Cameron County, Texas
|Cameron County, Texas|
The current Cameron County Courthouse in Brownsville.
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
1,276 sq mi (3,305 km²)
906 sq mi (2,347 km²)
371 sq mi (961 km²), 29.03%
370/sq mi (143/km²)
Cameron County is the southernmost county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 406,220. Its county seat is Brownsville. Cameron was founded in 1848. Cameron is named for Captain Ewen Cameron, a soldier during the Texas Revolution and in the ill-fated Mier Expedition.
It is north from the Mexican border.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,276 square miles (3,304.8 km2), of which 906 square miles (2,346.5 km2) is land and 371 square miles (960.9 km2) (29.03%) is water.
Major highways 
US-77 is a freeway through Harlingen to Brownsville, blocks north of the international border.
US-83 is a freeway through Harlingen and Brownsville.
US-281 is called the "Military Highway" through Cameron County and runs roughly adjacent to the Rio Grande and the border.
Adjacent counties and municipios 
- Willacy County, Texas (north)
- Hidalgo County, Texas (west)
- Matamoros Municipality, Tamaulipas, Mexico (south)
To the east, the county borders the Gulf of Mexico.
National protected areas 
- Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site
Texas Almanac: 1850-2010
As of the census of 2000, there were 335,227 people, 97,267 households, and 79,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km²). There were 119,654 housing units at an average density of 132 per square mile (51/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.29% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.98% from other races, and 2.30% from two or more races. 84.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 97,267 households out of which 45.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 17.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.80% were non-families. 15.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 3.81.
In the county, the population was spread out with 33.80% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,155, and the median income for a family was $27,853. Males had a median income of $22,755 versus $18,182 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,960. About 28.20% of families and 33.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.10% of those under age 18 and 22.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Indian Lake
- Laguna Vista
- Los Indios
- Rancho Viejo
- Santa Rosa
- South Padre Island
Unincorporated areas 
Census-designated places 
Other unincorporated areas 
Government and infrastructure 
Cameron County is served by several school districts. They include:
- Brownsville Independent School District
- Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District
- La Feria Independent School District
- Los Fresnos Consolidated Independent School District
- Lyford Consolidated Independent School District (partially)
- Point Isabel Independent School District
- Rio Hondo Independent School District
- San Benito Consolidated Independent School District
- Santa Maria Independent School District
- Santa Rosa Independent School District
In addition, residents are eligible to apply to South Texas Independent School District's magnet schools.
Economic development 
SpaceX has proposed building a private space launch facility east of Brownsville on the Gulf Coast. If built, the facility is projected to employ 75–100 full-time workers in the early years with up to 150 full-time employees/contractors by 2019.
Radio stations 
- KFRQ 94.5FM - Official Site
- KKPS 99.5FM - Official Site
- KNVO 101.1FM - Official Site
- KVLY 107.9FM - Official Site
- The Brownsville Herald (A Freedom Communications, Inc. newspaper based in Brownsville, TX) - Official Site
- Valley Morning Star (A Freedom Communications, Inc. newspaper based in Harlingen, TX) - Official Site
See also 
- List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cameron County, Texas
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "DeWitt Colony Militia Captains". Tamu.edu. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Cameron County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- Clark, Steve. "Borders liquidation to bring down local Waldenbooks." The Brownsville Herald. July 20, 2011. Retrieved on July 21, 2011.
- Nield, George C. (April 2014). Draft Environmental Impact Statement: SpaceX Texas Launch Site (Report). 1. Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Commercial Space Transportation. http://1.usa.gov/YtxBzo.
- "Port Isabel Service Processing Center." U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Retrieved on 21.July 2010.
- Texas Department of Transportation, 2008Retrieved 26.April 2013
- Martinez, Laura (2012-04-10). "Brownsville area candidate for spaceport". The Monitor. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- Cameron County government's website
- Cameron County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
|Hidalgo County||Gulf of Mexico|
|Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico|