Beach on Long Island Sound in Madison
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
|Region||South Central Region|
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First Selectman||Fillmore McPherson|
|• Total||36.8 sq mi (95.3 km2)|
|• Land||36.2 sq mi (93.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||223 ft (68 m)|
|• Density||490/sq mi (190/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213454|
Madison is a town in the southeastern corner of New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, occupying a central location on Connecticut's Long Island Sound shoreline. The population was 18,269 at the 2010 census.
Madison was first settled in 1641. Throughout the 18th century, Madison was known as East Guilford until it was incorporated as a town in 1826. Since then, Madison and Guilford have shared many cultural and economic similarities despite an unofficial high school rivalry.
Hammonasset Beach State Park possesses the state's longest public beach, with campsites, picnic areas, and a fishing pier, and is extremely popular in the summer causing traffic jams on I-95 on peak days.
Surf Club Beach is the town's major public beach with lifeguards and recreational facilities for baseball, softball, basketball, volleyball, and horseshoes. It features playgrounds for children and picnic tables for families, as well as sailboat and kayak racks. It is also home to several athletic fields, including Strong Field, the town's multi-purpose athletic complex.
East Wharf, sometimes referred to as the "purple sand beach," has life guards, a pier, kayak and sailboat racks in addition to a gazebo.
West Wharf has a pier, rock formations to the west, a small sunbathing beach and boat spaces.
The Madison Beach Club has its own beach and is located near Madison Country Club, a private country club.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.8 square miles (95.3 km²), of which 36.2 square miles (93.8 km²) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), or 1.6%, is water. Madison is bordered by the municipalities of Clinton and Killingworth to the east, Durham to the north, Guilford to the west, and the Long Island Sound to the south.
- East River
- Hammonasset Point
- Madison Center
- North Madison
Madison's center of town is the main area for businesses and the location of the town library and Madison Green Historic District. Madison Center is a census-designated place, with a population of 2,290 at the 2010 census. The center has many boutiques and coffee shops. Although it is called "the center," it is not the geographic center of Madison, but is located in the southern part of town halfway between Clinton and Guilford.
Madison Public Schools serve grades K-12 and include Ryerson Elementary School, Island Avenue Elementary School, Jeffery Elementary School, Brown Middle School, Polson Middle School, and Daniel Hand High School. Year-round residents boast of a superior school system, an expansive recreational program and many opportunities for volunteer work.
Private elementary schools in Madison include Our Lady of Mercy School, The Country School, and The Grove School.
E.C. Scranton Memorial Library
The E.C. Scranton Memorial Library was a 1901 gift to the townspeople from Mary Scranton. The original building was designed by architect Henry Bacon, who later designed the Lincoln Memorial. Currently this popular library features 114,000 volumes and has an average of 360 visits per day and 860 programs per year. A 1906 postcard shows the library as it appeared at that time. After an expansion in 1989, the main building (in the postcard at right) became the children's section, and the expansion to the right of the main door became the main entrance.
As of the 2000 census, there were 17,858 people, 6,515 households, and 5,120 families residing in the town. The population density was 493.3 people per square mile (190.5/km²). There were 7,386 housing units at an average density of 204.0 per square mile (78.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.62% White, 0.40% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.
There were 6,515 households, out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.
The town's population was distributed with 28.2% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $87,497, and the median income for a family was $101,297. Males had a median income of $73,525 versus $41,058 for females. The per capita income for the town was $40,537. About 0.9% of families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.5% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
Madison is served by the Shore Line East railroad, with service to New Haven's Union Station to the west and the Old Saybrook Train Station to the east, facilitating connections to the MTA's Metro-North Railroad and Amtrak's Northeast Regional line. Similarly, the Estuary Transit District provides public transportation between Madison Center and Old Saybrook along U.S. Route 1 through its "9 Town Transit" service, and the Connecticut Transit S bus travels between Madison and New Haven for $1.50 each way.
List of National Historic Sites in Madison
- Allis-Bushnell House, added February 25, 1982
- Deacon John Grave House, added June 28, 1982
- Hammanasset Paper Mill Site, added February 23, 1996
- Madison Green Historic District, added June 28, 1982
- Meigs-Bishop House, added June 16, 1988
- Jonathan Murray House, added April 12, 1982
- Shelley House, added February 9, 1989
- State Park Supply Yard, added September 4, 1986
Notable people, past and present
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
- Jill Abramson, editor of the New York Times
- Sally Benson, writer of Meet Me in St. Louis
- Elizabeth Bentley, Soviet spy
- Mac Bohonnon, Olympic skier
- Cornelius Bushnell, financier for the ironclad ship USS Monitor and a railroad pioneer and investor
- Jim Calhoun (b. 1942), head coach of the Connecticut Huskies men's basketball team
- Thomas Chittenden, founder of the independent Vermont Republic and first Governor of the state of Vermont
- Douglas Clayton, global frontier investment pioneer
- Ranulf Compton (1878–1974), congressman from Connecticut
- Frank Duryea, inventor and builder of the first American gasoline-powered automobile
- Peter Hastings Falk, expert on American art
- John Gunther, author of Death Be Not Proud and Inside Europe
- Arnold Jackson, Olympic track gold medalist and World War I brigadier general in the British army
- Dr. Edwin D. Kilbourne, developer of influenza vaccines
- Charles Kullman, tenor with the Metropolitan Opera
- Rob Moroso, NASCAR driver
- Westbrook Pegler, anti-New Deal columnist
- Jacques Pépin, celebrity chef
- Edgar Snow, journalist, author, and Cold War-era China expert
- Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer
- Grover Whalen, politician and public relations genius known as "Mr. New York"
- Wheeler Williams (1897–1972), sculptor
- Laurence Witten, antiquarian collector and dealer who sold the Vinland map to Yale University
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Madison town, New Haven County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Madison Center CDP, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madison, Connecticut.|
- Town of Madison official website
- E.C. Scranton Memorial Library
- Madison Historical Society
- Madison Chamber of Commerce
- Madison Exchange Club
- Madison Rotary Club
- North Madison Volunteer Fire Company