Henderson County, Illinois

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Henderson County, Illinois
Henderson County Courthouse, Oquawka.jpg
Henderson County Courthouse, Oquawka
Map of Illinois highlighting Henderson County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1841
Named for Richard Henderson
Seat Oquawka
Largest village Oquawka
Area
 • Total 395 sq mi (1,023 km2)
 • Land 379 sq mi (982 km2)
 • Water 16 sq mi (41 km2), 4.1%
Population
 • (2010) 7,331
 • Density 19/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Henderson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 7,331.[1] Its county seat is Oquawka.[2]

Henderson County is part of the Burlington, IA–IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Henderson County was formed in 1841 out of Warren County. It was named for Henderson County, Kentucky, which was named for Richard Henderson,[3] founder of the Transylvania Company, an early attempt to organize what later became Kentucky around 1775.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 395 square miles (1,020 km2), of which 379 square miles (980 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (4.1%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Oquawka, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.3
 
30
15
 
 
1.5
 
36
21
 
 
3
 
49
31
 
 
3.6
 
62
43
 
 
4.4
 
72
54
 
 
4.5
 
82
63
 
 
4.5
 
85
67
 
 
3.9
 
83
65
 
 
3.6
 
76
57
 
 
2.9
 
65
46
 
 
2.7
 
49
33
 
 
2.1
 
35
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Oquawka have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in August 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.31 inches (33 mm) in January to 4.48 inches (114 mm) in July.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Henderson County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,612
1860 9,501 106.0%
1870 12,582 32.4%
1880 10,722 −14.8%
1890 9,876 −7.9%
1900 10,836 9.7%
1910 9,724 −10.3%
1920 9,770 0.5%
1930 8,778 −10.2%
1940 8,949 1.9%
1950 8,416 −6.0%
1960 8,237 −2.1%
1970 8,451 2.6%
1980 9,114 7.8%
1990 8,096 −11.2%
2000 8,213 1.4%
2010 7,331 −10.7%
Est. 2013 6,990 −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 8,213 people, 3,365 households, and 2,375 families residing in Henderson County. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 4,126 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.50% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.7% were of German, 23.5% American, 13.2% English, 13.2% Irish and 6.0% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.2% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.

The largest self-reported ancestry in Henderson County as of 2010 are:[11]

There were 3,365 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,405, and the median income for a family was $42,400. Males had a median income of $31,239 versus $21,100 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,456. About 6.10% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Henderson County is divided into eleven townships:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 154. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Oquawka, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/17/17071.html

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°49′N 90°56′W / 40.81°N 90.93°W / 40.81; -90.93