U.S. state and local government response to the COVID-19 pandemic

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States, territories, and counties that have issued a stay-at-home order
  Came into effect before March 22
  Came into effect before March 29
  Came into effect before April 5
  Came into effect before April 12
Full map including municipalities

State, territorial, tribal, and local governments have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States with various declarations of emergency, closure of schools and public meeting places, lockdowns, and other restrictions intended to slow the progression of the virus.

Multiple groups of states have formed compacts in an attempt to coordinate some of their responses; on the West coast: California, Oregon, and Washington state; in the Northeast: Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island; and in the Midwest: Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky.[1][2][3]

State-level regulations[edit]

This is a list of regulations that were imposed at the state level, restricting activities and closing facilities as a result of the pandemic. Many counties and municipal jurisdictions have imposed more stringent regulations.

State/territory State of emergency declared Stay at home ordered Gatherings banned Out-of-state travel restrictions Closures ordered Sources
Schools Daycares Bars & sit-down restaurants Non-essential retail
Alabama Alabama March 13 April 4 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [4][5][6][7][8][9]
Alaska Alaska March 11 March 28 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [10][6][11][7][8]
American Samoa American Samoa January 29 No 10 or more Travel suspended Yes (remainder of term) Yes No No [12][13][14]
Arizona Arizona March 11 March 31 50 or more Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [15][6][16][7][8][9]
Arkansas Arkansas March 11 No 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Regional [17][6][18][7][8][9]
California California March 4 March 19 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [19][20][7][8][9]
Colorado Colorado March 10 March 26 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Restricted Yes Yes [6][21][7][8][9]
Connecticut Connecticut March 10 March 23 All Recommended quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][22][7][8][9]
Delaware Delaware March 12 March 24 All Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [23][6][24][25][7][8][9]
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia March 11 March 30 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [26][27][7][8][9]
Florida Florida March 1 April 3 10 or more Limited quarantine / Screened Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][28][7][8][9]
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia March 14 April 3 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) No Yes Yes [6][7][8][9]
Guam Guam March 14 No All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [29]
Hawaii Hawaii March 4 March 25 11 or more, and public gathering in public places Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][30][31][7][8]
Idaho Idaho March 13 March 25 All Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Restricted [6][32][33][7][8][34][9]
Illinois Illinois March 9 March 21 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][35][36][7][8][9]
Indiana Indiana March 6 March 25 All outside, and 11 or more inside a household No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][37][38][7][8][9]
Iowa Iowa March 9 No 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][39][7][8][40][9]
Kansas Kansas March 9 March 30 10 or more Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) No Yes Yes [6][41][7][8][9]
Kentucky Kentucky March 6 March 26 (advisory) 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][42][7][8][9]
Louisiana Louisiana March 11 March 23 11 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][43][44][7][8][9]
Maine Maine March 15 April 2 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Restricted [6][7][8][9]
Maryland Maryland March 5 March 30 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][45][46][7][8][9]
Massachusetts Massachusetts March 10 March 24 (advisory) 11 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][47][48][7][8][9]
Michigan Michigan March 11 March 24 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][49][50][7][8][9]
Minnesota Minnesota March 13 March 27 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][51][7][8][9]
Mississippi Mississippi March 4 April 3 All No Yes (remainder of term) No Yes Yes [6][52][53][7][8][9]
Missouri Missouri March 13 April 6 10 or more Regional Yes (remainder of term) No Yes Yes [6][54][7][8][9]
Montana Montana March 12 March 28 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (districts choice) Yes Yes Yes [6][55][7][8][9]
Nebraska Nebraska March 13 No 10 or more Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Restricted Restricted No [6][7][8][9]
Nevada Nevada March 12 April 1 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][56][7][8][9]
New Hampshire New Hampshire March 13 March 27 50 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][57][7][8][9]
New Jersey New Jersey March 9 March 21 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][58][59][7][8][9]
New Mexico New Mexico March 11 March 24 6 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][60][61][7][8][9]
New York (state) New York March 7 March 22 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][62][63][7][8][9]
North Carolina North Carolina March 10 March 30 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][64][65][7][8][9]
North Dakota North Dakota March 13 No 50 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][7][8][9]
Northern Mariana Islands N. Mariana Islands January 29 No 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes No No [66][7]
Ohio Ohio March 9 March 23 11 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Restricted Yes Yes [6][67][7][8][9]
Oklahoma Oklahoma March 15 April 2 (partial advisory) 11 or more Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][68][7][8][69][9]
Oregon Oregon March 8 March 23 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Restricted [6][70][71][7][8][9][72]
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania March 6 April 1 10 or more (recommended) Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][73][74][7][8][9]
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico March 12 March 15 All Screened Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [75]
Rhode Island Rhode Island March 9 March 28 25 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][76][7][8][9]
South Carolina South Carolina March 13 April 7 50 or more Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][77][7][8][9]
South Dakota South Dakota March 13 Regional 50 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes No No [6][78][79][7][8][9]
Tennessee Tennessee March 12 April 2 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][80][81][7][8][9]
Texas Texas March 13 April 2 10 or more Limited quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][7][8][82][83][9]
Utah Utah March 6 Regional 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Regional [6][84][7][8][9]
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands March 13 March 25 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [85]
Vermont Vermont March 16 March 25 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][86][87][7][88][8][9]
Virginia Virginia March 12 March 30 10 or more No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Restricted [6][89][90][7][8][9]
Washington (state) Washington February 29 March 23 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][91][92][7][8][9]
West Virginia West Virginia March 4 March 23 All No Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes Yes [6][93][7][8][9]
Wisconsin Wisconsin March 12 March 25 (declared unconstitutional on May 13) All Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Restricted Yes Yes [6][94][95][7][8][9]
Wyoming Wyoming March 12 Regional 10 or more Mandatory quarantine Yes (remainder of term) Yes Yes No [6][96][97][7][8][9]

In Michigan, Puerto Rico, Texas, and Vermont, retailers who sold a mix of essential and non-essential items were only allowed to sell essential items.[98]

Regions that formerly had a stay-at-home order or advisory[99][100]
State Date enacted Date lifted
Alabama April 4, 2020 April 30, 2020
Colorado March 26, 2020 April 26, 2020
Florida April 3, 2020 May 4, 2020
Georgia April 3, 2020 April 30, 2020
Idaho March 25, 2020 April 30, 2020
Indiana March 25, 2020 May 1, 2020
Kansas March 30, 2020 May 4, 2020
Louisiana March 30, 2020 May 15, 2020
Maine April 2, 2020 April 30, 2020
Maryland March 30, 2020 May 15, 2020
Mississippi April 3, 2020 April 27, 2020
Missouri April 6, 2020 May 3, 2020
Montana March 28, 2020 April 26, 2020
South Carolina April 7, 2020 May 4, 2020
Tennessee March 31, 2020 April 30, 2020
Texas April 2, 2020 April 30, 2020
West Virginia March 23, 2020 May 4, 2020
Wisconsin March 25, 2020 May 13, 2020[101][102]

Alabama[edit]

COVID-19 Cases by counties of Alabama by March 22

On March 12, all K-12 public and private schools were ordered to be closed from March 18 until April 6.[4] On March 26, governor Kay Ivey announced that all K-12 schools would be closed for the rest of the school year, ordering that beginning April 6, all local school systems should adopt "alternative methods of instruction" such as online courses.[103]

On March 24, Birmingham issued a stay-at-home order (as a 24-hour curfew) effective March 24 to April 3.[104]

On March 25, Tuscaloosa city mayor Walt Maddox issued a city-wide curfew (the second in the state), lasting from 10:00 p.m. until 5:00 a.m. each day, effective March 27 to April 3.[105] The next day Maddox extended the curfew to 24 hours, beginning March 29 at 10:00 p.m., and lasting an additional week. The Tuscaloosa stay-at-home order came after Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall's opinion published on the same day that provided cities and counties with more authority to combat the pandemic, coupled with governor Kay Ivey's promise not to object to local communities' containment efforts.[106]

On March 27, all "non-essential businesses" in the state were ordered to be closed until April 17, including barbershops, furniture stores, gyms, nightclubs, and theaters, effective March 28 at 5:00 p.m.[107] Montgomery enacted an indefinite, 10:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m. curfew starting the night of March 27.[108]

On April 2, Fort Rucker issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[109]

On April 3, Governor Ivey issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective April 4 until April 30.[110] Mobile issued a stay-at-home order effective April 4 until April 30.[111]

Alaska[edit]

On March 12, a cargo pilot has the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Alaska.[112] Events of all kinds and sizes, including concerts, conventions, and sporting events, are canceled throughout the state.[113]

On March 13, schools closed through April 30 to limit the spread of the coronavirus.[114]

On March 18, Alaska government banned dine-in restaurant in an effort to stop the spread of coronavirus.[115] Anchorage medical providers have also opened drive-thru coronavirus testing in the city, but due to the shortage of test kits, referrals are needed before testing is administered.[10]

Anchorage issued a stay-at-home order.[116] Ketchikan and Sitka have issued shelter-in-place recommendations.[117][118]

On March 25, Haines Borough issued a shelter-in-place order effective until April 15. Skagway issued a shelter-in-place order effective through April 8.[119]

On March 27, Governor Mike Dunleavy issued a statewide stay-at-home mandate, ban on intrastrate travel between communities, self-quarantine requirements for out-of-state visitors, and authorization for certain small communities to impose tighter restrictions on travel, effective March 28, to be reevaluated by April 11.[120][121]

Arizona[edit]

On March 11, a public health emergency was announced by Governor Doug Ducey.[122]

On March 12, event closures included Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Phoenix.[123] The Alhambra Elementary School District in Phoenix and other school districts throughout the state began to announce closures.[124]

On March 15, Governor Ducey and Superintendent of Public Instruction Kathy Hoffman announced the statewide closure of all Arizona schools through Friday, March 27.[125] The closure was later extended on March 30 to the end of the school year.[126]

On March 19, Governor Doug Ducey announced additional mitigation strategies to combat the spread of COVID-19 in Arizona. The measures include activating the Arizona National Guard to assist logistics. Ducey also issued executive orders to halt all elective surgeries in the state, extend expiration dates of drivers licenses 6 months, and to restrict restaurants in counties with confirmed COVID-19 cases to provide dine-out options only. The order also instructed all bars, movie theaters, and gyms to be closed.[15]

On March 30, Gov. Ducey issued a statewide stay at home order to stop the spread of new coronavirus, barring Arizonans from leaving their residences except for food, medicine and other essentials. The order was to take effect at the close of business March 31 until April 30.[127][128]

Arkansas[edit]

On March 11, Governor Asa Hutchinson declared a public health emergency in response to the first presumptive case in the state.[129]

On March 12, the governor ordered school closings in Saline, Jefferson, Pulaski, and Grant counties until March 30.[17]

On March 14, the Arkansas National Guard was activated to help assist in logistics, transportation, and in manning the call centers.[130]

On March 15, Hutchinson reported during a press conference that all public schools in the state would be closing starting on March 17.[131]

On March 17, Governor Hutchinson closed casinos for two weeks and loosened restrictions on claiming unemployment benefits for 30 days.[132]

On March 19, Hutchinson extended public school closures until April 17 and ordered restaurants and bars to offer take-out services only.[133]

On April 3, Benton and surrounding Saline County issued a stay-at-home order for juveniles effective April 6 until further notice.[134]

California[edit]

On March 4, when 53 cases had been confirmed within the state and there had been one fatality, Governor Gavin Newsom declared a state of emergency.[135]

On March 7, all schools within the Elk Grove Unified School District in the Sacramento area shut down after a case of the virus appeared in Elk Grove.[136]

On March 9, Santa Clara County public health officer Dr. Sara Cody banned public gatherings of more than 1000 people; over the next few days she would expand the bans to cover all gatherings from Sharks games to library story hours, and to close all bars and pubs.[137]

On March 12, Governor Newsom announced that mass gatherings over 250 people were banned until the end of March.[138] He also issued an order to permit the state to commandeer hotels and medical facilities to treat coronavirus patients.[139]

On March 15, Governor Newsom called for voluntary closure of bars and in-home self-isolation of seniors 65 and older, as well as persons at-risk due to underlying conditions.[140]

A public safety alert sent on March 16 by Santa Clara County, California about the shelter-in-place order

On March 16, the public health departments of six San Francisco Bay Area counties issued shelter-in-place orders and ordered all non-essential businesses to close as of March 17.[141] It was the first such order in the mainland United States.[142]

In the following days, other cities and counties followed suit. On March 17, Ventura,[143] Monterey,[144] Sonoma,[145] San Benito,[146] and Santa Cruz counties[144] issued shelter-in-place orders.

On March 18, Mendocino,[147] Solano,[148] Lake,[149] Napa,[150] and San Luis Obispo[151] counties and Palm Springs,[152] issued shelter-in-place orders. The health officer for Yuba and Sutter counties also issued a stay-at-home order.[153]

On March 19, Governor Newsom announced a statewide stay at home order with all residents except those working in essential occupations urged to stay at home.[154][155] Governor Newsom said Wednesday that the state has asked the Department of Defense to deploy the USNS Mercy hospital ship in California.[156] The lockdown will be voluntarily enforced and police will not arrest offenders. No end date was announced.[19][157] Also, Yolo,[158] El Dorado,[159] Placer,[160] and Sacramento counties[161] and the cities of Los Angeles[162] and Fresno[163] issued shelter-in-place orders.

After the statewide order was issued, some counties continued to issue local orders to reinforce it. On March 20, Humboldt County issued a shelter-in-place order effective until further notice.[164] Amador County issued a stay-at-home order effective until April 3.[165] Inyo County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[166] Merced County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[167]

On March 21, Los Angeles County issued a safer-at-home order, initially specified to last one month.[168] The orders were modified over time but were expected to remain in place at least through July, county Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer said on May 12.[169]

On March 21, San Joaquin County also issued a stay-at-home order.[170]

On March 27, Calaveras County issued a stay-at-home order.[171]

On March 27, San Diego County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 29 until further notice.[172]

On March 31, Kings County issued a shelter-in-place order.[173] Imperial County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1 until further notice.[174] Stanislaus County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2.[175]

On April 4, Riverside County issued a stay-at-home and face covering order effective through April 30.[176]

On April 10, Colusa County issued a shelter-in-place order effective through May 8.[177]

On April 15, Nevada County issued a stay-at-home order effective until May 15.[178]

Colorado[edit]

On March 10, Governor Polis declared a state of disaster emergency. The announced emergency rules on paid sick leave for certain industries, like food handling, hospitality and child care; unemployment insurance for those who test positive for coronavirus; work from home rules for state employees; allow people over 65 years old to renew drivers licenses online; and a new drive-up lab in east Denver. There are new rules restricting visits to facilities that cater to older populations and ordering no in-person visits to correctional facilities.[179][180] On March 25, Governor Polis issued a stay-at-home order that was to last through April 11.[181] Five days before that order was to expire, Polis extended it through April 26, 2020.[182]

San Miguel County imposed a stay-at-home order effective March 18 through April 3 at the earliest.[183]

On March 23, the cities of Denver and Boulder issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 through April 10 at the earliest, and Pitkin County issued a stay-at-home order effective immediately.[184]

On March 25, Boulder, Jefferson, Broomfield, Adams, Arapahoe, and Douglas counties issued stay-at-home orders effective March 26 through April 17.[185] Erie extended the order to the entire city, including portions in Weld County.[186] These jurisdictions rescinded their orders in favor of the statewide order on March 26.[187][188]

On March 25, Larimer County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 through April 17.[189]

Connecticut[edit]

On March 10, Governor Ned Lamont declared a public health emergency after two residents tested positive for coronavirus.[190] On the same day, a State of Emergency was declared.[191]

On March 15, Lamont issues an order that all schools close after Monday, March 16 and remain closed through Tuesday, March 31.[192]

Delaware[edit]

On March 12, Governor John Carney declared a state of emergency following three more confirmed cases.[193]

On March 13, Governor Carney closed all Delaware Public Schools from March 16 to May 15.[23]

District of Columbia[edit]

On March 24, Mayor Muriel Bowser announced the closure of all non-essential businesses.[194]

On March 30, Mayor Bowser issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1 through April 24.[195] On April 15, Mayor Bowser extended the declaration of a public health emergency, stay-at-home order, and closure of non-essential businesses to May 15.[196]

Florida[edit]

On March 1, Governor Ron DeSantis declared a state of emergency.[197]

On March 17, the governor ordered businesses that sell liquor to reduce their occupancy by a half, and to limit parties on beaches to only 10 people per group.[198]

On March 21, the governor was considering a new strategy to put positive COVID-19 patients into isolation shelters such as abandoned convention centers and hotels instead of returning the patients to their home where they can infect their own family. Cases in Florida reached 763 presumptive positive cases.[199]

On March 23, Miami Beach issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24.[200] Alachua County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 until further notice.[201]

On March 24, Leon County issued a stay-at-home order and nighttime curfew effective March 25.[202] Orange County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26.[203] Miami issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24.[204]

On March 25, Osceola County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 until April 9.[205] Pinellas County issued a "safer-at-home" order effective March 26 until April 2.[206] Parkland issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 until further notice.[207][208] Doral issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 25 through April 1.[209] Weston issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 26.[210]

On March 26, Broward County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until further notice.[211] Boca Raton issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until further notice.[212] Sunny Isles Beach issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26.[213] Coral Springs issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until further notice.[214] Miramar issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 28.[215] Plantation issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 26 until further notice.[216] Hillsborough County issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 27.[217]

On March 27, Fort Lauderdale issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until April 17.[218] Gadsden County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27.[219] Hollywood issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 28 until further notice.[220] Lauderdale-by-the-Sea issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 28.[221] Oakland Park issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 28 until further notice.[222] Pompano Beach issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 28 until further notice.[223] Wilton Manors issued a "safer-at-home order" effective March 28 until further notice.[224] Dania Beach issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until further notice.[225]

On March 28, Pembroke Pines issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until further notice.[226] Palm Beach issued a shelter-in-place order effective until further notice.[227] Delray Beach issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 16.[228]

On March 30, Governor DeSantis issued a stay-at-home order for Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, and Monroe counties in southeast Florida effective until mid-May.[229]

On March 31, Sumter County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 30.[230] St. Lucie County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 4 through April 24.[231]

On April 1, Governor DeSantis issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective April 2 until April 30.[232] Jacksonville also issued a safer-at-home order effective April 4.[233]

Georgia[edit]

On March 13, the state of emergency is declared.[234]

Athens-Clarke County imposed a stay-at-home order effective March 19 to April 7.[183] Dougherty County imposed a shelter-in-place order effective March 22 through April 7.[235]

On March 23, Atlanta issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 for 14 days.[236] Rome issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 through April 7.[237] Tifton issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 through April 7.[238] Savannah issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 through April 8.[239]

On March 24, Lowndes County issued a voluntary shelter-in-place order effective until April 6.[240] Carroll County issued a shelter-in-place order effective until April 12 at the earliest.[241] Cobb County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until April 15.[242] Floyd County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 7.[243] Sandy Springs issued a shelter-in-place order on March 24.[244] Brookhaven issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 through April 15.[245] Blakely issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 until further notice.[246] Pickens County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 through April 7.[247] Douglas County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 until April 10.[248] Cherokee County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 through April 9.[249] Conyers issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 through April 8.[250] Decatur issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 through April 7.[251]

On March 25, Canton issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 12.[252]

On March 26, Cartersville and surrounding Bartow County issued shelter-in-place orders effective March 27 through April 7.[253] Doraville issued a shelter-in-place order.[254]

On March 27, Gwinnett County and all 16 cities and towns in the county jointly issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 through April 13.[255] Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27 through April 7.[256] Avondale Estates issued a shelter-in-place order.[254] DeKalb County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 28 until further notice.[257]

On March 28, Chamblee issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until further notice.[258] Forest Park issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 13.[259] Dunwoody issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 28.[260]

On March 31, Clayton County issued a shelter-in-place order for unincorporated parts of the county effective April 1 through April 12 at the earliest.[261]

On April 1, Fulton County issued a stay-at-home order.[262] Dahlonega issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3 through April 17.[263] Governor Brian Kemp announced that he will issue a statewide shelter-in-place order on April 2, to be effective April 3 through 13.[264]

Georgia's governor said restaurants and cinemas would be allowed to reopen on April 27, a decision described by the President as "totally egregious".[265]

Hawaii[edit]

On March 4, Governor David Ige declared a state of emergency until April 29.[266] On March 21, Ige ordered a 14-day mandatory quarantine for travelers.[267]

On March 22, Honolulu County issued a stay-at-home order effective until April 30.[268] Maui County issued a similar order effective from March 25 to April 30.[269]

On March 23, Governor David Ige issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 through April 30.[270]

On March 26, the Kauai Police Department began checkpoints to ensure compliance on the island. Residents were stopped in their vehicles and asked to provide reasons for travel.[271]

Idaho[edit]

On March 13, Governor Brad Little announced a state of emergency on the state. The state of emergency triggers Idaho price gouging law that prohibits the sale of fuel, drugs, food, and water at excessive price during a state of emergency.[272]

On March 17, Blaine County imposed a stay-at-home order effective until April 6.[183]

On March 23, the Idaho State Board of Education directed all public school districts to start a “soft closure” of all classroom facilities immediately, to continue through April 20.[33]

On March 25, Idaho Governor Brad Little issued a stay-at-home order for the entire state, effective for 21 days.[273] The order requires "all persons living in the State of Idaho to self-isolate at their place of residence" excepting leaving to obtain or provide essential services.[274] The order also closes non-essential businesses and government operations. Restaurants may remain in operation, but for carry-out service only. The order also contains instructions for social distancing. Little also signed an "extreme emergency declaration" which allows the state "to more effectively increase health care capacity, take steps to reduce and slow coronavirus spread, and take rapid and decisive steps to improve the condition of Idahoans whose job and incomes are being harmed by the pandemic."[275]

On April 15, Governor Little extended the stay-home order through "at least" April 30. [34] The amended order further directs residents to wear masks in public, and also mandates that travelers from outside the state self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival. It also loosens business closures, allowing some "non-essential" businesses to reopen if they are able to restrict operation to delivery and curbside pickup.

Illinois[edit]

Jacqueline B. Vaughn Occupational High School, which serves students with special needs in Chicago, was closed from March 7 to 19. All schools in Illinois will be closed for two weeks starting March 17.[276] All Chicago public schools will be provided with free meal pickup from Monday through Friday.[277]

On March 11, Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot canceled Chicago's two St. Patrick's Day parades.[278]

Chicago businesses report a slowdown amid fears of COVID-19. Several events at McCormick Place have been canceled, and the Chicago Bulls and Chicago Blackhawks have suspended their seasons.[279]

Bars and restaurants that sell liquor in Chicago were limited to 100 patrons on March 15.[280] Governor JB Pritzker ordered all bars and restaurants in the state to close dining room service for two weeks beginning March 17. Deliveries, takeouts, and sidewalk service will still be permitted. The ruling came after Pritzker noticed that people were ignoring previous restrictions.[281]

Oak Park issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 20.[183]

Indiana[edit]

On March 6, Governor Eric Holcomb declared a public health emergency due to the first positive Indiana case.[282] Also on the 6th, Tippecanoe County declared a public health alert as testing for the virus started,[283] which was upgraded to a public health emergency on the 9th over a positive case.[284]

On March 8, Eli Lilly and Company advised employees to work from home if at all possible, to help stop the spread of the coronavirus.[285] On March 9, Hickory Elementary School in Hendricks County closed for 2 weeks after a student tested positive for the virus.[286] Avon Community School Corporation later closed all Avon schools until March 20 after a second student showed symptoms.[287]

On March 10, Indiana University announced classes at all campuses would be taught remotely for two weeks starting March 23, following spring break. In-person classes would potentially resume on April 6.[288] On the same day, Purdue University announces all classes to be held online starting March 23 and potentially through the end of the semester.[289] On March 11, the University of Notre Dame announced classes would be taught online starting March 23 through at least April 13, and classes would be cancelled the week of April 15 to allow time to transition classes to an online format.[290] That same day, Ball State University announced that, starting March 15, classes would transition to online only until April 30.[291]

Holcomb announced the closure of all bars and restaurants statewide to in-person service on March 16. Delivery, take-out, and drive-through service will still be available.[292] He imposed a stay-at-home order effective March 25 to April 7.[293]

On March 23, Holcomb announced statewide stay-at-home order effective March 25.[294] On April 1, Marion County extended the stay-at-home order until May 1 within the county.[295]

Iowa[edit]

  • March 9 – Proclamation of Disaster Emergency signed by Governor Kim Reynolds.[296]
  • March 15 – Governor Reynolds recommends closing schools for four weeks. The state is developing legislation to provide child care during the emergency, including food for low-income students. The total number of confirmed coronavirus infections in the state increases to 22.[297]
  • March 25 – Number of cases in Iowa reached 145, and one fatality reported in Dubuque County.[298]
  • March 26 – Governor expands upon previous Covid-19 disaster proclamations to halt non-essential surgeries and dental procedures.[299]
  • March 27 – Governor's office asserts: "[The] Proclamation suspends all nonessential or elective surgeries and procedures until April 16th, that includes surgical abortion procedures".[300]

Kansas[edit]

On March 12, Governor Laura Kelly has issued an emergency declaration for the State of Kansas.[301]

On March 14, Johnson County has declared a state of emergency.[302]

On March 15, Governor Laura Kelly recommends closing schools for a week.[303] Several schools across the state (but none in Wichita) suspend classes for the rest of the month.[304]

On March 16, Kelly also announced a ban on gatherings of 50 or more people.[305]

Johnson, Wyandotte, and Leavenworth counties imposed stay-at-home orders on March 22.[306] Douglas County issued an order effective March 24 until April 23 at the earliest.[307]

On March 23, Miami County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 23.

On March 24, Atchison County issued a "shelter-at-home order" effective March 25 to April 25.[308] Morris County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 25.[309] Sedgwick County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25. Doniphan and Shawnee counties issued stay-at-home orders effective March 26.[310]

On March 25, Lyon County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 until April 25.[311] Coffey County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26.[312]

On March 26, Sumner County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through April 25.[313] Osage County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until further notice.[314] Jefferson County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until April 14.[315] Chase County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 for 30 days.[316]

On March 27, Saline County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until April 29. Reno County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until April 14. McPherson County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until April 25.[317] Geary County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28.[318] Riley County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 29.[319] Rooks County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until April 28.[320]

On March 28, Governor Laura Kelly issued a statewide "stay-home order", effective March 30 until April 19 at the earliest,[321] after at least 25 counties issued their own orders. Kansas has 105 counties. Public gatherings of more than ten people were banned by this action. The Legislature subsequently adopted a resolution giving themselves the authority to review and potentially revoke the order.[322]

On April 11, the evening before Easter Sunday, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled in favor of the governor's statewide ban on in-person church services. Republicans had sought to end the ban. The Supreme Court ruled that the Legislative Council, composed of both Senate and House of Representative members, did not have the authority to over-rule executive action. The controversy has been called the "War over Easter".[323]

Kentucky[edit]

  • March 6 – Governor Andy Beshear declared a state of emergency, also confirming the state's first COVID-19 case.[324]
  • March 13
    • The Supreme Court of Kentucky issued an order in response to the COVID-19 emergency, effective from March 16 to at least April 10. Among the order's effects on the Kentucky court system were:[325]
      • All in-person court appearances, except for "emergency and time-sensitive matters", were canceled.
      • Continuances were ordered for civil trials, hearings, and motions. Judges had discretion to continue or complete any proceedings in progress.
      • All cases involving small claims, eviction, juvenile, probate, traffic, or guardianship were continued, except for emergency matters and hearings required by statute.
      • Courtroom attendance was limited to attorneys, parties, and necessary witnesses.
    • Kentucky Power temporarily suspended disconnects for non-payments.[326]
  • March 14 – A 53-year-old man in Nelson County who tested positive for COVID-19 became the first known case of a patient being forcibly quarantined after refusing to self-isolate. A law enforcement officer was placed outside his home.[327]
  • March 16 – Beshear announced the closure of in-person service at bars and restaurants. Delivery, take-out, and drive-through service will still be available.[292]
  • March 17 – Beshear announced the closure of all public-facing businesses that do not provide a specific set of "essential services", effective at 5:00 pm on March 18. Among the businesses required to close were community centers, hair salons, spas, gyms, concert venues, and sports venues. Restaurants remained under the restrictions announced on March 16.[328]
  • March 22 – Beshear announced the closure of all nonessential businesses in the state as of March 23.[329]
  • April 1 – Gov. Beshear ordered Kentucky residents not to leave the state and imposed a 14-day self-quarantine on those who return from out of state.[330]

Louisiana[edit]

New Orleans issued a stay-at-home order effective March 20.[183] A statewide order was later issued effective March 23.

On March 16, Governor John Bel Edwards ordered all places where people gather to be closed until at least April 13.[331]

On March 22, Governor Edwards announced a statewide stay-at-home order effective until April 12 in a press conference.[332]

Maine[edit]

On March 13, public buildings in city of Portland and various schools are closed. Maine Legislature is also adjourned.[333]

On March 15, Governor Janet Mills declared a state of emergency in Maine.[334]

On March 23, Brunswick issued a shelter-in-place order effective for seven days.[335]

On March 26, South Portland issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27.[336]

On March 31, Governor Mills issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective April 2 until April 30.[337]

Maryland[edit]

On March 5, Governor Larry Hogan declared a state of emergency after the first three cases of coronavirus were confirmed in the state.[338]

On March 12, Governor Hogan declared all Maryland public schools were to be closed for the rest of the academic year, gatherings of more than 250 people were banned, and the Maryland National Guard was activated to a higher state of readiness.[339]

On March 15, Governor Hogan ordered all Maryland casinos, racetracks, and off-track betting parlors to shut down to help prevent the spread of coronavirus.[340]

On March 16, Governor Hogan signed an executive order banning gatherings of over 50 people as recommended by the CDC.

On March 17, Maryland postponed all state primaries until June 2 to reduce the risk of coronavirus infection to the Marylanders.[341]

On March 23, Governor Larry Hogan ordered all non-essential businesses in the state to close effective at 5 p.m. Monday to prevent further spread of COVID-19. He also announced initiatives to provide relief to small businesses and employees.[342]

On March 30, Governor Hogan issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective March 30 until May 15.[343]

Massachusetts[edit]

Nantucket issued a stay-at-home order effective March 23 through April 6.[344] Provincetown also issued a stay-at-home order effective March 23.[345]

On March 23, Governor Charlie Baker issued a stay-at-home advisory for the state.[346] In response, Chilmark issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24.[347]

On March 26, Swampscott issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 through until May 4.[348] Provincetown rescinded its stay-at-home order in favor of the state advisory.[349]

Michigan[edit]

On March 12, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer called for all public schools to close until April 6.[350] On April 2, she cancelled in-person education for the remainder of the 2019–2020 K-12 school year.[351]

On March 13, Whitmer ordered cancellation of most events gathering more than 250 people.[352] Effective March 17, this threshold was reduced to 50 people.[353]

On March 16, Whitmer ordered restaurants and bars to suspend on-site dining, allowing only take-out and delivery service.[354]

On March 19, Whitmer granted emergency worker status to grocery workers.[355]

Effective March 21, Whitmer restricted non-essential medical and dental procedures, to preserve resources for medical services.[356]

Effective March 22, Whitmer ordered closure of non-essential personal-care services, such as hair salons, and massage or tattoo services.[357]

Effective March 24, Whitmer ordered all non-essential workers to stay at home, and all non-essential travel ceased.[358]

On April 9, Whitmer extended her stay-at-home order to last until April 30, also expanding it to limit sales of non-essential goods in stores that also sell essential goods, and to restrict the number of customers in each store at a given time.[359]

On April 24, Whitmer replaced her stay-at-home order with one lasting until May 15, adding a new requirement for masks in enclosed public spaces, but relaxing restrictions on some outdoor recreation and business activities, and allowing non-essential retailers to offer delivery and curbside pickup.[360]

On May 1, Whitmer issued an order relaxing restrictions to "allow the May 7 resumption of some types of work that present a very low risk of infection, including construction, real-estate activities, and work that is traditionally and primarily performed outdoors."[361]

On May 6, Whitmer announced a six-phase plan to "restart" the economy. In its third phase, effective May 11, manufacturing firms would be permitted to reopen with new workplace safety rules. Later phases – opening more retailers and offices, restaurant dining rooms, and schools – would follow depending on various public-health criteria being met.[362]

On May 18, Whitmer relaxed restrictions effective May 22, in the Upper Peninsula and much of the northern Lower Peninsula, allowing the reopening of non-essential retail stores, restaurants with limited seating, and office work that cannot be done remotely.[363]

On May 21, Whitmer relaxed restrictions statewide, allowing retail and auto dealer sales by appointment (effective May 26); non-essential medical, dental, and veterinary procedures (May 29); and gatherings of 10 or fewer people with social distancing.[364]


Minnesota[edit]

Map of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Minnesota

On March 10, Minnesota approved $20.8 million from the general fund to add the public health response contingency account, making it just over $25 million to support virus investigation, outbreak monitoring, public information, statewide response coordination and lab analysis.[365]

On March 11, the University of Minnesota canceled in-person classes at all five of its campuses through at least April 1, moving to online learning starting next week due to concerns over the coronavirus outbreak.[366] Mayo Clinic in Rochester also began "drive-through testing" for the virus, though patients still needed to be approved to be tested by telephone screening.[367]

On March 13, a Peacetime State of Emergency was declared by Governor Tim Walz.[368] Mayo Clinic also announced that they had processed 90 tests for the virus and had found zero positive patients, indicating that the virus is not yet widespread in the state. They also announced that they received about 200 tests in the first 36 hours of testing and are, at this time, capable of processing 300 tests per day.[369]

On March 14, St. Paul Mayor Melvin Carter declared a State of Local Emergency. The city will no longer be issuing any new permits for gatherings of 50 or more people. He also requested that Ramsey County police suspend all evictions. The St. Paul Public Library, St. Paul Schools, and all parks and recreation centers including the Como Zoo were also closed from March 16 through March 27.[370]

On March 15, Governor Tim Walz closed all schools from March 18 until at least March 27. The state confirmed that there were now 35 confirmed cases of the virus with at least three spread person to person in the state. During the school shutdown meals and mental health services will still be provided to students in need.[371] Under the governor's order, schools will remain open for the elementary-aged children of health care workers and other emergency workers.[372] Teachers will be using this time to plan for a possibility of weeks of long-distance learning.[370]

Mississippi[edit]

  • March 13 – Museums, public universities, Belhaven University, Mississippi College, Millsaps College, community colleges, public schools, and private schools closed; church services and various events including the "South, North, and State Championship Archery in Mississippi Schools (AIMS)" cancelled.[373]
  • March 14 – Governor Tate Reeves declared a state of emergency.[374]
  • March 21 – Tupelo issued a stay-at-home order effective from March 22 through March 28.[375] Oxford issued a stay-at-home resolution effective March 22 through April 6 at the earliest.[376]
  • March 23 – Fulton issued a shelter-in-place order effective from March 24 to April 5.[377]
  • March 26 – Governor Reeves issued an executive order deeming certain businesses as "essential" including restaurants, bars and other establishments including dining in but limiting to 10 persons. The order initially banned local governments from imposing stricter orders but a later order permitted such in certain cases.[378]
  • March 27 – Moss Point issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 28 until further notice,[379] after a previous order was voided by Governor Reeves but a new executive order permitted such a declaration.[380]
  • March 31 – Governor Reeves issued a shelter-in-place order for Lauderdale County effective March 31 through April 14.[381] Meridian responded with its own shelter-in-place order.[382]
  • April 1 – Governor Reeves issued a statewide shelter-in-place order effective April 3.[383] Earlier, Bay St. Louis, Biloxi, Gulfport, D'Iberville, Long Beach, and Pascagoula issued curfews and advisory stay-at-home orders.[384][385]
  • April 2 – Vicksburg and surrounding Warren County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 3 through April 20.[386]

Missouri[edit]

On March 13, Governor Mike Parson declared a state of emergency for Missouri, following the third and fourth cases of the disease manifesting in the state. The University of Missouri System schools moved to online-only classes the same day.[387]

Jackson, Clay, and Platte counties and Kansas City and Belton issued stay-at-home orders on March 22.[306]

St. Louis and St. Louis County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 23 to April 22.[388] St. Charles County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24.[389] Jefferson County issued a stay-at-home order effective from March 24 through April 23.[390]

On March 24, Columbia and surrounding Boone County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 through April 24.[391] Cass County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 through April 24.[308] Springfield and Greene County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 for 30 days.[392] Randolph County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 24.[393] Ray County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 through April 24.[394]

On March 25, Webster County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 until April 24.[395] Christian County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 for 30 days.[396] Perry County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 until April 24.[397]

On March 26, Hannibal issued a shelter-in-place order.[398] St. Joseph issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 until April 2.[399] Clinton County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[400]

On March 27, Cole County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until April 11.[401] West Plains issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 through April 15.[402] Lincoln County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 29 until April 6.[403] Caldwell County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until further notice.[404][405] Bates County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 through April 24.[406]

On March 28, Chariton County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until April 24 at the earliest.[407]

On March 29, Maryville issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1 through April 14 at the earliest.[408]

On March 30, St. Francois County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3.[409] Gasconade County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 until April 16.[410] Harrison County issued a shelter-in-place (stay-at-home) order effective March 30 until further notice.[411] Lafayette County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 through April 30.[412]

On March 31, Crawford County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1 through April 30.[413] Johnson County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1 through April 30.[414] Rolla issued a stay-at-home order effective April 6.[415] Dade County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1 through April 24.[416]

On April 1, Linn County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3 to 24.[417] Stoddard County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 until further notice.[418]

On April 2, Pulaski County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 through April 30.[419] Vernon County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 4 until April 25.[420] Iron County issued a stay-at-home order and barred nonresidents from entering or passing through the county for nonessential purposes, effective April 6 until May 1.[421] Scott County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 4 until further notice.[422]

On April 3, Governor Parson issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective April 6 through April 24.[423] Earlier, Osage County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3 until May 1.[424] Joplin issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 6 for 14 days.[425] Clark County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 6 through April 30.[426] Kirksville issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 6 through April 24.[427] McDonald County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 6 through April 30.[428] Pike County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 5 through April 30.[429]

On April 7, Reynolds County issued a stay-at-home order.[430]

Montana[edit]

  • March 13 – Montana High School Association canceled basketball tournaments.[431]
  • March 26 – Governor Steve Bullock issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective March 28 through April 10.[432]

Nebraska[edit]

  • March 13 – State of Emergency[433]

Nevada[edit]

On March 5, the Clark County School District in Nevada canceled all out of state trips for all schools in the area. CCSD said that they took this action for "an abundance of caution." CCSD also reported that they will be rescheduling all the trips that were canceled.[434] Then on March 12, the CCSD canceled extra activity classes for all schools as well, however regular classes are to continue still.[435]

Governor Steve Sisolak declared a State of Emergency on March 12 to help move emergency resources and then on March 15, Sisolak announces that all schools in the area will be closed until the minimum of April 6.[436]

On March 17, Governor Steve Sisolak ordered all non-essential businesses closed for 30 days.[437]

On March 24, Governor Sisolak banned the use of anti-malaria drugs for COVID-19 treatment, notably chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine.[438]

On April 1, Governor Sisolak issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective until April 30.[439]

New Hampshire[edit]

  • March – State of Emergency, School closings[440]
  • March 26 – Governor Chris Sununu issues a statewide stay-at-home order effective March 27 until May 4.[441]

New Jersey[edit]

On March 26, Newark issued a shelter-in-place order.[442]

New Mexico[edit]

On March 11, Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham declared a state of emergency.[443]

On March 23, Governor Grisham announced a statewide stay-at-home order that requires 100% of non-essential business workforce to work from home effective March 24.[61]

New York[edit]

On March 2, Mayor Bill de Blasio tweeted that people should ignore the virus and "go on with your lives + get out on the town despite Coronavirus".[444]

At a press conference on March 3, New York City Commissioner of Health Oxiris Barbot said "We are encouraging New Yorkers to go about their everyday lives".[445] On March 4, she said: "There’s no indication that being in a car, being in the subways with someone who’s potentially sick is a risk factor."[446] On March 5 she said that New Yorkers without symptoms should not have to quarantine.[446] On March 20 Barbot warned that masks should only be used by people who are showing symptoms, saying: "The time to use a mask is when someone is symptomatic, when they’re coughing, when they’re sneezing, and it’s to ensure that that individual doesn’t contaminate other folks. It gives people who are asymptomatic a false sense of security that if they wear this mask, they don’t have to wash their hands, they don’t have to cover their mouths and their noses when they cough or they sneeze."[447] In early April, New York City Councilmen Democrat Robert Holden and Republican Eric Ulrich wrote to Mayor de Blasio asking him to relieve Barbot of her position "before it’s too late," saying her guidance on coronavirus had been disastrous.[446]

Multiple public and private schools outside New York City closed as a result of the virus, including the Westchester County public school districts of Hastings-on-Hudson, Mount Vernon, and Yonkers.[448]

On March 7, 2020 a state of emergency was declared by Governor Andrew Cuomo.[449]

On March 11, all SUNY colleges and universities were mandated to close by March 19 and move to a distance-learning model for the remainder of the semester.

On March 12, gatherings with over 500 people were banned, and only medically necessary visits were allowed at nursing homes.[450] Broadway theatres have been closed until April 14.[451] Cuomo waived the requirement that schools be open for 180 days that year in order to be eligible for state aid.[452]

On March 13, drive-through testing began in New Rochelle, Westchester County.[453]

On March 15, public schools in Westchester, Suffolk, Nassau, and New York City were closed.[454]

On March 17, Mayor DeBlasio announced that the city was considering a shelter-in-place order within the next 48 hours.[455]

On March 20, Governor Cuomo announced a statewide stay-at-home order with a mandate that 100% of non-essential workforce work from home effective March 22, to be reevaluated every two weeks.[456] On March 29, he extended the order to April 15 at the earliest.[457] On April 7, he extended the order until April 29 at the earliest.[458]

North Carolina[edit]

On March 10, Governor Roy Cooper declared a state of emergency after five more cases tested presumptive positive on March 9.[459]

On March 14, Governor Cooper forbids all events and gatherings of 100 or more people. On the same day, he also ordered all of the state's public schools to be closed for a minimum of two weeks.[460]

On March 17, Governor Cooper ordered all of the state's bars and restaurants to suspend dine-in service.[461]

On March 20, the state activated the North Carolina National Guard to assist in logistics and transportation of medical supplies, as the state reported it had 179 cases.[462]

On March 22, Mecklenburg County announced that they will cover one week cost of people staying in hotels and motels to keep the tenants from being evicted.[463] On March 24, the county issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 through April 16.[464]

On March 23, Governor Cooper closed all K-12 public school statewide through May 15, bans mass gatherings over 50 people, and closes some businesses including: gyms, movie theaters, sweepstakes parlors, health clubs and other similar facilities.[465] Madison County issued a stay-at-home recommendation.[466] Pitt County and the Town of Beaufort on the coast have issued shelter-in-place orders effective March 25.[467][468] Beaufort's order is effective March 25 until April 22.[469] Durham's stay-at-home order is effective March 25.[470]

On March 24, Mecklenburg County, the most populous county on the state, announced a stay-at-home order would come into effect from 8 a.m. on March 26 and last at least until April 16.[471] The order also bans gatherings of more than 10 people.[472] Clay County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 24.[473]

On March 25, Guilford County, Greensboro, and High Point issued stay-at-home orders effective March 27 through April 16.[474] Ayden issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 until April 9.[475] Winston-Salem issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until April 16, with Forsyth County joining the order on March 26.[476][477] Clemmons issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27 until April 16.[478] Greenville issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 until April 10.[479] Buncombe County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through April 9.[480]

Cabarrus County and Kannapolis issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 through April 16.[481] Gaston County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until April 16.[482] Orange County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until April 30 at the earliest.[483]

On March 27, Governor Cooper issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective March 30 until April 29.[484] Rutherford County and several of its towns (Bostic, Forest City, Lake Lure, Rutherfordton, and Spindale) issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until April 17.[485] Henderson County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28.[486]

On March 28, Durham County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 29.[487]

On April 23, Governor Cooper extended his stay-at-home order until May 8.[488]

On May 8, some restrictions of the stay-at-home order were lifted.[489]

On May 22, North Carolina entered phase 2 of reopening. The stay at home order transitioned to a safer at home recommendation. [490]

North Dakota[edit]

  • March 13, State of Emergency[491]

Ohio[edit]

COVID-19 Cases by counties of Ohio

Ohio Governor Mike DeWine was one of the first state governors to "sound the alarm" about the coronavirus threat, taking action before Ohio had many confirmed cases.[492] Axios called him "among the leading governors in the country sounding the alarm about the threat of the coronavirus."[492] The Washington Post called his and Department of Health director Amy Acton's response "a national guide to the crisis", pointing out numerous occasions when moves taken by Ohio were soon followed by other states.[493]

On March 3, when the state had no confirmed cases, Governor Mike DeWine cancelled the Arnold Classic, a move which the Washington Post said seemed radical at the time.[493]

On March 9, DeWine declared a state of emergency, when the state had 3 cases.[494] On March 11, he advised the state's colleges to go to online classes.[495]

On March 12, DeWine announced that all schools from K-12 would close for a 10-week break, starting March 16[496] and the state instituted a ban on gatherings of more than 100, with exemptions for airports, workplaces, restaurants, religious gatherings, weddings, and funerals.[497]

On March 15, DeWine and Acton ordered the suspension of dine-in service at all bars and restaurants,[498] and the following day closed bowling alleys, fitness centers, gyms, movie theaters, public recreation centers, trampoline parks, and water parks, and banned gatherings of more than 50 people.[499][500] Late on Monday the 16th, Acton called off the primary election scheduled for the following day.[501][495]

On March 17, DeWine ordered that elective surgeries be postponed.[502]

On March 18 DeWine closed barbershops, salons, and tattoo parlors[495] and announced closing of most BMV locations, asking the state legislature to pass a grace period for people whose licenses expired.[503] Businesses that remained open were advised to monitor employees' temperatures.[504] Mayor Andrew Ginther declared a state of emergency in Columbus, Ohio.[505]

On March 19 Governor DeWine signed state active duty proclamation that will activate 300 personnel from the Ohio National Guard to help with humanitarian efforts.[506]

On March 22 the Ohio Department of Health issued a stay at home order closing all non-essential businesses from March 23 at 11:59 PM until April 6.[507]

On March 23 DeWine instituted a hiring freeze for all state government positions except those involved in fighting the virus. The stay at home order signed on March 22 went into effect at 11:59 PM.[508] DeWine ordered a freeze in state hiring for all positions that are not directly related to fighting COVID-19. He also orders a freeze on contract services.[509]

On March 25, the Ohio General Assembly passed House Bill 197, which does many things, such as extending primary voting to April 28, banning water utilities from disconnecting service, and waiving standardized testing for public schools.[510][511] The bill was signed by Governor DeWeine on March 27.[511]

On March 30 DeWine extended school closure to May 1.[512]

On April 2 Dewine extended the Ohio's stay at home order through May 1 with new restrictions: campgrounds must close, all retail businesses must post signs limiting how many are allowed in at one time, and wedding receptions are limited to 10 people. The order also establishes a state board to evaluate what is and is not an essential business.[513]

On April 21, Dewine extended school closure through the remainder of the year. On May 1, a "Stay Healthy and Safe at Home" order replaced the previous stay-at-home order. Starting May 1, medical procedures that do not require an overnight stay in a hospital can proceed.[514]

On May 14, DeWine and Acton announce more re-opening dates. Campgrounds will open on May 21, horse racing will open on May 22, the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV), gyms, fitness centers, pools, and sports leagues (only for sports involving limited or no contact) will open on May 26, and childcare centers will re-open on May 31.[515]

On May 19, Governor DeWine announces an "Urgent Health Advisory: Ohioans protecting Ohioans" order. Elements of the previous stay-at-home order are now "strong recommendations."[516]

On May 20, Governor DeWine announces that three new orders have been signed. One order partially rescinds the April 30 Stay Safe Ohio Order, one issues a series of health advisories, and the Camp Safe Ohio Order specifies how campgrounds in Ohio can reopen.[517]

On May 21, Lt. Governor Husted announces that bowling alleys, miniature golf, and batting cages can reopen May 26, so long as they follow certain protocols. He also announces that wedding venues and banquet halls may open on June 1 with the following restrictions: there must be six feet between tables; no congregating is allowed; and crowds can have no more than 300 people.[518]

Oklahoma[edit]

  • March 12, 13 – Numerous events canceled; The Tulsa County Library closed; Tulsa County jury trials March 30 – April 13 cancelled.[519]
  • March 13, price gouging protection.[520]
  • March 15, Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt declares state of emergency.[521]
  • March 16, Oklahoma State Board of Education holds emergency meeting to authorize statewide school closures.[522]
  • March 17, An individual in the Oklahoma State Senate tests positive for the virus, measures are taken to have State Senate work remotely.[523]
  • March 18, First confirmed death due to COVID-19 in Oklahoma occurs in Tulsa.[524]
  • March 24 – Norman issues a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 14.[525] Governor Stitt issues a "safer-at-home" order that requires "all vulnerable populations" to stay at home except for "essential travel", although it is unclear how this will be enforced.[526]
  • March 24 – Gov. Stitt issues safer at home order for 19 counties with coronavirus cases, closing nonessential businesses and requiring those over age 65 to stay at home except for essential activities. Nonessential medical and dental procedures will be pushed back until after April 7.[527]
  • March 28 – Oklahoma City and Tulsa issued shelter-in-place orders effective March 28 through April 16.[528]
  • March 30 – Stillwater issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 16.[529] Edmond issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 16.[530]
  • March 31 – Lawton issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1.[531] Broken Arrow issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1.[532]
  • April 1 – Owasso issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1 until April 14.[533]
  • April 3 – Moore issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 4 to April 29.[534]
  • April 5 – Claremore issued a stay-at-home order effective April 6 through April 30.[535]
  • April 6 – Guthrie issued a shelter-in-place order requiring cloth facemasks outdoors, effective April 6 through May 5.[536]
  • April 8 – El Reno issued a shelter-in-place order requiring cloth facemasks outdoors, effective April 8.[537]
  • April 30 – Norman's stay at home order expired.[538]

Oregon[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

As of March 16, in Philadelphia only essential commercial establishments may remain open, including: grocery stores, pharmacies, daycare centers, hardware stores, gas stations, banks, post offices, laundromats, and veterinary clinics.[539]

On March 19, the state's department of education announced that all statewide assessments would be canceled for the remainder of the 2019–2020 school year.[540] On the same day, the Pennsylvania Turnpike announced that all tolls will reopen to truckers and drivers.[541]

Philadelphia imposed a stay-at-home order effective March 23.[542] Allegheny County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 23 for two weeks.[543] Governor Tom Wolf issued a stay-at-home order for Allegheny, Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Monroe, and Montgomery effective March 23 for two weeks.[544]

On March 24, Erie County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 6.[545]

By March 25, the governor's stay-at-home order had been amended to include Philadelphia and Erie County as well as Lehigh and Northampton counties effective March 25 through April 6.[546]

On March 27, the governor's stay-at-home order was revised to include Berks, Butler, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Luzerne, Pike, Wayne, Westmoreland, and York counties effective March 27 until April 6.[547] 5 new rest areas reopened.[548]

On March 28, the order was revised to include Beaver, Centre, and Washington counties.[549]

On March 30, the order was revised to include Carbon, Cumberland, Dauphin, and Schuylkill counties; extend all stay-at-home orders through April 30; and keep all schools statewide closed until further notice.[550]

On March 31, the order was revised to include Cameron, Crawford, Forest, Franklin, Lawrence, Lebanon, and Somerset counties.[551]

On April 1, Governor Wolf added the remaining 34 counties to the order, placing all of Pennsylvania under a stay-at-home order.[552]

Puerto Rico[edit]

On March 12, Governor Vázquez declared a state of emergency and activated the National Guard. She stated that National Guard personnel will be stationed at the Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport and the Port of San Juan to screen arriving passengers for symptoms.[553]

On March 13, Puerto Rico public schools were closed for 14 days.[554]

On March 15, Vázquez issued an island-wide curfew through March 30 and closed all businesses not involved in food sales, medicine, or banking.[555]

Rhode Island[edit]

  • March 9, Governor Gina Raimondo declares a state of emergency.[556]
  • March 13, Springbrook students self-quarantine after a Utah Jazz player gives autograph to one who tested positive;[557]
  • March 16, public schools are closed onward.[558]
  • March 17, Bars and dine-in restaurants closed, crowds of 25 or more people banned.[559]
  • March 24 – New Shoreham issues a shelter-in-place order for Block Island effective March 24 through April 15.[560]
  • March 28 – Governor Gina Raimondo issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective until April 13.[561]

South Carolina[edit]

On March 13, Governor McMaster announced a state of emergency is in effect on South Carolina.[562]

On March 15, the government announced that schools are closed throughout the state.[563]

On March 17, Governor McMaster issues an executive order requiring the mandatory shutdown of dine-in service in restaurants and bars.[564]

On March 21, McMaster ordered local law enforcement to disperse crowds on state beaches.[565]

On March 24, Governor McMaster and State Superintendent of Education Molly Spearman announce that public schools statewide, including colleges and universities, will remain closed through the end of April.[566][567]

On March 25, Charleston adopted a stay-at-home ordinance effective March 26 for two weeks.[568]

On March 26, Columbia issued a stay-at-home order effective March 29 for 14 days.[569] Williamsburg County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 for 14 days.[570]

On April 1, Mount Pleasant issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 until April 15.[571]

On April 6, South Carolina governor Henry McMaster issued a statewide "home or work" order which goes into effect Tuesday at 5 p.m.[572] Earlier in the day, Beaufort issued a shelter-in-place order effective until April 30.[573]

South Dakota[edit]

A state of emergency was declared by Governor Kristi Noem on March 13. Schools were closed beginning March 16.[574][575] From April 6 to May 11, residents of Lincoln and Minnehaha counties who are 65 years of age or older or have a chronic condition were ordered to stay home.[576][577] South Dakota has not issued any state-wide stay-at-home orders, with Governor Noem citing herd mentality and a desire to preserve residents' freedoms.[578][579][580]

A "no lingering" ordinance was passed by the city of Sioux Falls on March 26, requiring all non-essential businesses in the city to cap their capacity to 10 customers at a time.[581][582]

Tennessee[edit]

On March 15, the mayor of Nashville imposed restrictions on restaurants and closed bars in Davidson County.[583]

On March 19, the mayor of Chattanooga issued an executive order closings gyms and prohibiting dine-in service for restaurants and bars indefinitely.[584]

On March 20, the mayor of Knoxville issued an executive order closing bars, gyms, and commercial event venues and restricting restaurants to delivery and take-out service.[585]

On March 22, Nashville's Metro Public Health Department issued a stay-at-home order effective for at least 14 days for Nashville and Davidson County.[586][587]

On March 23, Knoxville and Knox County issued a stay-at-home order effective for at least 14 days beginning March 24.[588]

On March 24, Memphis issued a "safer-at-home order" effective through April 7, and surrounding Shelby County and the county's other municipalities issued a similar order the same day.[589][590]

On March 24, Franklin issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 for seven days.[591]

On March 30, Governor Bill Lee issued a two-week safer at home order for the entire state, which covers the closure of all nonessential businesses and will go into effect at 11:59 p.m. the following day. The order will last until April 14.[592]

On March 31, Clarksville and surrounding Montgomery County issued shelter-in-place orders effective April 1 until April 8.[593]

On April 2, Governor Lee issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective through April 14.[594]

On April 4, Chattanooga issued a shelter-in-place order.[595]

Texas[edit]

On March 2, San Antonio Mayor Ron Nirenberg and Bexar County both declared a "local state of disaster and a public health emergency" after an individual was mistakenly released from quarantine at Joint Base San Antonio by the CDC before a third test for coronavirus returned a positive result.[596] On March 23, the city and county issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 through April 9.[597]

Counties in Texas with confirmed COVID-19 cases

On March 13, Texas Governor Greg Abbott declared a statewide disaster for all counties in the state. Abbott also announced the first drive-through testing facility in San Antonio, and will expand to other cities across the state.[598][599]

Dallas County imposed a stay-at-home order effective March 23 through April 3.[600] Rowlett extended this order to cover the Rockwall County portion of the city.[601] On March 23, Richardson extended the order to cover the Collin County portion of the city, effective until April 30.[602] On March 24, Dallas extended the order to the entire city, including portions in Denton and Kaufman counties.[603]

Waco issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 23 initially for seven days; surrounding McLennan County soon followed with its own order effective for 14 days.[604] Corsicana issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 8.[605] On March 24, Navarro County extended this order to the whole county.[606]

On March 23, Brazos County, in conjunction with Bryan and College Station, issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 until April 7.[607][608]

Bell, Cameron, Hunt, and Stephens counties and the city of Forney also issued shelter-in-place orders on March 23.[609][610][611][612][613][614][615][616] Galveston County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 until April 3.[617] Lampasas issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 23 through April 5.[618] Val Verde County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 23 through April 3.[619] San Antonio issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 through April 9.[620]

On March 24, Tarrant County issued a stay-at-home order through April 3.[621] Fort Worth extended the order to the entire city, including portions in Denton, Parker, and Wise counties.[603] El Paso and El Paso County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 until further notice.[622] Denton County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25.[623] Travis and Williamson counties issued stay-at-home orders effective March 24 through April 13.[624] Austin extended the Travis County order to the entire city, including portions in Hays County.[625] Teague issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until April 3.[626] Milam County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until April 7.[627] Fort Bend County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 through April 3.[628] Castro County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 through April 3.[629] New Braunfels issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25.[630] Newton County issued a 24-hour curfew for juveniles effective March 24.[631] Gun Barrel City issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until further notice.[632] Starr County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25.[633] Kaufman County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 8.[634] Ellis County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 3. Waxahachie extended this order through April 16, while Red Oak extended it through April 13.[635] Alice issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 to April 27.[636] Anna issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 until April 14.[637][638] Richmond issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25.[639] Garland issued a shelter-in-place order effective through April 7.[640] Arlington issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 until April 3.[641] Edinburg issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 until further notice.[642] Lakeway issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until further notice.[643] Celina issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 for seven days.[644] Royse City issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 15.[645] Woodcreek issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24.[646]

As of 24 March 2020, Collin, Harris, Hidalgo, and Rockwall counties have also issued stay-at-home orders.[647] However, Collin County's order defines all businesses as essential, a significant difference from other shelter-in-place orders in the region.[648]

On March 25, 2020, Nueces County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 through April 8.[649] Chambers and Liberty counties issued "stay-safe orders" effective March 24 through April 3. Brazoria County issued a "stay safe at home" order effective March 26 through April 3. San Jacinto County issued a "stay home/work safe" order effective March 25 through April 19.[650] Palmview issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25.[651] Robertson County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 8.[652] McKinney issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 until April 1.[653] Hays County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 until April 10.[654] Longview and Gregg County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 through April 9.[655] Burnet County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until further notice.[656] Hideaway issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 until April 1.[657] Mabank extended Kaufman County's shelter-in-place order to the entire city, including parts in Henderson County, effective March 25 through April 8.[658] Erath County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 through April 1.[659] Polk County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through April 3.[660] Granbury issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until further notice, while surrounding Hood County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 25 until April 7.[661] Burleson issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 13.[662] Flower Mound issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 through April 20.[663] Culberson County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until further notice.[664]

On March 26, Scurry County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27.[665] Willacy County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 26 for 14 days.[666] Van issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27.[667] Odem issued a stay-at-home order effective March 26 through April 3.[668] Kilgore extended Gregg County's order to the entire city, including parts in Rusk County, effective March 26 until April 9.[669] Brown County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through April 3.[670] Kleberg County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 to April 8.[636] Montague County issued a stay-at-home order effective for seven days.[671]

On March 27, Jefferson County, Hardin, Jasper, and Tyler counties issued shelter-in-place orders effective March 27 for a minimum of two weeks.[672][673] Beaumont and Port Arthur issued their own stay-at-home orders effective March 27, to be reevaluated every seven days.[674][675] Smith County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through April 10.[676] Montgomery County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through April 12.[677] Bowie County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27 until April 13.[678] Wichita Falls issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27 until April 8.[679] Marfa issued a shelter-in-place order effected March 27 through April 10.[680] Laredo and surrounding Webb County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 28 until April 3.[681] Ingleside issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 through April 13.[682] Burkburnett issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 27 until April 8.[683] Multiple jurisdictions in the Coastal Bend region issued stay-at-home orders: San Patricio County effective March 30 through April 13, Duval County effective March 27 to April 26, Jim Wells County effective March 27 to April 27, Bee County effective March 28 to April 8, Sinton effective March 27 to April 9, Rockport effective March 28 to April 14, Aransas Pass effective March 28 to April 8, and Taft effective March 27 to April 8.[636] Frisco extended Denton County's stay-at-home order to include the entire city, including parts that would have otherwise been subject to Collin County's less restrictive order, effective March 27 until April 8.[684] Johnson County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until further notice.[685] Aransas County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 28 until April 14.[686]

On March 28, Hudson issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until April 30.[687] Stonewall County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 28 through April 11.[688] Vidor issued a stay-at-home order and 24-hour curfew effective March 28 until further notice.[689]

On March 29, Angelina County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until May 1.[690] Nacogdoches and surrounding Nacogdoches County issued stay-at-home orders effective March 30 until April 7.[691] Wichita County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 until further notice.[692] Lubbock issued a stay-at-home order effective March 29 through April 3.[693]

On March 30, Amarillo and Canyon issued shelter-in-place orders effective March 30 for two weeks.[694] Potter County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until further notice.[695] Trinity County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 31 until April 14.[696] Odessa issued a "limited shelter-in-place order" effective March 30.[697] Henrietta issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 until April 10.[698] Graham issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 31 until April 14.[699] San Augustine County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 through April 19.[700] Shelby County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 30.[701] Llano County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 through April 13.[702] Caldwell County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 until April 8.[703] Leon County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 19.[704] Abilene issued a "limited shelter-in-place order" effective March 31 through April 14, with exceptions for work and religious gatherings.[705] Madison County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 through April 12.[706] Jeff Davis County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 31 through April 24.[707] Frio County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 30 through April 6.[708] Newton County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 10.[709]

By late March 30, about 87% of Texans were under a shelter-in-place or stay-at-home order despite the absence of a statewide order.[710]

On March 31, Governor Abbott issued an executive order advising residents to avoid visiting nonessential businesses.[82] Plainview and surrounding Hale County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 through April 6.[711] Sabine County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 through April 10.[712] Marshall and surrounding Harrison County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 31.[713] Panola County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1 through April 14.[714] Young County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1.[715] Marion County issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 31 until April 30.[716] Levelland and surrounding Hockley County issued a stay-at-home order and a curfew for juveniles effective March 31.[717] Taylor County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 until April 30.[718] Brewster County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 through April 7.[719] Deaf Smith County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 for seven days.[720] Kenedy County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 31 through April 30.[721] Limestone County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 2 through April 19.[722] Maverick County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[723] Presidio County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 7.[724]

On April 1, Wood County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1.[725] Hopkins County issued a shelter-in-place order described as a "stay safe at home" order.[726] Cass County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 through April 30.[727] Lufkin issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 2 until further notice.[728] Victoria County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 until April 30.[729] Lampasas County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 1 through April 7.[730] Nolan County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 through April 13.[731] Refugio County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 30.[732] Zapata County issued a shelter-in-place order effective through April 14.[733]

On April 2, Governor Abbott clarified that his executive order is a stay-at-home order.[83] Anderson County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[734] Pampa and surrounding Gray County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 8.[735] Brownfield issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3 until April 16.[736] Surrounding Terry County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3 until further notice.[737] Matagorda County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 2 until further notice.[738] La Salle County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 6 through April 30.[739] Live Oak County together with George West and Three Rivers issued a stay-at-home order effective April 2 through April 15.[740] Pecos County issued a shelter-in-place order effective until further notice.[741]

On April 3, Comal County issued a stay-at-home order effective through April 30.[742] Guadalupe County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 3 through April 30.[743] Calhoun County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 4.[744]

On April 4, Andrews County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 4 through April 22.[745]

On April 6, Jones County issued a stay-at-home order effective immediately.[746] Swisher County issued a shelter-in-place order effective through April 30.[747]

On April 7, Gatesville issued a stay-at-home order effective April 7.[748] Blanco County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 6 until further notice.[749] Briscoe County issued a shelter-in-place order effective April 7 until further notice.[750] Callahan County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 8 until further notice.[751] Armstrong County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[752] Henderson County issued a shelter-in-place order effective until April 30.[753]

On April 8, Coryell County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 8 through May 4.[754]

On April 9, Walker County issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[755]

Utah[edit]

On March 13, all schools were ordered closed and to switch to online classes by the 18th by Governor Gary Herbert.[756]

On March 23, the public school closure was extended through May 1.[757]

On March 25, Summit County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 through May 1.[758]

On March 27, Governor Gary Herbert issued a voluntary stay-at-home directive, distinct from a stay-at-home order, effective until April 13.[759] In response, Salt Lake City issued a mandatory stay-at-home order until further notice.[760]

On March 29, Salt Lake County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 30 until April 13.[761]

On March 30, Wasatch County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1 through April 14.[762]

On April 1, Davis County issued a stay-at-home order effective April 1 through May 1.[763]

Vermont[edit]

On March 13, a COVID-19 task force was set up[764] and on the 10th, the Vermont State Emergency Operations Center was activated.[765] Governor Phil Scott issued Executive Order 01-20 which declared a State of Emergency until it expires on April 15.[766] The Executive Order limits visitors to nursing homes, assisted living residences, residential care homes, and specific care facilities. It also suspends traveling by state employees for non-essential government business, prohibits most mass gatherings including at schools and excluding transit, most offices, and grocery and commercial stores. The National Guard was also activated.[767] Additionally, the Vermont General Assembly voted to adjourn until March 24 to prepare for the virus.[768]

On March 15, Governor Phil Scott ordered all schools in Vermont to be closed and all school activities to be cancelled no later than Wednesday, March 18, and lasting through at least April 6.[769][770]

On March 16, Governor Scott announced his emergency declaration would be amended to limit public gatherings to either 50 people or 50% occupancy.[771]

Also on March 16, Burlington Mayor Miro Weinberger declared a state of emergency for Burlington and ordered all bars and restaurants to close Tuesday starting at 6:00am and continuing for at least 24 hours. All nonessential city services will also be suspended from Wednesday, March 18, through at least April 6.[772][773]

On March 17, Governor Scott ordered the closure of all Vermont child care programs, except for those that serve people "essential" to responding to the pandemic.[774] The closure starts on Wednesday, March 18, and lasts through April 6. The governor's order defines "essential" persons as healthcare providers, criminal justice personnel; public health employees; firefighters; Vermont National Guard personnel; other first responders and state employees; and staff and providers of necessary childcare services.[775]

On March 20, Governor Scott announced that he would be working with the VT state legislature to develop a loan program through the Vermont Economic Development Authority (VEDA) for businesses impacted economically by the pandemic.[776] He also announced that Vermont businesses can apply for economic injury disaster loans through the Small Business Administration (SBA).[777] The Vermont Senate will reconvene on Tuesday, March 24, to act on measures to respond to COVID-19.[778] Vermont state officials also stated that the number of available beds statewide has increased to 500 and the number of available ventilators has increased to 240.[779]

On March 24, Governor Phil Scott issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 15.[86]

On March 30, Governor Scott imposed quarantine restrictions on travelers arriving in Vermont.[88]

NOTE: For the most recent updates, please see COVID-19 pandemic in Vermont.

Virginia[edit]

On March 12, Governor Ralph Northam declared a state of emergency in the state of Virginia.[780]

On March 17, Northam banned a gathering of more than ten people in restaurants, fitness centers, and theaters.[781]

On March 19, Virginia officials are requesting law enforcement to avoid arrests while possible. The administration also asks magistrates and judges to consider alternatives to incarceration.[782]

On March 20, Virginia National Guard is activated. The state announced they have 114 cases of COVID-19, with 20 hospitalizations.[783]

On March 23, Northam announced schools will be closed for the remainder of the academic year. Barbershops, gyms, theaters, bowling alleys, and any other business that allows the group of more than ten people, will be banned.[784]

On March 30, Governor Northam issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective March 30 through June 10 unless amended or rescinded by a further executive order.[785]

Washington[edit]

Playground at a Seattle elementary school is closed due to the epidemic on 25 March

On February 29, Governor Jay Inslee declared a state of emergency after the first US death attributable to COVID-19 occurred in a man in his 50s with an underlying chronic health condition who had been admitted to EvergreenHealth Medical Center after complaining of severe breathing problems.[786][787][788] There was also an outbreak at a Life Care Centers of America elderly care in Kirkland, Washington, affecting residents, staff, firefighters, and nursing students.[789][790] Washington governor Jay Inslee declared a state of emergency on 28 February after a man there died of COVID-19, the first such reported death in the United States.

Seattle mayor Jenny Durkan declared a civil emergency on March 3.[791] Over a dozen schools in the Seattle area cancelled classes March 3 for disinfection and other precautionary measures.[792]

On March 6, the Seattle-based University of Washington, home to 50,000 students, cancelled in-person classes.[793]

On March 11, Governor Inslee invoked emergency powers and banned "social, spiritual, and recreational gatherings" of over 250 people in King, Snohomish and Pierce Counties (including the core of the Seattle metropolitan area) for at least the month of March.[794][795]

On March 15, Governor Inslee announced the closing of all sit-down restaurants statewide, noting that "very strong measures are necessary to slow the spread of the disease". Restaurants are still allowed to offer takeout and drive through options.[796][797]

On March 21, the City of Everett ordered residents and business owners to stay at home "until further notice", except for some essential workers.[798] The city of Edmonds also issued a stay-at-home order effective March 22 until further notice.[799]

On March 22, President Donald Trump said the federal government would pay the costs of activation of the Washington National Guard while under control of the state governor.[800][801]

On March 22, 2020, retired Navy admiral Raquel C. Bono was named by Washington State Governor Jay Inslee to lead the state's health system response to the pandemic.[802] President Donald Trump also announced approval of Washington emergency declaration, and have instructed Federal assistance to be given to assist the local recovery efforts in fighting the coronavirus.[803]

Yakima County issued a stay-at-home order effective March 22 until further notice.[804]

Governor Inslee signed an emergency proclamation which was a stay-home order effective 48 hours after signing the proclamation. It was in effect for 2 weeks minimum. However, essential businesses continued to run as normal.[92]

West Virginia[edit]

West Virginia was the last US state to confirm a COVID-19 case, with the first confirmed case, involving a patient in the Eastern Panhandle who did not require hospitalization, announced on March 17.[805] On March 14, Governor Jim Justice closed schools, cancelled travel by state employees, suspended the high school basketball tournaments, and restricted access to nursing homes.[806]

On March 16, Justice declared a state of emergency.[807] As of March 16, the state had tested 84 suspected cases.[806][807]

On March 17, Justice ordered restaurant dining rooms, bars, and casinos to close until March 31.[808]

On March 22, Governor Justice urged West Virginians to stay home as much as possible.[809]

On March 23, Governor Justice announced a stay-at-home order to be effective at 8 p.m. on the same day and ordered non-essential businesses to close immediately.[810]

Berkeley issued a shelter-in-place order on April 5, and Jefferson County issued a shelter-in-place order on April 6.[811]

Wisconsin[edit]

The Osceola School District closed schools on March 10, to sanitize the buildings and buses after a person who attended a regional sports tournament was found to be infected.[812]

On March 12, Governor Tony Evers declared a State of Emergency.[813]

On the 13th, the governor ordered the closure of all public and private K-12 schools in the state until at least April 5.[814] Most schools in the University of Wisconsin System, including Madison[815] and Stout,[816] have cancelled all in-person classes through early April.

On March 16, Evers announced restrictions on number of people that could be present on childcare settings, limiting it to 10 staff and 50 children at the same time.[817]

On March 17, a statewide ban of all gatherings with more than 10 people was announced by the governor.[818]

On March 23, the City of Milwaukee issued a stay-at-home order effective that day, followed by a statewide "safer-at-home order" effective March 24.[819][820]

On March 24, Gov. Evers ordered non-essential businesses to close for a month.[821] On April 17, he issued an order extending the stay-at-home period until May 26. However, the Wisconsin Supreme Court struck down this order as unconstitutional on May 13.[822] In response, Madison and Dane County issued a joint stay-at-home order effective immediately.[823]

Wyoming[edit]

On March 12, the University of Wyoming and the Northern Wyoming Community College District both extended their spring breaks in response to the virus.[824] Also announced was a command center being established by the Wyoming Office of Homeland Security and the Wyoming Department of Health,[825] while the Natrona County Health Officer issued an order to cancel the 2020 Wyoming High School Class 3A/4A Basketball Championships that were in progress.[826] Additionally, the 2020 Wyoming Democratic caucuses were modified to remove any in-person part of the caucuses, and move to mail ballots and drop off ballots.[827]

On March 13, Governor Gordon issued Executive Order 2020–2 to declare a State of Emergency in order to access funding issued by Congress.[828] The Order allows for the use of the Wyoming National Guard along with giving additional powers to the Director of the Office of Homeland Security, the Adjutant General, and the Director of the Wyoming Department of Health.[829] Additionally, the Wyoming High School Activities Association Board of Directors postponed spring sports to at least the 28th, with the exception of the Class 4A and Class 3A Basketball Championships which would stay cancelled.[830] Spring break extensions were announced for Casper College and Laramie County Community College and classes at Eastern Wyoming College were cancelled for a week.[831]

On March 15, Governor Gordon and Wyoming State Superintendent Jillian Balow issued a joint recommendation that all Wyoming school close to reduce the spread of the virus.[832] This led to several school districts to announce closings, including Natrona County School District, Laramie County School District, and Teton County School District.[833][834] Additionally, Sheridan Memorial Hospital issued a press release suspending elective surgeries,[835] the Casper Recreation Center had its activities suspended,[836] and the Boys and Girls Clubs of Central Wyoming cancelled club activities and sports leagues up to April 5 and closed all open locations until schools started to reopen.[837] Evansville restricted government facilities to the public, postponed all court dates, and limited Town Council meetings.[838]

On March 28, Jackson issued a stay-at-home order effective until April 17.[839] Surrounding Teton County later issued a shelter-in-place order for vulnerable populations effective until April 17.[840]

On March 30, Teton County issued a public health order limiting public gatherings.[841] The next day, Jackson repealed its order, considering the county order to be effectively a stay-at-home order.[842]

Territories[edit]

American Samoa[edit]

On March 3, travel restrictions were planned.[843]

On March 4, Health Advisory passed that takes effect March 9. American Samoa will not be issuing any new government travel authorizations.[844][845]

On March 10, Health Advisory modified, US passport holders and the residents travelling from US states with Covid-19 cases will now have to spend 14 days in Hawai'i and obtain a health clearance three days before arrival. Flight restrictions has been canceled, though cruise ships are now banned.[846]

On March 11, governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga established government task force to provide a comprehensive action plan for American Samoa.[847]

Guam[edit]

On March 13, A.B. Won Pat International Airport begins temperature testing.[848]

On March 14, Public health emergency declared. Public senior centers closed; gatherings of more than 100 people prohibited.[849]

On March 16, authorities of Guam shut down for 14 days, including all schools.[850]

On March 19, Governor Lou Leon Guerrero issued an executive order mandating social isolation measures and limiting nonessential business.[851] On March 24, she extended the mandate through April 13 and urged residents to stay at home.[852]

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

Flights from China and Hong Kong were cancelled in early February,[853] leading to a drawdown in tourists to the island of Saipan and subsequently an economic crisis which triggered an austerity.[854] By March 12, a task force was in place to manage the austerity measures put into place.[855]

As a precautionary measure on March 17, Governor Ralph Torres shut schools and government offices.[856] The continuation of daily United Airlines' nonstop flights from Guam 120 miles away led to all arriving individuals suspected of coronavirus symptoms to be placed in quarantine at the Kanoa Resort.[857] The first death from coronavirus in the CNMI occurred on March 30 at Kanoa Resort.[858]

Virgin Islands[edit]

Testing on the islands began March 3, with the first three tests sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta.[859] On March 13, Royal Caribbean's Grandeur of the Seas’ was denied entry to the islands outside of allowing an injured patient to be removed from the ship.[860]

  • March 13–30 "VI Montessori School and International Academy to Close"[861]
  • "All UVI Graduate and Undergraduate Classes to be Held Online"[862]

On March 23, Governor Albert Bryan issued a stay-at-home order effective March 25 until April 6.[85]

Indian nations[edit]

On March 19, the Wiyot Tribe issued a shelter-in-place order on the Table Bluff Reservation effective March 20 to April 7.[863]

The Navajo Nation imposed a stay-at-home order on the entire reservation, the largest reservation in the country, on March 20.[864] The Navajo Nation reissued this order on March 24.[865]

The Northern Cheyenne and Crow Indian reservations in Montana imposed curfews.[864]

On March 21, the Makah Reservation in northwestern Washington State issued a shelter-in-place order.[866] On March 22, the Lummi Nation also announced a shelter in place order after five cases in the area were confirmed, including two members of the tribe.[867]

On March 23, the Red Lake Indian Reservation in northwestern Minnesota issued a shelter-in-place order and curfew for 30 days.[868] The Southern Ute Indian Reservation in southwestern Colorado issued a stay-at-home advisory.[869] On March 26, the reservation closed its borders and replaced its stay-at-home advisory with a mandatory order.[870]

On March 23, the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho tribes issued a joint stay-at-home directive for the Wind River Indian Reservation.[871] The Quinault Indian Nation issued a shelter-in-place order for the Quinault Reservation until further notice.[872]

On March 24, the Nooksack Tribe issued a shelter-in-place order effective March 24 until April 7.[873] The Swinomish Tribe issued a stay-at-home order for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community effective March 25 through April 6.[874]

On March 26, the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 until further notice.[875] The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes issued a shelter-in-place order for the Flathead Indian Reservation effective March 26.[876]

On March 27, the Crow Tribe of Montana and Northern Cheyenne Tribe issued stay-at-home orders for the Crow and Northern Cheyenne Indian reservations, respectively, effective March 28 through April 10.[877] The Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho issued a stay-at-home order effective until further notice.[878] The Shoshone-Bannock tribes issued a stay-at-home order for the Fort Hall Indian Reservation effective until April 17.[879] The Coeur d'Alene Reservation issued a stay-at-home order.[880] The Rosebud Sioux Tribe issued a shelter-in-place order for the Rosebud Indian Reservation (which is coterminous with Todd County, South Dakota).[881]

All 22 tribes in Arizona, including the Ak-Chin Indian Community, Gila River Indian Community, Hualapai Tribe, Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community, and Tohono O'odham Nation, have declared states of emergency, closed facilities and casinos, and limited governmental business to essential functions, among other measures.[882]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Mervosh, Sarah; Lu, Denise (March 23, 2020). "See Which States and Cities Have Told Residents to Stay at Home". The New York Times. Retrieved March 23, 2020.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Martineau, Paris (March 23, 2020). "What's a 'Shelter in Place' Order, and Who's Affected?". Wired News. Retrieved March 24, 2020.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "New York, California and other states plan for reopening as coronavirus crisis eases". April 14, 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  3. ^ Sgueglia, Kristina (April 17, 2020). "7 Midwestern governors announce their states will coordinate on reopening – CNNPolitics". Cnn.com. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
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  5. ^ Aggressive new restrictions in effect as Alabama’s COVID-19 cases rise to 78 WSFA / Gray Television
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  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay Mervosh, Sarah; Lu, Denise; Swales, Vanessa (March 31, 2020). "See Which States and Cities Have Told Residents to Stay at Home". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
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