Middletown, Ohio

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For the community in Crawford County, see Middletown, Crawford County, Ohio.
Middletown, Ohio
City
Aerial view of Middletown
Aerial view of Middletown
Motto: "Bright past, brighter future"
Location of Middletown, Ohio
Location of Middletown, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°30′N 84°23′W / 39.500°N 84.383°W / 39.500; -84.383Coordinates: 39°30′N 84°23′W / 39.500°N 84.383°W / 39.500; -84.383
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Butler, Warren
Area[1]
 • Total 26.43 sq mi (68.45 km2)
 • Land 26.19 sq mi (67.83 km2)
 • Water 0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation[2] 656 ft (200 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 48,694
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 48,702
 • Density 1,859.3/sq mi (717.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 45042-45044
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-49840[5]
GNIS feature ID 1061519[2]
Website http://www.cityofmiddletown.org/

Middletown is a city located in Butler and Warren counties in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Formerly in Lemon, Turtlecreek, and Franklin townships, Middletown was incorporated by the Ohio General Assembly on February 11, 1833, and became a city in 1886.

The population of Middletown as of the 2010 census was 48,694.[6] It is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.[7]

The city was the home of AK Steel Holding Corporation (formerly Armco), a major steel works founded in 1900 until offices were moved to West Chester Township, Ohio in 2007, but AK Steel's factory still resides in Middletown. Middletown contains a small municipal airport known as Hook Field, (airport code MWO), but is no longer served by commercial airlines, only general aviation. A regional campus of Miami University is located in Middletown. In 1957, Middletown was designated as an All-America City.[8]

Name[edit]

The city's name is believed to have been given by its founder, Stephen Vail, but questions remain unanswered as to why. One local historian stated that the city received its name because Mr. Vail had come from Middletown, New Jersey. Another writer believed that the city was named Middletown because it was the midway point of navigation on the Great Miami River, which was then considered a navigable stream. Another theory is credited to the city being roughly half way between Dayton and Cincinnati.[9] Vail centered the city in Fractional Section 28 of Town 2, Range 4 North. One of the first settlers in Middletown was Daniel Doty who migrated there from New Jersey in the late 18th century.

Geography[edit]

Middletown is located at 39°30′N 84°23′W (39.5060, -84.3759).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.43 square miles (68.45 km2), of which, 26.19 square miles (67.83 km2) is land and 0.24 square miles (0.62 km2) is water.[1]

Middletown adjoins the Great Miami River. Middletown also borders the cities of Franklin, Monroe, Trenton, and Liberty and Madison Townships.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,087
1860 2,070 90.4%
1870 3,046 47.1%
1880 4,538 49.0%
1890 7,681 69.3%
1900 9,215 20.0%
1910 13,152 42.7%
1920 23,584 79.3%
1930 29,992 27.2%
1940 31,220 4.1%
1950 33,695 7.9%
1960 42,115 25.0%
1970 48,767 15.8%
1980 43,719 −10.4%
1990 46,758 7.0%
2000 51,605 10.4%
2010 48,694 −5.6%
Est. 2012 48,702 0.0%
Sources:[10][11][5][12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 48,694 people, 20,238 households, and 12,505 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,859.3 inhabitants per square mile (717.9 /km2). There were 23,296 housing units at an average density of 889.5 per square mile (343.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.3% White, 11.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 20,238 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 51,605 people, 21,469 households, and 13,933 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,011.4 people per square mile (776.5/km2). There were 23,144 housing units at an average density of 902.1 per square mile (348.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.98% White, 10.59% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 21,469 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,215, and the median income for a family was $43,867. Males had a median income of $35,705 versus $23,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,773. About 9.2% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Pop Culture[edit]

Middletown, OH is referenced in the book "Ready Player One" By Ernest Cline. It is used as the location of the birthplace of the Gaming Mogul Halliday in the book.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  7. ^ Statistical and Science Policy Branch, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget (December 1, 2009). METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS(OMB Bulletin No. 10-02). p. 28. 
  8. ^ "Fear, caution, patriotism watchwords in Middletown". 
  9. ^ Peacefull, Leonard (1996). "A Geography of Ohio". Kent State University Press. p. 217. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]