Chinese university ranking (Wu Shulian)

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The Chinese university ranking is a ranking of universities in Mainland China compiled by Wu Shulian, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Management Science (unconfirmed). He has been studying "Chinese University Ranking" since 1991 and leader of "Chinese University Ranking Research Group".

Introduction[edit]

The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Chinese University Alumni Association, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and many other academic organizations constantly ranks universities in mainland China and in the World in many aspects/fields, including the general ranking, rankings of engineering, natural sciences, medicine, social sciences, law, philosophy, management, etc. This college ranking has met with controversies in China, and counters criticisms that its biased metrics debase many highly respected universities but inflate many second-tier universities.

The leader of this university ranking program is Wu Shulian, who's claimed to be a researcher at the Academy (Guangdong branch). However, his position has not been confirmed by the Chinese Academy of Management Science.[1][2] There are not much information about the ranking team. Some sources claim that the team leader Wu Shulian was born in Shandong, studied electronic engineering at Tsinghua University and got master degree of management engineering from Zhejiang University.

The methodology of this ranking is quite similar to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. As any university ranking, this ranking has also continuously suffered with numerous criticisms.

Top 100 universities[edit]

Top 100 universities out of 2,236 colleges and universities (general/integrated ranking) since 2002 are as below. The rank in 1996, one of the earliest ranks, is provided.

University (membership of C9 League/Project 985) 1996 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Zhejiang University (C9-985) 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1
Peking University (C9-985) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Tsinghua University (C9-985) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (C9-985) 21 7 7 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Fudan University (C9-985) 7 4 4 4 5 6 6 6 5 5 5
Nanjing University (C9-985) 3 6 6 5 6 5 5 5 6 6 6
Wuhan University (985) 20 9 9 8 8 8 9 10 7 8 7
Sun Yat-sen University (985) 19 10 11 10 10 12 12 8 9 7 8
University of Science and Technology of China (C9-985) 12 15 15 11 13 11 7 7 13 16 17
Huazhong University of Science and Technology (985) 8 5 5 7 7 7 8 9 8 9 11
Jilin University (985) 15 8 8 9 9 9 11 11 12 12 12
Xi'an Jiaotong University (C9-985) 5 12 12 14 12 10 10 12 14 14 15
Sichuan University (985) 27 13 10 12 11 13 13 13 10 10 9
Harbin Institute of Technology (C9-985) 6 11 13 13 14 14 14 14 11 11 10
Nankai University (985) 25 19 19 18 17 17 16 15 16 15 14
Shandong University (985) 23 14 14 15 15 15 15 16 15 13 13
Beijing Normal University (985) 43 25 22 20 19 19 18 17 20 20 22
Tianjin University (985) 18 18 16 16 16 16 17 18 21 22 20
Central South University (985) 32 16 17 17 18 18 19 19 17 17 16
Southeast University (985) 9 21 20 21 22 23 20 20 18 19 19
Renmin University of China (985) 44 35 28 26 24 20 22 21 19 18 21
Beihang University (985) 14 22 23 23 23 22 23 22 25 27 27
Xiamen University (985) 42 24 25 22 21 21 21 23 26 23 23
Dalian University of Technology (985) 11 30 26 27 27 25 24 24 22 21 18
Tongji University (985) 29 23 21 24 26 24 26 25 23 25 25
South China University of Technology (985) 35 20 24 25 25 27 27 26 24 24 24
Chongqing University (985) 34 33 31 30 29 28 28 27 27 26 26
Lanzhou University (985) 33 41 42 32 33 31 30 28 29 29 29
Northwestern Polytechnical University (985) 10 26 29 28 28 26 25 29 28 28 28
East China Normal University (985) 39 36 34 33 32 30 29 30 31 33 33
Beijing Institute of Technology (985) 50 32 36 37 35 33 31 31 30 30 30
China Agricultural University (985) 13 29 30 31 30 29 32 32 33 31 31
Hunan University (985) 38 45 43 43 40 34 33 33 32 32 32
Northeastern University (985) 22 27 27 29 31 32 34 34 46 46 46
Zhengzhou University 51 44 44 44 39 36 35 35 35 34 34
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics 17 52 47 45 44 39 36 36 36 37 36
East China University of Science and Technology 31 34 35 36 36 38 38 37 34 35 35
Soochow University 64 37 39 39 38 35 37 38 42 36 37
Nanjing Agricultural University 47 50 50 49 45 42 40 39 40 39 38
Wuhan University of Technology 63 38 38 42 42 40 39 40 39 42 42
Shanghai University 49 43 45 52 54 50 43 41 38 38 41
University of Science and Technology Beijing 26 40 40 38 43 43 42 42 50 49 51
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (985) 37 56 56 48 49 47 48 43 37 40 39
Southwest University 93 91 79 51 51 46 45 41 43 43
Northeast Normal University 36 58 60 59 58 54 49 43 43 44 44
Xidian University 46 53 55 47 46 45 44 46 47 45 45
Northwest A&F University (985) 57 49 54 52 49 53 47 49 48 48
Jinan University 84 49 51 53 48 44 47 48 54 52 49
Nanjing University of Science and Technology 30 46 46 46 50 48 51 49 48 47 47
Huazhong Normal University 52 54 57 58 57 55 50 50 45 58 67
Weifang University 55 52 55 55 53 55 51 51 54 53
China University of Mining and Technology 24 31 33 35 41 41 45 52 53 85 87
Nanjing Normal University 70 47 48 51 53 52 52 53 64 51 54
Yangzhou University 74 51 54 57 60 57 57 54 44 41 40
Huazhong Agricultural University 69 60 58 56 56 56 62 55 61 65 58
Northwest University 95 48 53 50 47 46 54 56 62 61 63
Ocean University of China (985) 54 64 65 60 59 58 56 57 60 57 56
Hunan Normal University 62 61 61 66 65 60 61 58 59 62 68
Beijing Jiaotong University 53 66 67 73 70 62 60 59 52 55 57
South China Normal University 61 65 66 62 61 59 59 60 56 59 62
Beijing University of Chemical Technology 75 86 74 69 66 61 58 61 57 56 55
Shaanxi Normal University 80 84 83 75 71 67 63 62 66 60 60
Nanchang University 97 71 73 88 68 66 65 63 63 63 61
Shanxi University 80 72 64 64 63 64 64 69 68 70
Hohai University 85 81 70 71 69 64 66 65 67 66 64
Beijing University of Technology 81 59 64 68 74 74 67 66 65 64 65
South China Agricultural University 83 70 75 65 62 69 68 67 82 79 77
Jiangnan University 101+ 101+ 101+ 94 85 73 68 58 53 52
Donghua University 75 86 84 77 82 75 69 55 50 50
Nanjing University of Technology 72 63 67 75 70 70 70 77 80 78
Fuzhou University 69 77 83 79 72 72 71 83 77 74
China University of Geosciences (Wuhan, Hubei Province) 42 37 41 34 65 69 72 72 72 73
Yanshan University 91 79 81 82 75 74 73 73 73 75
Henan University 59 97 101+ 93 87 83 77 74 71 67 66
Zhejiang University of Technology 100 92 91 91 88 80 75 74 70 71
Harbin Engineering University 90 96 89 78 78 79 71 76 81 75 69
Hebei University 82 81 86 81 77 76 77 80 78 80
Jiangsu University 73 71 77 83 81 79 78 75 74 72
Shandong Agricultural University 23 87 80 76 76 73 81 79 93 101+ 101+
Hefei University of Technology 68 79 85 87 86 87 78 80 68 71 76
Xiangtan University 98 89 93 89 90 89 85 81 78 83 82
Capital University of Medical Sciences 63 59 61 63 68 82 82 70 69 59
China University of Petroleum (Qingdao, Shandong Province) 48 39 41 40 37 37 41 83 85 84 89
Yunnan University 67 69 72 72 78 83 84 79 76 79
Zhongnan University of Economics and Law 74 62 74 80 76 86 85 86 90 88
China Medical University 62 68 63 67 71 87 86 101+ 101+ 101+
Southern Medical University 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 80 88 87 98 101+ 101+
China University of Geosciences (Beijing) 42 37 41 34 91 89 88 89 88 93
North China Electric Power University 101+ 95 101+ 100 94 92 89 76 81 84
Shanghai University of Finance and Economics 85 76 85 84 90 90 90 88 82 83
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications 89 94 100 92 85 86 84 91 87 87 81
China Pharmaceutical University 101+ 101+ 101+ 96 101+ 97 92 90 94 85
Shandong Normal University 65 99 97 94 97 95 91 93 95 101+ 101+
Heilongjiang University 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 96 94 94 92 91
Capital Normal University 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 95 92 93 95
Shanghai Normal University 98 96 97 101+ 101+ 98 96 95 95 96
Anhui University 95 98 98 101+ 101+ 99 97 101+ 101+ 100
Fujian Normal University 77 92 101+ 101+ 101+ 101+ 100 98 101+ 101+ 101+
Taiyuan University of Technology 79 88 84 80 89 99 101+ 99 101+ 101+ 101+
Kunming University of Science and Technology 83 90 90 95 93 93 100 101+ 101+ 101+

Notes:

Controversies[edit]

In 2009, the leader of this university ranking program, Mr. Wu Shulian, was reported to have been involved in a fee-for-ranking scandal, involving universities being able to pay money to the ranking program in order to boost their rankings.[3] Consequently, the creditability of his ranking came under criticism.

The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China strongly opposes all university rankings, especially those based on payment of “fees”, a ministry spokeswoman Xu Mei said. The sharp comments came in response to a recent story that Chengdu University of Technology (CDUT) had possibly paid to climb the “China university rankings” table.[4] The university had invited “program director” Wu Shulian to lecture in 2004 and in 2006, a source at the university told the Beijing-based People’s Daily. After Wu had received his 50,000 yuan “remittance”, the school’s ranking rose from 116 in 2004 to 92 in 2007. It fell to 103 in 2009, People's Daily reported.[2]

A study (referred as the study within this paragraph) by anonymous group from Chinese University of Science and Technology showed that California Institute of Technology would rank out of this Chinese university ranking if calculated by Wu Shulian's ranking standard, which was considered ridiculous.[5] This widespread controversy has greatly affected the credit of this ranking program and has been reported by many medias.[6][7] Mr. Wu Shuliang officially responded with published paper in Higher Education Development and Evaluation,[8][9] addressing several important mistakes made by the study. The mistakes include failure to correctly use Mr. Wu Shuliang's ranking method, failure to show the calculation process and thus cannot be repeated, inappropriate publishing classified data by Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, inappropriate use of unavailable/non-equivalent indices/scores for California Institute of Technology which constitutes 78.79% of total indices/scores.[10][11] Mr. Wu Shuliang's paper shows California Institute of Technology clearly ranks much higher than any of Chinese Universities using his published method with proper treatment.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 武书连简介(图)
  2. ^ a b Ya, Wen, "Universities in fee-for-ranking scandal", The Global Times, May 7, 2009
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Top Universities, Education section of Sina News
  5. ^ 王磊 (May 15, 2012). 加州理工排不进"武书连大学排行榜"前五百. China Youth Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved August 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ http://edu.qq.com/a/20120515/000010.htm
  7. ^ http://sc.sina.com.cn/edu/info/gaokao/2012-05-15/114021121.html
  8. ^ http://edu.qq.com/a/20120928/000272.htm
  9. ^ http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4b2cb00e0102e0a0.html
  10. ^ http://wushulianvip.blog.163.com/blog/static/167901482201251425320419/
  11. ^ http://baike.baidu.com/view/163202.htm