Vietnam Border Guard
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|Vietnam Border Guard|
|Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam|
|Allegiance||Communist Party of Vietnam|
|Part of||Vietnam People's Army|
|Headquarters||Ha Noi, Vietnam|
|Motto(s)||Đồn là nhà, Biên giới là quê hương, Đồng bào các dân tộc là anh em ruột thịt (The post is our home, The border is our country, Our compatriots are our siblings )|
|March||Hành khúc Bộ đội biên phòng (Border Guard marches)|
|Anniversaries||3 March 1959 (date of establishment)|
MT Orkim Harmony hijacking
|Commander||Major General Lê Đức Thái|
|Political Commissar||Lieutenant General Đỗ Danh Vượng|
|Chief of Staff||Major General Lê Quang Đạo|
Vietnam Border Guard (Vietnamese: Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam) or Vietnam Border Defence Force is branch of the Vietnam People's Army. It is responsible for management and protection of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, order and national boundaries on the mainland, islands, sea and at the gate as shall by law and is a force members in provincial areas of defence, border districts of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
On 19 November 1958, the Politburo of the Workers Party of Vietnam decided to unite national defence forces and army units whose missions were domestic protection, border protection, beach defence, boundary security, and other forces in charge of guarding domestic international borders, under the management of the Police Department, and named them the Guard forces. Guard forces including Border Guard and Homeland Guard.
According to the resolution of the Politburo, Border Guard is responsible for:
- Opportune repress spies, commandos, bandits, sea pirates and small cliques other destructive activities in cross-border, border, coast;
- Heavily attack on any army infringe upon national borders, to cope with all activities of war while waiting for the army come to reinforce;
- Prevent and punish smugglers on border areas;
- Implementing regulations on cross-border promulgated by the government of Socialist Republic of Vietnam and control of cross-border traffic (including cars, people, baggage, goods, works and cultural objects from other users in Vietnam brought out abroad and brought into Vietnam);
- Safety protect people's life and property and the State's property, the treasure, cooperatives, public schools, farms, in the border areas, against bandits, sea pirates, rangers surprised attack.
Homeland Guard is responsible for (this task transferred to police protection under the General Department of Police, Ministry of Public Security):
- Suppress all destructive activities of the small fee, parachuting spies and violence, destruction of the other counter-revolutionary cliques;
- Protect the headquarters, the leader of the Party and State, the diplomatic missions, international leaders and foreign guests visiting to Vietnam;
- Protect factories, mines, warehouses important, the centre of important contact information, clues and important transport axis, and an important transport, cultural facilities, science and Art is important;
- Protect Capital, cities and towns is important, protecting the rallies by the central government regulations, executive orders curfew as needed and the people's police to maintain order general security;
- Guarding the camps, prisons, escorting political prisoners and criminal matter, the hearing protection.
On 3 March 1959, the Prime Minister of Vietnam signed Decision No. 100 - TTg on the establishment of an armed force in charge of border protection and domestic, to be known as the People's Armed Police, set under the leadership of the Ministry of Public Security. This date is taken as the date of establishment of the Vietnam Border Guard.
Ceremony set up the People's Armed Police was held on the evening of 28 March 1959, at 19 hours, at the Military Club, Hanoi.
By the end of 1979 the People's Armed Police was renamed Border Guard and transferred under the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). In 1988, the Border Guard moved to directly under the Ministry of Interior until late in 1995, then moved to the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam).
Border Guard is the core force in charge, in co-ordination with other armed forces, localities and departments concerned and depend on people to manage, protect borders, maintaining security political, social order and safety in the border areas, maintaining the external border. Border Guard operates under the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the international treaties relating to the sovereignty, national security and border on the mainland, islands, seas and border gates that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed or acceded to.
The organisational system of Border Guard includes three levels: Command (Central), Command provinces; Border posts.
Command of Border Guard
- General Staff
- Political Department
- Department of Logistics
- Technology and Equipment Department
- Department of Reconnaissance
- Department of Drug Prevention
- Border Crossings Department
- Office of the Command
- 21st Information Regiment
- Border Guard Academy
- Border Guard School
Border Command of the Provinces and Municipalities of Vietnam
- Border Guard Squadrons
- Border Guard Flotillas
|Flag Officers||Field Grade Officers||Company Grade Officers|
|Trung tướng||Thiếu tướng||Đại tá||Thượng tá||Trung tá||Thiếu tá||Đại úy||Thượng úy||Trung úy||Thiếu úy|
|Lieutenant General||Major General||Senior Colonel||Colonel||Lieutenant Colonel||Major||Captain||Lieutenant||Sub-lieutenant||Ensign|
|Học viên Sĩ quan||Thượng sĩ||Trung sĩ||Hạ sĩ||Binh nhất||Binh nhì|
|Officer Cadet||Sergeant Major||Sergeant||Corporal||Private 1st class||Private|
- Giap, Vo Nguyen (1970). Oath of Honor. ISBN 9780853451938. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
To sacrifice himself undeservedly for the fatherland, fight for the cause of national independence and socialism, under the leadership of the Vietnam Workers Party...
- "Khái quát về nhiệm vụ- tổ chức Bộ đội Biên phòng qua các thời kỳ". www.bienphongvietnam.vn (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 13 September 2010.
- Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam – Wikipedia tiếng Việt, Retrieved 4 March 2012[circular reference]