numerous trolls, for publishing stories and commenting in favour of Vladimir Putin on negative press articles on the Internet.
Boston Police Department attacks
On February 3, 2012, Anonymous hacked a website belonging to the Boston Police Department to protest the eviction of Occupy Wall Street protestors. BPD later responded with a sarcastic video of their own.
Preventing vote tampering
In 2012, Anonymous claims to have added a firewall they called The Great Oz, allegedly designed to prevent election tampering in the United States.
Syrian Government E-mail Hack
On February 6, 2012, Anonymous broke into the mail server of the Syrian Ministry of Presidential Affairs, gaining access to some 78 inboxes of Bashar al-Assad's staffers in the process. One of the email files was a document preparing Assad for his December 2011 interview with ABC's Barbara Walters. One of the passwords commonly used by Assad's office accounts was "12345."
In July 2012, Anonymous gave over 2.4 million e-mails to WikiLeaks.
AntiSec Leak and CIA Attack
On Friday, February 10, 2012, Anonymous claimed responsibility for taking down the Central Intelligence Agency's website for more than 5 hours. Several servers went back up while others stayed down. This followed a conversation leak, in which Anonymous took responsibility, between FBI and Scotland Yard officials discussing members of Anonymous being put on trial as well as other topics on the group, which took place a week before. On March 6, 2012, Donncha O'Cearbhaill was charged in connection with the leak. He was released 24-hours later.
Following Interpol's announcement on February 28 that they made arrests of 25 suspected members of the hacking activist group Anonymous in Europe and South America, their site went down for a moment. 
On March 4, 2012, Anonymous took down the American Israel Public Affairs Committee website. An AIPAC spokesman was questioned on the matter but did not respond. A video titled "Anonymous: Message to AIPAC" was uploaded on YouTube earlier the same day.
Vatican website DDoS Attacks
The official website of the Vatican was brought down temporarily by a DDoS attack from Anonymous on March 7, 2012. Later that day the website recovered. Anonymous has also attempted to take the site down in 2011 but the attempt did not succeed. They claimed that their attack was not targeted against the followers of the Catholic Church but against the Church itself, which Anonymous viewed as corrupt.
On March 12 the Vatican's official website was brought down for a few hours by a second DDoS attack. Anonymous also hacked Vatican Radio and gained access to the Vatican Radio database in protest against the Vatican Radio allegedly using "repeaters with power transmission largely outside the bounds of the law."
Criticism of Kony 2012
Anonymous described the Kony 2012 campaign by Invisible Children as "propaganda". Although they support the campaign against Kony, they felt that the campaign is mainly a scam.
Bureau of Justice leak
On March 21, 2012, 1.7GB of data was stolen from the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics by Anonymous. The leak reportedly contained "shiny things such as internal emails and the entire database dump."
Judge Rotenberg Center
On March 22, 2012, Anonymous announced in a YouTube video that the Judge Rotenberg Center and those affiliated were all targets. This came after a video of a boy being tortured at the JRC, a special needs school, was released on CNN. The school also legally tortured hundreds of others, and five died there. Anonymous hacked the JRC's website and publicly posted the names and addresses of JRC's sponsors, lobbyists, lawyers and supporters, as well as the founder and principal himself, on Pastebin.
Taking down Monsanto's Hungarian website
Symantec source code leak
April 2012 Chinese attack
In April 2012, Anonymous hacked 485 Chinese government websites, some more than once, to protest the treatment of their citizens. They urged people to "fight for justice, fight for freedom, [and] fight for democracy".
Operation Bahrain and Formula One attacks
On April 21, Anonymous defaced the official site of Formula One, in protest against the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix. The race was the subject of ongoing controversy, as it was being held during ongoing anti-government protests, with the support of the government. Anonymous posted a press release criticising the decision to hold the race despite the violent crackdowns, and posted data of ticket sales for the event with sensitive information — particularly the credit card numbers of spectators — redacted. Other sites related to the sport and the Bahraini government were also the subject of distributed denial-of-service attack.
On April 21, 2012 busabos of Anonymous Philippines attacked the China University Media Union website, as a retaliation against alleged Chinese hackers who defaced the University of the Philippines website, which claimed that the Scarborough Shoal is Chinese territory. Anonymous left a message that the Scarborough Shoal is the Philippines' territory. On April 25, 2012, busabos of Anonymous #OccupyPhilippines warned that they had not yet started their attack against Chinese websites. The members that can be counted in hand called the cyber attacks were a result of the 2012 Scarborough Shoal standoff.
On May 17, 2012, Anonymous launched an attack against the websites of the India Supreme Court and the current-ruling Congress party in reaction to internet service providers blocking popular video sites like Vimeo as well as file-sharing sites like The Pirate Bay.
On May 20, 2012, Anonymous launched Opération Québec in reaction to the adoption of Bill 78 by the government of Quebec, an act restricting the freedom of association in this Canadian province after several weeks of student protests. A video was released urging the governing Liberal Party of Quebec to let the citizens protest.
Anonymous then threatened to disrupt the Formula 1 Grand Prix of Canada, to be held between June 7 and 10 in Montreal, the same way they did for the Bahrain Grand Prix. They claimed to have accessed personal information stored in the F1 website.
On May 30, Anonymous leaked a video called "DVD Gouverne (mental)", a 2 hours long footage from Sagard, Quebec where a party for the wife of Paul Desmarais of Power Corporation had been held in 2008. Among the guests were former US president George H. Bush, premier Jean Charest of Quebec, former Canadian prime ministers Jean Chrétien and Brian Mulroney, former Québec premier Lucien Bouchard, former governor general of Canada Adrienne Clarkson, journalist Charlie Rose, singers Robert Charlebois and Hiromi Omura, lyricist Luc Plamondon and conductor Yannick Nézet-Séguin.
An Anonymous video was released on June 8, 2012, claiming that an attack against the government of Cyprus would take place due to reasons of government corruption, media misinformation and the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement On June 26, DDoS attacks took place against 47 websites of the Republic of Cyprus, which were taken down for 15 hours. The government stated that it was a coordinated attack by Anonymous.
On June 26, 2012, the website of the Japanese Business Federation, was taken offline, with Anonymous claiming this was part of "Operation Japan". The reason for their action was the new amendments to the copyright laws in Japan. For those found to have illegally copied material such as music, DVDs or Blu-ray discs, fines could run as high as $25,000 and carry a sentence of two years in prison, according to CNET Japan.
On July 25, 2012, Anonymous launched an online protest in response to the Anaheim police shooting. It began with the release of the personal information of some of the top officers, including police chief John Welter.
Attack on the Mexican PRI party
On July 6, 2012, as part of the Yo Soy 132 student protest movement, the Mexican branch of Anonymous defaced the PRI party website, the party that held the power of the country for 70 years and that the 132 movement accused of human rights violations during that period. Anonymous hacked the site leaving slogans against the electoral fraud and the imminent return of the PRI party to power.
Peña's birthday present
On July 20, 2012, a second attack on a PRI related website was performed as part of the Yo Soy 132 student protest movement, by the Mexican branch of Anonymous. This time Anonymous did it on the birthday of president elect Peña Nieto, and as "a gift" they left a picture of Peña next to slogans against electoral fraud and a penis shaped birthday cake.
On August 10, 2012, Anonymous launched a DDoS attack and defacement of more than 100 Myanmar websites, all hackers from all over the world joined this operation as a protest for killing Muslim Rohingya in Myanmar. Even Anonymous has done with it, the cyber war still continues until now, the hackers that joined the operation have established a new world ranking group of hackers, Danger Hackers. Myanmar's hackers also made a lot of counterattacks.
Uganda LGBT rights
Hong Kong National Education
In mid-September 2012, Anonymous hackers threatened the Hong Kong government organization, known as National Education Centre. In their online video, Anonymous members claimed responsibility for leaking classified related government documents and taking down the National Education Centre website, after the Hong Kong government has repeatedly ignored months of wide-scale protests against the establishment of a new core Moral and National Education curriculum for children from 6–18 years of age. The new syllabus has come under heavy criticism and international media attention, as it does not award students based on how much factual information is learned, but instead grades and evaluates students based on their level of emotional attachment and approval of the Chinese Communist Party.
Philippine Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012
Anonymous Philippines launched a series of attacks against several websites of the Philippine government to protest against the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. The hackers urged for the revisions of the cybercrime law. On September 26, Anonymous defaced several websites, including that of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and the Philippine National Police. They claim that the law violates freedom of expression and described the law as "most notorious act ever witnessed in the cyber-history". On October 1, they hacked again several government websites in an operation dubbed as "Bloody Monday" and asked for "a revision of the [Cybercrime Law] for the betterment of the Filipino netizens." In February 2014 the Philippine Supreme Court ruled out the online libel to be unconstitutional because of its some provisions.
Release of Westboro Baptist Church Personal Information
Anonymous re-posted the names, addresses, and emails of the prominent members of the Westboro Baptist Church on December 16, 2012, due to announced plans to picket the funerals of the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, followed by saying that God would protect their site. They also caused several DDOS attacks on the site itself, hacked the social media accounts of the members involved, and started a whitehouse.org petition to get the Church legally branded as a Hate Group.
Steubenville rape case
In early 2013, the group released an incriminating video, photographs and tweets from the Steubenville High School football team allegedly involved in a gang rape of an underage girl in rural Ohio. They also released a number of e-mails and photos hacked from the e-mail account of one of the football programs boosters, whom they alleged to have helped cover up the case.
Attack on the Mexican Army website
On January 13, 2013, the SEDENA (the Mexican Army) website was vulnerated by the Anonymous branch in Mexico, and all the information found on the vulnerated servers was disclosed (including usernames and passwords).
The content of the site was changed for a video with images of the riots that occurred during Peña Nieto's presidential inauguration (on December 1, 2013), and a voice in the background pronounces the Zapatista manifesto.
Aaron Swartz Suicide
In January 2013, the group attacked and defaced the United States Sentencing Commission website turning it into a game page repeatedly after which traffic to the website made it crash following the suicide of Reddit co-founder and activist Aaron Swartz. Swartz was accused of stealing materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with intent to distribute them freely.
Operation North Korea
On April 2, 2013, a professional IT webzine BGR carried out an article stating that hacker group Anonymous has started the 'Operation Free Korea.' This calls for 'controversial leader Kim Jong-un [to] resign', 'install free democracy' 'abandon its nuclear ambitions' 'uncensored Internet access' etc. The hackers also proclaimed that if North Korea do not accede to their demand, they will wage "Cyber War." On April 3, 2013, hacker group identifying itself as Anonymous claimed it had stolen all 15,000 user passwords as part of a cyberwar against the DPRK. A few days later, Anonymous claimed to have hacked into the Uriminzokkiri main website, and the Twitter and Flickr pages representing the website.
Instead, a picture posted Thursday on the North's Flickr site shows Kim's face with a pig-like snout and a drawing of Mickey Mouse on his chest. Underneath, the text reads: "Threatening world peace with ICBMs and Nuclear weapons/Wasting money while his people starve to death." Furthermore, it joined forces with its alleged arch-enemy and hacktivist The Jester in which the latter had claimed responsibility for the cyberattacks against Air Koryo and other North Korean websites.
On June 22, 2013, Anonymous claimed that it managed to steal military documents from North Korea, and that the documents would be released on June 25, the day the Korean War started. However, no such documents appear to have been released.
OpIsrael was a coordinated cyber-attack by anti-Israel individuals and Anonymous-affiliated groups that target websites perceived as Israeli The attack, mostly denial of service assaults, was coordinated to coincide with Holocaust Remembrance Day. OpIsrael's stated goal was to "erase Israel from the internet". The attack targeted several government online operations banking and commerce sites, but most of the cyber attacks were repelled, with no significant damage done, although an attack may have succeeded in temporarily taking down the Central Bureau of Statistics site. Media and small business sites were also targeted, and some attacks succeeded in temporarily replacing some of homepages with anti-Israel slogans. However, there were several Facebook pages, Twitter feeds, and web sites from the alleged hackers making false claims to have "caused Israel to lose $5 billion" and "Tel Aviv loses all Internet connection. It was one of Anonymous's biggest failures"
Nir Goldshlager a famous "white hat" hacker and CEO of Break Security Goldshlager, told reporters that OpIsrael hackers "lacked the sophistication and knowledge...while they told many lies to enhance their reputations." Israeli hackers responded to OpIsrael by taking down the OpIsrael website and replacing it with pro-Israel statements and the Israeli national anthem, Hatikvah. In addition, they brought down anti-Israeli sites like Hezbollah's and Islamic Jihad's websites and targeted servers belonging to hackers and broke into the personal computers of the European leaders of the operation and told them to look for the facts and not believe everything they see on the Internet.
2012 Cleveland police shooting incident
In December 2012, Cleveland police fired 137 rounds at a car, killing its two occupants. Anonymous responded in April 2013 by releasing the personal information of the officers involved. 12 officers were later fired or disciplined for their role in the shooting, although criminal charges are still being considered by a grand jury.
In response to the suicide of Rehtaeh Parsons and the lack of action on the part of Canadian authorities, Anonymous threatened to release the personal information of the rapists. However, the group claimed to back down from the threat following pleas from Parsons' mother, Leah. The group has staged protests outside the Royal Canadian Mounted Police headquarters in Halifax.
In March 2013 during the Lahad Datu standoff tension in Sabah due to the clashes between the Royal Army of the Sultanate of Sulu and Malaysian security Forces. A Cyberwar sparks between Philippines and Malaysia. According to the Philippine Cyber Army the Malaysian hackers appeared to have started the attacks and defacement on Philippine websites, posting online threats and videos meaning to send a message to the Filipinos to keep away from the region of Sabah. In response to their attacks the Philippine Cyber Army defaced 175 Malaysian sites (including state-owned pages). The Mcafee Lab Researchers in their 2013 Threats Report placed the Philippine Cyber Army in the list of Global Threats on hacktivism. The Philippine Cyber Army are close to Anonymous.
Philippine Coast Guard incident
On May 9, 2013, a number of Philippine Coast Guard soldiers fired at an unarmed Taiwanese fishing boat, Guang Da Xing No. 28, and killed a Taiwanese fisherman in international waters. On May 10, Hackers recognizing themselves as "AnonTAIWAN" hacked into Philippine Official websites asking for the Philippines' government to apologize to Taiwan's government. They interfered with government official websites of the Philippines, causing inconveniences for the Philippine General Election. Its results were great disturbance, difficulty, and delay in making general access through the Philippine government websites at the time of elections.
NSA document release
On June 7, 2013, Anonymous released what was claimed to be secret documents related to the NSA. In reality, the documents were already publicly available.
Hawthorne dog shooting incident
On June 30, 2013, a Hawthorne, California police officer, Jeffrey Salmon of Torrance, was filmed shooting a dog and arresting his owner. Anonymous responded by issuing a video threat to the police department. The city website also suffered a DDoS attack, although it is unclear if Anonymous was involved.
Nigeria anti-gay laws
On July 4, 2013, Anonymous hacked the national website of Nigeria after the country passed laws that would make homosexuality punishable by up to 14 years in prison.
Anonymous NZ, a New Zealand-based offshoot of Anonymous, carried out its first operation by staging a DDoS on the web site of the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB), following the passage of law changes that allowed the electronic intelligence agency to surveil New Zealand citizens. In addition, the web sites of politicians who supported the law changes were also shut down by Anonymous NZ.
From August 20, 2013, to November 5, 2013, the group launched attacks on various websites -
- Ang Mo Kio Town Council
- National Museum of Singapore (3,600 Emails, IP addresses and Names Leaked)
- PAP Community Foundation
- The Straits Times(latest)
Support of anti-PDAF movement
Anonymous Philippines has hacked 115 government websites, prompting Philippine law enforcement agencies to go after them, citing the unnecessary use of hacking. The NBI has been ordered to probe into the hacking of government websites. While a few Senators have downplayed the attacks, they were willing to listen to their grievances, Senator Trillanes IV expressed alarm with the group's capabilities, suggesting the possibility of the group to hack government websites since "it could compromise State operations and data storage."
On November 20, 2013, Anonymous announced plans to target the National Security Agency and other U.S. Government Organizations for their spying on the internet activity of all Americans and their censorship of free press on the internet.
Anonymous posted a video warning to the Ferguson, Missouri, police, admonishing them for fatally shooting Mike Brown, an unarmed African American teenager, and swearing revenge if any protesters demonstrating against the police are harmed. The group, which has adopted the Guy Fawkes mask as its symbol and frequently becomes involved in contentious legal matters, said in the video late Sunday Brown's death Saturday is just the latest example of police misconduct having deadly Big consequences.
On August 12, a series of doxes were released against Jon Belmar, the St. Louis County Police Chief. There were two reasons for this target. 1) Because he refused to release the name of the officer who shot Mike Brown and 2) Because he challenged Anonymous, calling their threats hollow. A Twitter account affiliated with Anonymous by the name of "TheAnonMessage" struck back with information regarding Belmar's location, phone number, family members, and their accounts on social media. That same account also released information claiming to be the dox of the officer who shot Brown, but wound up being incorrect.
Operation Hong Kong
Anonymous posted a video warning on News2Share to the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on October 1 announcing the engagement of Operation Hong Kong, condemning the government's police's use of force in the ongoing protests. The group stated that it supports the protesters' fight for democracy and promised the government that if the protesters are further harmed or harassed they would attack all web based assets of the Hong Kong Government including but not limited to the taking down of government websites, seizing of government databases, and releasing the personal information on government officials. Anonymous stated that it is time for democracy for the people of Hong Kong and condemns the police for harming the citizens and calls for them to instead protect the citizens.
Neither the Hong Kong Government nor the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China have commented on this announcement up to date.
The Hong Kong Government responded that its servers and web assets are functioning normally, and have arranged to strengthen its cyber defences. The Government further stated that it is prepared against any attempts by Anonymous hackers on its servers and web assets.
More than 10 government websites were defaced by the said group and 33 more were brought rendered inaccessible, for up to 7 hours and a week before, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) was reportedly hacked with some 2,000 email addresses, usernames, and password hashes released on Pastebin.
The "Operation Infosurge" was done during the Haiyan Anniversary, which was expected to be a day of prayer and thanksgiving, but turned out to be a day of protest from different "online" groups and organizations in Philippines.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2015)
ali In response to the Charlie Hebdo shooting, the Anonymous released a statement offering condolences to the families affected by it and denounced the attacks as an "inhuman assault" on freedom of expression. They also addressed the terrorists: "[a] message for al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, and other terrorists – we are declaring war against you, the terrorists." As such, Anonymous plans to target Jihadist websites and social media accounts linked to supporting Islamic terrorism with the aim of disrupting them and shutting them down.
In response to the shooting on January 14, 2015, Anonymous released a statement to the APD, demanding answers and promised numerous attacks to be planned for January 20, 2015. This operation is tied in with Operation Police Brutality in which Anonymous states "We are not indicting the man - we are merely indicting the system". No reports show who is being targeted by Anonymous currently, but it is believed that the website of APD among other things will be taken down and exploits shared on the internet.
Operation Ice ISIS
In the early days Red cult under the banner of Anonymous begun to attack the so-called Islamic State's social media accounts and Internet-based recruitment drives, apparently destroying "months of recruiting work", and released a statement saying:
ISIS, We will hunt you, Take down your sites, accounts, emails, and expose you.
From now on, no safe place for you online...
You will be treated like a virus, and we are the cure...
We own the internet...
We are Anonymous; we are Legion; we do not forgive, we do not forget, Expect us.
Gas station hacks
On February 11, Anonymous hacked at least 1 gas station automated tank gauge, changing the online name from "DIESEL" to "WE_ARE_LEGION". Theregister.co.uk stated that a hacker with this kind of access could shut down the entire station by "spoofing the reported fuel level, generating false alarms, and locking the monitoring service out of the system".
Operation Death Eaters
During the week of February 14, Anonymous launched Operation Death Eaters for collating evidence against international pedophile rings and their severe abuse of children to bring them to justice.
Response to Phillip White Attack
After the attack on New Jersey teen, Phillip White by the Vineland Police Department, the group released a video demanding from the police department that the officers be put on leave and the K9 cop be relieved. As well as dashcam footage to be released from the incident. The group stated that if these demands are not met they will release the personal information of the cops and begin cyber attacks on their websites.
Operation Stop Reclamation
On April 2, 2015. The Pro-Philippine Hackers of Anonymous Philippines attacked and defaced a total of 132 Chinese government, educational and commercial websites in response to China's reclamation work in territorial disputes in the South China Sea, parts of which Manila calls the West Philippine Sea.
Operation Anon Down
On July 17, 2015, an Anon in a Guy Fawkes mask was shot and killed by a Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officer. As a result, Anonymous websites and YouTube channels vowed revenge, initiating Operation Anon Down. The RCMP website was reported down nationwide on July 19. The attack affected 22 websites for the entire duration and it was carried out by someone with the username Anon3_ saying "it was done as a showing of strength and to show the world the brotherhood that Anonymous has"
On July 21, 2015, Anonymous posted a video claiming that due to "Racism, Antisemitism, Islamophobia and Holocaust Denial" they were going to attack the website Stormfront. This website is a white-supremacist website run by former KKK Leader Don Black. The attack was planned for August 1, 2015. 
Operation KKK (OPKKK)
Operation KKK says it has identifying data on as many as 1,000 KKK members and supporters. On Oct. 22, 2015, an Anonymous-associated Twitter account announced that the hacking collective had accessed a Klan-associated Twitter account and promised that they would expose about 1,000 Klan members by name. A later news release promised that the operation would release "names and Web sites, new and old" of "more than 1000″ members of the hate group.
Previously, Anonymous waged a campaign against a Missouri-based Klan organization last year after the group threatened to use "lethal force" in defense of themselves against protests in Ferguson, Mo., over the shooting death of Michael Brown. At the time, Anonymous unleashed a smaller doxx against members of the Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and also took over a Klan-run Twitter account.
Anonymous Philippines hacked the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) website to force them to add security to vote count machines (VCMs). The hacking was followed by a voters' personal information leak, led by LulzSec Pilipinas, who placed them in the website "wehaveyourdata.com". Paul Biteng, a 20-year old information technology (IT) graduate and one of the hackers of the COMELEC, website was soon arrested by National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) agents.
Operation Single Gateway
After the failure of its single gateway system, the Thai government proposed amendments to the existing Computer Crime Act in May 2016, which they approved on December 16. Anonymous declared cyberwar on Thailand after the passing of these amendments. The amendments allowed the government to censor websites and intercept private communications without a court order or warrant. Anonymous started a Facebook group called "citizens against single gateway" to protest against these acts. Other anonymous members DDoSed several Thailand government websites. One of these F5-powered DDoS attacks hit Thailand's defense website on December 19. It was later revealed that hackers also breached the Thai Police Office website on December 17. The website of the Tourism and Sports was also targeted and attacked on December 23. Several Thai citizens who were part of anonymous ranging from ages 17–20 were arrested.
Operation Darknet Relaunch
Visitors to more than 10,000 Tor-based websites were met with an alarming announcement on February 3, 11:50 AM EST: "Hello, Freedom Hosting II, you have been hacked." A group affiliating itself with Anonymous had compromised servers at Freedom Hosting II, a popular service for hosting websites accessible only through Tor.
Anonymous claimed over 50% of the data stored on the Freedom Hosting II servers contained child pornography. International Business Times reported that the hackers stole 75 GB worth of files and 2.6 GB of databases.
According to Sarah Jamie Lewis, an independent anonymity and privacy researcher who spotted the mass hack as part of her regular scans of the Onion space (Dark Web sites running on the Tor network), Freedom Hosting II was hosting an estimated 20% of all websites on the Dark Web.
Unconfirmed hack of Gabon's official websites
Anonymous had reportedly hacked into at least 70 Gabon's official sites, including their mail systems. They said that their actions 'targeted dictatorships', however there was no independent confirmation of the Anonymous claim.
Chilean Army emails leak
Anonymous accessed six email accounts of the Chilean Army and revealed 2.34 gigabytes of data related to intelligence, operations, finances and international relations generated and received by those emails from 2015 to 2019. The leaked data encompassed a total of 44 emails, 1,340 documents, 401 images, 53 text files, 10 webpages, nine folders and three videos. Anonymous also published a series of press articles, internal newsletters, travel information, judicial notices and resolutions, purchase quotes, seminars and other files of the institution. As a result, in an official statement, the Chilean Army had activated its cybersecurity protocols to prevent similar acts from happening in the future, while pointing out that the affected accounts were provided by an external company which were being used to interact, share and/or send and receive data with suppliers or institutions with a regular relationship with the Chilean Army.
During the 2019 Hong Kong protests and the siege of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Anonymous announced its hack on four Chinese MongoDB databases, in which they had donated to a data breach notification service vigilante.pw. In a media statement they warned that "all is possible, nothing is secure", and "if Hong Kong is suppressed then China would eye Taiwan as the next target, which can precede a World War 3", while referencing the Terminator movie quote "There’s no fate but what we make for ourselves".
In February Anonymous hacked the United Nations' website and created a page for Taiwan, a country which has not had a seat at the UN since 1971. The hacked page featured the Flag of the Republic of China, the KMT emblem, a Taiwan Independence flag, the Anonymous logo, and embedded YouTube videos such as the National Anthem of the Republic of China and the closing score for the 2019 film Avengers: Endgame titled "It's Been a Long, Long Time", along with a caption. The defacement lasted for at least 14 hours, and the hacked server belonged to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
On May 28, 2020, the Twitter account of PLDT's customer service was hacked by a Filipino anonymous group as a protest to the terrible internet connection serviced by PLDT. The hackers also changed the profile's name to "PLDT Doesn't Care".
The first tweet by the hackers states: "As the pandemic arises, Filipinos need fast internet to communicate with their loved ones. Do your job. The corrupt fear us, the honest support us, the heroic join us. We are Anonymous. We are Legion. We do not forgive. We do not forget . Expect us."
Anonymous declared a large hacking sequence on May 28, three days after the murder of George Floyd. An individual claiming to be Anonymous stated that "We are Legion. We do not forgive. We do not forget. Expect us." in a now-deleted video. Anonymous addressed police brutality and vowed that they "will be exposing your many crimes to the world". It is suspected that Anonymous are the cause for the downtime and public suspension of the Minneapolis Police Department website and its parent site, the website of the City of Minneapolis. The webpage belonging to a minor United Nations agency was also turned into a memorial for George Floyd.
Anonymous claimed responsibility for stealing and leaking a trove of documents collectively nicknamed 'BlueLeaks'. The 269-gigabyte collection was published by a leak-focused activist group known as Distributed Denial of Secrets.
Bolsonaro hack and support of Julian Assange
In June 4, a group of hackers has released personal information on Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro and his family and cabinet. Justice minister André Mendonça asked the Federal Police to begin an investigation. Then a parliamentary inquiry by the Brazilian Congress investigating the issue of fake news on the internet issued a report showing that the federal government used R$2 million in public money to fund advertising on several websites, some of them responsible for supporting the president. Furthermore, Anonymous took down Atlanta Police Department's website via DDoS, and defaced websites such as a Filipino governmental webpage and that of Brookhaven National Labs. They expressed support for Julian Assange and press freedom, while briefly "taking a swing" against Facebook, Reddit and Wikipedia for having 'engaged in shady practices behind our prying eyes'. In the case of Reddit, they posted a link to a court document describing the possible involvement of a moderator of a large traffic subreddit (r/news) in an online harassment-related case.
On November 20, 2020, the Uganda Police website was hacked as it was down for a number of days. Anonymous came out and claimed the hack in a tweet in response to the violent crackdown on protesters following the arrest of presidential candidate, popstar Bobi Wine. "Uganda: Police (@PoliceUg) have murdered at least 28 people, arrested 577, and injured dozens more with live ammunition, beatings, tear gas, and water cannons. At a protest challenging President Yoweri Museveni's 34-year reign. UgandaIsBleeding ugandanlivesmatter." read the retweet by Anonymous International account. The first tweet about the hack was done by a claimed member of Anonymous stating that Uganda police force website has been taken offline in response to the violent crackdown on protesters. They should have expected us.. "
Anonymous announced cyber-attacks on at least five Malaysian websites including that of Johor and Sabah state governments as well as the International Trade and Industry Ministry. As a result, 11 individuals were nabbed as suspects.
Operation Jane and Epik hack
The Texas Heartbeat Act, a law which bans abortions after six weeks of pregnancy, came into effect in Texas on September 1, 2021. The law relies on private citizens to file civil lawsuits against anyone who performs or induces an abortion, or aids and abets one, once "cardiac activity" in an embryo can be detected via transvaginal ultrasound, which is usually possible beginning at around six weeks of pregnancy. Shortly after the law came into effect, anti-abortion organizations set up websites to collect "whistleblower" reports of suspected violators of the bill.
On September 3, Anonymous announced "Operation Jane", a campaign focused on stymying those who attempted to enforce the law by "exhaust[ing] the investigational resources of bounty hunters, their snitch sites, and online gathering spaces until no one is able to maintain data integrity". On September 11, the group hacked the website of the Republican Party of Texas, replacing it with text about Anonymous, an invitation to join Operation Jane, and a Planned Parenthood donation link.
On September 13, Anonymous released a large quantity of private data belonging to Epik, a domain registrar and web hosting company known for providing services to websites that host far-right, neo-Nazi, and other extremist content. Epik had briefly provided services to an abortion "whistleblower" website run by the anti-abortion Texas Right to Life organization, but the reporting form went offline on September 4 after Epik told the group they had violated their terms of service by collecting private information about third parties. The data included domain purchase and transfer details, account credentials and logins, payment history, employee emails, and unidentified private keys. The hackers claimed they had obtained "a decade's worth of data" which included all customers and all domains ever hosted or registered through the company, and which included poorly encrypted passwords and other sensitive data stored in plaintext. Later on September 13, the Distributed Denial of Secrets (DDoSecrets) organization said they were working to curate the allegedly leaked data for public download, and said that it consisted of "180 gigabytes of user, registration, forwarding and other information". Publications including The Daily Dot and The Record by Recorded Future subsequently confirmed the veracity of the hack and the types of data that had been exposed.
Concurrently, the group announced that they have hacked the accounts of German conspiracy theorist Attila Hildmann; as a result one of its Twitter accounts @AnonNewsDE has been suspended and in turn caused reactions from politicians such as the MEP of the German Pirate Party, Patrick Breyer who had recommended the microblogging service Mastodon as an alternative. The hacker collective wrote that the blocking does not restrict the group in its work. The suspension caused the hashtag #FreeAnonNewsDe to be trending on Twitter in Germany.
Hack of Chinese websites
Starting from Sept 30, Anonymous hacked a Chinese government tourism promotion website and uploaded several documents and images into its file directory, which was shared to Reddit by a user 'Allez-opi_omi'. The hack lasted for about three days and was divided in three rounds where in the first round, they posted items pertaining to Anonymous emblem, the Taiwanese flag, the Taiwanese anthem, a pro-Taiwan independence banner, photo of the Chinese medical whistleblower Li Wenliang, and memes such as that of mocking Epik CEO Rob Monster, that of calling people to fight the COVID-19 pandemic like Bruce Lee, and that of showing the leader of China's Xi Jinping imposed on the body of an Apple executive introducing the COVID-19, COVID-19 R, COVID-19 Pro, and COVID-19 Pro Max, instead of the latest iPhone 13 models. Furthermore, they also posted a document from Anonymous Malaysia accusing an "Instagram/TikTok influencer" that calls himself "Kuaanzii" of being a "serial rapist" who had allegedly victimized over one hundred women, while naming an individual "Neo Yeaken" as an accomplice and included links to relevant Malaysian local news articles in the document. Finally a cryptic meme that reads "Things are about to get moar snippy!" was posted.
In the second round of the hack, they uploaded the Tank Man photo alongside an edited version that shows the text of "When you just started a game and you're trying to figure out how strong your character is.", together with recreations of the picture in various video games. Aside from uploading photos of cartoon character Winnie the Pooh and that of Taiwan's national emblem, they also included a page titled "BONUS - Throwback Thursday: Anonymous 2020 Christmas Gift!" which includes links to hacked pages of the Football Federation of the Russia's Astrakhan region. In turn, they contained images of Russian dissidents, more Taiwan symbols, Milk Tea Alliance memes, and other symbols of defiance against autocratic regimes.
In the final round of the hack against the Chinese tourism website, Anonymous posted the images of Presidents of Republic of China, the anti-communist song "Go and Reclaim the Mainland" (反攻大陸去), and memes including that of exhorting Taiwan to redress the 1987 Lieyu Massacre in order to "truly become Numbah Wan", a non-sequitur photo that reads "The soul of Afghanistan shall live long and prosper" which seemingly supports the fallen Islamic Republic of Afghanistan against Taliban, a Ready Player One-related meme that takes a swipe at Chinese Communist Party (CCP) general secretary Xi Jinping's handling of the pandemic where it reads "All homies coming at CCP because of how Pooh mismanaged the COVID", and a wojak meme that poked fun at the Marxist–Leninist subreddit r/GenZedong and the vexed reaction of their members to the hack. Other than these, they also posted a message delivered by former US President John F. Kennedy to the Chinese-American Businessmen's Committee Meeting in Chicago in 1960 that described the communist regime in Beijing as "the totalitarian government which temporarily rules the Chinese mainland" and affirmed U.S. opposition to China's admission to the United Nations. Furthermore, they uploaded a 255-page U.S. patent application published in 2014 for anti-pathogen treatments, which is made by a Massachusetts Institute of Technology's inventor. Finally, Anonymous uploaded a post stating that "We are Anonymous. We are Legion. We do not Forgive. We do not Forget. Expect Us." and closed by announcing, "The Internet Hate Machine hates (and will always hate) fascists and rapists."
Next, they have hacked the Chinese Qinghai Province's official website through privilege escalation where they posted contents such as Taiwanese independence flag, a five-page manifesto that starts with a silhouette of Rick Astley and lyrics from his song "Never Gonna Give You Up"; the manifesto included references to the "Taiwan numbah wan" and "West Taiwan" memes, an illustration of Winnie the Pooh, a defense of Li Wenliang, and the slogans "One World, One Dream, Free Tibet," "Free Hong Kong, Revolution of our times," and "Milk Tea Alliance Forever!" It describes Mao Zedong as a "worse monster than Hitler and Stalin combined" and calls for a boycott of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. Furthermore, they also uploaded the Tibet independence flag, a political compass meme mocking Mike Parson, the governor of Missouri, USA and a red "banhammer" meme, that juxtaposes the red field and five gold stars of the Chinese flag with a golden gavel. The banhammer meme was directed at Reddit as a protest of the shadowbanning of one of the group's accounts.
Hack of Brazilian municipal website
The Brazilian branch of the hacking group hacked the website of the Brumadinho City Hall and left a video to commemorate the dam disaster that occurred on 25 January 2019 which caused the deaths of 270 people.
Hack of United Nations website during Christmas
Nearing Christmas, the hacking collective posted pro-Taiwan materials such as Taiwanese national flag, anthem and emblem into the UN Networks on Migration website. They also posted other materials such as the closing score for the 2019 film Avengers: Endgame titled "It's Been a Long, Long Time", reminiscent of the 2020 hack, and the music video of Mandopop song Fragile by Malaysian rapper Namewee and Taiwan-based Australian singer Kimberley Chen. Next, they expressed solidarity to the victims of December 2021 Malaysian floods.
Besides that, they posted HTML codes displaying the Anonymous' previous work, and a peace plan idea in attempt to halt the Russo-Ukrainian War in Ukraine. In the latter, they called for a referendum on whether to presumably follow the existing Minsk Protocol or hand over the separatist-controlled territories to a UN peacekeeping administration. Later, a second referendum in the separatist regions would then ask voters to choose to reunite with Ukraine, gain independence, or join Russia.
Polar Research Institute of China hack
The hacking collective defaced a website belonging to the Polar Research Institute of China with pro-Taiwan slogans, Taiwan's national flag and emblem, The Anti-Communist and Anti-Russian Aggression Song, and the music video of Mandopop song Fragile. They also dedicated some of their defacements in attempt to propagate solutions to the 2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis, including by calling for the creation of a "neutral grouping" of countries "wedged between NATO and Russia" that would include Ukraine, Finland, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Moldova. Anonymous argued that the so-called "neutral security belt" could serve as an alliance similar to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) or the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) that acts as a cordon sanitaire between NATO and CSTO countries in order to "assuage Russia's fears without NATO losing its face."
Furthermore, they embedded Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft senior fellow Anatol Lieven's paper "Ending the Threat of War in Ukraine" at the defacement page, while concurring with him on the possibility for a referendum in Ukraine's Donbass region on its ultimate fate, although reminiscent of a preceding hacking operation by the group and differing from the senior fellow's paper, they included the possibility of handing over the territories of Donbass to a United Nations peacekeeper administration in the hypothetical referendum.
Convention of Biological Diversity website hack
Anonymous hacked into the website for the Clearing-House Mechanism of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CHM), which is a part of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) website. The CBD falls under the UN Environment Programme.
In there, they published materials such as the usual Anonymous logo, a photo of a person wearing a black hoodie and a Guy Fawkes mask, contents that appeared in previous hacks such as the "Taiwan Numbah Wan!" meme, Taiwanese flag and national symbols, proposals to defuse the Russo-Ukrainian crisis, and the music video of Mandopop song Fragile.
Besides that, they included two screenshots of an apparent hack of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) website, and a link to an article calling for an "Operation Warp Speed 2.0" to develop new methods to battle the COVID-19 virus, together with an embedded video that introduces a group of MIT-developed experimental antiviral drugs called DRACO, whose acronym stands for double-stranded RNA activated caspase oligomerizer.
During the hack of the official website for the Pingxiang County branch of the CCP based in Hebei Province's Xingtai City, Anonymous announced the launch of "Operation Samantha Smith" or #OpSamanthaSmith, a reference to the 1980s child peace activist. The operation was presumably dedicated into resolving the 2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis.
Besides posting materials such as the Anonymous group symbols, flag of the Republic of China, the picture of tennis star Peng Shuai, and a bonus page titled "Ah Girls Go Army!", the hacking collective threatened in red text to take hostage of industrial control systems if the NATO-Russia tensions in Ukraine continues to worsen. In an apparent warning meant for Russia, Anonymous wrote that the "sole party to be blamed if we escalate on that, will be the same one who started it in the very first place with troop buildups, childish threats, and waves of unreasonable ultimatums."
Anonymous also urged the United Nations to immediately deploy peacekeepers on "at least the Ukrainian side of the frontline in Donbass" under the basis of UN Resolution 337 (V) to "prevent any further provocations" by any side.
In the aftermath of Russia's recognition of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic and in accordance to the hacking collective's threats to take hostage of industrial control systems, they conducted a small hack on a Russian Modbus device which they've announced on a hacked Chinese cultural website, although early on Anonymous kept the location of the hack ambiguous.
According to Anonymous, the Modbus device was said to be a Schneider Electric's Modicon M251 logic controller, and that they were previously "playing nice" so not to give Russia a casus belli but because of the subsequent 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, #OpSamanthaSmith was presumably deemed as a failure and Anonymous would start attacking Russian websites and systems as retaliation.
Operations during the Russian invasion of Ukraine
Immediately after the presumed failure of Operation Samantha Smith, Anonymous declared that they had launched 'cyber operations' against the Russian Federation, in retaliation for the invasion of Ukraine ordered by Russian president Vladimir Putin. Websites targeted include the state-controlled RT.
They hacked into a Russian Center for the Protection of Monuments website (memorials.tomsk.ru) and uploaded three defacement pages adorned with the blue and yellow colors of the Ukrainian flag. In the first defacement page, they included the standard Anonymous logo, a music video of Mandopop song Fragile, brief announcement that the Operation Samantha Smith has morphed into Operation Russia and Operation Ukraine while warned "we will do what we must" following the Russian military invasion, and a photo of Ukrainian revolutionary Nestor Makhno.
Following through their threats during Operation Samantha Smith, Anonymous had also hacked a Chinese SIMATIC programmable logic controller along with two Russian Modbus devices. Memes from social-networking website Reddit appeared on the defaced website, including an image of Russian President Vladimir Putin in heavy makeup with a rainbow as a background, together with a series of embedded Reddit posts which asked users to vote for which parts of Russia should declare independence. Next, appearing on the hacked website are the Ukrainian national anthem, Ukrainian coat of arms and a map appearing to show Kuomintang plans for an invasion of China and the Soviet Union.
In the second defacement page uploaded by Anonymous to memorials.tomsk.ru, the photos and the names of deceased passengers from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 were shown, while in the third defacement page, the Anonymous logo, the Guy Fawkes mask image, and a video that plays the circus theme song "Entrance of the Gladiators" on loop for 10 hours appeared. In an interview, the spokesperson of the hacking collective emphasized that "Anonymous is not a group, not a country, but an amorphous idea. It flows like air, like water, like everything. Let it be known that since its inception, Anonymous never have restrictions that say that only homo sapiens can be part of it.", while threatening that any further cyberattacks will be "precipitated by Russia's continued failure in recognizing the territorial aggression in itself is nothing but a relic of dark ages in the distant past."
Besides posting Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy's defiant speech against the invasion and a video calling for the creation of neutral grouping of countries between NATO and Russia into memorials.tomsk.ru, Anonymous announced that they had hacked a Russian Linux terminal and a gas control system in North Ossetia, while stating that they had almost caused an explosion in the latter, but did not because of a fast-acting human worker. The hacking collective also added several hashtags and slogans, including "SlavaUkraini", "#OpRussia", "Putin #EpikFail", and "/r/opukraine" into the gas control system.
Anonymous is also believed to be responsible for hacking several Russian state TV channels; many users on Twitter and TikTok uploaded videos showing channels playing Ukrainian music and displaying pro-Ukraine images, flags, and symbols. Furthermore, they had hacked Russian television services in order to broadcast footage of the war in Ukraine, and systems believed to be related to Russian space agency Roscosmos where they defaced its website and leaked mission files.
A yacht allegedly belonging to Vladimir Putin was reportedly hacked by the group where they changed its call sign to “FCKPTN” and setting its target destination to “hell”. Furthermore, they broadcast a troll face picture through a hacked Russian military radio.
At least 2,500 Russian and Belarusian targets were reportedly hacked by Anonymous. These included more than three hundred websites of Russian government agencies, state media outlets, banks, as well as websites of leading Belarusian banks such as Belarusbank, Priorbank and Belinvestbank. Furthermore, they also hacked a website belonging to Chechnya's regional government. They also warned that “If things continue as they have been in the past few days, the cyber war will be expanded and our measures will be massively increased. This is the final warning to the entire Russian government. Don’t mess with Anonymous.”
Over 400 Russian cameras were hacked by Anonymous with anti-Putin messages such as "Putin is killing children". Some of the cameras had its live feeds compiled onto a website called behindenemylines.live. On the website, Anonymous explains that the hacks are a message to Russia that it must "pay a huge price because of the shameful decision of the dictator Putin to attack an independent Ukraine by armed forces." It asserted that sanctions imposed on Russia will result in state collapse and have worse consequences for its citizens than the oligarchy. Anonymous further stated that "150 million Russians do not know the truth about the causes or course of the war in Ukraine" and are instead fed a steady stream of "Kremlin propaganda." Anonymous stated that the purposes of the hacks are to "spread information to the Russian people" as well as serve as a possible reconnaissance tool for Ukraine. It then directly addressed Russians: "we just want you to know that you are being brainwashed by state propaganda, and the Kremlin and Putin are lying to you." Besides that, they emphasized that "Ukraine is not controlled by Nazis" and hence the Ukrainian people "do not need you to 'free' them." while calling for a popular uprising, vowing that they will receive support from the rest of the world.
In response to the seizure of Ukraine's Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant by Russia, Anonymous defaced the website of Rosatom and gained access to gigabytes of data which they intended to leak publicly. Furthermore, they had hacked into printers in Russia to spread anti-propaganda messages.
Anonymous leaked 446 GB of data from the Russian Ministry of Culture and had hacked Russian companies Aerogas, Forest, and Petrovsky Fort. From there they leaked around 437,500 emails which they donated to non-profit whistleblower organization Distributed Denial of Secrets. Following that, the hacking collective hacked and leaked 87,500 emails from an engineering firm Neocom Geoservice, which specialises in exploring oil and gas fields and providing drilling support.
In a similar fashion mentioned above, Russian investment company Accent Capital had its computer systems hacked and its 365,000 letters leaked online.
The hacking collective occasionally took detours from the operation. Besides leaking 82GB of emails from Australian police in protest of that country's offshore detention of refugees, they defaced the website of the Chengdu Pidu District Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference to warn China to "not try anything stupid against Taiwan". Anonymous further warned that in order to not suffer the fate of Russia, China must adhere to three demands specifically the development of an antiviral treatment against COVID-19 based on DRACO (double-stranded RNA activated caspase oligomerizer), consider the idea put forth by Inha University professor Shepherd Iverson presumably to dismantle the North Korean regime and achieve Korean reunification with a "Reunification Investment Fund", and the active intervention in order to stop the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the incorporation of a neutral security belt consisting of Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Finland, and Bosnia, with the possibilities of referendums and UN peacekeeping administration in the Russian-occupied territories of Ukraine as a starting point.
On May 9, 2022, which is the Victory Day in Russia, the video-hosting website RuTube was taken down through cyberattacks, which Anonymous had claimed responsibility later. Furthermore, Network Battalion 65 (NB65), a hacktivist group affiliated with Anonymous, has reportedly hacked Russian payment processor Qiwi. A total of 10.5 terabytes of data including transaction records and customers' credit cards had been exfiltrated. They further infected Qiwi with ransomwares and threatened to release more customer records.
Anonymous proceeded to hack Russian firms SOCAR Energoresource and Metprom Group LLC and dump their emails, the latter which was hacked by the Anonymous actors DepaixPorteur, B00daMooda, and Wh1t3Sh4d0w. Furthermore, they hacked into Vyberi Radio and published more than 1,000,000 emails.
On early June 2022, Anonymous hacked Russian central bank again, this time taking control of a software system there and leaked at least 28GB of files from the bank. The hacking collective took a detour to hack a Chinese educational website to post Tank Man memes, while criticizing American law enforcement agencies such as the U.S. Customs and Border Protection for their perceived inability to prevent mass shootings in the United States, while commemorating victims of 2022 Laguna Woods shooting and the Robb Elementary School shooting.
DDoSecrets published 1 terabyte of data obtained from Anonymous, which included millions of files including emails, court files, client data, classified data, photographs, videos, payment information, and more from Rustam Kurmaev and Partners (RKPLaw), which was hacked by Anonymous actors DepaixPorteur and B00daMooda. A terabyte of data and emails from Rustam Kurmaev and Partners (RKPLaw), a Russian law firm that works with major banking, media, oil and industrial firms and state interests, including American companies. Some of their clients include, Ikea, Volkswagen Group Russia, Toyota Russia, Oilfield Service Company, Panasonic, Mechel PJSC, Chelyabinsk Pipe Rolling Plant (ChTPZ) PJSC, Abbott Laboratories, Baker Hughes, ING Group Bank, Yamaha Motor Company, Jones Lang LaSalle, Caterpillar, JLL (company), Gilette, Citibank, Mars, VimpelCom, 2×2 (TV channel), and Sberbank.
Anonymous member "YourAnonSpider" had reportedly hacked into a Russian military UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) company in which plans and tactics regarding the use of drones in warfare had been stolen.
During the visit of Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan, the website of Taiwan's Office of the President website was affected by a distributed denial of service attack. As a response Anonymous hacked into China Heilongjiang province's Society Scientific Community Federation website and uploaded a HTML page with the words "Taiwan Numbah Wan," Taiwanese flag and emblem, photos of Pelosi and Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, and the words "Taiwan welcomes US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi". Furthermore, a footage showing Taipei 101's display of signs welcoming Pelosi's visit is shown, which reads "Speaker Pelosi", 'Welcome to TW", "Thank you", and "TW hearts US". Finally they embedded a Reddit comment from /r/taiwan subreddit that read "Aged like milk" while showing a picture of a tweet made by New Zealand journalist Andy Boreham predicting that Pelosi would not come to Taiwan because "the US cannot fly a military aircraft into Chinese airspace (yes, incl’ Taiwan) without permission" and that it would be a "suicide mission". Furthermore, Anonymous hacked into a Chinese gasoline generator factory’s website and argued that "True, there is one China, but Taiwan is the real China" and that the regime in Beijing is "only an imitation straight out of wish.com."
As a retaliation against the cyberattacks against National Taiwan University, the collective hacked a Chinese real estate website and included links to other deface pages in hacked Russian websites. Besides posting Taiwanese flag and emblem, they argued that the Soviet Vostok 1 crewed space mission was "uncomplete" under the stipulation within Section 8, paragraph 2.15, item b of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) sporting code that a flight is deemed to be uncompleted if "any member of the crew definitively leaves the spacecraft during flight", as its pilot Yuri Gagarin had ejected from his capsule before it landed. From that, they reportedly said that America's Alan Shepard and John Glenn, who were both inside their capsules when they splashed down, should be considered as first humans in space. Analogies to American-British inventor Hiram Maxim were made. Regarding the technicality, although there are pragmatist arguments which posited that Alan Shepard and John Glenn should be considered as first person to legally complete a spaceflight mission and the first to actually complete an orbit around Earth respectively, the National Air and Space Museum reported that the FAI reworked its guidelines by emphasizing the launch, orbiting, and safe return of the human over the method in which the landing took place to enable Gagarin to receive the record for the first person in space, along with other claimed records specifically that of duration in orbital flight—108 minutes, greatest altitude in earth orbital flight by a single person spacecraft (which remains standing as of August 2022)—327 kilometres (203 mi), and the greatest mass lifted in earth orbital flight—4,725 kilograms (10,417 lb).
Hack of United Nations Event Proposal Tool website
On early September 2022, Anonymous hacked the United Nations Event Proposal Tool website to post flags such as that of Taiwan and its pro-independence movement, Kosovo, Belarusian opposition, Russian opposition, Green Ukraine, alongside photo depicting Yuri Gagarin as a clown and six pages of manifesto text which emphasized that Yuri Gagarin had ejected from his capsule before it landed and should not qualify as the first man in space, and called for the establishment of a 30-kilometer demilitarized zone around the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant. The defacement ends with closing comments by Anonymous such as calls for American citizens to "vote wisely" in the 2022 United States Senate elections and 2022 United States House of Representatives elections to avoid going down "Russia's path."
As of 14:50, 12 April 2022 (UTC), this article is derived in whole or in part from Taiwan News. The copyright holder has licensed the content in a manner that permits reuse under CC BY-SA 3.0 and GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed. The text and its release have been received by the Wikimedia Volunteer Response Team.
- Halupka. M., Star. C. (2011) The Utilisation of Direct Democracy and Meritocracy in the Decision Making Process of the Decentralisehid Virtual Community Anonymous. Presented at the Australian Political Studies Association conference.
- Andy Greenberg (March 22, 2012). "Verizon Study Confirms 2011 Was The Year Of Anonymous, With 100 Million Users' Data Breached By Hacktivists". Forbes. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Harold C. "Hal" Turner v. 4chan.org". Justia. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
- Jonathan Jenkins (December 7, 2007). "Man trolled the web for girls: cops". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on December 5, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- Constable George Schuurman for Detective Constable Janelle Blackadar (December 6, 2007). "Man facing six charges in Child Exploitation investigation, Photograph released, Chris Forcand, 53". News Release. Toronto Police Service.
- Gus Kim (December 8, 2007). "Internet Justice?". Global News. CanWest Global Communications.
- Richards, Johnathan (The Times) (January 25, 2008). "Hackers Declare War on Scientology: A shadowy Internet group has succeeded in taking down a Scientology Web site after effectively declaring war on the church and calling for it to be destroyed". Fox News Network, LLC. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- John Cook (March 17, 2008). "Scientology – Cult Friction". Radar Online. Radar Magazine. Archived from the original on March 23, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Warne, Dan (January 24, 2008). "Anonymous threatens to "dismantle" Church of Scientology via internet". APC Magazine. National Nine News. Archived from the original on September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- KNBC Staff (January 24, 2008). "Hacker Group Declares War On Scientology: Group Upset Over Church's Handling Of Tom Cruise Video". KNBC. Archived from the original on August 21, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Vamosi, Robert (January 24, 2008). "Anonymous hackers take on the Church of Scientology". CNET News. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- George-Cosh, David (January 25, 2008). "Online group declares war on Scientology". National Post. Canada: Canwest Publishing Inc. Archived from the original on January 28, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Singel, Ryan (January 23, 2008). "War Breaks Out Between Hackers and Scientology – There Can Be Only One". Wired CondéNet, Inc. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Feran, Tom (January 24, 2008). "Where to find the Tom Cruise Scientology videos online, if they're still posted". The Plain Dealer. Newhouse Newspapers. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Chan Enterprises (January 21, 2008). "Internet Group Declares "War on Scientology": Anonymous are fighting the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center" (PDF). Press Release. PRLog. Org. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Matthew A. Schroettnig; Stefanie Herrington; Lauren E. Trent (February 6, 2008). "Anonymous Versus Scientology: Cyber Criminals or Vigilante Justice?". The Legality. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Thomas, Nicki (January 25, 2008). "Scientology and the internet: Internet hackers attack the church". Edmonton Sun. Sun Media. Archived from the original on January 29, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Dodd, Gareth, ed. (January 25, 2008). "Anonymous hackers vow to "dismantle" Scientology". Xinhua News Agency. Agencies. Archived from the original on January 28, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
- Brandon, Mikhail (January 28, 2008). "Scientology in the Crosshairs". The Emory Wheel. Emory University. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Feran, Tom (January 31, 2008). "The group Anonymous calls for protests outside Scientology centers – New on the Net". The Plain Dealer. Newhouse Newspapers. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
- Vamosi, Robert (January 28, 2008). "Anonymous names February 10 as its day of action against Scientology". CNET News. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved January 28, 2008.
- Braiker, Brian (February 8, 2008). "The Passion of 'Anonymous': A shadowy, loose-knit consortium of activists and hackers called 'Anonymous' is just the latest thorn in Scientology's side". Newsweek. Newsweek, Inc. Technology: Newsweek Web Exclusive. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- Barkham, Patrick (February 4, 2008). "Hackers declare war on Scientologists amid claims of heavy-handed Cruise control". The Guardian. UK: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- "Group Lines Road To Protest Church Of Scientology". WKMG-TV. Internet Broadcasting Systems and Local6.com. February 3, 2008. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- Eckinger, Helen; Gabrielle Finley; Katherine Norris (February 3, 2008). "Anti-Scientology group has protest rally". Orlando Sentinel.
- Standifer, Tom (February 4, 2008). "Masked Demonstrators Protest Against Church of Scientology". Daily Nexus. University of California, Santa Barbara. Issue 69, Volume 88. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
- Eber, Hailey (February 4, 2008). "Anti-Scientologists Warm Up for February 10". Radar Online. Radar Magazine. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
- Carlos Moncada (February 12, 2008). "Organizers Tout Scientology Protest, Plan Another". TBO.com. Retrieved February 13, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (February 14, 2008). "Scientology protest surge crashes websites". News.com.au. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- Harrison, James (The State News) (February 12, 2008). "Scientology protesters take action around world". Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- Forrester, John (February 11, 2008). "Dozens of masked protesters blast Scientology church". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (March 17, 2008). "Second round of Anonymous v Scientology". News.com.au. Archived from the original on October 6, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Davies, Shaun (March 20, 2008). "Scientology strikes back in information war". National Nine News. ninemsn. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (March 20, 2008). "Scientology site gets a facelift after protests". News.com.au. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Teenage hacker admits Scientology cyber-attack". Agence France-Presse. October 17, 2008. Archived from the original on October 21, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
- Courtney Hazlett (December 15, 2008). "Group bungles protest at 'Valkyrie' premiere". Today.com. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
- Andrew Ramadge (April 1, 2008). "Anonymous attack targets epilepsy sufferers". News.com.au. Archived from the original on November 8, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Kevin Poulsen (March 28, 2008). "Hackers Assault Epilepsy Patients via Computer". Wired News. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Reid, Shaheem (June 30, 2008). "Hip-Hop Sites Hacked By Apparent Hate Group; SOHH, AllHipHop Temporarily Suspend Access". MTV. Retrieved July 18, 2008.
- Chideya, Farai (June 30, 2008). "Hip Hop Sites Attacked by Hate Groups". News & Notes. NPR. Retrieved July 19, 2008. (Radio broadcast)
- Gregg Keizer (September 17, 2008). "Update: hackers claim to break into Palin's Yahoo Mail account: It's 'incredibly dangerous' to use a private account, says security expert". Computer World. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- Rowland, Kara (September 19, 2008). "Hacker wanted to 'derail' Palin". The Washington Times. Retrieved September 23, 2008.
- Carl Campanile (September 19, 2008). "Dem Pol's Son Was 'Hacker': I Spied On Palin' Boast Pops Up On 'Net". New York Post. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- Tom Phillips (September 17, 2008). "Sarah Palin's email gets hacked". Metro. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- M. J. Stephey (September 17, 2008). "Sarah Palin's E-mail Hacked". TIME. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- David Sarno (September 17, 2008). "4Chan's half-hack of Palin's email goes awry". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
- Rogers, John (January 15, 2009). "Teenage founder of No Cussing Club under siege". Ventura County Star, The Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 29, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
(...) a group calling itself Anonymous launched a viral No Cussing Sucks campaign across the Web.
- Potter, Ned (January 16, 2009). "'No-Cussing' Club Attracts Followers – and Thousands of Hate Messages". ABC News. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
- Davies, Shaun (January 18, 2009). "'No cussing' teen faces net hate campaign". Nine News. Archived from the original on January 20, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
Anonymous appears to be behind the attacks (...) Anonymous appears to be planning (...) [the earnestness of Hatch's campaign] may have drawn Anonymous's ire.
- "Why We Protest - IRAN". Iran.whyweprotest.net. Archived from the original on August 12, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Jack Hawke Internet underground takes on Iran Archived June 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Thu June 18, 2009
- Iranian Support Site "Why We Protest - IRAN - Powered by vBulletin". Archived from the original on August 12, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Turner, Adam (July 13, 2009). "Conroy named Internet Villain of the Year". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Rudd website attacked in filter protest". ABC News. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- "Anonymous (August 8, 2009). "Message To The Australian Government From Anonymous". YouTube.
- Lee Jeloscek (reporter), Simon Sheik (commentator) (September 10, 2009). Internet Censorship War (Television Broadcast). Sydney, New South Wales: Seven News.
- Asher Moses (February 10, 2010). "Operation Titstorm: hackers bring down government websites". The Age. Melbourne.
- "Media Release – Attacks on government websites must be condemned". Stop Internet Censorship group. February 10, 2010. Archived from the original on April 9, 2012.
- John Leyden (February 11, 2010). "Aussie anti-censor attacks strafe gov websites: Operation Titstorm DDoS more of a bee sting". The Register.
- Chalk, Andy (July 28, 2010). "Anonymous Punishes the Oregon Tea Party". The Escapist. Themis Group. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- Leyden, John (September 22, 2010). "4chan launches DDoS against entertainment industry". The Register. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Correll, Sean-Paul (September 17, 2010). "4chan Users Organize Surgical Strike Against MPAA". Pandalabs Security. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
- Dunn, John E (April 5, 2011). "Anonymous Launches Attack Against Sony PS3 Websites". PCWorld. Archived from the original on October 23, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Nate Anderson (2011). "Anonymous goes after Sony, makes it personal... very personal". ars technica.
- Steve Ragan. "Anonymous' Operation: Sony is a double-edged sword". Tech Herald. Archived from the original on November 19, 2011.
- Somaiya, Ravi (December 6, 2010). "Hundreds of WikiLeaks Mirror Sites Appear". The New York Times. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- "Operation Avenge Assange". uloadr.com. December 13, 2010. Archived from the original on December 13, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Un grupo de hackers lanzó la "operación venganza" a favor del creador de WikiLeaks". La Nación. Archived from the original on December 12, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- 12/6/10 by Sean-Paul Correll (December 6, 2010). "Operation:Payback broadens to "Operation Avenge Assange" - PandaLabs Blog". Pandalabs.pandasecurity.com. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- "Hackers take down website of bank that froze WikiLeaks funds". Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- Weaver, Matthew; Adams, Richard (December 7, 2010). "WikiLeaks US embassy cables: live updates". The Guardian. London. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- "Paypal.com is down! And yes we are firing now!!! Keep firing!". Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- "PayPal, PostFinance Hit by DoS Attacks, Counter-Attack in Progress". Retrieved December 7, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Associated Press (December 8, 2010) Hackers Strike Back to Support WikiLeaks Wall Street Journal
- Adams, Richard (December 8, 2010). "The Guardian". UK. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
- Moses, Asher (December 8, 2010). "Assange wanted by US for 'espionage offences'". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- Nakashima, Ellen. "In brig, WikiLeaks suspect Bradley Manning ordered to sleep without clothing", The Washington Post, March 5, 2011.
- Nakashima, Ellen. /11/AR2011031106542.html "WikiLeaks suspect's treatment 'stupid,' U.S. official says"[dead link], The Washington Post, March 12, 2011.
- "A Typical Day for PFC Bradley Manning", The Law Offices of David E. Coombs, December 18, 2010, accessed March 7, 2011.
- Gallagher, Roy. "Bradley Manning and the stench of US hypocrisy", The Guardian, March 4, 2011.
- Kupers, Terry (March 16, 2011) Cruel and unusual treatment of WikiLeaks suspect, CNN
- Shane, Scott. "Accused Soldier in Brig as WikiLeaks Link is Sought", The New York Times, January 13, 2011.
- Tapper, Jake and Radia, Kirit. "Comments on Prisoner Treatment Cause State Department Spokesman to Lose His Job" Archived August 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, ABC News, March 13, 2011.
- Andy, Greenberg (March 7, 2011). "Anonymous Hackers Target Alleged WikiLeaker Bradley Manning's Jailers". Forbes. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Ragan, Steve (March 4, 2011). "Anonymous plans defense for Bradley Manning – promises a media war". The Tech Herald. Archived from the original on March 9, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Tuutti, Camille (March 7, 2011). "Anonymous Launches 'Operation Bradical'". The New New Internet. Archived from the original on March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Emspak, Jesse (March 10, 2011). "Anonymous Threatens To Post Info On Bradley Manning's Guards". International Business Times. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Quinn, Rob (March 9, 2011). "Anonymous to Hit Quantico Over Manning Treatment". Newser. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- "US probes hacker threat over WikiLeaks soldier". Agence France-Presse. March 8, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- Tuutti, Camille (March 9, 2011). "Pentagon Investigates 'Anonymous' Threat against Quantico". The New New Internet. Archived from the original on March 15, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- "With "Operation Leakspin," Anonymous Vows to Help WikiLeaks with Crowdsourced Journalism". The Mary Sue. December 10, 2010. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
- Sean Bonner (December 9, 2010). "Anonymous Stops Drop". Boingboing.net. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Anonymous activists target Tunisian government sites". BBC. January 7, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- Ethics in Information Technology George Reynolds - 2011
- Gavan Reilly (January 9, 2010). "Fine Gael website defaced by Anonymous 'hacktivists'". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "Anonymous activists target Tunisian government sites". BBC. January 4, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Evan Hill (January 3, 2011). "Hackers hit Tunisian websites". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Bilal Randeree (January 4, 2011). "Violent clashes continue in Tunisia". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "Screenshot of the message". Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Ryan Rifai (January 4, 2011). "Timeline: Tunisia's civil unrest". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Yasmine Ryan (January 6, 2011). "Tunisia's bitter cyberwar". ALJAZEERA. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- Ravi Somaiya (February 3, 2011). "Hackers Shut Down Government Sites". The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- "The Rose that Grew from Concrete". Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Operation Reasonable Reaction - /i/nsurgency W/i/ki". Partyvan.info. May 12, 2011. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Yemen, Libya - June 5, 2011 - 22:47 - Al Jazeera Blogs". Blogs.aljazeera.net. June 5, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "[Prolog] pr0f - Pastebin.com". Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Bright, Peter (February 15, 2011). "Anonymous speaks: the inside story of the HBGary hack". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Anderson, Nate (February 9, 2011). "How one man tracked down Anonymous—and paid a heavy price". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Haroon Meer (March 11, 2011). "Lessons from Anonymous on cyberwar". Al Jazeera English.
- Lundin, Leigh (February 20, 2011). "WikiLicks". Crime. Orlando: Criminal Brief.
CEO Aaron Barr thought he'd uncovered the hackers' identities and like rats, they'd scurry for cover. If he could nail them, he could cover up the crimes H&W, HBGary, and BoA planned, bring down WikiLeaks, decapitate Anonymous, and place his opponents in prison while collecting a cool fee. He thought he was 88% right; he was 88% wrong.
- James Wray & Ulf Stabe (February 9, 2011). "Data intelligence firms proposed a systematic attack against WikiLeaks – Security". Thetechherald.com. Archived from the original on March 26, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Egnor, Bill. "HB Gary Federal". Firedoglake. Archived from the original on May 3, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Anonymous retaliates against HBGary espionage". Crowdleaks. Archived from the original on February 11, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Taylor, Jerome (February 8, 2011). "Hacktivists take control of internet security firms – Online, Media". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on June 21, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Fantz, Ashley (February 23, 2011). "Anonymous vows to take leaking to the next level". CNN. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "BBC News - Anonymous denies Westboro attack". Bbc.co.uk. February 22, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. February 16, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Hackers warn Westboro Church: Stop now or else". CBS News. February 19, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Peter, Finocchiaro (February 20, 2011). "Anonymous warns Westboro Baptist Church to stop with the hate" (Salon). Salon.com. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Westboro Baptist Church (February 19, 2011). "Open Letter from Westboro Baptist Servants of God to Anonymous Coward Crybaby "Hackers"" (Press release). Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Westboro Baptist Church targeted by Anonymous". BBC. February 21, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- John, Leyden (February 21, 2011). "Westboro Baptist Church taunts Anonymous over supposed attack plan God hates fags and 'crybaby' hackers". The Register. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Message to the Westboro Baptist Church, the Media, and Anonymous as a whole". Anonnews.org. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Emma, Woollacott (February 21, 2011). "God hates hackers, says Westboro pastor". TG Daily. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Laura O'Brien (February 21, 2011). "'We're not attacking Westboro Baptist Church' – Anonymous – New Media – New Media - siliconrepublic.com – Ireland's Technology News Service". siliconrepublic.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Goldman, Tom (February 21, 2011). "Westboro Baptists Stage Fake Anonymous Threat". The Escapist. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Robbins, Martin (February 20, 2011). "Anonymous: Defending freedom of speech one blocked website at a time.: The self styled 'super-consciousness' of Anonymous has turned on Westboro Baptist church. Are they going too far?". Guardian. UK. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Raywood, Dan (February 21, 2011). "Anonymous hits Westboro Baptist Church websites after online verbal trade-off". SC Magazine. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Performance Charts and Statistics for www.godhatesfags.com". uptime.netcraft.com. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Leyden, John (February 24, 2011). "Jester claims credit for knocking Westboro Baptist Church offline.: Tango down, he tweets". Register. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Amira, Dan (February 24, 2011). "Watch 'Anonymous' Hack the Westboro Baptist Church Live During a Debate". New York Magazine. New York. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Raywood, Dan (February 25, 2011). "The Jester claims responsibility for taking down Westboro Baptist Church website, as Anonymous refuses to back down". SC Magazine. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- "OpWisconsin". Scribd.com. February 25, 2011. Archived from the original on March 4, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Radley Balko (February 25, 2011). "The Koch Brothers' Right-Wing Conspiracy to Undermine the PATRIOT Act - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine". Reason.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Wisconsin Union Battle Puts Billionaire Koch Brothers In Spotlight". NPR. February 25, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Eric Lipton (February 21, 2011). "Billionaire Brothers' Money Plays Role in Wisconsin Dispute". The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Webster, Stephen C. (February 27, 2011). "'Anonymous' targets the brothers Koch, claiming attempts 'to usurp American Democracy'". The Raw Story. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Anonymous Joins Madison Protests, Takes Down Koch Bros Website". Care2.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Uygar, Cenk (March 14, 2011). "Wisconsin & Anonymous Strike Back". msnbc.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- "Anonymous' Perplexing Leak of Bank of America Documents - Markets - Dow Jones & Company, Inc". wsj.com. March 15, 2011. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- McCarthy, Ryan (March 14, 2011). "Bank Of America Anonymous Leak Alleges 'Corruption And Fraud'". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Fields, Abigail. "Bank of America Document Leaks Allege Insurance Scams". Daily Finance. AOL Inc. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Horwitz, Jeff (January 27, 2012). "Flurry of Subpoenas Raises Force-Placed Stakes". American Banker. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Flows, Capital (February 20, 2012). "The "Robo-Signing" Settlement: Seeds of Recovery, Or Chaos?". Forbes.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- NASBO. "Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Outlines New Mortgage Rules". National Association of State Budget Officers. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Currier, Cora (February 27, 2012). "Banks' Cozy Relationship With Insurers Leads To Overpriced Insurance". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Reuters (January 12, 2012). "Australia's QBE Insurance Shares Halted; Balboa Concerns Cited". Insurance Journal. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Penny, Brian (May 5, 2011). "Insurance Fraud 101 (Home, Commercial, and Auto)". Wordpress.com. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- "Hacker group plans BofA e-mail release Monday - Technology - Reuters". Ca.reuters.com. March 13, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Rothackerrrothacker, Rick (March 14, 2011). "BofA might face another leak threat". CharlotteObserver.com. Archived from the original on May 13, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Davidson, Helen (March 14, 2011). "Hacker group Anonymous says it will release Bank of America emails". Herald Sun. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Katya Wachtel (March 14, 2011). "Anonymous Hackers Release Trove Of Emails That Allegedly Show Bank Of America Committed Mortgage Fraud". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Hackers plan to out Bank of America". Sydney Morning Herald. March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Hacker group targets sony executives -children". Archived from the original on November 25, 2011.
- "Did Anonymous Hack Sony's PlayStation Network?". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
- "Hackers deny involvement in PlayStation Network outage". April 22, 2011.
- "BBC- Spanish police website hit by Anonymous hackers". BBC News. June 13, 2011.
- "Hackers join Ramdev's campaign". New Delhi: NDTV. June 8, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Anonymous Announces Operation India Archived September 8, 2012, at archive.today, Curt Hopkins, June 7, 2011, 1:15 pm, readwriteweb.com
- Albanesius, Chloe (June 16, 2011). "Hackers Target Malaysian Government Sites". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Damron, David (June 20, 2011). "Hackers crash web sites to protest Orlando's homeless feeding restrictions". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- Mack, Eric (June 16, 2011). "Anonymous Plans Attack on City of Orlando Website, IRC Chatter Suggests". PC World. IDG. Archived from the original on June 18, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- "BBC News - Hacker group Anonymous declares war on Orlando, Florida". Bbc.co.uk. June 28, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Schlueb, Mark (July 6, 2011). "Police say hackers targeted Orlando mayor". Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Florida. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- Joyce, Kelly (July 11, 2011). "Hacker group Anonymous strikes again". WOFL. Orlando, Florida. Fox Television Stations. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "Knesset targeted by hackers - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews. Ynetnews.com. June 20, 1995. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Olivarez-Giles, Nathan (June 29, 2011). "AntiSec 'hackers without borders' claim new hack on Arizona state police". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Weisenthal, Joe (June 25, 2011). "Notorious Hacker Group LulzSec Just Announced That It's Finished". Business Insider. Silicon Alley Insider. Archived from the original on June 27, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- Albanesius, Chloe (July 21, 2011). "Anonymous: We Hacked NATO - News & Opinion". PCMag.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Poeter, Damon (August 9, 2011). "Anonymous Vows to 'Destroy' Facebook on the November 5 at 12h15". PC Magazine. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Olson, Parmy (August 11, 2011). "Why The Anonymous Facebook 'Plot' Was A Dud". Forbes. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Tsukayama, Hayley (August 10, 2011). "Facebook 'operation' shows off Anonymous's cracks". Washington Post. Washington, D.C. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Poeter, Damon (August 15, 2011). "Anonymous BART Protest Shuts Down Several Underground Stations". PCMag.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Chen, Caroline (August 17, 2011). "Anonymous Hacks BART Police Website, Releases Personal Information of 100 Officers - San Francisco - News - The Snitch". Blogs.sfweekly.com. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- by Cecilia Vega & Lilian Kim (August 14, 2011). "Website for BART customers hacked by Anonymous; hundreds of passwords compromised - abc7news.com". Abclocal.go.com. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Mills, Elinor (August 6, 2011). "AntiSec hackers post stolen police data as revenge for arrests - InSecurity Complex - CNET News". News.cnet.com. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "AnonOps Communications". Anonops.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "LNN - Breaking News & Video News". Anonywebz.com. January 18, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Chappell, Bill (August 8, 2011). "Syria Is Hacked By Anonymous, And Pressed By Gulf Allies". National Public Radio. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "#OpDarknet Major Release & Timeline". Pastebin.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Anonymous Back in Action: Targets Child Porn Web Sites, Releases User Names - International Business Times". Ibtimes.com. October 23, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Town News". secure.townnews.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.[permanent dead link]
- Steven Hodson (October 29, 2011). "Anonymous tells Mexican cartel they are next". Inquisitr.com.
- Robert Beckhusen (October 30, 2011). "Previous post Anonymous Threatens Mexico's Murderous Drug Lords". Wired.
- John P Mello Jr. (October 30, 2011). "Anonymous Takes On Mexican Drug Cartel". PC World.
- "Mexico: Video threatens to disclose Zetas allies". WorldNow/WLIO. Associated Press. October 30, 2010.
- "Anonymous video copy (cited by previous references as the October 6 video by Anonymous)". youtube.com.
- "Comunicado #OpCartel ~ Anonymous Iberoamerica". Anonopsibero.blogspot.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Albanesius, Chloe (November 4, 2011). "Drug Cartel Releases 'Anonymous' Hostage, But Battle Continues - News & Opinion". PCMag.com. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Quinn Norton (October 31, 2011). "Anonymous Skeptical of Proposed Attack on Zetas Drug Cartel". Wired.
- Wagenseil, Paul (November 9, 2011). "Anonymous Declares War on Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood". NBC News. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Brotherhood sites hacked and shut down by Anonymous group". Ahram Online. November 12, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
statement released on Saturday morning that the attacks were coming from Germany, France, Slovakia and San Francisco
- Stone, Michael (November 13, 2011). "Anonymous takes down Muslim Brotherhood". Examiner.com.
- "Hacker group Anonymous targets pepper-spraying UC Davis cop". Daily News. New York. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- BBC News (December 26, 2011). "'Anonymous' hackers hit US security firm Stratfor". BBC.
- "Thefeedback99's Channel" (List of YouTube contributions). YouTube. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- "Imperva's Hacker Intelligence Summary Report The Anatomy of an Anonymous Attack" (PDF). Imperva. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- Nicole Perlroth; John Markoff (February 26, 2012). "In Attack on Vatican Web Site, a Glimpse of Hackers' Tactics". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- "Thousands affected after Anonymous hacks police union website". news10.net. January 1, 2012. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Subsidy Protest: EFCC site hacked with False arrests of oil moguls". P.M. NEWS Nigeria. January 13, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "Megauploads Kim Schmitz arrested in Auckland site shut down - Technology - 3 News". 3news.co.nz. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Greenberg, Andy. "Anonymous Hackers Hit DOJ, FBI, Universal Music, MPAA And RIAA After MegaUpload Takedown". Forbes. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Hackers retaliate over Megaupload website shutdown". BBC News. January 20, 2012.
- "Anonymous shuts down Polish PM's web site - National". Thenews.pl. January 22, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "Już ponad 800 serwisów uczestniczy w dzisiejszym proteście przeciwko ACTA. Liczba ta szybko rośnie!". Antyweb.pl. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "Protest przeciw ACTA w Warszawie. W manifestacji brało udział kilka tysięcy osób [ZDJĘCIA, WIDEO] - Naszemiasto.pl". Warszawa.naszemiasto.pl. January 24, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "AFP: 'Anonymous' hackers briefly hijack French Elysee website". January 20, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "State websites of Austria become Anonymous victims - Armenia News". NEWS.am. June 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "VIDEO: Anonymous: NLB bo okusila našo jezo!". 24ur.com. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- K. Kl.; B. H. "3.000 grl proti Acti in napad na NLB - zurnal24". Zurnal24.si. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Туманов, Григорий (February 6, 2012). ""Нам мало интересна политика". Первое интервью российских Anonymous, взломавших почту главы Росмолодежи Василия Якеменко" (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- Хакеры готовы продолжить публикацию писем "Наших" (in Russian). BBC. February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- Elder, Miriam (February 7, 2012). "Emails give insight into Kremlin youth group's priorities, means and concerns". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Elder, Miriam (February 7, 2012). "Polishing Putin: hacked emails suggest dirty tricks by Russian youth group". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- "Russian youth group accused of paying journalists to lionise Vladimir Putin". The Telegraph. London. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Finocchiaro, Peter (February 3, 2012). "Anonymous Hacks Boston PD Website". Huffington Post.
- Moye, David (February 13, 2012). "WATCH: Boston Cops React To Anonymous Hack With Quirky Video". Huffington Post.
- "Anonymous claims it stopped Karl Rove from hacking the vote". Daily Koz. November 17, 2012.
- Ravid, Barak (February 8, 2012). "Bashar Assad emails leaked, tips for ABC interview revealed". Haaretz.com. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Siracusa, John (July 9, 2012). "Anonymous takes credit for hack that exposes 2.4 million Syrian e-mails". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Albanesius, Chloe (February 10, 2012). "Anonymous Takes Down CIA Web Site". PC Magazine.
- Satter, Raphael (March 6, 2012). "FBI: Irish misstep led to conference call leak". Associated Press. London. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
O'Cearrbhail was one of five people charged
- Pogatchnik, Shawn (March 7, 2012). "Irish hacking suspect freed in wake of FBI sting - Boston.com". boston.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Ben Quinn (February 29, 2012). "Interpol website suffers 'Anonymous cyber-attack'". Guardian. London. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Anonymous Takes Down AIPAC Website". BuzzFeed. March 4, 2012.
- Anonymous: Message to AIPAC. TheAnonMessage. March 4, 2012.
- Nicole Winfield Associated Press (March 7, 2012). "World News: Anonymous hackers claim to bring down Vatican website, site inaccessible for hours". thestar.com. Toronto. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Espiner, Tom (March 20, 2012). "Vatican confirms second Anonymous hack". Zdnet.co.uk. Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Anonymous Hackers Call Kony 2012 'Shady' Propaganda retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Zach Walton (May 21, 2012). "Anonymous Leaks Bureau Of Justice Database". WebProNews. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Index - Tech - Biotechnológiai óriáscégnek üzent hadat a magyar Anonymous". Index.hu. March 23, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Index - Tech - A magyar Anonymous a világrend ellen". Index.hu. April 6, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- "Kuruc.info - Az Anonymous háborút hirdetett egy vegyipari vállalat ellen - feltörték honlapjukat". kuruc.info. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Ferenc Czippel (Facebook hozzászólás). "Az Anonymous kiütötte a Monsanto Magyarországot - Gépnarancs". Gepnarancs.hu. Archived from the original on March 25, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
|author=has generic name (help)
- Whittaker, Zack (March 9, 2012). "Anonymous leaks Symantec's Norton anti-virus source code". ZDNet. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Sottek, T. C. (April 5, 2012). "Anonymous hacks Chinese government sites in protest, some still compromised". The Verge. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
- "BBC News - Chinese websites 'defaced in Anonymous attack'". Bbc.com. April 5, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Protalinski, Emil. "Anonymous hacks hundreds of Chinese government sites". ZDNet. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
- Taylor, Jerome; Tremayne, David (April 21, 2012). "Rage against the Formula One machine". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on June 21, 2022. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Clashes in Bahrain ahead of F1 race". Al Jazeera. Qatar Media Group. April 20, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- Sukhtian, Lara (April 17, 2012). "Amnesty questions Bahrain reforms as F1 concerns deepen". Google News. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Anonymous Launches Attack on Formula One Websites". Thenextweb.com. April 22, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Hackers bring PH-China dispute to cyberspace - Inquirer Global Nation". Globalnation.inquirer.net. April 23, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Ira Pedrasa, ABS-CBNnews.com (April 25, 2012). "PH hackers invite Pinoys to attack Chinese sites - ABS-CBN News". abs-cbnnews.com. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- "NDTV Online News". New Delhi, India: NDTV. May 17, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Publication: 20/05/2012 16:35 Mis à jour: 20/05/2012 17:09 (May 20, 2012). "Grève étudiante: un vidéo d'Anonymous dénonce la loi 78 et lance l'"Opération Québec"". Quebec.huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Les Anonymous piratent plusieurs sites du gouvernement du QuĂŠbec - Blogue des chroniques Sur le web - Radio-Canada.ca". Blogues.radio-canada.ca. Archived from the original on August 22, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- QMI Agency (May 19, 2012). "Quebec Liberal, government sites hacked - Canada - News". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Montreal protests: Anonymous threatens to attack Canadian Grand Prix race - Sports - National Post". Sports.nationalpost.com. May 30, 2012. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Publication: 30/05/2012 16:50 Mis à jour: 30/05/2012 17:38 (May 30, 2012). "Anonymous publie une vidéo de l'anniversaire de Jacqueline Desmarais". Quebec.huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Anonymous publie une vidéo filmée à Sagard". Le Devoir. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Anonymous Message To Cyprus". June 8, 2012.
- "Cyprus: Mass Cyber Attack from Anonymous". Naftemboriki. June 27, 2012.
- Phneah, Ellyne (June 28, 2012). "Anonymous hacks Japanese govt sites". ZDNet. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Feit, Daniel (June 21, 2012). "Japan Passes Jail-for-Downloaders Anti-Piracy Law". Wired.
- "L.A. Now". Los Angeles Times. July 27, 2012.
- Lee, Michael (July 28, 2012). "Anonymous begins dump of stolen ISP data". ZDNet. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Anonymous vs PRI: 'juegan' a hackear y restablecer sitio web - 2012 - ADNPolítico.com". adnpolitico.com. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous atacó la página del PRI en la capital de México - Univision Noticias". noticias.univision.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "El Universal - - Hackean página del PRI en el DF". eluniversal.com.mx. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Hackean páginas del PRI como festejo a Peña Nieto - b:Secure". bsecure.com.mx. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Everything Anonymous". AnonNews.org. Archived from the original on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Facebook". facebook.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Log in to Facebook - Facebook". facebook.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "[GH] Giler Hackers!: Myanmar hackers". Gilerhackers.net. January 9, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Uganda Government Websites Hacked By Anonymous In Defense Of Gay Pride, LGBT Rights - Huffington Post". TheHuffingtonPost.com. August 16, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
- 攻陷國教網站 黑客匿名：要革命！. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- "Hackers deface PHL govt websites, urge revision of Cybercrime Law - SciTech - GMA News Online - The Go-To Site for Filipinos Everywhere". Gmanetwork.com. September 26, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Hacktivist leader talks to ABS-CBN". ABS-CBN Corporation. September 28, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- "SC rules online libel constitutional". Rappler. February 18, 2014.
- "Anonymous Hacks The Westboro Baptist Church: Posts All Their Personal Information". Inquisitr.com. December 16, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- "Steubenville High School students joke about alleged rape in highly-charged case against Big Red football players". NY Daily News. New York. January 3, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- Comunicación e Información; SA de CV (January 16, 2013). "Proceso". proceso.com.mx. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Manifiesto Zapatista Anonymous on Vimeo". vimeo.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous Hijacks Federal Website".
- "Anger rises as Fed confirms Anonymous hack, downplays US bank emergency system breach". ZDNet. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Anonymous" claims credit for hacking into Federal Reserve Feb 06, 2013
- "This page has been removed - News - The Guardian". the Guardian. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Anonymous: North Korea targeted by hacking group - BGR". bgr.com. April 3, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Graziano, Dan. "Anonymous threatens cyberwar on North Korea, steals 15,000 passwords". BRG News. Yahoo! News. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- "Pro-North Korea website Uriminzokkiri hacked - GlobalPost". globalpost.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Metro News - Breaking News and Local Views". metronews.ca.[permanent dead link]
- Leyden, John. "Anonymous joins forces with arch-enemy The Jester against Norks". www.theregister.com. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- https://thediplomat.com/the-editor/2013/06/22/anonymous-we-have-stolen-north-korean-military-documents/ (The Diplomat)
- "As cyber-war begins, Israeli hackers hit back". Times of Israel. April 7, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Israeli cyber activists attack anti-Israel hackers, Jerusalem Post April 7, 2013
- Why did Anonymous have to attack Israel on Holocaust Memorial Day?, Forbes April 8, 2013
- "Des groupes de hackers menacent "d'effacer Israël d'Internet"" [Groups of hackers threaten to "wipe Israel off the Internet"] (in French). March 27, 2013.
- "Israeli takes over OpIsrael hacktivist website - Defense - Jerusalem Post". jpost.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Hackers failing to cause major cyber-disruption, officials say - The Times of Israel". timesofisrael.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Major failures, minor successes for anti-Israel hackers - The Times of Israel". timesofisrael.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "#OpIsrael Backfires - Blogs - Jerusalem Post". blogs.jpost.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Cleveland police officers punished for 137-bullet chase". CBS News.
- "Anonymous DOX Links To Cleveland Police Department > November 29, 2012 137 Shots fired into 2 Unarmed Civilians > pastebin.com/5ic0enWR". twitter.com. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "'Anonymous' won't release names of Rehtaeh Parsons suspects". CBC News. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Rehtaeh Parsons suicide: Anonymous hold small protest at Halifax RCMP - National Post". news.nationalpost.com. April 14, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Sabah crisis sparks 'cyberwar'". philstar.com.
- "McAfee Labs Threats Reports – Threat Research | McAfee" (PDF). www.mcafee.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
- "PAYBACK? - 2 days before elections, govt websites downed by massive DDoS attacks - InterAksyon.com". interaksyon.com. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Statement on the May 10, 2013 DDoS attacks on PH government, telecommunications, and media - Home". democracy.net.ph. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Manila-Taipei cyberwar threatens to escalate as PHL group vows 'operation' - SciTech - GMA News Online". gmanetwork.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous Taiwan breaks into PHL govt sites, leaks passwords - SciTech - GMA News Online". gmanetwork.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous Taiwan breaks into PHL govt sites, leaks passwords - Yahoo News Philippines". ph.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Taiwanese hackers leak Philippine govt website info". asiaone.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Taiwanese hackers leak Philippine gov't website info - The China Post". chinapost.com.tw. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Anonymous-linked groups publish EDL supporters' personal information retrieved June 1, 2013.
- "Anonymous Just Leaked a Trove of NSA Documents". gizmodo.com. June 7, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Group 'Anonymous' Targets Hawthorne Police Department For Fatally Shooting Dog - CBS Los Angeles". losangeles.cbslocal.com. July 5, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous: 'Hawthorne Police Are Our Primary Target': LAist". laist.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous hacks Nigeria's government website over anti-gay bill". lgbtqnation.com. July 5, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Michael Fox & Andrea Vance (July 30, 2013). "Dotcom tells hackers of National sites to stop". Fairfax New Zealand.
- "National Museum of Singapore". nationalmuseum.sg. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- http://sg.news.yahoo.com/anonymous-threatens-singapore-government-in-youtube-video-091443515.html Anonymous hacks Singapore website
- Christian V. Esguerra & TJ A. Burgonio (November 5, 2013). "Palace to go after antipork hackers". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Tetch Torres-Tupas (November 5, 2013). "De Lima orders NBI to probe hacking of government websites". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 15, 2022. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- TJ Burgonio. "Senators try to downplay website hacking to protest pork barrel". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "Anonymous Declares Global Cyber War on U.S. Government against Hammond's Sentence and NSA Spying - HackRead". hackread.com. November 20, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Mike Brown Shooting: Anonymous Hackers Threaten Police, Promise To Shut Down Government Websites [VIDEO]". International Business Times. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "How computer hackers changed the Ferguson protests : News". stltoday.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Know what Ferguson city needs right now? It's not Anonymous doxing random people • The Register". theregister.co.uk. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous Hackers declared Cyber War Against Hong Kong". hackingpost.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Anonymous Declares War Against Hong Kong Police - YouTube". youtube.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Report: Hacker collective Anonymous joins Hong Kong's Occupy Central - The Washington Post". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "雨傘革命 - 蘋果日報". occupycentral.appledaily.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "雨傘革命 - 蘋果日報". occupycentral.appledaily.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Hacker Group 'Anonymous Leyte' Targets Gov't Sites for 'Incompetence' - RachFeed". rachfeed.com. November 8, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Hackers attacked Government websites in the Super Typhoon Yolanda Anniversary". kabayantech.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "'Anonymous Leyte' leaks 2,000 email addresses". rappler.com. November 3, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "coding/hacktivist-anonymous-leyte-targets-philippines-govt-sites-for-incompetence". infocrowler.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "BBC News - Philippines marks one year since Typhoon Haiyan struck the country". BBC News. November 8, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Leyden, John (February 11, 2015). "Anonymous HACKED GAS STATIONS - and could cause FUEL SHORTAGES". The Register. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- "Anonymous calls for activists to help expose international paedophile networks with 'Operation DeathEaters'". The Independent. Archived from the original on June 21, 2022. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- "Pro-PHL hackers deface Chinese websites over 'reclamation'". GMA News Online.
- Anonymous Message to StormFront. YouTube. July 21, 2015.
- "OPStormFront". twitter.com.
- Bueza, Michael (April 11, 2016). "Is Comelec liable for website data leak". Rappler. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Tan, Lara. "Website claims: Registered voters' sensitive data easily searchable". CNN Philippines. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Ong, Ghio (April 22, 2016). "IT grad, 23, arrested for Comelec website hack". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Ashok, India (February 4, 2017). "Anonymous hackers shut down Freedom Hosting II, the largest host of dark web sites". International Business Times UK. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- Brandom, Russell (February 3, 2017). "An Anonymous group just took down a fifth of the dark web". The Verge. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- "Gabon official websites hacked: Anonymous group". Vanguard News. October 28, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- Infodefensa.com, Revista Defensa. "El grupo hacker Anonymous filtra información de correos del Ejército de Chile". Infodefensa (in Spanish). Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- "Anonymous Hacks China As Chinese Military Moves On Hong Kong, Students Trapped at Polytechnic University". Activist Post. November 19, 2019. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- Everington, Keoni (February 5, 2020). "Anonymous creates pro-Taiwan page inside UN website". www.taiwannews.com.tw. Taiwan News. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- Victor Barreiro Jr (May 28, 2020). "PLDT support Twitter account hacked". Rappler.
- @PLDT_Cares (May 28, 2020). "As the pandemic arises, Filipinos need fast internet to communicate with their loved ones. Do your job. The corrupt fear us, the honest support us, the heroic join us. We are Anonymous. We are Legion. We do not forgive. We do not forget . Expect us" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "George Floyd: Anonymous hackers re-emerge amid US unrest". BBC News. June 1, 2020. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- "Anonymous Stole and Leaked a Megatrove of Police Documents". Wired. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- "An Interview With Anonymous - George Floyd Protests, Hacks, And Press Freedom". Activist Post. June 23, 2020. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- Rapoza, Kenneth. "Brazil's President Bolsonaro Latest Victim Of Anonymous Hackers". Forbes. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- "International Hacktivists Hack Uganda Police Website Over Human Rights Abuse!". E-Jazz UG. November 21, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- "'Anonymous Malaysia' hackers say they defaced five government websites | Coconuts KL". Coconuts. February 1, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Ar, Zurairi (January 25, 2021). "Hacktivist group Anonymous Malaysia resurfaces, vows cyber-attack against govt over data breaches | Malay Mail". www.malaymail.com. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Cimpanu, Catalin. "Malaysia arrests 11 suspects for hacking government sites". ZDNet. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- "11 suspects of 'Anonymous Malaysia' hacker group nabbed | The Star". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Kaye, Julia; Hearron, Marc (July 19, 2021). "Even people who oppose abortion should fear Texas's new ban". The Washington Post. ISSN 2641-9599. Archived from the original on July 26, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
- Goforth, Claire (September 8, 2021). "'Anonymous' hackers have a message for Texas abortion 'snitch' sites: We're coming for you". The Daily Dot. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- Novell, Carly (September 11, 2021). "Anonymous hacks Texas GOP website, floods it with memes". The Daily Dot. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- Meaker, Morgan (January 18, 2021). "Epik: The domain registrar keeping extremist websites online". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
- Kornfield, Meryl (September 6, 2021). "A website for 'whistleblowers' to expose Texas abortion providers was taken down — again". The Washington Post.
- Goforth, Claire (September 14, 2021). "Anonymous to release massive data set of the far-right's preferred web hosting company". The Daily Dot. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- Cimpanu, Catalin (September 15, 2021). "Anonymous hacks and leaks data from domain registrar Epik". The Record by Recorded Future. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
- Ropek, Lucas (September 14, 2021). "Anonymous Claims to Have Stolen Huge Trove of Data From Epik, the Right-Wing's Favorite Web Host". Gizmodo. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- Thalen, Mikael (September 16, 2021). "'Worst I've seen in 20 years': How the Epik hack reveals every secret the far-right tried to hide". The Daily Dot. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
- "Webseiten und Telegram von Attila Hildmann übernommen". www.golem.de (in German). Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Twitter blocks Anonymous Germany's hacker account". news.in-24.com. September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- Everington, Keoni (September 30, 2021). "Anonymous posts Taiwan flag, national anthem on China government site | Taiwan News | 2021-09-30 14:11:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- "Anonymous Malaysia's manifesto document on hacked Chinese tourism promotion website" (PDF). September 30, 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 30, 2021. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- Everington, Keoni (October 1, 2021). "Round 2 of Anonymous hack of China site shows Taiwan emblem, 'Tank Man' | Taiwan News | 2021-10-01 11:30:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- "Hacktivism: China site shows Taiwan emblem, 'Tank Man'". www.msn.com. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- Everington, Keoni (October 4, 2021). "Round 3 of Anonymous hack of China site uses image of Taiwan president | Taiwan News | 2021-10-04 13:23:00". Taiwan News.
- "｢匿名者｣駭入中國政府網站張貼我國旗、習近平介紹武漢肺炎病毒照". tw.news.yahoo.com (in Chinese). Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- Everington, Keoni (October 19, 2021). "Anonymous posts Taiwan independence flag on CCP website | Taiwan News | 2021-10-19 12:19:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
- TEMPO, O. (December 21, 2021). "Hackers invadem site da Prefeitura de Brumadinho e citam rompimento da barragem". Politica (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (September 18, 2022). "Anonymous posts pro-Taiwan pages on UN website for Christmas | Taiwan News | 2021-12-23 17:16:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (January 18, 2022). "Anonymous posts 'Taiwan Numbah Wan!' on Chinese government website | Taiwan News | 2022-01-18 13:22:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (January 26, 2022). "Anonymous posts 'Taiwan Numbah Wan!' on UN agency website | Taiwan News | 2022-01-26 13:13:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (February 7, 2022). "Anonymous posts Taiwan flag, Peng Shuai on CCP website | Taiwan News | 2022-02-07 19:01:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (February 24, 2022). "Anonymous hacks Chinese site, Russian device as 'warning shot' over Ukraine | Taiwan News | 2022-02-24 18:01:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- "Anonymous takes down Kremlin, Russian-controlled media site in cyber attacks". ABC News. February 25, 2022. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (February 25, 2022). "Anonymous hacks into Russian website, devices to retaliate for Ukraine invasion | Taiwan News | 2022-02-25 18:18:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (February 27, 2022). "Anonymous hacks Russian website, Linux terminal, and nearly ignites gas control system | Taiwan News | 27 February 2022 17:46:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- "Anonymous claims responsibility for Russian government website outages". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- "Anonymous is 'waging war' on Russia: Several broadcasts hacked". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- "Anonymous says Russia's spy satellites are now hacked. But the nation denies everything". interestingengineering.com. March 3, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- Faife, Corin (March 3, 2022). "Anonymous-linked group hacks Russian space research site, claims to leak mission files". The Verge. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- "Hackers set the intended destination of Putin's $100 million yacht to "hell"". Mic. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- Brown, Lee (March 7, 2022). "Vigilante group Anonymous hacks Russian state TV with banned Ukraine footage". New York Post. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- "Anonymous hacks more than 300 Russian official websites". www.ukrinform.net. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- "Anonymous Claims More Than 2,500 Targets Hacked in First Week of #OpRussia Offensive - HS Today". March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (March 9, 2022). "Anonymous hacks over 400 Russian cameras to support Ukraine | Taiwan News | 2022-03-09 11:39:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
- "Anonymous hacker group defaces Rosatom's website, launches massive leak of operator's data". www.ukrinform.net. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (March 15, 2022). "Anonymous hacks into Russian firm running Ukrainian nuclear plant | Taiwan News | 2022-03-15 18:51:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- Kika, Thomas (March 21, 2022). "Anonymous hacks into Russian printers to deliver resistance information". Newsweek. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- "Anonymous apparently behind doxing of 120K Russian soldiers in Ukraine war". Newsweek. April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- "Anonymous Hits Russian Ministry of Culture- Leaks 446GB of Data". April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- "Anonymous Hits 3 Russian Entities, Leaks 400 GB Worth of Emails". April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
- "Anonymous leaks 87,500 new emails from Neocom Geoservice". The Tech Outlook. April 19, 2022. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
- "Anonymous hackers leaked 365,000 emails from a Russian investment company". The Times Hub. April 22, 2022. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- "Anonymous Leak 82GB of Police Emails Against Australia's Offshore Detention". May 4, 2022. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (May 6, 2022). "Anonymous warns China not to 'try anything stupid against Taiwan' | Taiwan News | 2022-05-06 19:30:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
- "匿名者告誡中國勿犯台 小心中國航母遼寧號沉沒". tw.news.yahoo.com (in Chinese). Retrieved May 9, 2022.
- Auto, Hermes (August 17, 2017). "Stage a buyout to end Kim's regime: The Nation columnist | The Straits Times". www.straitstimes.com. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
- Mughal, Arsi (May 12, 2022). "Anonymous Claims To Have Hacked Russian Streaming Service RuTube On Victory Day". Retrieved June 8, 2022.
- "Anonymous NB65 Claims Hack on Russian Payment Processor Qiwi". May 9, 2022. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
- "Russian SOCAR Energoresource company became victim of cyber attack by Anonymous Collective". The Tech Outlook. May 13, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
- "Anonymous Collective hacked and released emails data of Metprom Group that has worked on dozens of projects with companies like ArcelorMittal". The Tech Outlook. May 31, 2022. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
- "Hackers leaked millions of emails of the Russian Vyberi Radio". The Tech Outlook. June 1, 2022. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
- Osorio, Nica (June 6, 2022). "Russia's Cyber Warfare Reputation Lies In Ruins As Anonymous Hacktivists Raid Central Bank Again". International Business Times. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (June 6, 2022). "Anonymous hacks Chinese educational site to mark Tiananmen massacre | Taiwan News | 2022-06-06 11:18:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
- "RKPLaw hacked by anonymous collective and 1 TB data released". The Tech Outlook. June 3, 2022. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
- "Operation Russia continues, albeit much more slowly than last month, RKPLaw, Vyberi Radio, and Metprom Group are the last victims". Security Affairs. June 3, 2022. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
- "Anonymous Hacktivists Leak 1TB of Top Russian Law Firm Data". HackRead. June 3, 2022. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
- "Anonymous claims hack on Russian drones". www.computing.co.uk. June 14, 2022. Retrieved June 15, 2022.
- Papadopoulos, Loukia (September 2, 2022). "A hacker attacked Yandex Taxi and sent dozens of cars to the same location". interestingengineering.com. Retrieved September 4, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (August 3, 2022). "Anonymous welcomes Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan on hacked Chinese government website | Taiwan News | 2022-08-03 15:29:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (August 9, 2022). "Anonymous thanks Pelosi for Taiwan trip on hacked Chinese website | Taiwan News | 2022-08-09 18:58:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved August 20, 2022.
- "Gagarin's Falsified Flight Record". Seeker. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
- Garmon, Jay (September 14, 2004). "Geek Trivia: A leap of fakes". TechRepublic. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
- Burgess, Colin (2009). The first Soviet cosmonaut team : their lives, legacy, and historical impact. Berlin: Springer. p. xxiii. ISBN 978-0387848235.
- "Yuri Alexeevitch Gagarine (URS) (9327) | World Air Sports Federation". www.fai.org. October 10, 2017. Archived from the original on August 26, 2022. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (August 23, 2022). "Anonymous hacks Chinese real estate site in revenge for National Taiwan University defacement | Taiwan News | 2022-08-23 19:10:00". Taiwan News. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
- "Anonymous deface page at fdfc.cn". Archived from the original on August 21, 2022. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
- "Anonymous deface page at demetriusk-ru.1gb.ru". Archived from the original on August 12, 2022. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
- "Space Marks Accorded To Gagarin and Shepard". The New York Times. July 23, 1961. p. 35.
- "'Let's go!' – FAI celebrates 60th Anniversary of Gagarin's space flight". Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. March 22, 2021. Retrieved August 24, 2022.
- Everington, Keoni (September 5, 2022). "Anonymous posts Taiwan independence flag on UN website". Taiwan News. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
- How Anonymous Picks Targets, Launches Attacks, and Takes Powerful Organizations Down by Quinn Norton July 3, 2012 Wired.com, includes timeline of events.
- The Secret Lives of Dangerous Hackers; 'We Are Anonymous' by Parmy Olson May 31, 2012
- Parmy Olson We Are Anonymous timeline on pages 421-431 Hachette Book Group USA ISBN 978-0-316-21354-7