Madison, Connecticut

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Madison, Connecticut
Town
Beach on Long Island Sound in Madison
Beach on Long Island Sound in Madison
Official seal of Madison, Connecticut
Seal
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°20′N 72°38′W / 41.333°N 72.633°W / 41.333; -72.633Coordinates: 41°20′N 72°38′W / 41.333°N 72.633°W / 41.333; -72.633
Country United States
State Connecticut
Region South Central Region
Incorporated 1826
Government
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
 • First Selectman Fillmore McPherson
Area
 • Total 36.8 sq mi (95.3 km2)
 • Land 36.2 sq mi (93.8 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation 223 ft (68 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 18,114
 • Density 490/sq mi (190/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06443
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-44560
GNIS feature ID 0213454
Website www.madisonct.org

Madison is a town in the southeastern corner of New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, occupying a central location on Connecticut's Long Island Sound shoreline. The population was 18,269 at the 2010 census.[1]

Madison was first settled in 1641. Throughout the 18th century, Madison was known as East Guilford until it was incorporated as a town in 1826. Since then, Madison and Guilford have shared many cultural and economic similarities despite an unofficial high school rivalry.

Bill Clinton favorably mentions the town in his autobiography, My Life.

Beaches[edit]

Hammonasset Beach State Park possesses the state's longest public beach, with campsites, picnic areas, and a fishing pier, and is extremely popular in the summer causing traffic jams on I-95 on peak days.

Surf Club Beach is the town's major public beach with lifeguards and recreational facilities for baseball, softball, basketball, volleyball, and horseshoes. It features playgrounds for children and picnic tables for families, as well as sailboat and kayak racks. It is also home to several athletic fields, including Strong Field, the town's multi-purpose athletic complex.

East Wharf, sometimes referred to as the "purple sand beach," has life guards, a pier, kayak and sailboat racks in addition to a gazebo.

West Wharf has a pier, rock formations to the west, a small sunbathing beach and boat spaces.

The Madison Beach Club has its own beach and is located near Madison Country Club, a private country club.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.8 square miles (95.3 km²), of which 36.2 square miles (93.8 km²) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), or 1.6%, is water. Madison is bordered by the municipalities of Clinton and Killingworth to the east, Durham to the north, Guilford to the west, and the Long Island Sound to the south.

Principal communities[edit]

  • East River
  • Hammonasset Point
  • Madison Center
  • North Madison
  • Rockland

Madison Center[edit]

Madison's center of town is the main area for businesses and the location of the town library and Madison Green Historic District. Madison Center is a census-designated place, with a population of 2,290 at the 2010 census.[2] The center has many boutiques and coffee shops. Although it is called "the center," it is not the geographic center of Madison, but is located in the southern part of town halfway between Clinton and Guilford.

Education[edit]

Madison Public Schools serve grades K-12 and include Ryerson Elementary School, Island Avenue Elementary School, Jeffery Elementary School, Brown Middle School, Polson Middle School, and Daniel Hand High School. Year-round residents boast of a superior school system, an expansive recreational program and many opportunities for volunteer work.[citation needed]

Private elementary schools in Madison include Our Lady of Mercy School, The Country School, and The Grove School.

E.C. Scranton Memorial Library[edit]

E.C. Scranton Memorial Library, about 1906

The E.C. Scranton Memorial Library was a 1901 gift to the townspeople from Mary Scranton. The original building was designed by architect Henry Bacon, who later designed the Lincoln Memorial. Currently this popular library features 114,000 volumes and has an average of 360 visits per day and 860 programs per year. A 1906 postcard shows the library as it appeared at that time. After an expansion in 1989, the main building (in the postcard at right) became the children's section, and the expansion to the right of the main door became the main entrance.

Demographics[edit]

The beach at sunset

As of the 2000 census,[3] there were 17,858 people, 6,515 households, and 5,120 families residing in the town. The population density was 493.3 people per square mile (190.5/km²). There were 7,386 housing units at an average density of 204.0 per square mile (78.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.62% White, 0.40% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

There were 6,515 households, out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

The town's population was distributed with 28.2% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $87,497, and the median income for a family was $101,297. Males had a median income of $73,525 versus $41,058 for females. The per capita income for the town was $40,537. About 0.9% of families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.5% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 29, 2013[4]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
  Republican 4,138 150 4,288 29.97%
  Democratic 3,536 134 3,670 25.65%
  Unaffiliated 5,570 240 5,810 40.61%
  Minor Parties 84 1 85 0.59%
Total 13,696 610 14,306 100%

Transportation[edit]

Madison is served by the Shore Line East railroad, with service to New Haven's Union Station to the west and the Old Saybrook Train Station to the east, facilitating connections to the MTA's Metro-North Railroad and Amtrak's Northeast Regional line. Similarly, the Estuary Transit District provides public transportation between Madison Center and Old Saybrook along U.S. Route 1 through its "9 Town Transit" service, and the Connecticut Transit S bus travels between Madison and New Haven for $1.50 each way.

Major roads include Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1, and state highway Routes 79 and 80.

List of National Historic Sites in Madison[edit]

Notable people, past and present[edit]

Sunset over the beach in Madison

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]