Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann
|IATA: EDI – ICAO: EGPH|
|Owner||Global Infrastructure Partners|
|Operator||Edinburgh Airport Ltd.|
|Serves||Edinburgh, Lothian, Fife, the Scottish Borders and Central Scotland|
|Elevation AMSL||136 ft / 41 m|
Edinburgh Airport (Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) (IATA: EDI, ICAO: EGPH) is located at Ingliston in the City of Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2014, handling just under 10.2 million passengers in that year. It was also the fifth busiest airport in the UK by total passengers. It is located 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) west of the city centre and is situated just off the M8 motorway. Edinburgh Airport offers over 140 destinations world wide by over 40 airlines.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminal
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Access and ground transportation
- 6 Accidents and incidents
- 7 Accolades
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Turnhouse Aerodrome was the most northerly British air defence base in World War I used by the Royal Flying Corps. The small base opened in 1915 and it was used to house the 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron from 1925, which consisted of DH 9As, Westland Wapitis, Hawker Harts, and Hawker Hind light bombers. All the aircraft used a grass air strip.
In 1918 the Royal Air Force was formed and the airfield was named RAF Turnhouse and ownership transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
When the Second World War broke out, RAF Fighter Command took control over the airfield and a runway of 3,900 ft (1,189 m) was paved to handle the Supermarine Spitfire. During the Battle of Britain, Nos 3, 65, and 141 Squadrons were present at the airbase.
Post World War II
When the war ended the airfield still remained under military control, but by the late 1940s the first commercial services were launched. In 1947, British European Airways started a service between Edinburgh and London using Vickers Vikings followed by the Viscount and Vanguard series.
In 1952 the runway was extended to 6000 ft to handle the Vampire FB5s operated by the based 603 Squadron; and an aircraft carrier Catcher Net (never used) was installed to protect traffic on the adjacent A8 road. In 1956 a new passenger terminal was built to offer improved commercial service and five years later it was extended. After the disbandment of 603 Squadron in March 1957, the Ministry of Defence transferred ownership to the Ministry of Aviation in 1960 to offer improved commercial service to the airport. Flying was temporarily diverted to East Fortune, which had its runway extended to accommodate the airliners of the period.
Change of ownership
The present terminal building, designed by Sir Robert Matthew, was constructed in 1977 and has been upgraded in recent years, with new car parking facilities and an extended arrivals hall.
Although the original main runway 13/31 (which is now 12/30) served the airport well, its alignment had the disadvantage of suffering from severe crosswinds and the other two minor runways were very short and could not be readily extended, so movements were transferred to a new runway (07/25 which has since become 06/24) in an addition completely outside the original airfield boundary. This runway, completed in 1977 is 2,556 m (8,386 ft) in length, and was able to take all modern airliners including Concorde. A new terminal was built alongside the runway to cater for the additional traffic. The old terminal and hangars were converted into a cargo centre.
The only international services from Edinburgh during the 1980s were to Amsterdam and Dublin, but in the following years links were opened to destinations in France and Germany. By the end of the decade BAA had been privatised and funds were used to extend the current terminal building and create parking aprons.
In 2005, a new 57 m (187 ft) tall air traffic control tower was completed at a cost of £10m (€16m). An extension to the terminal opened in September 2006 called the "South East Pier". This extension initially added six gates on a new pier to the South-East of the original building. A further four gates were added to the South East Pier at the end of 2008.
In April 2008 work began on the resurfacing of the main runway. This project, at a cost of £16m, was due to be completed by the end of November 2008 and will prolong the life of the runway for a further 15 years. In the end, the work was completed around 10 days ahead of schedule and on budget. A £40m extension to the departure lounge has been built, work commenced in December 2008.
£250m is to be spent on the airport over the next decade. BAA has made provision in its Master Plan for the airport for an extension to the current runway 06/24, which would allow larger aircraft to serve longer haul destinations. There are plans to expand further by adding a new runway and terminal by 2020 which would accommodate up to 20 million passengers per annum. BAA projects that by 2030 Edinburgh Airport will be handling 26 million passengers per annum. Development has recently begun at Edinburgh Airport on a £40 million departure lounge extension project which will see the current lounge double in size as well as a new security search area and a greater choice of bars, restaurants and shops. The departure lounge opened on 18/11/09.
The likelihood of an additional runway has been thrown into doubt following a revised masterplan in January 2011, with passenger numbers expected to be lower than previously thought - 12.3 million by 2020 and 20 million by 2040.
On 19 October 2011, BAA Limited announced its intention to sell the airport, following a decision by the UK's Competition Commission requiring BAA to sell either Glasgow International or Edinburgh Airport. BAA announced on 23 April 2012 that it had sold Edinburgh Airport to Global Infrastructure Partners for a price of £807.2 million.
Passenger traffic at Edinburgh Airport reached a record level in 2013 with nearly 9.8 million passengers and over 111,000 aircraft movements. Also in 2013, a further extension to the passenger terminal was announced, taking the terminal building up to the Edinburgh Airport tram stop. The opening of the Edinburgh Trams in May 2014 created the first rail connection to Edinburgh Airport.
Edinburgh Airport features a single, two-storey passenger terminal building. The ground level features the driveway area, 47 check-in desks (00-46) as well as the domestic and international arrivals area, several service counters and some shops. The upper floor contains the security control, a central airside waiting area with several shops as well as 11 departure gates (1-7 and 9-12). 11 additional gates (13-23) are located in a connected pier building to the east. 7 gates in the main building are equipped with jet-bridges, all others feature walk-boarding.
Airlines and destinations
|DHL Aviation||East Midlands|
operated for Royal Mail
|East Midlands, London-Stansted|
operated for Royal Mail
operated for Royal Mail
|TNT Airways||Liege, East Midlands|
|Star Air (Maersk)
operated for UPS Airlines
|Cologne/Bonn, East Midlands|
|Number of Passengers||Number of Movements||Freight
|Edinburgh Airport Passenger Totals
|2014||10,160,004||109,545||19,369||Source: United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled|| % change
|Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled||% change
|3||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||303,647||9|
|4||Frankfurt am Main||197,221||15|
|7||Palma de Mallorca||143,178||0|
|Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority|
Access and ground transportation
The airport lies on the A8 Glasgow-Edinburgh road, and can be easily reached by the M8 (from Glasgow) and the M9 (from Stirling). The airport is also within easy access from the M90 motorway (from Perth) via the Forth Road Bridge.
Lothian Buses provide public transportation to the airport with the Airlink 100 express bus from Edinburgh city centre, as well as the number 35 direct to Ocean Terminal and N22 with the same destination but alternative route. Additionally, Stagecoach operates the newly formed JET express bus service, previously AirDirect 747 between the airport and Inverkeithing railway station and Ferrytoll Park and Ride in Fife.
There are currently no direct rail links to Edinburgh Airport, although it lies very close to the Fife Circle and the Edinburgh-Glasgow railway lines. A project to build the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link was cancelled in 2007 after a change in Government.
The airport is served by Edinburgh Trams, a light rail link from the terminal to Edinburgh city centre. The system runs from Edinburgh Airport tram stop and travels across the western suburbs of Edinburgh on a segregated track; when the trams reach Haymarket railway station they switch to street-running mode and travel through the city along Princes Street. Edinburgh Trams began operation on 31 May 2014.
As a cheaper alternative to the cancelled Edinburgh Airport Rail Link project, an additional interchange station is currently being constructed on the Fife Circle Line. Edinburgh International Gateway station which will provide an interchange with airport tram services. This station and upgrades were finally approved by the Scottish Parliament in 2012. The station is expected to open by December 2016.
Accidents and incidents
- On 27 February 2001, a Loganair Shorts 360 (G-BNMT) operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730 GMT. Both crew members were killed, and there were no passengers on board. A fatal accident inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines before the crash. Protective covering had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked for several hours in heavy snow at Edinburgh.
- 2011 - 2nd Best Airport in Europe of the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International
- Edinburgh - EGPH
- CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
- "Site Record for Edinburgh, RAF Turnhouse". Canmore. RCAHMS. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- Runway revamp ready for take-off
- /display.var.2469632.0.More_investment_for_airport_following_runway_resurfacing.php More investment for airport following runway resurfacing
- New look runway set for take off after £16m upgrade project heralds "great future" for capital's airport
- Evidence supporting airport expansion is flawed, says government adviser
- Edinburgh Airport outlines 2030 vision
- Edinburgh Evening News:Airport chiefs called on to ditch second runway plans
- BAA: "BAA to sell Edinburgh Airport"
- BAA announces sale of Edinburgh Airport
- New Edelweiss route in S14
- "Airline Routes-Oct. 14, 2014". Air Transport World. 14 October 2014.
Jet2.com begins weekly Edinburgh-Split service May 24, 2015.Archived 15 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- New Jet2 route to Verona in S14
- "Norwegian Adds New UK - Canary Islands Winter Routes from Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Ryanair Flight Timetable". Ryanair.
- "SAS Summer 2014". edinburghairport.com. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- New UA route to ORD
- Number of Movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during that year.
- UK Airport Statistics
- "Edinburgh Airport - City Centre frequent express shuttle". Lothian Buses. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- "Airdirect 747". Stagecoach Group. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- "It's £30m down the drain". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-20.[dead link]
- "Route map". Edinburgh Trams. 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- Stevenson, Stewart (27 September 2007). "Edinburgh Airport Rail Link". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Scotsman: Pilots praised as sheriff confirms snow caused crash, 13 November 2003
- Accident description and details.
- "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Europe" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13
Media related to Edinburgh Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Edinburgh Airport Consultative Committee
- EDINBURGH AIRPORT, TURNHOUSE (1971) (archive film from the National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE)
- Current weather for EGPH at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for EDI at Aviation Safety Network