West Godavari district
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|West Godavari district
పశ్చిమ గోదావరి జిల్లా
|District of Andhra Pradesh|
|Nickname(s): Granary of India|
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
(Officially from 2nd June 2014)
|• Collector & District Magistrate||Siddhartha Jain, IAS|
|• Total||7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi)|
|• Density||508/km2 (1,320/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Precipitation||1,115 millimetres (43.9 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||26.0 °C (78.8 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||45.9 °C (114.6 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||23.5 °C (74.3 °F)|
West Godavari District (Telugu: పశ్చిమ గోదావరి జిల్లా) is one of the 13 districts of Andhra Pradesh, India; the district headquarters is the city of Eluru. The district had a population of 3,934,782, 19.74% of which is urban population as of 2011 .
The district is in the delta region of the Krishna and Godavari rivers. Khammam District lies to the north, East Godavari District to the east, the Bay of Bengal to the south, and Krishna District to the west.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Culture
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Tourist Places
- 8 Image Gallery
- 9 Divisions
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Rajamundhry (also called Rajamahendravaram) was a part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi. The Eastern Chalukyas ruled coastal Andhra from 700 to 1200, with Vengi, near the village of Pedavegi, as their capital. Historical evidences are found at the villages of Pedavegi and Guntupalli (Jilakarragudem). Eluru then became a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471. Later it fell into the hands of the Gajapathis. In 1515 Sri Krishna Deva Raya captured it. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was taken by the Sultan of Golkonda, Kutub Shah. In 1925, West Godavari District was formed with Eluru as its headquarters and all the district offices and regional offices were set up in Eluru town.
It was formed in April 14, 1921 - by dividing then Krishna and Godavari districts. The Godavari district was renamed as East Godavari District and the new district is named as West Godavari district.
The region mostly has a tropical climate like the rest of the Coastal Andhra region. The summers (March–June) are very hot and humid while the winters are pleasant. The rainy season (July–December) is the best time to visit the district with the fields brilliantly green with paddy crops, rivers flowing with water and the relatively cool climate. The region has long been home to Indian nobles due to its climate and fertile soil, and several zamindar large mansions are scattered around the Godavari area.
The districts is extremely fertile, getting water abundantly throughout the Cotton barage built on the Godavari River at Dhavaleswaram. The barage chanels water through two canals. Topographically the district is divided into the Delta and the uplands.
In the Delta, aguaculture, coconut, lemon and rice are cultivated. The district is popularly known as the Granary of India since about 50% of the state's rice production comes from the district. In the uplands, oil palm, sugarcane, corn, mango, banana and other fruits as well as tobacco and cotton are produced. In the coastal belt of the district, prawns and fish is exported to Japan and the United States.
Development of manufacturing industries has been neglected despite availability of raw materials. However, ONGC started exploration activities in 1980 on the Krishna Godavari basin. Reliance & Cairn are making efforts to extract oil and gas.
Eluru is the largest city in West Godavari District, with a thriving woolen pile carpet industry. Tadepalligudem is the geographic center of the district and is biggest market centre. Bhimavaram is a hub for Prawns export and is the home of Vendra paper mills. [Tadepalligudem] has foods, fats and fertilisers industry. Tanuku has Andhra Sugars. Narasapuram is one Major Town in West godavari DIST and it is famous for crochet lace products. Palakol is a famous for coconut exports (estimated at 200 crore per year).
The vast majority of the district is rural in nature thus the culture of the district is mostly conservative and traditional. The joint family system and arrainged marriages are the norm. Cities like Bhimavaram, Tadepalligudem and Eluru are a little bit more modern. The standard form of the Telugu dialect is spoken in this district just as its neighboring Krishna district.[verification needed]. English is commonly spoken by the younger generation as most higher education is conducted in English medium.
In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 999 households in 48 villages across the district. They found that 93.2% had access to electricity, 98.1% to drinking water, 56.7% to indoor toilet facilities, and 33.2% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 28.4% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 86.4% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
According to the 2011 census West Godavari district has a population of 3,934,782, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 61st in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 508 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,320 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 3.45%. West Godavari has a sex ratio of 1004 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.32%.
Literacy Rate in West Godavari District is 74.63 % (Census-2011).
Universities and Educational Institutions
- Dr YSR Horticultural University, Venktramannagudem
- Andhra University Campus at Tadepalligudem
- Arts & Science Colleges - 80
- Dental Colleges - 2
- Engg Colleges - 30
- Medical Collge - 1
- Nursing Colleges - 10
- Management Colleges - 28
- Pharmacy Colleges- 8
- Polytechnic Colleges - 5
- Law College - 1
- Teacher Training Institutions (B.Ed & D.Ed ) - 26
About the Temple: “Dwaraka Tirumala” is an ancient holy place and a popular pilgrim center in Andhra Pradesh of South India. Dwaraka Tirumala is nearer to 'Eluru', the headquarters of West Godavari District, which is 42 km away from Eluru. Dwaraka Tirumala is situated at 15 km distance from Bhimadole Junction, which is in between Vijayawada and Rajahmundry State Highway and Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam main Railway line.
Sthala Puranam :
This pilgrimage centre is called "Dwaraka Tirumala" after the great saint, "Dwaraka" who located the self manifested idol of Lord "Sri Venkateswara" after severe penance in a ‘Valmikam’ (ant hill). The devotees call Sri Venkateswara as Kaliyuga Vaikunta Vasa. This place is also called “Chinna Tirupati”.
As per Sastras North Indian rivers like Ganges and Yamuna are considered to be more and more holy as they go up to the origin and south Indian rivers like Krishna and Godavary are more and more holy as they go down the river to its mouth to the Sea. It is why there are numerous shrines and holy bathing ghats, at close intervals, on both sides of the great grand rivers Krishna and Godavary in their lower regions.
The region covered by our Dwaraka Tirumala is commanding the top most conspicuous position in India, being garlanded by these two great Indian rivers Krishna and Godavary, as pointed out by Brahma Purana.
The devotees who wish to go and offer their donations, or tonsures or any other offerings to Lord Venkateswara, Lord of Tirumala Tirupati, called as “Pedda Tirupati”, due to some reason, if they are unable to go there, they can offer their donations, prayers and worship in Dwaraka Tirumala temple.
Dwaraka Tirumala is a famous temple from the ancient times. According to some Puranas, the temple is popular even in Kruta yuga and is still attracting the devotees. According to Brahma Purana, Aja Maharaja, the Grand father of Lord Sri Rama also worshiped Lord Venkateswara for his marriage. On his way to the ‘Swayamvaram’ of Indumati, he passed by the temple. He did not offer prayers in the temple. The bride Indumati garlanded him, but he had to face a battle with the kings who came to the Swayamvaram. He realized that the battle was thrust on him for ignoring the temple on the way. After realizing this, Aja Maharaja prayed to the Lord Venkateswara. Suddenly the kings stopped the battle.
It is a great wonder to see two main idols under one Vimana Sikharam. One idol is a full and complete statue. The other is a half statue of the upper portion of the form of the Lord. The upper potion of the form is a self-manifested idol located by Sage "Dwaraka". The saints of the yore felt the prayers to the Lord are not complete without worshipping His holy feet. So, the saints joined together and installed a full statue behind the self-manifested idol, to worship the feet of the Lord according to Vaikhanasa Agamam.
It is believed that the prayers to the smaller statue of the Lord will lead to Moksha, and the big form stands for Dharma, Artha and Kama. The Tiru kalyanotsavam is celebrated twice a year. One for the self manifested idol in the month of “Vaisakha” and the other for the installed idol in the month of “Aswayuja”.
MAGNIFICENCE OF THE SANCTUM SANCTORUM:
On entering the sanctum sanctorum, one feels a most inspiring and enchanting experience. The presiding mythological deity Lord Venkateswara is visible up to the Bust size and the lower portion is imagined to be in the earth. The holy feet are said to be offered to Bali Chakravarthi in “Patala” for his daily worship. The full size idol of Lord Sri Venkateswara standing at the back of the main idol is said to have been installed by the great social reformer Srimad Ramanuja of the 11 th century. The idols of Padmavathi and Nanchari are installed in the Arthamandapa facing east. This is a full equipped shrine to be a Divyasthala.
COMBINATION OF SIVA AND VISHNU ON ADISESHA: The most peculiar aspect here is that the hill appearing to be a serpant in form, even to the naked eye, confirms the mythological version that Anantha, the serpant king has taken up this terrestrial form of serpant hill and is carrying God Mallikarjuna on the hood and Lord Venkateswara on the tail, thus creating a happy and harmonious compromise of Vaishnavism and Saivism at a single place.
RENOVATION AND ORIGIN OF THE PRESENT STRUCTURE:
The magnificent monuments like, Vimana, Mantapa, Gopura, Prakara etc., stand to the credit of Dharma Appa Raoa recent ruler (1762 – 1827) and the golden ornaments and silver vahanas stand to the credit of the generous queen Rani Chinnamma Rao of Mylavaram, Krishna Dist. (1877 – 1902). These things immortalize the glory of the shrine.
The main temple is a masterpiece of South Indian Architecture with its five-storied main Rajagopuram facing the south and three other gopurams on the other three sides. The Vimana is in the Nagara style and old Mukhamantapa is extended to a great extent to suit the present day needs. There are several temples of Alwars attached to the Prakara on all sides. The whole spacious compound has been paved with stone and flower trees are grown in an order as if to feast the eye of the pilgrims.
Temple Tour (Holy places in the Temple):
Sri Swamyvari Temple Anjaneya Swamyvari and Sri Garuda Swamivari Temples Sage ‘Dwaraka’ Statue Alwar Temples Deeparadhana Temple Four corner Mandapams Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya Statue
More detail visit: http://www.dwarakatirumala.org/temple.html
The Perupalem Beach is located at a distance of 20 kilometers from the town of Narasapuram. The Baptist Church near the beach is also a tourist attraction. Nearest Rail Head is Narasapuram (19 km). Tourists can stay at Narasapuram (19 km). Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (107 km)
It is one of the Town in the District having a population of 58,000. Narasapuram was the general usage form of "Narasimhaa Puram", which indicates Lord Lakshmi Narasimha, a Hindu God. It is It is located at Distance of 95 km from the District HQ, Eluru. Sri Adikesava Embermannar Swamy Temple is among the places of faith and worship located in Narsapuram. Banks of the Godavari River and crossing the Godavari River by ferry are the interested to the tourists. It is connected with Rail and trains are originated here to Visakhapatnam, Rajahmundry, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Tirupati, Shirdi etc. Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (90 km). Accommodation available in the Town.
It is one of the Town in the District having a population of around 80,000.Ksheera Rama Lingeswara Swami Temple with its 36.6 Mts high Tower (Pedha Gopuram). It was built by the reddy rajulu who ruled this place during 15th century, as a 15th-century temple for Shiva. It is one of the five Pancharama Kshetras. Lalita Kalanjali Nataka Academy supported by famous film artist and director Kodi Ramakrishna conducts Nataka Potilu (Drama Competitions) every year, which are famous in the state. Good Accommodation available in the town and it is connected with the rail. Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (81 km)
Penugonda is a small town in the district and it is famous for the Sri Vasavi Kanyaka Parameswari temple, which is the most important temple for Arya Vysyas community. The other famous temple here is Sri Nagareshwara Swamy temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. A unique feature of this temple is that it contains 2 bulls (Nandi) in front of the lord (Normally there will be only one bull in front of the lord). Tourists can stay at Vasavi Santidham with low price. Nearest towns for staying are Palakole (16 km) and Tanuku (20 km). Nearest Railheads are Palakole (16 km) & Tanuku (20 km). Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (65 km)
Bhimavaram is the 2nd biggest town after eluru in the District. Bhimavaram is a Pancharama Kshetra because of the five temples dedicated to Lord Shiva called the Somaramam Pancharama located in the town. The Lord Shiva is called Someshvarudu in the temple and thought of as the Sadyojatha Mukha Swarupam, the Siva lingam inside the temple is believed to have been installed by the Lord Chandra, hence the name Someshwara. There is also the temple of “Mavullamma” that is popular throughout the state situated in the centre of the town, the goddess is said to be an incarnation of the goddess of Shakti Mahakali.Star Hotels are available to stay for the travelers. Direct trains available to Kolkata, Puri, Visakhapatnam, Bilaspur, Kakinada, Rajahmundry, Vijayawada, Macherla, Hyderabad, Chennai, Tirupati, Bengaluru and Mumbai. Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (91 km)
Juttiga is a small Village in Penumantra Mandal. A river by name "Gostanadi" which has got a historical significance is passing through this village.The temple of juttiga named as umavasuki ravisomeswara swami Temple. Nearest Rail Head is Attili (7 km), Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (76 km). Accommodation available at Tanuku (14 km)
Natta Rameswaram is Village in Penumantra Temple and it is famous for lord Shiva Temple. Natta Rameswaram Temple, Penumantra Mandal, West Godavari Dist. - Two main temples dedicated to Shiva located in the same same premises. One Shiva Linga installed by Shri Parasurama in the middle of Goasthani and the same was witnessed by Sapta Koti Rishies so the temple is called by the name Saptakoteswara Linga temple. As the temple is in the Goastani water, piligrims can do abhishekam and puja during the Telugu month of VAISAKHAM ( i.e. in the middle of May/June )only. All the remaining months the Saptakoteswara Linga will be under the waters of Gostani. Another Shiva Linga is installed by Lord Rama. So the temple got the name Ramalingeswara Swamy. Here is a Shiva Linga made of shells and conches, so it is called as Natta Rameswaram.Nearest Rail Head is Attili (6 km), Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (79 km). Accommodation available at Tanuku (15 km)
Veerampalem is a village in Tadepalligudem Mandal and it is famous for lord Shiva Temple. In this temple Siva is dancing at Kailash mountain stature at top Ganga Devi, Thousands of small lingam around that temple building, in side temple that have SPHATIKA (CRYSTAL) LINGAM, it height will be about 15 inch (1 feet) keep in side glass box in tight security, it will open 2 times Mahashivratri & Karthika Pournami in a year, Very nice to see it through my eyes and the main temple having big Shivalingam which coved by thousands of rudraksha mala, it will open all days and also having big homa kundam, Big stature Sathya Sai Baba, Siva & Parvathi, under an Umbrella 8 face vinayagar and Gautama_Maharishi in pond.it is maintained by “Balatripura Sundari Trust”. Nearest Railway Station is Tadepalligudem on Howrah-Chennai Mainline (19 km), Nearest Airport is Rajahmundry (63 km). Accommodation available at Tadepalligudem (19 km).
- Dwaraka Tirumala
- Kolleru Lake
River Tammileru near Eluru
Earlier there had been two Parliamentary Constituencies and 16 Assembly Constituencies. The Constituencies Delimitation Committee has reduced that to 15 and now there are two parliamentary and 15 Assembly constituencies in West Godavari district.
The Assembly constituencies are:
- Eluru Population:515,396
- Kovvur Population:39,372
- Narasapuram Population:58,604
- Nidadavolu Population:60,835
- Palakol Population:76,308
- Tadepalligudem Population:105,234
- Tanuku Population:72,970
- Jangareddygudem Population:48,994
- Eluru (rural)
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females."
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Liberia 3,786,764July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Oregon 3,831,074"
- District-wise Assembly-Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Godavari district.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for West Godavari (district).|
||Khammam district, Telangana|
|Krishna district||East Godavari district|
|Bay of Bengal|