Jo Daviess County, Illinois
|Jo Daviess County, Illinois|
Rugged terrain in the county, part of the Driftless Area
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Joseph Hamilton Daveiss|
|• Total||619 sq mi (1,603 km2)|
|• Land||601 sq mi (1,557 km2)|
|• Water||18 sq mi (47 km2), 2.9%|
|• Density||38/sq mi (15/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Jo Daviess County is part of the Tri-State Area and is located near Dubuque, Iowa and Platteville, Wisconsin. As part of the Driftless Area, Jo Daviess County is known for its scenic stretches of road and valley views. Within Jo Daviess County lies Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois.
Jo Daviess County was formed in 1827 out of Henry and Putnam Counties. It is named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, United States District Attorney for Kentucky, who was killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Maj. Daveiss' name is universally misspelled, as in the name of this and other counties. The local pronunciation is "Davis". Jo Daviess County was founded exclusively by immigrants from New England. These were old stock "Yankee" immigrants, meaning they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. The completion of the Erie Canal caused a surge in New England immigration to what was then the Northwest Territory. The end of the Black Hawk War led to an additional surge of immigration, once again coming almost exclusively from the six New England states as a result of overpopulation combined with land shortages in that region. Some of these later settlers were from upstate New York and had parents who had moved to that region from New England shortly after the Revolutionary War. New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York were the vast majority of Jo Daviess County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history. These settlers were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Jo Daviess County. The Congregational Church subsequently has gone through many divisions and some factions, including those in Jo Daviess County are now known as the Church of Christ and the United Church of Christ. As a result of this heritage the vast majority of inhabitants in Jo Daviess County, much like antebellum New England were overwhelmingly in favor of the abolitionist movement during the decades leading up to the Civil War. In the late 1880s and early 1890s Irish and German migrants began moving into Jo Daviess County, most of these later immigrants did not move directly from Ireland and Germany, but rather from other areas in the Midwest where they had been living, particularly the state of Ohio.
A proposed wind farm would be located near the town of Nora in the northeastern corner of the county.
County border changes
- 1830- The northern border of Illinois and Wisconsin was formally established. Until that time, several Wisconsin towns actually were under the jurisdiction of Jo Daviess County.
- 1831- Rock Island County was formed from a part of the county, along with a new northern extension of Henry County and Putnam County.
- 1836- Whiteside, Ogle, and Winnebago counties were formed from the southern and eastern sections of the county.
- 1837- Stephenson County was formed from the eastern section of the county.
- 1839- Carroll County was formed from the southern section of the county.
Jo Daviess between 1836 and 1837. Whiteside and Ogle Counties remained temporarily attached to Jo Daviess until county governments could be organized.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Galena have ranged from a low of 9 °F (−13 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −34 °F (−37 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.14 inches (29 mm) in January to 4.58 inches (116 mm) in June.
- Lafayette County, Wisconsin - north
- Stephenson County - east
- Carroll County - southeast
- Jackson County, Iowa - southwest
- Dubuque County, Iowa - west
- Grant County, Wisconsin - northwest
National protected area
- Ron Smith (R), Distrct 9 (Council Hill & East Galena), Chairman
- Brandon Behlke (R), District 11 (West Galena II & Rawlins)
- Gerald Bennett (D), District 6 (Apple River & Warren I)
- Merri Belage (R), District 13 (Elizabeth & Rice), Vice-Chair
- Bill Bingham (R), District 4 (Vinegar Hill & Menominee)
- Jody Covert (R), District 14 (Hanover & Rice)
- Rick Dittmar (R), District 15 (Berreman, Derinda, Pleasant Valley, & Woodbine)
- Robert Heuerman (R), District 16 (Stockton I & Wards Grove)
- Dan Hughes (R), District 7 (Nora, Warren II, & Rush)
- Randy Jobgen (D), District 10 (West Galena I)
- Steve McIntyre (R), District 8 (Thompson & Guilford)
- Margie Montelius (D), District 1 (Dunlieth I)
- John O'Boyle (R), District 17 (Stockton II & Rush)
- Steve Rutz (R), District 3 (Dunlieth III)
- Terry Stoffregen (R), District 12 (West Galena III & Rawlins)
- R.J. Winkelhake (R), District 5 (Scales Mound & Guilford)
- Don Zillig (D), District 2 (Dunlieth II)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,691 people, 9,524 households, and 6,436 families residing in the county. The population density was 36.67 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 13,587 housing units at an average density of 21.96 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,524 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 19, 4.30% from 20 to 24, 20.30% from 25 to 44, 31.30% from 45 to 64, and 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,992, and the median income for a family was $60,185. Males had a median income of $40,935 versus $30,585 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,839. About 5.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.
Jo Daviess County is divided into twenty-three townships:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 169.
- The History of Jo Daviess County, Illinois: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, Etc., a Biographical Directory of Its Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion by H.F. Kett & Company, 1878
- The Early History of Northern Illinois by Charles Knapp Carpenter Ogle County Federation of Women's Clubs, 1948
- http://www.galenahistorymuseum.org/courthouse.htm Jo Daviess County Courthouse: History Highlights
- White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. 
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Galena, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Jo Daviess County, IL official website
- Galena/Jo Daviess County Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Who was Jo Daviess?
||Grant County, Wisconsin||Lafayette County, Wisconsin|
|Dubuque County, Iowa||Stephenson County|
|Jackson County, Iowa||Carroll County|