Help:IPA/Georgian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Georgian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ka}}, {{IPAc-ka}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Georgian phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Georgian.

Consonants
IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
b b bash
ɡ g gate
d d do
v v, w van
z z zoo
t table
Navajo 'ak' (ejective) [1]
l l leaf
m m much
n n not
Zulu impipi (ejective)[1]
ʒ zh pleasure
r r Spanish río
s s sue
Navajo at'ééd (ejective)[1]
p pan
k can
ʁ gh French rester
Tlingit kh'aan (ejective)[1]
ʃ sh shoe
tʃʰ ch choose
tsʰ ts, c cats
dz dz pads
tsʼ tsʼ, cʼ Navajo ts'in (ejective)[1]
tʃʼ chʼ Navajo ch'ah (ejective)[1]
χ kh, x Scottish loch
j hedge
h h head
Vowels
IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
ɑ a bra
ɛ e bell
i i feel
ɔ o off
u u moon

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f The ejectives have no equivalent in English. The way that ejectives are sounded is by building up pressure in your throat, like when you sneeze, and then release the built-up air as you articulate the consonant where you normally would. So, /t'/ and /t/ are articulated in the same place but the difference is whether you build up pressure or not.