Help:IPA/Kurdish and Zaza–Gorani

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The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Kurdish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. This page includes the five main Kurdish dialects; Northern Kurdish, Central Kurdish, Southern Kurdish, Zazakî and Gorani.

IPA Orthography
Northern Kurdish[1] Central Kurdish[2] Southern Kurdish[3] Zazakî[4] Gorani[5]
b b ب ب b b
d͡ʒ c ج ج c c
t͡ʃ ç چ چ ç ch
d d د د d d
f f ف ف f f
g g گ گ g g
ɣ ğ / gh غ ğ / g gh
h h ھ ھ h h
ħ ḧ / h ح 'h ḥ / h
ʒ j ژ ژ j j
k k ک ک k k
l l ل ل l l
ɫ ł / l / ll ڵ‎ ڵ‎ l / 'l ł / l / ll
m m م م m m
n n ن ن n n
ŋ[6] ň / ng نگ نگ ng ng
p p پ پ p p
q q ق ق q q
ɾ r ر ر r r
r ř / r / rr ڕ ڕ r r
s s س س s s
ʃ ş ش ش ş sh
t t ت ت t t
v v ڤ ڤ v v
w w و و w w
x x خ خ x x
j y ی ی y y
z z ز ز z z
θ[7] th
ʕ ع
IPA Orthography
NK[1] CK[2] SK[3] ZK[4][7] GN[5]
ɑː a ا ا a
a ه a
ê ێ ێ ê ê
ɛ e ه e e
æ ه
ə ه‌و,
ه followed by ى in the same syllable
i î ى ى î î
ɪ i ى ى i i
o ۆ ۆ o o
u u و و u u
û وو وو û û
ʊ و u
ʉː ۊ
ü ü

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Celadet Bedir Khan & Roger Lescot (1970). Grammaire Kurde (Dialecte kurmandji). Paris: La librairie d'Amérique et d'Orient Adrien Maisonneuve. p. 3-7. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. ^ a b W. M. Thackston. "—Sorani Kurdish— A Reference Grammar with Selected Readings" (PDF). Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b Hussein Ali Fattah. "Ordlista på sydkurdiska Wişename we Kurdî xwarîn" (PDF). p. V. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b Terry Lynn Todd. "A grammar of Dimili - Also known as Zaza" (PDF). p. 159-160. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b "GURĀNI". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  6. ^ Hiwa Asadpour & Maryam Mohammadi. "A Comparative Study of Phonological System of Kurdish Varieties" (PDF). Journal of Language and Cultural Education. pp. 108-109 & 113. ISSN 1339-4584. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  7. ^ a b Asmêno Bêwayir (2003). "(Kuzey Zazacası, Pülümür ağzı)" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2017.

External links[edit]