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Pambazo ( pamˈbaso (help·info)) is the name of a Mexican white bread. It is also the name of the dish or antojito (very similar to the torta) made with this bread dipped in a red guajillo pepper sauce and filled with papas con chorizo (potatoes with chorizo).
The bread used for pambazos is white and lacks a crispy crust. This particular bread is made of flour, lard, eggs, and is tougher and drier than the similar bolillo (also used for sandwiches), which allows it to retain its shape while being soaked in sauce. Pambazos are usually found in Mexican bakeries where they are sold just as any other white bread. However, since its exterior surface is a bit dry and fragile, is usually reserved for other uses than a meals companion.
It is unclear since when or why the pambazo is prepared and filled in a very specific way. While other similar dishes changed the fillings or toppings, the pambazo recipe remains almost the same. The bread is first filled with the potato and chorizo, then dipped in warm red guajillo pepper sauce, which gives the bread its famous orange-red sprinkled coloration. Once the bread has been soaked, it is passed on to fry in a bit of oil. The pambazo is to fry on the top and bottom of the bread. The pambazo is ready whenever the bread being fried becomes crispy on both sides. It is then garnished with shredded lettuce, salsa (sauce), crema (cream), and queso fresco (fresh cheese).
In the Mexican State of Veracruz, the pambazo is also partially covered with white flour, and ham or polish meat are also used instead of the traditional potatoes and chorizo. In other regions, pambazos are filled with meat, vegetables or cheese. In Mexican parties or social events, small sized pambazos are served instead of canapes. These are known as pambacitos, which literally means "little pambazo".
The pambazo bread got its name from the Ladino word pan basso (Spanish pan bajo) or low-class bread from Mexico's viceregal period. During that period, there were bakeries in Mexico dedicated solely to this type of bread named 'panbasserias' (pambacerías).
- "On this type of bread, inferior quality flour or flour from deteriorated wheat were mixed to produce the pan basso. Bakeries produced minimal quantities of pan basso, a maximum of 4% of all flour in Mexico City"
- Virginia García Acosta, Las panaderías, sus dueños y trabajadores. Ciudad de México. Siglo XVIII.
State of Mexico
In some villages from State of Mexico, the pambazos are made with Semitic Mediterranean cuisine influence by the use the acemite or bran for bread made in artisan bakeries about horns of Spanish colonial period, as the case of Malinalco, Tequixquiac and Amecameca.
In Malinalco, state of Mexico makes other pambazos, are made flour more small to Mexico City pambazos, filled with sausage and potatoes, chicken meat with epazote, shredded lettuce, white cheese, cream and spicy salsa.
In Tequixquiac, state of Mexico makes pambazos very different to Mexico City, are made flour with dark wheat rind or bran named acemite, filled with sausage and potatoes, turkey meat or lamb meat (barbacoa), shredded lettuce, white cheese, cream and spicy chili chipotle sauce, fried with butter or pork manteca. The name is registered in this place as pan bazo.
State of Puebla
- Dan Myers (27 February 2015). "12 Life-Changing Sandwiches You've Never Heard Of". The Daily Meal. Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- de Caraza, Laura B (1991). El Libro Clásico de la Cocina Mexicana. Mexico, D.F.: Promexa. ISBN 968-39-0366-5.
- Nieto, Blanca (1993). Cocina tradicional mexicana. Mexico: Selector. ISBN 968-403-710-4.
- Flores, Carlos Arturo (1990). México, la cultura, el arte y la vida cotidiana. Mexico: Centro de Investigaciones Interdisciplinarias en Humanidades, Coordinación de Humanidades, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. ISBN 968-36-0667-9.
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