Huazhong University of Science and Technology

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Huazhong University of Science & Technology
Hustseals.png
Motto 明德厚学,求是创新[1] (Chinese)
Motto in English
Virtue, Knowledge, Truth, Originality[2]
Type National / Public
Established 1953 (Engineering School)
1907 (Medical School)
President Ding Lieyun
Academic staff
3,448
Undergraduates 36,000
Postgraduates 20,040
Location Wuhan, Hubei, China
Campus Suburban / Main Campus
1160 acres/ 470 ha
Urban / Medical Campus
133 acres/ 54 ha
Athletics National CUBA men's and women's
Colors Blue Red
Mascot Yellow Crane and White Cloud
Website www.hust.edu.cn

The Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST; simplified Chinese: 华中科技大学; traditional Chinese: 華中科技大學; pinyin: Huázhōng Kējì Dàxué; literally: "Central China University of Science and Technology") is a public, coeducational research university located in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. As a national key university, HUST is directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education of China. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[3] HUST manages Wuhan National Laboratories for Opto-electronics (WNLO) at Wuchang, which is one of the five national laboratories in China.

History[edit]

Main Campus
Main Gate

Founding (1952-1954)[edit]

In 1952, the Central Government of China sought to construct a new higher education system for the rapid development of economy, science and technology after Chinese Civil War. Three technical institutes were planned to be established in Wuhan, including Huazhong Institute of Technology (HIT, 华中工学院), South-Central China Institute of Power Engineering (中南动力学院) and South-Central China Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power (中南水利学院) . In March 1953, the institute's charter was signed by the South-Central China Government under the approval of the Central Government of China. In the original planning, the land south of the Yujia Hill was chosen for the three campuses. Physicist Qian Zha was appointed as chair of the three-institute initiative. Economist Peigang Zhang was appointed as chief in planning to lead the HIT initiative. In June 1953, the land south of the East Lake was chosen as the campus of South-Central China Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power. The same year, the South-Central China government decided not to establish an independent South-Central China Institute of Power Engineering. All the programs related to power engineering were administered by Huazhong Institute of Technology. The institute formally opened on October 15, 1953.

Early development (1954-1966)[edit]

All the programs and departments at HIT were organized and formed from the programs related to electrical engineering, power engineering, electricity and mechanical engineering in Wuhan University, Hunan University, Guangxi University and South China Institute of Technology. HIT's first classes were held in spaces at those institutions. There were eight undergraduate programs, 314 full-time faculty members and 2,639 undergraduate students at that time. The first president is physicist Qian Zha, Dean of School of Engineering of Wuhan University. The first provost is Gancai Liu.

In 1960, HIT was evaluated to be a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China.

Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)[edit]

In 1971, most of the Wuhan Mechanical Institute (武汉机械学院) was merged into the institute.

Six departments were established. There were 20 undergraduate programs, 1,097 faculty members. The number of undergraduate students reached to 6,087.

New mission, global view (1976-1988)[edit]

Graduate students began to be enrolled in 1978, and in 1984, the institute became one of 22 universities to be approved by the State Council to establish a graduate school. By approval of the State Education Committee, the institute was renamed Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST, 华中理工大学) in 1988.

Leading the Reform in Tech-Schools (1988-2000)[edit]

With China's global strategy and the reform of the economy, HUST led a series of pivotal reforms among technical institutions in China. HUST is the first technical school to establish the Department of Journalism and Communication, the Department of Economics, and Department of Literature, and to host nationwide lectures in humanities.

Merger[edit]

On May 26, 2000, the former Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan Urban Construction Institute (武汉城市建设学院), and Wuhan Science and Technology Vocational College (科技部干部管理学院) combined to form the new Huazhong University of Science and Technology (华中科技大学); the Chinese name was changed, but the English name remained the same.

Tongji Medical College[edit]

The history of Tongji Medical College can be traced back to 1907 when Tongji German Medical School was founded by Erich Paulun in Shanghai. The name Tongji[4] suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. In 1927, with the development of the institution, it expanded to include engineering programs. After the establishment of National Tongji University in 1927, the Tongji Medical College was affiliated to the university as one of the schools. In 1950, the medical school was moved to Wuhan from Shanghai and merged with Wuhan University School of Medicine to become South-Central China Tongji Medical College. The college was later renamed as Wuhan College of Medicine in 1955, as Tongji Medical University in 1985, and as Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2000.

Presidents (1953- )[edit]

  • Ding Lieyun (2014–present) Member of China's Academy of Engineering
  • Peigen Li (2005–2014) Member of China's Academy of Engineering
  • Mingwu Fan (2001–2005) Member of China's Academy of Engineering, former President of China Institute of Atomic Energy
  • Ji Zhou (1997–2001) Member of China's Academy of Engineering, current President of China's Academy of Engineering, former Minister of Education of China
  • Yang Shuzi (1993–1997) Member of China's Academy of Sciences
  • Shuhuai Huang (1984–1993)
  • Jiusi Zhu: (1979–1984)
  • Qian Zha: (1953–1979)

Campus[edit]

Road and Youth Lake in main campus HUST.

Main Campus at Wuchang[edit]

1037 Luoyu Road, Wuchang, Wuhan

Tongji Medical Campus at Hankou[edit]

13 Hangkong Road, Hankou, Wuhan

Academics[edit]

Schools and Departments[edit]

West12 at Night. All buildings at HUST are named in Direction+Number.
A classroom in West12.

Sciences and Engineering[edit]

  • School of Physics
  • School of Automation
  • Department of Electronic Sci. & Tech.
  • Department of Electronics & Information Engr.
  • Department of Mathematics
  • School of Architecture & Urban Planning
  • School of Chemistry & Chemical Engr.
  • School of Computer Sciences & Engr.
  • School of Civil Engineering & Mechanics
  • School of Electrical & Electronic Engr.
  • School of Energy & Power Engineering
  • School of Environmental Science & Engr.
  • School of Hydropower & Information Engr.
  • School of Life Sciences & Technology
  • School of Materials Science & Engr.
  • School of Mechanical Science & Engr.
  • School of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engr.
  • School of Aerospace Engineering
  • School of Optical & Electronic Information
  • School of Software Engineering
  • School of Transportation Sci. & Engr.

Social Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Chinese Literature
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Sociology
  • School of Economics
  • School of Education
  • School of Foreign Language
  • School of Humanities & Social Sciences
  • School of International Education
  • School of Journalism & Communication
  • School of Law
  • School of Management
  • School of Public Administration

Medicine (Tongji Medical College)[edit]

  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Department of Nursing
  • Basic Medical School
  • School of Clinical Medicine I
  • School of Clinical Medicine II
  • School of Drug & Health Administration
  • School of Pharmacy
  • School of Public Health

Faculty and staff[edit]

University Rankings[edit]

In 2017, US News and World Report ranked HUST 282th in the world and 9th in China.[5] Wu Shulian ranked it 10th[6] and Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked it the 8th-13th[7] in China, and 201-300th in the world .Times High Education(THE) ranked HUST 401-500th in the world and 8th in China.

Schools[edit]

Undergraduate|Graduate[8]
Engineering: #6 | #3; Medicine: #2 | #2; Management: #10 | #15; Science: #16 | #17;
Economics: #20 |-; Literature: #36 |-;
Natural Sciences (Engineering, Medicine, Science overall): #7 | #6;
Social Sciences (History, Management, Economics overall): #17 | #18

Programs[9][edit]

Mechanical Engineering: #1; Electrical Engineering: #2; Optical Engineering: #1;
Public Health: #1; Public Administration: #4; Biomedical Engineering: #5;
Control Engineering: #5 ; Power Engineering: #6; Computer Science: #9;
Electronics: #9;

Subjects[10][edit]

Preventive Medicine Epidemiology: #5; Environmental Health: #1; Nutrition: #5; Gynecology: #2; Toxicology: #6;

Computer Science System Structure: #3; Software: #12 ;

Journalism & Communication Journalism: #3; Communication: #7;

Others Statistics: #6; Quantitative Economics: #3;

Services[edit]

Libraries[edit]

New Library, main campus

There are four libraries at HUST: the Old Library, the Shaw Library (New Library), the Medical Library and the Architecture Library. The Old Library and the Shaw Library are located in the center of main campus. The Old Library was designed and constructed in Soviet-Union style in the 1950s. It plays a major role in book circulation and conference hosting. It also provides classrooms for audio-video teaching program and some group-study programs. The first floor of the east wing is the Center for Reader's Services, which is a branch of University Bookstore System. The Shaw Library was donated by Sir Run Run Shaw and built in the 1990s. It has more than 30 reading rooms, including Chinese/English social sciences reading rooms, Chinese/English natural sciences reading rooms, Chinese/English archive reading rooms and electronic journal reading rooms. It also houses a multi-media center and a major branch of Center for Computing & Networking. Medical Library is located in Tongji Medical Campus in Hankou. It provides the same services to the medical students as the libraries in main campus. The Architecture Library is on the east side of the main campus. It accommodates books and journals in architecture and urban planning. The University Libraries have a total collection of 3.49 million volumes.

Student life[edit]

University Stadium, main campus
A path of Yujia Hill (located at the back of the main campus)

Student demographics[edit]

Undergraduate students: 36,275
Graduate & professional students: 20,044
International students: 560

Athletics[edit]

HUST men's basketball team has won national championship (CUBA) in 2004. HUST men's team also won the fourth place in CUBA 1999. HUST women's basketball team lost the national champion titles and won the second places in WCUBA 2005 and 2006.

Notable faculty and alumni (incomplete statistics)[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Members of National Academies[edit]

On the HUST campus on a winter day

China Academy of Sciences[edit]

  • Bei Shizhang, Tongji Class 1921, elected in 1955.
  • Liang Boqiang, Tongji Class 1922, elected in 1955, Pathologist.
  • Qiu Fazu, Tongji Class 1936, elected in 1993, Senior Member of CAS.
  • Wu Mengchao, Tongji Class 1949, 2005 National Science & Technology Awardee.
  • Yang Shuzi, HIT Class 1956, elected in 1991.

China Academy of Engineering[edit]

Famous scientists[edit]

  • Yinyu Ye, Professor, Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University
  • Lihong V. Wang, HUST Class 1984 (BS) 1987 (MS), Gene K. Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis
  • Shouyong Shi, Professor and Canada Research Chair, Department of Economics, University of Toronto
  • Frank Hu, Professor, Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard University

References[edit]

  1. ^ "学校简介". Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Vision and Mission". Archived from the original on March 14, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)". 
  4. ^ Tongji is the Chinese phonetic approximation of deutsche (German).
  5. ^ Education > Best Global Universities > Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  6. ^ From Wu,Shulian's Ranking administered by Sohu.com /in Chinese
  7. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015
  8. ^ From Sina Education /in Chinese| Sohu Learning /in Chinese
  9. ^ Evaludated by Ministry of Education of China in 2006 /in Chinese
  10. ^ From Sina Education /in Chinese
  11. ^ "Gong Hongjia". Forbes. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′36″N 114°24′36″E / 30.51000°N 114.41000°E / 30.51000; 114.41000