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Turkish variant of sujuk, parmak sucuk
|Main ingredient(s)||Ground meat (usually beef, sometimes pork or horse), cumin, sumac, garlic, salt, red pepper|
Sujuk consists of ground meat (usually beef, but pork is used in non-Muslim countries and horse meat in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan), with various spices including cumin, sumac, garlic, salt, and red pepper, fed into a sausage casing and allowed to dry for several weeks. It can be more or less spicy; it is fairly salty and has a high fat content.
Sujuk may be eaten cooked (when raw, it is very hard and stiff). It is often cut into slices and cooked without additional oil, its own fat being sufficient to fry it. At breakfast, it is used in a way similar to bacon or spam. It is fried in a pan, often with eggs (e.g. as breakfast in Egypt), accompanied by a hot cup of sweet black tea. Sujuk is sometimes cooked with haricot bean or incorporated into pastries at some regions in Turkey. In Bulgaria, raw, sliced sujuk is often served as an appetizer with rakia or other high alcoholic drinks. In Lebanon, cooked sliced sujuk is made into sandwiches with garlic sauce and tomato.
Sujuk is also commonly used as a topping on savoury pastries in Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Palestine, Israel and Lebanon; sujuk shawarma is also occasionally found. Akin to sujuk shawarma, sujuk döner was also introduced in Turkey in late 1990s.
The Turkish name "sucuk" has been adopted unmodified in the languages of the region including Bulgarian: суджук, sudzhuk; Russian: суджук, sudzhuk; Albanian: suxhuk; Romanian: sugiuc; Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian sudžuka (or sujuka)/cyџyka; Macedonian: суџук, sudžuk; Armenian: սուջուխ, suǰux; Arabic: سجق, sujuq; Greek: σουτζούκι, soutzouki. And, of course it is well-known among Turkic peoples: Kyrgyz: чучук, chuchuk; Kazakh: шұжық, shujiq.
There is also a sausage-shaped confection called sujuk, (Armenian: walnut sujuk / ընկույզով, քաղցր սուջուխ, pestil cevizli sucuk (Turkey), soutzoukos (Greece), or churchkhela (Georgia); it is made from walnuts sewn onto a string, and dipped in thickened grape jelly manufactured from concentrated grape juice and some starch and then dried.
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- Soutzoukakia, spicy meatballs in sauce whose name means literally 'little sujuk'
- Mahan (sausage) (ru:Махан (колбаса)) a sausage of crimean tatars
- Using horse parts that are cheaper than those used for the Central Asian kazy, which is made the same way as sujuk, but is more expensive.