It provides a set of symbols to represent the pronunciation of Norwegian in Wikipedia articles, and example words that illustrate the sounds that correspond to them. Integrity must be maintained between the key and the transcriptions that link here; do not change any symbol or value without establishing consensus on the talk page first.
^ abIn contemporary Urban East Norwegian, there are two lateral approximant phonemes: apical /l/ and laminal /l̻/. There is no longer a difference between the historical /rl/ and the simple /l/ when not preceded by /oː/ or /ɑ:/; both are realized as non-velarized apical alveolar [l]. Only the laminal [l̻] occurs after /t, d, n/ (in this guide transcribed the same as [l]) and after /ɔ/ and /ɑ/. After /oː/ and /ɑː/, the two phonemes contrast. The laminal phoneme is velarized [ɫ̻] (transcribed in this guide without the diacritic) after back vowels but not after the central /ə/ (Kristoffersen 2000:25).
^ abcThe lack of distinction between the consonants traditionally transcribed in the literature with ⟨l⟩ and ⟨ɭ⟩ leaves no trace of the historical /r/ after /iː, yː, ʉː/. After /oː/ and /ɑː/, the contrast surfaces as a contrast between a plain apical [l] (which corresponds to historical /rl/) and a velarized laminal [ɫ] (which corresponds to historical /l/).
^ abWhen a lateral approximant occurs between two stressable vowels (i.e. any vowels other than /ə/) in a compound word, the coloring of the lateral depends on whether it occurs in a morpheme-final position or not. If there is a morpheme boundary between the vowel and /l/ (as in Hordaland[ˈhɔ̂rdɑlɑn]), the lateral is clear [l] regardless of the backness of the preceding vowel.
^/ɽ/ often alternates with /l/ (sometimes with /r/), but there is a small number of words in which only /ɽ/ occurs (Kristoffersen 2000:24, 90).
^Stressed short vowels usually trigger the gemination of the following consonant before another vowel or at the end of a word.
^ abThe rise that often follows is only realized at the end of an intonational phrase. It is non-phonemic.