Caloocan

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Caloocan
Highly-Urbanized City
Caloocan City Hall
Caloocan City Hall
Official seal of Caloocan
Seal
Nickname(s): The Only Divided City in the Philippines
Motto: Moving from Vision to Victory
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Caloocan City
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Caloocan City
Caloocan is located in Philippines
Caloocan
Caloocan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°39′N 120°58′E / 14.650°N 120.967°E / 14.650; 120.967Coordinates: 14°39′N 120°58′E / 14.650°N 120.967°E / 14.650; 120.967
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Province none (Former part of Rizal province until 1975)
Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Caloocan City
Incorporated (town) 1815
Cityhood 16 February 1962
Barangays 188
Government[1]
 • Mayor Oscar Malapitan (United Nationalist Alliance)
 • Vice Mayor Macario Asistio III (Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area[2]
 • Total 55.80 km2 (21.54 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,489,040
 • Density 27,000/km2 (69,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1400 for Caloocan City Post Office
Dialing code 02
Website caloocancity.gov.ph

The City of Caloocan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Caloocan) is one of the cities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Located north to northeast of the City of Manila, Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,489,040 as of the 2010 census.[3]

Geography[edit]

Caloocan City is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City, Meycauayan City and Marilao in the province of Bulacan. Caloocan's northern part is much larger than its southern half.

Barangays[edit]

Caloocan City is divided into 188 barangays. The city uses a hybrid system for its barangays – all barangays have their corresponding numbers but only a few - mostly in the northern part - have corresponding names.

Among all cities in Metro Manila, only Manila, Pasay City and Caloocan City implement the so-called "Zone Systems". A Zone is a group of barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units, the people do not elect a leader for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal barangay or local elections. The zoning system is merely for stritical purposes. Caloocan City has 16 Zones. The biggest zone in Caloocan is Zone 15 located in District 1 (North Caloocan) directly west of the second biggest zone in Caloocan which is Zone 16.

Barangay Bagong Silang (176) is the largest barangay in the country with a population of 221,874 people.[4]

History[edit]

The ammunition train and reserves of the 20th Kansas Volunteers, Col. Frederick R. Funston, marching through Caloocan at night after the battle of February 10.

The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andrés Bonifacio and his men, and it was within the city's perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.

In 1899 the city saw heavy fighting in the Philippine–American War, at the Battle of Caloocan and the Second Battle of Caloocan.

The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north. During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.

Territorial controversy[edit]

By the 1920s, Caloocan had annexed the neighbouring town of Novaliches, bringing its total area to about 15,000 hectares. When Quezon City was created in 1939, 1,500 hectares of land from Caloocan was to be given to the new capital city. Instead of opposing it, Caloocan residents willingly gave land to Quezon City in the belief it will benefit the country's new capital.

However, in 1949, Congress passed Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary. The barrios of Baesa, Talipapâ, San Bartolomé, Pasong Tamó, Novaliches, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik, which once belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were excised from Caloocan. This caused the division of Caloocan into two parts, the southern section being the urbanised portion, while the northern section becoming suburban-rural.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Caloocan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1975 397,201 —    
1980 467,816 +3.33%
1990 763,415 +5.02%
1995 1,023,159 +6.03%
2000 1,177,604 +2.85%
2007 1,378,856 +2.28%
2010 1,489,040 +2.60%
Source: National Statistics Office[5]

As of 2010, the city has a population of 1,489,040 people which makes it the third largest city in the Philippines in terms of population.[3]

Most residents speak both Filipino and English, with considerable numbers speaking other languages and dialects.

Like many other places in the country, Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in the city. There is a significant presence of Ang Dating Daan, Iglesia ni Cristo and other Protestant churches.

Economy[edit]

Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. Mabini Street.

Numerous banks have branches in the city such as Banco de Oro, East West Bank, MetroBank, Maybank, Chinabank, Bank of the Philippine Islands, Our Lady of Grace Credit Cooperative, etc.

The city also has a number of shopping malls and stand-alone supermarkets and hypermarkets including Victory Central Mall, Puregold Monumento, Araneta Square, Uniwide Warehouse Club Monumento, and SM Hypermarket Monumento which are located in Monumento area in the south; and Zabarte Town Center and Puregold Zabarte, which are located in Barangay 175 Camarin area at the north.

Manila North Tollways Corporation (the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway), is headquartered in Caloocan.

Local government[edit]

List of Mayors and Vice Mayors[edit]

Municipality of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1902–1904 Pedro Sevilla
1904–1906 Silverio Baltazar
1906–1908 Tomas Susano
1908–1910 Leon Nadurata
1910–1913 Emilio Sanchez
1913–1915 Godofredo Herrera
1915–1921 Jose Sanchez
1922–1925 Dominador Aquino
1926–1928 Pablo Pablo
1928–1931 Dominador Aquino
1932–1940 Pablo Pablo
1941–1944 Cornelio Cordero
1945–1946 Oscar Baello
1946–1951 Jesus Basa
1952–1962 Macario Asistio, Sr.
City of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1962–1971 Macario Asistio, Sr.
1972–1976 Marcial Samson
1976–1978 Alejandro Fider
1978–1980 Virgilio Robles
1980–1986 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1986 Virgilio Robles
1986–1988 Antonio Martinez
1988–1995 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1995–2004 Reynaldo Malonzo
2004–2013 Enrico Echiverri
2013–2016 Oscar Malapitan
City of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Vice-Mayor
1988-1992 Celestino Rosca
1992-1995 Reynaldo Malonzo
1995-1998 Nancy Quimpo
1998–2001 Oscar Malapitan
2001-2010 Luis Varela
2010–2013 Edgar Erice
2013–2016 Macario Asistio, III

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Balintawak Toll Barrier of the North Luzon Expressway is located in Caloocan City.

The LRT-1 has a terminal at Monumento that passes through the city's 5th Avenue LRT Station. The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension and enters the City of Manila and Pasay City. The whole stretch can be travelled in about 30 minutes. Philippine National Railways also has a line, with its terminal at Samson Road, and passes through Caloocan railway station, Asistio Avenue railway station, & C-3 railway station.

The city has an extensive network of roads, the most prominent being Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, which begins in the Monumento area. Also, the North Luzon Expressway's Operations and Maintenance Center and the motorway's Balintawak Toll Barrier are in Caloocan City.

Bus line Victory Liner Incorporated has its headquarters and terminal along in Rizal Avenue Extension near the Monumento Station.

Landmarks[edit]

The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument to revolutionary Andrés Bonifacio, which stands on a roundabout at the northern terminus of EDSA. The memorial was erected in 1933, and consists of an obelisk with sculptures by National Artist Guillermo Tolentino. The monument marks the very first battle of the Philippine Revolution on 3 August 1896.

Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 metres away from the landmark. The whole area is known as Monumento.

City hall stands along A. Mabini Avenue in the southern part of the city, across the street from San Roque Parish Cathedral. The old city hall, on the other hand, still stands today in its present location at 9th Avenue. There is also a city hall in the northern part of the city. The city's District Office of the Bureau of Internal Revenue is along EDSA.

Education[edit]

The city's lone public university is the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Polytechnic College). Other educational institution of higher learning are the University of the East - Caloocan, ABE International Business College, Holy Redeemer School of Kalookan, World Citi Colleges, Caloocan Central Elementary School and Manila Central University. Several high schools, such as Caloocan High School, Maria Clara High School, Notre Dame of Greater Manila, Caloocan National Science and Technology High School (the First Ever Science & Technology High School in North Caloocan its students will only be admitted if they passed a competitive examination. Caloocan National Science and Technlogy High School is located on Congressional Road Brgy. 173, Bagumbong, Caloocan City.), Caloocan City Science High School, Caloocan City Business High School, Guardian Angel School, Holy Infant Montessori Center, Saint Benedict School of Novaliches, Saint Andrew School MHANLE Inc., Philippine Cultural College (Annex), Systems Plus Computer College, St. Mary's Academy of Caloocan City, St. Gabriel Academy, St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, Holy Angel School of Caloocan Inc., St. Agnes Academy of Caloocan Inc., St. Therese of Rose School,Young Achievers School of Caloocan St. Joseph College of Novaliches, Maranatha Christian Academy of Caloocan (Camarin), Camarin High School,Bagumbong High School, and the two campuses of La Consolacion College in which one is located in Novaliches in the northern part and the other one is located on the southern part, near the city hall. There is a campus here of Access Computer College, AMA Computer College Campus, a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution.

Sister cities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Province: NCR, THIRD DISTRICT". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "2010 Census of Population and Housing: National Capital Region". National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Background
  5. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 

External links[edit]