Cameron County, Texas

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Not to be confused with Cameron, Texas.
Cameron County, Texas
Camcourthouse.jpg
The current Cameron County Courthouse in Brownsville
Seal of Cameron County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Cameron County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1848
Named for Ewen Cameron
Seat Brownsville
Largest city Brownsville
Area
 • Total 1,276 sq mi (3,305 km2)
 • Land 906 sq mi (2,347 km2)
 • Water 371 sq mi (961 km2), 29.03%
Population
 • (2010) 406,220
 • Density 370/sq mi (143/km²)
Congressional district 34th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.cameron.tx.us

Cameron County is the southernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 406,220.[1] Its county seat is Brownsville.[2] The county was founded in 1848 and is named for Captain Ewen Cameron,[3] a soldier during the Texas Revolution and in the ill-fated Mier Expedition.

Cameron County is part of the Brownsville–Harlingen, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,276 square miles (3,300 km2), of which 891 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 386 square miles (999.7 km2) (30.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

I-2 is a west-east freeway from the Hidalgo County line to I-69E in Harlingen.

I-69E is a south-north freeway from Brownsville, blocks north of the international border, to the Willacy County line. Once fully completed, I-69E along with (once fully completed) I-69W will terminate just south of Victoria, TX, where both interstate highways will merge to form I-69. Once fully completed the mainline of I-69 will travel from Brownsville, TX to Port Huron, MI.

US-77 is a freeway through Harlingen to Brownsville, blocks north of the international border.

US-83 is a freeway through Harlingen to Brownsville, blocks north of the international border.

US-281 is called the "Military Highway" through Cameron County and runs roughly adjacent to the Rio Grande and the international border.

Adjacent counties and municipios[edit]

To the east, the county borders the Gulf of Mexico.

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 8,541
1860 6,028 −29.4%
1870 10,999 82.5%
1880 14,959 36.0%
1890 14,424 −3.6%
1900 16,095 11.6%
1910 27,158 68.7%
1920 36,662 35.0%
1930 77,540 111.5%
1940 83,202 7.3%
1950 125,170 50.4%
1960 151,098 20.7%
1970 140,368 −7.1%
1980 209,680 49.4%
1990 260,120 24.1%
2000 335,227 28.9%
2010 406,220 21.2%
Est. 2012 415,557 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 335,227 people, 97,267 households, and 79,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km²). There were 119,654 housing units at an average density of 132 per square mile (51/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.29% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.98% from other races, and 2.30% from two or more races. 84.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 97,267 households out of which 45.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 17.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.80% were non-families. 15.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 3.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.80% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,155, and the median income for a family was $27,853. Males had a median income of $22,755 versus $18,182 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,960. About 28.20% of families and 33.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.10% of those under age 18 and 22.90% of those age 65 or over.

A 2000 Texas A&M study stated that of the residents of Cameron County, 43% do not have basic literacy skills.[7]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement operates the Port Isabel Service Processing Center, which is located in an unincorporated area adjacent to Port Isabel-Cameron County Airport.[8][9]

U.S. District Judge Andrew S. Hane stated in 2013 that the corruption in the county judiciary and legal system was so corrupt that most people would not believe it "unless they heard it themselves."[10]

Education[edit]

Cameron County is served by several school districts. They include:

In addition, residents are eligible to apply to South Texas Independent School District's magnet schools.

Economic development[edit]

SpaceX has been approved by the FAA to build a private space launch facility east of Brownsville on the Gulf Coast.[11] If built, the SpaceX private launch site is projected to employ 75–100 full-time workers in the early years with up to 150 full-time employees/contractors by 2019.[12] In 2014, Space-X acquired additional land near Boca Chica which they consolidated into a subdivision labelled "Mars Crossing," possibly named after the novel by science-fiction writer Geoffrey A. Landis.[13]

Media[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • The Brownsville Herald (A Freedom Communications, Inc. newspaper based in Brownsville, TX) - Official Site
  • Valley Morning Star (A Freedom Communications, Inc. newspaper based in Harlingen, TX) - Official Site

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

A picture of the Cameron County Courthouse (1912), the Dancy Building, in Brownsville, Texas which served as the County Courthouse before the construction of the current Courthouse. It was restored in 2006 and now houses County Court at Law No 1 as well as some county offices.

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "DeWitt Colony Militia Captains". Tamu.edu. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Clark, Steve. "Borders liquidation to bring down local Waldenbooks." The Brownsville Herald. July 20, 2011. Retrieved on July 21, 2011.
  8. ^ "Port Isabel Service Processing Center." U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Retrieved on 21.July 2010.
  9. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, 2008Retrieved 26.April 2013
  10. ^ Perez-Treviño, Emma. "Judge: Hard to believe depths of Cameron County corruption." Valley Morning Star at The Monitor. Wednesday, January 1, 2014. Retrieved on January 5, 2014.
  11. ^ Martinez, Laura (2012-04-10). "Brownsville area candidate for spaceport". The Monitor. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  12. ^ a b Nield, George C. (April 2014). Draft Environmental Impact Statement: SpaceX Texas Launch Site (Report). 1. Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Commercial Space Transportation. http://1.usa.gov/YtxBzo.
  13. ^ Perez-Treviño, Emma (2014-02-19). "SpaceX continues local land purchases". Valley Morning Star. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°09′N 97°27′W / 26.15°N 97.45°W / 26.15; -97.45