Brazos County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Brazos County)
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Brazos Country, Texas. ‹See Tfd›
Brazos County, Texas
Brazos county texas courthouse 2014.jpg
The Brazos County Courthouse in Bryan
Seal of Brazos County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Brazos County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1841
Named for Brazos River
Seat Bryan
Largest city College Station
Area
 • Total 590 sq mi (1,528 km2)
 • Land 586 sq mi (1,518 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.76%
Population
 • (2010) 194,851
 • Density 332.5/sq mi (128/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.brazoscountytx.org

Brazos County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 194,851.[1] The county seat is Bryan.[2] Along with Brazoria County, the county is named for the Brazos River, which forms its western border.

Brazos County is part of the College Station-Bryan, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1837 most of the area of present-day Brazos County was included in Washington County. The Brazos River, which bisected the latter, proved a serious obstacle to county government, and a new county, Navasota, was formed in January 1841. The first court, with Judge R. E. B. Baylor presiding, was held later that year in the home of Joseph Ferguson, fourteen miles west of the site of present Bryan. The county seat, named Boonville for Mordecai Boon, was located on John Austin's league and was surveyed by Hiram Hanover in 1841. In January of the following year Navasota County was renamed Brazos County.[3]

Originally one of the state's poorer counties, the county donated 2,416 acres of land in the 1870s to create Texas A&M University, which has enabled the county to be among the state's most financially successful.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 585 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 6 square miles (16 km2) (1.0%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Public Transportation[edit]

The Brazos Transit District operates a fixed route bus service and paratransit throughout Bryan and College Station.[5][6]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 614
1860 3,096 404.2%
1870 9,205 197.3%
1880 13,576 47.5%
1890 16,650 22.6%
1900 18,859 13.3%
1910 18,919 0.3%
1920 21,975 16.2%
1930 21,835 −0.6%
1940 26,997 23.6%
1950 38,390 42.2%
1960 44,895 16.9%
1970 57,978 29.1%
1980 94,492 63.0%
1990 121,862 29.0%
2000 152,415 25.1%
2010 194,851 27.8%
Est. 2012 200,665 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 152,415 people, 55,202 households, and 30,416 families residing in the county. The population density was 260 people per square mile (100/km²). There were 59,023 housing units at an average density of 101 per square mile (39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.45% White, 19.72% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 4.01% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.42% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 17.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.3% were of German, 8.4% English, 7.3% Irish and 7.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 55,202 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.30% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.90% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.50% under the age of 18, 32.00% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,104, and the median income for a family was $46,530. Males had a median income of $32,864 versus $24,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,212. About 14.00% of families and 26.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Boonville

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Brazos County in Handbook of Texas Online
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "The District Fixed Routes". Brazos Transit District. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "The District Paratransit". Brazos Transit District. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°40′N 96°22′W / 30.667°N 96.367°W / 30.667; -96.367