Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit
China Railways.svg ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
Overview
Locale Pearl River Delta
Transit type Regional rapid transit
Number of lines 5 (4 more under construction)
Number of stations 65 (51 more under construction)
Operation
Began operation 2011
Operator(s) China Railway/China Railway High-speed
Technical
System length 615 km (382.1 mi) (204 km (126.8 mi) more under construction)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification DC 25kV overhead lines
System map

PRDRTMap.jpg

Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit
Traditional Chinese 珠江三角洲地區城際軌道交通
Simplified Chinese 珠江三角洲地区城际轨道交通

The Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit is a regional rapid rail network being gradually constructed in the Pearl River Delta, People's Republic of China. The project's goal is to have every major urban center in the Pearl River Delta to be within one-hour travel by rail to Guangzhou.[1] On March 16, 2005, the State Council examined and approved plans for a regional rapid rail transit network for the Bohai Economic Rim, Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. According to the plan, by 2020, Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit network will have a total route mileage of about 600 kilometres (370 mi).[2][3] In September 2009, the plan was expanded to 1,478 km (918 mi) of routes split up into 23 lines. In the long term vision network length will reach 1,890 km (1,170 mi) by 2030. By then the network will provide basic coverage to the Pearl River Delta region.

Operational lines[edit]

The system currently has 4 lines.

Line Terminals Opened Length
km
Active
Stations
Guangshen
(Guangjiu)
Guangzhou Shenzhen
HK service via Hung Hom (Kowloon)
1911 147 (183) 19 (20)
Guangzhu Guangzhounan Zhuhai
Xinhui
2011 187 22
Guanhui Changpingdong Xiaojinkou 2016 96 10
Guangfozhao Foshanxi
GZ service via Guangzhou
Zhaoqing 2016 83 (112) 10 (11)

Guangshen(jiu) Intercity Railway[edit]

The Guangshen Railway or Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway was originally constructed in 1911, a second track was constructed during 1984 - 1987, a third track from 1991-1994 and a fourth track from 2011-2014. It was the first four-track railway in mainland China and it allows passenger trains and freight trains to run on separate lines, at speeds of up to 220 km/h.

Guangzhu Intercity Railway[edit]

The Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway or Guangzhu Intercity Railway is a 116 km dedicated, grade-separated passenger railway linking New Guangzhou Station in Panyu, Guangzhou, and Zhuhai Airport in Zhuhai, via Shunde, Zhongshan and Jiangmen. Operation began in 2011.

Guanhui Intercity Railway[edit]

The Guanhui Intercity Railway or Guanhui Urban Railway is a 14 station, 100 km long, regional rapid railway line that connects Dongguan to Huizhou.[4] The line was originally planned to use subway type cars with Siemens technology.[5] However it was plans changed partway through construction to use 8 car CRH6 EMUs capable of running up to 200 km/h (120 mph).[6] The line started construction in 2009[7] and was expected to open in late 2013.[6] Construction was completed in June 2013 and test runs began in 2014, but the first segment of the line, from Xiaojinkou-Changping East did not open until March 30, 2016.[8]

Guangfozhao Intercity Railway[edit]

The Guangfozhao Intercity Railway or Fozhao Urban Railway is an 11 station long regional rapid railway line. It connects Guangzhou to Zhaoqing, via Foshan.[9] Operation began on March 30, 2016.

Lines under construction[edit]

Foguan Intercity Railway[edit]

Foshan–Dongguan Intercity Railway, also called the Foguan Intercity Railway, is a planned high-speed railway within Guangdong province, China between the cities of Foshan, via Guangzhou, to Dongguan. It will connect Panyu District, Guangzhou at the major Guangzhou South interchange, tunnelling under the Pearl River through Machong and Hongmei to Wanghong Railway Station providing connections via the Dongguan Rail Transit, the Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen Intercity Railway or the Dongguan–Huizhou Intercity Railway. The length of the railway is 37 km (23 mi).

Guangfo Circular Intercity Railway[edit]

Ring service around Guangzhou, no new tracks are constructed instead a service making use of trackage from other Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit Lines and existing freight railways is implemented.

Guangzhou–Foshan Circular Intercity Railwayy, also known as the Guangfo Link is a 35 km long railway line that connects Guangzhou South Railway Station to Foshan. It has a top speed of 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph) and will use 6 car CRH6 EMUs capable of running at 2.5 minute frequencies.[10] It is expected to start construction in late 2012 and completed in 2016 or 2017.[11][12]

Suiguanshen Intercity Railway[edit]

The Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen Intercity Railway, also known as the Suiguanshen Intercity Railway, is an 87-kilometre (54 mi)[13] regional rapid railway line that runs roughly along the east bank of the Pearl River connecting the major cities of Guangzhou, Dongguan, and Shenzhen. It will use CRH6 EMUs[14] with a top speed of 140 km/h (87 mph).[15] It is expected to be operational in 2015.

Guangqing Intercity Railway[edit]

The Guangqing Intercity Railway is a high-speed railway connecting Guangzhou with Qingyuan, a branch line will connect to Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]