Vietnam Border Guard

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Vietnam Border Guard
Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam
Vietnam Border Defense Force.png
Country Vietnam
Allegiance Communist Party of Vietnam[1]
TypeBorder guard
Part of Vietnam People's Army
HeadquartersHa Noi, Vietnam
Motto(s)Đồn là nhà, Biên giới là quê hương, Đồng bào các dân tộc là anh em ruột thịt (The post is our home, The border is our country, Our compatriots are our siblings )
Colour   Forest Green
MarchHành khúc Bộ đội biên phòng (Border Guard marches)
Anniversaries3 March 1959 (date of establishment)
EngagementsVietnam War
Cambodian-Vietnamese War
Sino-Vietnamese War
MT Orkim Harmony hijacking
DecorationsVietnam Hero ribbon.png Vietnam Gold Star ribbon.png Vietnam Hochiminh Order ribbon.png Vietnam Independence Order ribbon.png Vietnam Military Exploit Order ribbon.png
CommanderMajor General Lê Đức Thái
Political CommissarLieutenant General Đỗ Danh Vượng
Chief of StaffMajor General Lê Quang Đạo
RoundelVietnam Border Defense Force roundel.png
FlagVietnam Border Defense Force flag.svg
EmblemVietnam Border Defense Force Vector.png
AwardsHero of the People's Armed ForcesHero of the People's Armed ForcesGold Star Order (Vietnam)Ho Chi Minh OrderOrder of IndependenceMilitary Exploit Order

Vietnam Border Guard (Vietnamese: Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam) or Vietnam Border Defence Force is branch of the Vietnam People's Army. It is responsible for management and protection of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, order and national boundaries on the mainland, islands, sea and at the gate as shall by law and is a force members in provincial areas of defence, border districts of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[2]


On 19 November 1958, the Politburo of the Workers Party of Vietnam decided to unite national defence forces and army units whose missions were domestic protection, border protection, beach defence, boundary security, and other forces in charge of guarding domestic international borders, under the management of the Police Department, and named them the Guard forces. Guard forces including Border Guard and Homeland Guard.[2][3]

According to the resolution of the Politburo, Border Guard is responsible for:

  • Opportune repress spies, commandos, bandits, sea pirates and small cliques other destructive activities in cross-border, border, coast;
  • Heavily attack on any army infringe upon national borders, to cope with all activities of war while waiting for the army come to reinforce;
  • Prevent and punish smugglers on border areas;
  • Implementing regulations on cross-border promulgated by the government of Socialist Republic of Vietnam and control of cross-border traffic (including cars, people, baggage, goods, works and cultural objects from other users in Vietnam brought out abroad and brought into Vietnam);
  • Safety protect people's life and property and the State's property, the treasure, cooperatives, public schools, farms, in the border areas, against bandits, sea pirates, rangers surprised attack.

Homeland Guard is responsible for (this task transferred to police protection under the General Department of Police, Ministry of Public Security):

  • Suppress all destructive activities of the small fee, parachuting spies and violence, destruction of the other counter-revolutionary cliques;
  • Protect the headquarters, the leader of the Party and State, the diplomatic missions, international leaders and foreign guests visiting to Vietnam;
  • Protect factories, mines, warehouses important, the centre of important contact information, clues and important transport axis, and an important transport, cultural facilities, science and Art is important;
  • Protect Capital, cities and towns is important, protecting the rallies by the central government regulations, executive orders curfew as needed and the people's police to maintain order general security;
  • Guarding the camps, prisons, escorting political prisoners and criminal matter, the hearing protection.

On 3 March 1959, the Prime Minister of Vietnam signed Decision No. 100 - TTg on the establishment of an armed force in charge of border protection and domestic, to be known as the People's Armed Police, set under the leadership of the Ministry of Public Security. This date is taken as the date of establishment of the Vietnam Border Guard.

Ceremony set up the People's Armed Police was held on the evening of 28 March 1959, at 19 hours, at the Military Club, Hanoi.

By the end of 1979 the People's Armed Police was renamed Border Guard and transferred under the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). In 1988, the Border Guard moved to directly under the Ministry of Interior until late in 1995, then moved to the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam).[2]


Border Guard is the core force in charge, in co-ordination with other armed forces, localities and departments concerned and depend on people to manage, protect borders, maintaining security political, social order and safety in the border areas, maintaining the external border. Border Guard operates under the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the international treaties relating to the sovereignty, national security and border on the mainland, islands, seas and border gates that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed or acceded to.[2]


The organisational system of Border Guard includes three levels: Command (Central), Command provinces; Border posts.

Command of Border Guard

  • General Staff
  • Political Department
  • Department of Logistics
  • Technology and Equipment Department
  • Department of Reconnaissance
  • Department of Drug Prevention
  • Border Crossings Department
  • Office of the Command
  • 21st Information Regiment
  • Border Guard Academy
  • Border Guard School

Border Command of the Provinces and Municipalities of Vietnam

Border posts

  • Border Guard Squadrons
  • Border Guard Flotillas


Flag Officers Field Grade Officers Company Grade Officers
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Captain.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force SubLieutenant.jpg
Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy
Lieutenant General Major General Senior Colonel Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Sub-lieutenant Ensign
Officer cadet NCOs Soldiers
Vietnam Border Defense Force student officer.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant major.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Corporal.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force First Private.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Second Private.jpg
Học viên Sĩ quan Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì
Officer Cadet Sergeant Major Sergeant Corporal Private 1st class Private


  1. ^ Giap, Vo Nguyen (1970). Oath of Honor. ISBN 9780853451938. Retrieved 31 October 2015. To sacrifice himself undeservedly for the fatherland, fight for the cause of national independence and socialism, under the leadership of the Vietnam Workers Party...
  2. ^ a b c d "Khái quát về nhiệm vụ- tổ chức Bộ đội Biên phòng qua các thời kỳ". (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 13 September 2010.
  3. ^ Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam – Wikipedia tiếng Việt, Retrieved 4 March 2012[circular reference]

External links[edit]