Capiz

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Capiz (disambiguation).
Capiz Province
Lalawigan sg Capiz
Lalawigan ng Capiz
Province
Province of Capiz
Flag of Capiz Province
Flag
Official seal of Capiz Province
Seal
Anthem: O, Capiz
Map of the Philippines with Capiz highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Capiz highlighted
Coordinates: 11°23′N 122°38′E / 11.383°N 122.633°E / 11.383; 122.633Coordinates: 11°23′N 122°38′E / 11.383°N 122.633°E / 11.383; 122.633
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Founded March 10, 1917
Capital Roxas City
Government
 • Governor Victor A. Tanco (LP)
 • Vice Governor Nonoy Contreras (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 2,594.64 km2 (1,001.80 sq mi)
Area rank 55th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 719,685
 • Rank 36th out of 80
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
 • Density rank 21st out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 16
 • Barangays 473
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Capiz
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 5800 - 5816
Dialing code 36
ISO 3166 code PH-CAP
Spoken languages Capiznon, Hiligaynon, Tagalog, English
Website capiz.gov.ph

Capiz is a 1st class province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Its capital is Roxas City and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan and Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north. Capiz is known for the Placuna placenta oyster shell that has the same name locally and is used for decoration and making lampshades, trays, window doors. Likewise, the province is known as the Seafood Capital of the Philippines.[3]

Geography[edit]

Capiz is located on a small island formed by the Panay and Banica rivers. The Panay river used to be famous for the great number of alligators thriving there. The soil is poor in the northern part of the island and is most productive only in the southern part. Capiz is bounded by the Mindoro sea, the Panay, Loctugan and Ivisan rivers.

Subdivisions[edit]

Capiz is subdivided into 16 municipalities and 1 city.

City:

Municipalities:

Political map of Capiz

History[edit]

When the Spaniards led by Miguel López de Legazpi came to Panay from Cebu in 1569, they found people with tattoos, and so they called the island Isla de los Pintados.[4] How the island itself came to be called Panay is uncertain. The Aeta called it Aninipay, after a plant that abounded in the island. Legend has it that López de Legazpi and his men, in search of food, exclaimed upon the island, pan hay en esta isla!. They established their first settlement on the island at the mouth of the Banica River and called it Pan-ay. This was the second Spanish settlement in the Philippines, following San Miguel, Cebu.

Later in 1569, Captain Diego de Artieda, who was sent by Legazpi, landed in the Town of Panay and proclaimed it as the capital of the province. Later, the Spainards moved the capital to its present site upon discovering the town of Capiz (not the province, and now Roxas City) which was near the sea and provided docking facilities.

On April 15, 1901, the civic government of Capiz was created by virtue of Act 115.[5]

In 1942, the region was occupied by Japanese troops. In 1945, the region was liberated by the joint Filipino and American troops with Capiznon guerrillas.

Capiz and Aklan were united under one province until April 25, 1956, when President Ramon Magsaysay signed into law Republic Act 1414 separating the two entities.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Capiz
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 584,091 —    
1995 624,469 +1.35%
2000 654,156 +0.93%
2007 701,664 +1.01%
2010 719,685 +0.85%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Historians and ethnologists narrowed down to three types of people known to have inhabited Capiz: Aeta, popularly known as Negritos; Indonesian descendants of the Mundo tribe in central Panay; and the Malays.

Economy[edit]

With its 80-kilometer coastline and wide expanse of swampy lands easily converted into fishponds, Capiz is dubbed as the “Seafood Capital of the Philippines”. It holds one of the richest fishing grounds and is a major contributor in the aquamarine industry of the Philippines.

Four big telecommunication companies offer telegraph, telex and telephone services. There are 33 banking institutions and 116 intermediaries operating in the province.

Farming and fishing are the primary sources of income for the people. The combined natural bounty of land and sea sustain a vibrant food industry. Primary agricultural raw products are rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane, banana and cut flower. Apart from a surplus of agricultural products, Capiz is also a major supplier of prawn and milk fish. Other agro-industrial harvests include blue marlin, squid, oysters, shrimp, seaweed, and angel wings. Rich fish ponds attract investors to venture into prawn culture, prawn feed manufacture, seaweed farming and the distribution and processing of other marine products. A robust workforce of 445,246 operates with a literacy rate of 90.5%. The agricultural sector ensures the province as one of the wealthiest in the Western Visayas Region although progress is impeded by corruption.

Its relatively unexplored caves are said to have high deposits of mineral resources such as limestone, gold and metal.

Culture[edit]

Capiz is known for the brilliant Capiz shell produced here, it is used in making windows, lanterns, decorations, vases, etc. The Capiz shell has a luster similar to mother of pearl shells.

Hymn[edit]

Main article: O, Capiz

The province has an official hymn, "O, Capiz", written in Capiznon by Charmaine Ocbeña Guartero and adopted on June 23, 2006.

Notable people[edit]

Feminist and lawyer Josepha Abiertas was born and raised in Capiz.[6]

List of schools[edit]

  • President Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School (South
  • Capiz National High School (the original Capiz High School)
  • Capiz National High School Capiz National High School
  • Manapao Elementary School
  • Capiz Commercial School (CCS)(加帛示中山小学)
  • Cabug Cabug National High School
  • President Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School SpEd
  • Culasi National High School
  • Lantangan Elementary School
  • Saint Mary's Academy of Capiz (SMAC)
  • St. Joseph Diocesan School (SJDS)
  • Elizalde Academy
  • Pres. Roxas Central Elementary School
  • AMA Computer Learning Center - ROXAS (Fuentes Drive, Roxas City)
  • Don Maximo Dais Memorial School
  • Feliciano Consing Memorial School
  • Professor Viterbo Memorial School
  • Banate Elementary School
  • Pontevedra Elementary School
  • Ramon A. Benjamin Sr. National High School
  • Roxas City School for Philippine Craftsmen (RCSPC)
  • Step By Step Christian Academy
  • Capiz State University (formerly Capiz Institute of Technology)
  • Colegio de la Purisima Concepcion (CPC) Main & Annex
  • Hipona Elementary School(Hipona, Pontevedra, Capiz)
  • Filamer Christian University
  • PACE Computer College
  • Capiz State University (formerly Panay State Polytechnic College)
  • Hercor College
  • Our Lady of Fatima Academy
  • Our Lady of Snows Institute, Dumarao, Capiz
  • St. Martin Academy dumalag capiz
  • Hercor College
  • Our Lady Of Grace Academy (OLGA), Lonoy, Roxas City
  • Parish School of Saint Isidor (PSSI), Pontevedra, Capiz
  • Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Academy (OLMHRA), Tapaz, Capiz
  • Dumalag Vocational-Technical School
  • Cong. Ramon A. Arnaldo High School (formerly City Of Roxas High School)
  • Ivisan National High School
  • Concepcion Castro Garcia National High School, Dumalag, Capiz
  • Malonoy National High School
  • Milibili National High School
  • Life Goal International Institute
  • St. Anthony College of Nursing
  • College of St. John-Roxas
  • St. Pius X Seminary
  • Sancta Maria Mater et Regina Seminarium
  • Dean Alberto Villarruz College
  • Capiz Institute of Electronics
  • Dumalag Central National High School
  • Hipona National High School
  • Don Antonio Belo Memorial School
  • Panitan National High School
  • Pontevedra national High School
  • Pontevedra Christian School (Formerly PBC-CLC Pontevedra Baptist Church Child Learning Center)
  • Duran Element University
  • Kirk levin University
  • Jagnaya National High School
  • Commissioner Luis Asis National High School
  • Don Felix Balgos National High School
  • Pres. Capiz Christian National High School
  • David Moises Memorial High School-Balit, Mambusao
  • Saint Catherine Academy-Mambusao
  • Mambusao National High School-Tumalalud, Mambusao
  • Mambusao East National High School-Atiplo, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University (PSPC)-Burias, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University (PSPC-Agri-Science)-Poblacion, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University (Main)-Roxas City
  • Capiz State University-Dayao, Roxas City
  • Capiz State University-Pontevedra
  • Capiz State University-Pilar
  • Capiz State University-Sigma
  • Capiz State University-Sapian
  • Capiz State University-Dumarao
  • Capiz State University-Tapaz
  • Cuartero National High School
  • Cabugcabug National High school
  • President Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School- North
  • Vicente Andaya Sr. National High School
  • Our Lady of Fatima Academy
  • Sigma Elementary School (SES)

Hospitals[edit]

  • Roxas Memorial Provincial Hospital (formerly Roxas Memorial General Hospital)
  • Capiz Emmanuel Hospital
  • St. Anthony College Hospital
  • Health Centrum
  • Capiz Doctors Hospital
  • Mambusao General Hospital
  • Sen. Gerry Roxas District Hospital (Dao District Hospital)
  • Bailan District Hospital
  • Maayon Clinic

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.roxascity.gov.ph
  4. ^ http://ilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-1.html
  5. ^ "Capiz now 109 years old". Philippine Information Agency. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "A". Women of History. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 

External links[edit]