Jo Daviess County, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jo Daviess County, Illinois
Jo Daviess County IL U.S. 20 terrain1.JPG
Rugged terrain in the county, part of the Driftless Area.
Map of Illinois highlighting Jo Daviess County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1827
Named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss
Seat Galena
Largest city Galena
Area
 • Total 618.73 sq mi (1,603 km2)
 • Land 601.09 sq mi (1,557 km2)
 • Water 17.64 sq mi (46 km2), 2.85%
Population
 • (2010) 22,691
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jodaviess.org

Jo Daviess County is a county located in the northwest corner of U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 22,678, which is an increase of 1.7% from 22,289 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Galena.[2]

As part of the Driftless Area, Jo Daviess County is known for its scenic stretches of road and valley views. Within Jo Daviess County lies Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois.

Jo Daviess County is part of the Tri-State Area and the Dubuque, Iowa, Galena, Illinois, Platteville, Wisconsin, metropolitan area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 618.73 square miles (1,602.5 km2), of which 601.09 square miles (1,556.8 km2) (or 97.15%) is land and 17.64 square miles (45.7 km2) (or 2.85%) is water.[3]


County Board Members[edit]

  • Ron Smith (R), Distrct 9 (Council Hill & East Galena), Chairman
  • Brandon Behlke (R), District 11 (West Galena II & Rawlins)
  • Gerald Bennett (D), District 6 (Apple River & Warren I)
  • Merri Belage (R), District 13 (Elizabeth & Rice), Vice-Chair
  • Bill Bingham (R), District 4 (Vinegar Hill & Menominee)
  • Jody Covert (R), District 14 (Hanover & Rice)
  • Rick Dittmar (R), District 15 (Berreman, Derinda, Pleasant Valley, & Woodbine)
  • Robert Heuerman (R), District 16 (Stockton I & Wards Grove)
  • Dan Hughes (R), District 7 (Nora, Warren II, & Rush)
  • Randy Jobgen (D), District 10 (West Galena I)
  • Steve McIntyre (R), District 8 (Thompson & Guilford)
  • Margie Montelius (D), District 1 (Dunlieth I)
  • John O'Boyle (R), District 17 (Stockton II & Rush)
  • Steve Rutz (R), District 3 (Dunlieth III)
  • Terry Stoffregen (R), District 12 (West Galena III & Rawlins)
  • R.J. Winkelhake (R), District 5 (Scales Mound & Guilford)
  • Don Zillig (D), District 2 (Dunlieth II)

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

History[edit]

Jo Daviess County was formed in 1827 out of Henry and Putnam Counties. It is named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, United States District Attorney for Kentucky, who was killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Maj. Daveiss' name is universally misspelled, as in the name of this and other counties. The local pronunciation is "Davis".

A proposed wind farm would be located near the town of Nora in the northeastern corner of the county.

County border changes[edit]

  • 1830- The northern border of Illinois and Wisconsin was formally established. Until that time, several Wisconsin towns actually were under the jurisdiction of Jo Daviess County.[4]
  • 1831- Rock Island County was formed from a part of the county, along with a new northern extension of Henry County and Putnam County.
  • 1836- Whiteside, Ogle, and Winnebago counties were formed from the southern and eastern sections of the county.
  • 1837- Stephenson County was formed from the eastern section of the county.
  • 1839- Carroll County was formed from the southern section of the county.[5]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Jo Daviess County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,111
1840 6,180 192.8%
1850 18,604 201.0%
1860 27,325 46.9%
1870 27,820 1.8%
1880 27,528 −1.0%
1890 25,101 −8.8%
1900 24,533 −2.3%
1910 22,657 −7.6%
1920 21,917 −3.3%
1930 20,235 −7.7%
1940 19,989 −1.2%
1950 21,459 7.4%
1960 21,821 1.7%
1970 21,766 −0.3%
1980 23,520 8.1%
1990 21,821 −7.2%
2000 22,289 2.1%
2010 22,691 1.8%
Est. 2012 22,549 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 22,691 people, 9,524 households, and 6,436 families residing in the county. The population density was 36.67 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 13,587 housing units at an average density of 21.96 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.4% were of German, 18.2% Irish, 11.2% American and 8.1% English ancestry according to Census 2010.

There were 9,524 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 19, 4.30% from 20 to 24, 20.30% from 25 to 44, 31.30% from 45 to 64, and 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,992, and the median income for a family was $60,185. Males had a median income of $40,935 versus $30,585 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,839. About 5.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Downtown Galena (the county seat) viewed from the U.S. Grant Home

Townships[edit]

Jo Daviess County is divided into twenty-three townships:

Climate and weather[edit]

Galena, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.1
 
27
9
 
 
1.3
 
33
14
 
 
2.3
 
45
25
 
 
3.3
 
59
36
 
 
3.7
 
71
47
 
 
4.6
 
81
57
 
 
3.3
 
84
62
 
 
4.4
 
82
60
 
 
3.6
 
74
51
 
 
2.5
 
62
39
 
 
2.6
 
45
27
 
 
1.6
 
32
16
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[10]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Galena have ranged from a low of 9 °F (−13 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −34 °F (−37 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.14 inches (29 mm) in January to 4.58 inches (116 mm) in June.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jo Daviess County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  4. ^ http://www.galenahistorymuseum.org/courthouse.htm Jo Daviess County Courthouse: History Highlights
  5. ^ http://www.genealogyinc.com/illinois/maps/ County Formation Maps, state of Illinois, 1790-1869
  6. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Galena, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°22′N 90°13′W / 42.36°N 90.21°W / 42.36; -90.21