Huazhong University of Science and Technology

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Huazhong University of Science & Technology
Hustseals.png
Motto明德厚学,求是创新[1] (Chinese)
Motto in English
Virtue, Knowledge, Truth, Originality[2]
TypeNational / public
Established1953 (Engineering School)
1907 (Medical School)
PresidentLi Yuanyuan
Academic staff
3,448
Undergraduates36,000
Postgraduates20,040
Location, ,
CampusSuburban / Main Campus
1,160 acres/ 470 ha
Urban / Medical Campus
133 acres/ 54 ha
AthleticsNational CUBA men's and women's
ColorsBlue Red
MascotYellow Crane and White Cloud
Websitewww.hust.edu.cn

The Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST; simplified Chinese: 华中科技大学; traditional Chinese: 華中科技大學; pinyin: Huázhōng Kējì Dàxué) is a public research university located in Guanshan Subdistrict, Hongshan District, Wuhan, Hubei province, China. As a national key university directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education of China, HUST is a Project 985 and Class A Double First Class University.[3] HUST manages Wuhan National Laboratories for Opto-electronics (WNLO), which is one of the five national laboratories in China. HUST is also one of four Chinese universities eligible to run the national laboratory and the national major science and technology infrastructure. Huazhong University of Science and Technology was one of two Chinese universities awarded with the University Leadership Award by the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), and elected as "China's Top Ten Research Institutions" by the academic journal Nature,[4] called "The epitome of the higher education development of People's Republic of China".

History[edit]

Main Campus
Main Gate
The gate of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in winter

Founding (1952–1954)[edit]

In 1952, the Central Government of China sought to construct a new higher education system for the rapid development of economy, science and technology after Chinese Civil War. Three technical institutes were planned to be established in Wuhan, including Huazhong Institute of Technology (HIT, 华中工学院), South-Central China Institute of Power Engineering (中南动力学院) and South-Central China Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power (中南水利学院) . In March 1953, the institute's charter was signed by the South-Central China Government under the approval of the Central Government of China. In the original planning, the land south of the Yujia Hill was chosen for the three campuses. Physicist Zha Qian [zh] was appointed as chair of the three-institute initiative. Economist Zhang Peigang was appointed as chief in planning to lead the HIT initiative. In June 1953, the land south of the East Lake was chosen as the campus of South-Central China Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power. The same year, the South-Central China government decided not to establish an independent South-Central China Institute of Power Engineering. All the programs related to power engineering were administered by Huazhong Institute of Technology. The institute formally opened on October 15, 1953.

Early development (1954–1966)[edit]

All the programs and departments at HIT were organized and formed from the programs related to electrical engineering, power engineering, electricity and mechanical engineering in Wuhan University, Hunan University, Guangxi University and South China Institute of Technology. HIT's first classes were held in spaces at those institutions. There were eight undergraduate programs, 314 full-time faculty members and 2,639 undergraduate students at that time. The first president is physicist Qian Zha, Dean of School of Engineering of Wuhan University. The first provost is Gancai Liu.

In 1960, HIT was evaluated to be a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China.

Cultural Revolution (1966–1976)[edit]

In 1971, most of the Wuhan Mechanical Institute (武汉机械学院) was merged into the institute.

Six departments were established. There were 20 undergraduate programs, 1,097 faculty members. The number of undergraduate students reached to 6,087.

New mission, global view (1976–1988)[edit]

Graduate students began to be enrolled in 1978, and in 1984, the institute became one of 22 universities to be approved by the State Council to establish a graduate school. By approval of the State Education Committee, the institute was renamed Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST, 华中理工大学) in 1988.

Leading the Reform in Tech-Schools (1988–2000)[edit]

With China's global strategy and the reform of the economy, HUST led a series of pivotal reforms among technical institutions in China. HUST is the first technical school to establish the Department of Journalism and Communication, the Department of Economics, and Department of Literature, and to host nationwide lectures in humanities.

Merger[edit]

On May 26, 2000, the former Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan Urban Construction Institute (武汉城市建设学院), and Wuhan Science and Technology Vocational College (科技部干部管理学院) combined to form the new Huazhong University of Science and Technology (华中科技大学); the Chinese name was changed, but the English name remained the same.

Tongji Medical College[edit]

The history of Tongji Medical College can be traced back to 1907 when Tongji German Medical School was founded by Erich Paulun in Shanghai. The name Tongji[5] suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. In 1927, with the development of the institution, it expanded to include engineering programs. After the establishment of National Tongji University in 1927, the Tongji Medical College was affiliated to the university as one of the schools. In 1950, the medical school was moved to Wuhan from Shanghai and merged with Wuhan University School of Medicine to become South-Central China Tongji Medical College. The college was later renamed as Wuhan College of Medicine in 1955, as Tongji Medical University in 1985, and as Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2000.

Presidents[edit]

  • Zha Qian: (1953–1979)
  • Zhu Jiusi: (1979–1984)
  • Huang Shuhuai (1984–1993)
  • Yang Shuzi (1993–1997) Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Zhou Ji (1997–2001) Member and former President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
  • Fan Mingwu (2001–2005) Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, former President of China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • Li Peigen (2005–2014) Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
  • Ding Lieyun (2014–2018) Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
  • Li Yuanyuan (2018–present) Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

Campus[edit]

Road and Youth Lake in main campus HUST.

Huazhong University of Science and Technology has two campuses: Main Campus at Wuchang and Tongji Medical Campus at Hankou. The area of single campus is more than 7000 mu. The campus reaches 72% green rate and thus is also known as "Forest University".

Main Campus at Wuchang[edit]

1037 Luoyu Road, Wuchang, Wuhan

Tongji Medical Campus at Hankou[edit]

13 Hangkong Road, Hankou, Wuhan

Schools and departments[edit]

West12 at Night. All buildings at HUST are named in Direction+Number.
A classroom in West12.

Sciences and Engineering[edit]

  • School of Physics
  • School of Automation
  • Department of Electronic Sci. & Tech.
  • Department of Electronics & Information Engr.
  • Department of Mathematics
  • School of Architecture & Urban Planning
  • School of Chemistry & Chemical Engr.
  • School of Computer Sciences & Engr.
  • School of Civil Engineering & Mechanics
  • School of Electrical & Electronic Engr.
  • School of Energy & Power Engineering
  • School of Environmental Science & Engr.
  • School of Hydropower & Information Engr.
  • School of Life Sciences & Technology
  • School of Materials Science & Engr.
  • School of Mechanical Science & Engr.
  • School of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engr.
  • School of Aerospace Engineering
  • School of Optical & Electronic Information
  • School of Software Engineering
  • School of Transportation Sci. & Engr.

Social Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Chinese Literature
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Sociology
  • School of Economics
  • School of Education
  • School of Foreign Language
  • School of Humanities & Social Sciences
  • School of International Education
  • School of Journalism & Communication
  • School of Law
  • School of Management
  • School of Public Administration

Medicine (Tongji Medical College)[edit]

  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Basic Medical School
  • School of Clinical Medicine I
  • School of Clinical Medicine II
  • School of Drug & Health Administration
  • School of Nursing
  • School of Pharmacy
  • School of Public Health

Academic Power[edit]

Faculty and staff[edit]

National scientific platforms[edit]

Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, HUST

National Laboratory[edit]

  • Wuhan National Laboratories for Opto-electronics (WNLO), one of the five national laboratories in China

National major science and technology infrastructure[edit]

  • Wuhan National High Magnetic Field Center, one of Top 4 magnetic field centers in the world, Top 1 in Asia.
  • Precision gravity measurement research facility, known as "World Gravity Center" by the international physics circle, measuring the most accurate gravitational constant in 2018.

State Key Laboratory[edit]

  • State Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacturing Equipment and Technology
  • State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion
  • State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology
  • State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology (AEET)

National Engineering (Technology) Research Center[edit]

  • National Engineering Research Center for Laser Processing
  • National Engineering Research Center for Digital Manufacturing Equipment
  • National Engineering Technology Research Center for Enterprise Information Technology (CAD) Application Support Software (Wuhan)
  • National NC System Engineering Research Center
  • National Anti-counterfeiting Engineering Technology Research Center
  • National Nanomedical Engineering Technology Research Center

National Engineering Laboratory[edit]

  • National Engineering Laboratory of Next Generation Internet Access System

National Professional Laboratory[edit]

  • National Professional Laboratory of New Motor
  • National Professional Laboratory of External Storage Systems

Essential Science Indicators(ESI)[edit]

In ESI ranking in March 2019, Huazhong University of Science and Technology is ranked in 266th in the world, and 9th among all the Double First Class Universities in China. The numbers of top 1‰ and 1% disciplines of HUST in the world are 3 and 15 respectively.

Top 1‰ disciplines include Engineering, Computer Science, Materials Science. Top 1% disciplines include Engineering, Computer Science, Materials Science, Clinic Medicine, Chemistry, Pharmacology & Toxicology, Biology & Biochemistry, Physics, Neuroscience & Behavior, Social Sciences, Molecular Biology & Genetics, Mathematics, Environment/Ecology, Agricultural Sciences.

Discipline category[edit]

Undergraduate|Graduate[6]
Engineering: #6 | #3; Medicine: #2 | #2; Management: #10 | #15; Science: #16 | #17;
Economics: #20 |-; Literature: #36 |-;
Natural Sciences (Engineering, Medicine, Science overall): #7 | #6;
Social Sciences (History, Management, Economics overall): #17 | #18

Programs[7][edit]

Mechanical Engineering: #1; Electrical Engineering: #2; Optical Engineering: #1;
Public Health: #1; Public Administration: #4; Biomedical Engineering: #5;
Control Engineering: #5 ; Power Engineering: #6; Computer Science: #9;
Electronics: #9;

Subjects[8][edit]

Preventive Medicine Epidemiology: #5; Environmental Health: #1; Nutrition: #5; Gynecology: #2; Toxicology: #6;

Computer Science System Structure: #3; Software: #12 ;

Journalism & Communication Journalism: #3; Communication: #7;

Others Statistics: #6; Quantitative Economics: #3;

Reputation[edit]

Services[edit]

Libraries[edit]

Old library in the main campus
New library, main campus

There are four libraries at HUST: the Old Library, the Shaw Library (New Library), the Medical Library and the Architecture Library. The Old Library and the Shaw Library are located in the center of main campus. The Old Library was designed and constructed in Soviet Union style in the 1950s. It plays a major role in book circulation and conference hosting. It also provides classrooms for audio-video teaching program and some group-study programs. The first floor of the east wing is the Center for Reader's Services, which is a branch of University Bookstore System. The Shaw Library was donated by Sir Run Run Shaw and built in the 1990s. It has more than 30 reading rooms, including Chinese/English social sciences reading rooms, Chinese/English natural sciences reading rooms, Chinese/English archive reading rooms and electronic journal reading rooms. It also houses a multi-media center and a major branch of Center for Computing & Networking. Medical Library is located in Tongji Medical Campus in Hankou. It provides the same services to the medical students as the libraries in main campus. The Architecture Library is on the east side of the main campus. It accommodates books and journals in architecture and urban planning. The University Libraries have a total collection of 3.49 million volumes.

Student life[edit]

University Stadium, main campus
A path of Yujia Hill (located at the back of the main campus)

Student demographics[edit]

Undergraduate students: 36,275
Graduate & professional students: 20,044
International students: 4,100

Athletics[edit]

HUST men's basketball team has won national championship (CUBA) in 2004. HUST men's team also won the fourth place in CUBA 1999. HUST women's basketball team lost the national champion titles and won the second places in WCUBA 2005 and 2006.

Notable alumni[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Sportspeople[edit]

  • Li Ting, HUST Class 2006, tennis player, Gold Medal Winner at the 2004 Summer Olympics in women's doubles.
  • Li Na, HUST Class 2005, tennis player, Winner of Australian Open (2014) and French Open (2011), highest world ranking for Singles: No. 2.

Businesspeople[edit]

Scientists[edit]

On the HUST campus on a winter day
  • Julong Deng, the founder of Grey system theory.
  • Sifeng Liu, the Marie-Curie Fellow (UK), IEEE Fellow and the renowned expert of grey systems. He was one of the 10 shortlisted promising scientists in the MSCA (EU-funded Marie Curie Actions) 2017 Prizes.

Members of the China Academy of Sciences[edit]

  • Bei Shizhang, elected in 1955, Tongji Med BS (1921).
  • Liang Boqiang, elected in 1955, Pathologist, Tongji Med BS (1922).
  • Qiu Fazu, elected in 1993, Senior Member of CAS, Tongji Med BS (1936).
  • Wu Min (吴旻), elected in 1980, Tongji Med BS (1950).
  • Wu Mengchao, elected in 1991, 2005 National Supreme Science and Technology Awardee, Tongji Med BS (1949).
  • Yang Shuzi, elected in 1991, HUST BS (1956).
  • Cheng Shijie (程时杰), elected in 2007, HUST MS (1981).
  • Luo Jun (罗俊), elected in 2009, HUST BS (1982), MS (1985).
  • Ding Han (丁汉), elected in 2013, HUST Ph.D. (1989).
  • Chen Xiaoping (陈孝平), elected in 2015, HUST Tongji Med MS (1982), Ph.D. (1985).
  • Zhu Zhongliang (朱中梁), elected in 1999, HUST BS (1961).
  • Zheng Xiaojing (郑晓静), elected in 2009, President of Xi'an University of Electronic Science and Technology, HUST BS (1982).
  • Xu Tao (徐涛), elected in 2017, Vice President of University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, HUST BS (1992), Ph.D. (1997).
  • Zhang Qingjie (张清杰), elected in 2017, President of Wuhan University of Technology, HUST BS (1984), Ph.D. (1990).
  • Fang Fuquan (方复全), elected in 2017, Vice President of Capital Normal University, HUST BS (1986).

Members of the China Academy of Engineering[edit]

  • Zhou Ji, elected in 1999, President of Chinese Academy of Engineering, foreign member of National Academy of Engineering (US), HUST MS (1980).
  • Hou Yunde, National Supreme Science and Technology Awardee (2018), Vice president of Chinese Academy of Engineering, HUST Tongji Med BS (1955).
  • Li Dequn (李德群), elected in 2015, HUST MS (1980).
  • Ma Ding (马丁), elected in 2017, HUST Tongji Med BS (1982), MS (1986), Ph.D. (1990).
  • Guo Konghui (郭孔辉), elected in 1994, HUST BS (1956).
  • Cen Kefa (岑可法), elected in 1995, HUST BS (1956).
  • Lu Daopei (陆道培), elected in 1996, HUST Tongji Med BS (1955).
  • Pan Yuan (潘桓), elected in 1997, HUST BS (1955).
  • Zhang Yongchuan (张勇传), elected in 1997, HUST BS (1957).
  • Yao Shaofu (姚绍福), elected in 1997, HUST BS (1954).
  • Fan Mingwu (樊明武), elected in 1999, Former president of HUST, Former president of the Chinese Academy of Atomic Energy Sciences, HUST BS (1965).
  • Li Peigen (李培根), elected in 2003, Former president of HUST, HUST MS (1981).
  • Ye Shenghua (叶声华), elected in 2003, HUST BS (1956).
  • Zhou Honghao (周宏灏), elected in 2005, HUST Tongji Med BS (1962).
  • Tan Jianrong (谭建荣), elected in 2007, HUST MS (1987).
  • Yang Baofeng (杨宝峰), elected in 2009, President of Harbin Medical University, HUST Tongji Med BS (1988).
  • Luo Xiwen (罗锡文), elected in 2009, Vice president of South China Agricultural University, HUST BS (1969).
  • Huang Weihe (黄维和), elected in 2013, HUST MS (1999).
  • Yang Huayong (杨华勇), elected in 2013, HUST BS (1982).
  • Guo Jianbo (郭剑波), elected in 2013, HUST BS (1982).
  • Hu Shengshou (胡盛寿), elected in 2013, HUST Tongji Med BS (1982).
  • You Zheng (尤政), elected in 2013, Vice president of Tsinghua University, HUST BS (1985), MS (1987), Ph.D. (1990).
  • Niu Xinqiang (钮新强), elected in 2013, HUST Ph.D. (2005).
  • Wu Weiren (吴伟仁), elected in 2015, Chief Designer of Lunar Exploration Engineering, HUST Ph.D. (2004).
  • Liu Jizhen (刘吉臻), elected in 2015, President of North China Electric Power University, HUST Ph.D. (2007).
  • Zou Xuexiao (邹学校), elected in 2017, President of Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, HUST Ph.D. (2002).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "学校简介". Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  2. ^ "Vision and Mission". Archived from the original on March 14, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  3. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)".
  4. ^ "Nature Publishing Index 2012 Asia-Pacific" (PDF).
  5. ^ Tongji is the Chinese phonetic approximation of deutsche (German).
  6. ^ From Sina Education /in Chinese| Sohu Learning Chinese
  7. ^ Evaludated by Ministry of Education of China in 2006 /in Chinese
  8. ^ From Sina Education /in Chinese
  9. ^ "2021 US News and World Report Best Global Universities".
  10. ^ "2019 Academic Ranking of World Universities".
  11. ^ "World University Rankings - 2020 | China Universities in Top 1000 universities | Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2020 | Shanghai Ranking - 2020". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  12. ^ "2021 Times Higher Education World University Ranking".
  13. ^ "武书连2018中国大学排行榜".
  14. ^ "武书连2020中国大学排行榜".
  15. ^ "2018软科中国最好大学排行榜".
  16. ^ "2019软科中国最好大学排行榜".
  17. ^ "2020软科中国最好大学排行榜".
  18. ^ "Gong Hongjia". Forbes. Retrieved January 17, 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′36″N 114°24′36″E / 30.51000°N 114.41000°E / 30.51000; 114.41000