Avianca Costa Rica

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Avianca Costa Rica
Avianca Logo 2013.png
Founded 1945
Hubs Juan Santamaría International Airport
Frequent-flyer program LifeMiles
Alliance Star Alliance (affiliate)
Fleet size 44
Destinations 35
Parent company Synergy Group
Headquarters San José, Costa Rica
Key people Roberto Kriete (CEO)
Fabio Villegas Ramírez (Chairman & CEO of Holding Company)

Avianca Costa Rica, formerly known as Lacsa (Spanish: Lineas Aéreas Costarricenses S.A.), minority owned by the Synergy Group, is the national airline of Costa Rica and is based in San José. It operates international scheduled services to over 35 destinations in Central, North and South America.[1][2][3] When it was a subsidiary of Grupo TACA, the airline was also known as TACA/LACSA. Since May 2013, when Grupo TACA was bought, Avianca Costa Rica is one of the seven nationally branded airlines (Avianca Ecuador, Avianca Honduras, etc.) in the Avianca Holdings group of Latin American airlines.


LACSA Douglas DC-6B freighter at Miami International Airport in 1971

Lacsa was established on 17 October 1945 by Pan American World Airways, the Costa Rican government and Costa Rican private interests. It started operations on 1 June 1946 and was designated the national carrier in 1949. Its domestic network was transferred to its wholly owned subsidiary Sansa in September 1959.

LACSA BAC 1-11 at Miami in 1971

Lacsa operated the Douglas DC-6B four-engined piston airliner from 1960 until 1976 on their regular passenger, and eventually freight, scheduled flights to Miami International Airport. The airline introduced the first of their British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven twin-engined jet airliners onto their Caribbean passenger route network in April 1967.[4]

Since 1999, the five airlines in the alliance began flying under the TACA brand.[5] In 2008 a new TACA logo was introduced,[6] followed by a new fleet of Embraer 190 airplanes registered in Costa Rica and operated under the Lacsa code.[7]


Postal stamp issued to commemorate LACSA's 20th anniversary (1946–1966).
Main article: Lacsa destinations


Lacsa services used to be flown exclusively by Airbus A320 family aircraft drawn from the pooled fleet of Grupo TACA.[citation needed] In 2008, a new fleet of Embraer 190 was introduced.[8]


Aircraft Total Orders Passengers
C Y Total
Airbus A319-100 4 12 108 120
Airbus A320-200 27 12 138 150
Airbus A321-200 2 12 182 194
Embraer 190 6 8 88 96
Total 39 0

Lacsa passenger retired[edit]

Lacsa cargo retired[edit]


On May 23, 1988, a leased Boeing 727-100, registered TI-LRC and operating the route San Jose-Managua-Miami, collided with a fence at the end of the runway in the Juan Santamaria International Airport, crashed at a nearby field next to a highway, and caught fire. The excess of weight in the front part of the airplane was the cause of the accident. There were no fatalities out of the 23 occupants.[citation needed]

On 11 January 1998, Lacsa flight 691,[9] an Airbus A320, veered off a runway at San Francisco International Airport during the takeoff roll. The aircraft left the runway at full speed, coming to rest in a field of mud. The runway was closed after the incident, reducing take-off capacity by 50 percent, leading to massive delays at the airport. None of the 122 passengers on board the aircraft sustained injuries, and stayed at a hotel until another aircraft could transport them to their destination, San Jose, in Costa Rica. The cause of the incident was not determined.[10]


  1. ^ "Our History". Grupo TACA. Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  2. ^ "LACSA Lineas Aéreas Costarricenses – Details and Fleet History". Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  3. ^ "LACSA". Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  4. ^ Eastwood & Roach, 2004, p. 170
  5. ^ Rohter, Larry (1998-04-15). "A Home-Grown Giant Of Central America". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  6. ^ "Taca lanza nueva imagen y servicios" (in Spanish). La Nacion (Costa Rica). 2008-09-25. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  7. ^ "TACA renueva flota para vuelos al Istmo" (in Spanish). La Nacion (Costa Rica). 2008-10-08. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  8. ^ Delivers First EMBRAER 190 Jet to TACA Airlines
  9. ^ The San Francisco Chronicle. 1998-01-11  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Airplane gets stuck in mud after veering off San Francisco runway at full speed". January 11, 1998. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  • Roach, J (2004). Jet Airliner Production List - Volume 2. The Aviation Hobby Shop. 
  • Hardy, M. J. (October 1969). "Aviation in Costa Rica". Air Pictorial 31 (10): pp. 362–365. 

External links[edit]