Tennis at the Summer Olympics

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Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing bodyITF
Events5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Tennis

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over how to define amateur players.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams (center), Maria Sharapova (right) and Victoria Azarenka (left).

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

From the 2004 Athens Olympics until the 2012 London Olympics, results from the Olympics was counted towards both the ATP and WTA world rankings in singles for that calendar year; no points were awarded for the 2016 Rio Olympics. While the ranking points distribution did not equate to those given at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with some players, critics and sports pundits considering winning the gold at the Olympics just as prestigious as winning a Grand Slam title.[5][6]

A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events in the same year is said to have won a Golden Slam. As of 2016, Steffi Graf is the only player to have completed this achievement.[7]

Surface[edit]

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

Events[edit]

(d) = demonstration event, (e) = exhibition event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's singles (d, e) (d) 16
Men's singles (indoor) 2
Men's doubles (d, e) 16
Men's doubles (indoor) 2
Women's singles (d, e) (d) 14
Women's singles (indoor) 2
Women's doubles (d, e) 11
Mixed doubles (d, e) 8
Mixed doubles (indoor) 1
Total Events 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5

Champions and venues since 1988[edit]

Singles[edit]

Italics represents that tennis was an exhibition or demonstration tournament at that Olympics.

Year Host city Venue Surface Gold medalist
Women's Men's
1988 South Korea Seoul Seoul Olympic Park Tennis Center Hard West Germany Steffi Graf Czechoslovakia Miloslav Mečíř
1992 Spain Barcelona Tennis de la Vall d'Hebron Clay United States Jennifer Capriati Switzerland Marc Rosset
1996 United States Atlanta Stone Mountain Tennis Center Hard United States Lindsay Davenport United States Andre Agassi
2000 Australia Sydney Sydney Olympic Park Tennis Centre (NSW Tennis Centre) Hard United States Venus Williams Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov
2004 Greece Athens Athens Olympic Tennis Centre Hard Belgium Justine Henin-Hardenne Chile Nicolás Massú
2008 China Beijing Olympic Green Tennis Center (National Tennis Center) Hard Russia Elena Dementieva Spain Rafael Nadal
2012 United Kingdom London All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon Grass United States Serena Williams United Kingdom Andy Murray
2016 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Olympic Tennis Centre, Barra da Tijuca Hard Puerto Rico Monica Puig United Kingdom Andy Murray
2020 Japan Tokyo Ariake Tennis Park Hard
2024 France Paris Stade Roland Garros Clay
2028 United States Los Angeles Tennis courts at the StubHub Center Hard

Doubles[edit]

Participating nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
 Algeria 1 1 - 2
 Argentina 5 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 6 10
 Armenia 1 1 1 - 3
 Australasia 1 1
 Australia 1 2 1 2 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 10 10
 Austria 3 3 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 2 11
 Bahamas 2 2 2 2 2 5
 Barbados 1 1
 Belarus 2 4 2 5 3 2 6
 Belgium 16 8 1 3 3 3 2 5 3 9
 Benin 1 1
 Bermuda 1 1
 Bohemia 1 4 8 3
 Bolivia 1 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 2 2
 Brazil 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 7 10
 Bulgaria 2 3 2 1 1 2 2 7
 Canada 3 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 10
 Chile 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 7
 China 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 5 9
 Chinese Taipei 1 3 2 1 3 3 5 7
 Colombia 2 2 4 3 4
 Costa Rica 1 1
 Ivory Coast 1 2 1
 Croatia 2 4 5 5 1 2 4 7
 Cyprus 1 1 2
 Czech Republic 4 7 8 11 8 7 6
 Czechoslovakia 7 5 5 5 4
 Denmark 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 12
 Dominican Republic 1 1 2
 Ecuador 4 3 1 3
 El Salvador 1 1
 Estonia 2 2 2
 Finland 4 1 1 1 1 5
 France 1 14 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 9 16
 Georgia 2 1 2
 Germany 1 1 5 7 6 3 5 4 2 7 8 11
 Great Britain 2 6 22 11 8 10 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 7 15
 Greece 7 1 3 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 10
 Haiti 1 1 1 1 4
 Hong Kong 1 1
 Hungary 1 3 6 5 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 2 12
 India 6 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 4 10
 Indonesia 1 3 5 2 2 2 6
 Ireland 4 2 2 2 4
 Israel 1 4 1 3 4 3 1 7
 Italy 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 7 12
 Japan 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 6 12
 Kazakhstan 3 2 2
 Latvia 2 1 1 3
 Liechtenstein 1 1 2
 Lithuania 1 1
 Luxembourg 1 1 1 2 1 1 6
 Madagascar 2 2 1 3
 Mexico 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 2 8
 Moldova 1 1
 Montenegro 1 1
 Morocco 1 2 1 1 2 5
 Netherlands 2 1 5 1 1 5 5 3 2 3 10
 New Zealand 3 1 1 1 2 5
 Nigeria 1 3 1 3
 Norway 7 3 4 2 1 1 6
 Paraguay 2 2 1 1 1 4
 Peru 3 2 1 3
 Philippines 1 1
 Poland 1 3 2 2 6 7 7 7
 Portugal 1 2 2 2 2 5
 Puerto Rico 3 1 2 1 1 5
 Romania 3 5 4 3 2 2 5 6 8
 Russia 2 4 5 9 9 10 8 7
 Serbia and Montenegro 1 1
 Serbia 4 6 6 3
 Slovakia 5 5 7 4 4 3 6
 Slovenia 4 3 4 4 1 5
 South Africa 3 3 5 4 6 6 5 2 8
 Soviet Union 4 7 2
 South Korea 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 7
 Spain 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 9 12
 Sweden 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 1 14
 Switzerland 3 4 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 2 11
 Thailand 2 2 3 2 1 2 4
 Togo 1 1
 Tunisia 1 1 2 2 4
 Turkey 1 1
 Ukraine 2 2 4 2 6 5
 Unified Team 5 1
 United States 5 35 1 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 11 14
 Uruguay 1 1 2
 Uzbekistan 2 1 1 1 1 5
 Venezuela 3 4 1 1 4
 West Germany 4 3 5 3
 Yugoslavia 1 2 3 3
 Zimbabwe 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44 56
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184 184
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 68 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

Medal tables[edit]

All years (1896–1924, 1988–2016)[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)2161239
2 Great Britain (GBR)17141243
3 France (FRA)56819
4 Russia (RUS)3328
5 South Africa (RSA)3216
6 Spain (ESP)27312
7 Germany (GER)26210
8 Switzerland (SUI)2204
9 Chile (CHI)2114
10 Mixed team (ZZX)1337
11 Australia (AUS)1135
12 Czechoslovakia (TCH)1124
13 Belarus (BLR)1012
 Belgium (BEL)1012
 China (CHN)1012
 West Germany (FRG)1012
17 Canada (CAN)1001
 Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
19 Sweden (SWE)0358
20 Czech Republic (CZE)0347
21 Argentina (ARG)0246
22 Japan (JPN)0213
23 Greece (GRE)0112
 Netherlands (NED)0112
25 Austria (AUT)0101
 Denmark (DEN)0101
 Romania (ROM)0101
28 Croatia (CRO)0033
29 Unified Team (EUN)0022
30 Australasia (ANZ)0011
 Bohemia (BOH)0011
 Bulgaria (BUL)0011
 Hungary (HUN)0011
 India (IND)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
 Norway (NOR)0011
 Serbia (SRB)0011
Totals (37 nations)666782215

1988–2016[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)143724
2 Russia (RUS)3328
3 Spain (ESP)27312
4 Germany (GER)2428
5 Great Britain (GBR)2204
 Switzerland (SUI)2204
7 Chile (CHI)2114
8 Australia (AUS)1135
9 Czechoslovakia (TCH)1113
10 Belarus (BLR)1012
 Belgium (BEL)1012
 China (CHN)1012
13 Canada (CAN)1001
 Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
15 Czech Republic (CZE)0246
16 Argentina (ARG)0235
17 France (FRA)0224
18 Sweden (SWE)0123
19 Netherlands (NED)0101
 Romania (ROM)0101
 South Africa (RSA)0101
22 Croatia (CRO)0033
23 Unified Team (EUN)0022
24 Bulgaria (BUL)0011
 India (IND)0011
 Japan (JPN)0011
 Serbia (SRB)0011
Totals (27 nations)343442110

1896–1924[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Great Britain (GBR)15121239
2 United States (USA)73515
3 France (FRA)54615
4 South Africa (RSA)3115
5 Mixed team (ZZX)1337
6 Germany (GER)1214
7 Sweden (SWE)0235
8 Japan (JPN)0202
9 Greece (GRE)0112
10 Austria (AUT)0101
 Denmark (DEN)0101
12 Australasia (ANZ)0011
 Bohemia (BOH)0011
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0011
 Hungary (HUN)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
 Netherlands (NED)0011
 Norway (NOR)0011
Totals (18 nations)323239103

Multiple medal winners (1896–2016)[edit]

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States Venus Williams 4 1 0 5
2 United States Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
3 United Kingdom Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4 United States Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
United Kingdom Andy Murray 2 1 0 3
6 United Kingdom Laurence Doherty 2 0 1 3
United States Mary Joe Fernández 2 0 1 3
France Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
South Africa Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
10 Spain Rafael Nadal 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
United States Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
France André Gobert 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
Chile Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
United States Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
United States Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
United States Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
21 United Kingdom Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
22 United Kingdom Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
23 France Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
Chile Fernando González 1 1 1 3
Germany Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
27 United Kingdom Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
Russia Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
Switzerland Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
South Africa Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
Germany Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
Australia Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
Australia Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
United Kingdom Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
35 United States Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
36 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
France Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
United States Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
United States Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
United States Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
Czechoslovakia Miloš Mečíř 1 0 1 2
United States Jack Sock 1 0 1 2
43 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
Sweden Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
45 United Kingdom Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
Spain Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
Czech Republic Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
48 United Kingdom George Caridia 0 2 0 2
France Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
Greece Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
Japan Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
United States Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
France Hélène Prévost 0 2 0 2
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
Czech Republic Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
57 United States Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
Sweden Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 0 1 1 2
60 France Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
Sweden Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
Croatia Goran Ivanišević 0 0 2 2
United States Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
United Kingdom Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
Bohemia Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event – History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams – What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  7. ^ Tignor, Steve (30 July 2015). "1988: Steffi Graf wins the Golden Slam". Tennis.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.

External links[edit]