List of Greek dishes

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This is a list of dishes found in Greek cuisine.

Salads, spreads, dips[edit]

Name Image Description
Greek salad Greek Salad Choriatiki.jpg Greek salad consists of pieces of tomatoes, sliced cucumbers, onion, feta cheese, and olives (usually Kalamata olives), typically seasoned with salt and oregano, and dressed with olive oil.
Dakos Koukouvagia.jpg Cretan salad
Taramosalata Taramosalata01.jpg Cod roe, breadcrumbs, olive oil, lemon juice.
Tirokafteri Tirokafteri.jpg Sometimes written as Tyrokavteri. A spread or dip, the main ingredients are feta cheese, roasted red peppers, and garlic. Can be spicy hot or mild.
Tzatziki Tzatziki IMGP1430.jpg Yogourt, cucumber, garlic
Skordalia A sauce that accompanies the cod (bakaliaro) and in some cases, salads. The main ingredients are: potato, garlic, olive oil and vinegar.

Appetizers[edit]

Name Image Description
Bakaliaros
Florina peppers Stuffed peppers in Kardamena, Kos, Greece (5654605884).jpg Roasted red peppers, often stuffed with such things as cheese and herbs
Kalamari Calamares tapas.jpg Fried squid (fried calamari, calamari) is a favourite dish in Greece. It consists of batter-coated, deep fried squid, fried for less than two minutes to prevent toughness. It is served plain, with salt and lemon on the side.
Kolokythoanthoi Kolokythoanthoi gemistoi me giaourti.jpg Stuffed zucchini flowers
Kolokythakia Fried zucchini
Lakerda Lakerda is a pickled bonito dish eaten as a mezze in the cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire and Greece.
Loukaniko Loukaniko.jpg Sausage, made with pork and lamb and flavoured with orange zest.
Octopus Greekoctopus.jpg Usually grilled or BBQ'ed and served with a mezze, or as a main meal
Pita Pita From Greece.jpg Several styles of pitas are found all over Greece, such as Kolokythopita, Mizithropita (Crete), Melintzanopita, Tsouknidopita, Kremydopita, Kreatopita (meat pie), Galatopita, Marathopita, Malathropita (Chios), Ladopita.
Spanakopita Spanikopita Greek dish.jpg A delicious filo pastry pie made with spinach and feta cheese, Spanakopita is a classic Greek favourite.
Tiropita Tiropita Greek dish.jpg Tiropita or tyropita is a Greek layered pastry food in the burek family, made with layers of buttered phyllo and filled with a cheese-egg mixture.

Soups[edit]

Name Image Description
Avgolemono Avgolemono Soup and Grilled Chicken and Mango Salad.jpg 'Egg-lemon' soup: chicken, meat, vegetable, or fish broth thickened with eggs, lemon juice, and rice.
Fakes Red lentil soup.jpg A lentil soup and one of the famous everyday Greek soups, usually served with vinegar and olives and/or smoked herring (kipper).
Fasolada Fasolada.JPG A bean soup defined in many cookery books as the traditional Greek dish. It is made of beans, tomatoes, carrot, celery and a lot of olive oil.
Kotosoupa A delicious and hearty chicken soup recipe with chunks of chicken, vegetables, and a rich flavoured broth.
Hortosoupa A mixture of a variety of vegetables. It's very healthy and ideal for babies. Main ingredients are carrot, cabbage, zucchini, onions and potato. You can add cheese or yogurt when serving. [1]
Magiritsa Mageiritsa soup.jpg A traditional Easter soup made with lamb offal and thickened with avgolemono.
Patsas Shkembe-chorba.jpg A tripe soup.
Psarosoupa A 'fish soup'. It can be cooked with a variety of fish types, and several kinds of vegetables (carrots, parsley, celery, potatoes, onion), several varieties include the classic kakavia which is drizzled with olive oil.
Revithia A chickpea soup.
Trahana Two kinds of tarhana.JPG A mixture of fermented grain and yoghurt.

Vegetarian and non-meat dishes[edit]

Very popular during fasting periods, such as the Great Lent:

Name Image Description
Anginares a la Polita Artichokes with olive oil.
Arakas me anginares Fresh peas with artichokes in the oven.
Bamies Okra with tomato sauce (sometimes with potatoes and/or chicken/lamb).
Briám An oven-baked ratatouille of summer vegetables based on sliced potatoes and zucchini in olive oil. Usually includes eggplant, tomatoes, onions, and ample aromatic herbs and seasonings.
Fasolakia FasolakiaPrasinaLadera.jpg Fresh green beans stewed in tomato sauce. Some people might also add potatoes and/or zucchini.
Gigandes plaki Gigandes plaki.jpg Baked beans with tomato sauce and various herbs.[2] Often made spicy with various peppers.
Horta Vrasta horta.jpg Quite often consumed as a light main meal, with boiled potatoes and bread.
Lachanorizo (Λαχανόριζο) Cabbage with rice
Manestra Orzo.jpg A form of short-cut pasta, shaped like a large grain of rice. It can be served alone, as a soup accompaniment, as part of a salad, or baked in a casserole.
Omeletta Muscari comosum omelet.JPG
Prassorizo (Πρασόριζο) Prasorizo.jpg Leeks with rice
Spanakorizo Spinach and rice stew cooked in lemon and olive oil sauce.
Strapatsada Strapatsada.jpg Greek scrambled eggs with cheese and tomato.
Tsouknidopita Tsouknidopita.JPG Nettle pie with filo pastry, sheep's milk butter and feta cheese
Yemista Gemistagreek.jpg Baked stuffed vegetables. Usually tomatoes, peppers, or other vegetables hollowed out and baked with a rice and herb filling.

Meat and fish dishes[edit]

Name Image Description
Baked lamb with potatoes (Αρνί στο φούρνο με πατάτες) One of the most common Greek dishes. There are many variations with additional ingredients.
Giouvetsi Giouvetsi.JPG Baked lamb in clay pot with Kritharaki - orzo.
Gyros Pita giros.JPG Meat roasted on a vertically turning spit and served with sauce (often tzatziki) and garnishes (tomato, onions) on pita bread; a popular fast food.
Kotopoulo me ryzi Greek Food (2874648940).jpg Chicken with rice
Kreatopita Kefalonian kreatopita.jpg Meat pie using veal, lamb, goat or pork meat (or a combination thereof) with rice and a light tomato sauce wrapped in pastry kneaded with white wine. Popular dish on the island of Kefalonia.
Kleftiko Kleftiko.JPG Literally meaning of the klephts, this is lamb slow-baked on the bone, first marinated in garlic and lemon juice, originally cooked in a pit oven.
Kokkinisto Kokkinisto means reddened and refers to the method of cooking. A sauce is prepared using plenty of tomatoes, which is simmered for a length of time to create a rich red sauce. Whatever the meat, it is cooked in this sauce, turning it a reddish colour
Kokoretsi Kokoretsi.jpg Seasoned lamb innards
Keftedakia Koofteh tabrizi.jpg Fried meatballs with oregano and mint.
Moussaka MussakasMeKolokithakiaKePatates.jpg aubergine casserole. There are other variations besides eggplant, such as zucchini or rice, but the aubergine version melitzanes moussaka is most popular.
Mydia CornishMussels.JPG Mussels
Païdakia Pork chops served.jpg Grilled lamb chops with lemon, oregano, salt and pepper.
Pastitsio Pastitsio.jpg A baked pasta dish with a filling of ground meat and a Bechamel sauce top.
Pastitsada
Pork with celery A stew of pork chunks and celery in an egg-lemon sauce.
Savridia Chicharro asado con bilbaína.jpg Mackerel is a fish high in oils and as it is grilled, the skin has a hint of a smoky flavour. The taste is very much like sardines so for those who like sardines, give mackerel a try.
Soutzoukakia Smyrneika Soutzoukakia smyrneika.jpg Meatballs in red wine sauce.
Snails SnailsInTomatoFromCrete.JPG In Greece and Italy snails are eaten in a diversity of dishes and sometimes they are even used in sauces and poured over various types of pasta. On Crete one popular dish is snails in tomato sauce.
Souvlaki Souvlaki Platter.jpg (Lit: 'skewer') Anything grilled on a skewer (lamb, chicken, pork, swordfish, shrimp). Most common is lamb, pork or chicken, often marinated in oil, salt, pepper, oregano and lemon.
Spetsofai Spetsofai.jpg A dish with country sausages, peppers, onions and wine. Originates from Mt. Pelion.
Stifado Game (rabbit, venison etc.)stew with pearl onions, red wine and cinnamon.
Swordfish Swordfish in Limnionas, Kos, Greece (5653643083).jpg Swordfish is made for the grill. Is is always sold as steaks, and the meat is so firm and, well, meaty, that many non-fish eaters will gladly eat sword.

Desserts and sweets[edit]

Name Image Description
Bougatsa Bougatsa.png Pastry consisting of custard, cheese, or minced meat filling between layers of phyllo.
Diples Greek diples.jpg A Christmas and wedding delicacy, made of thin, sheet-like dough which is cut in large squares and dipped in a swirling fashion in a pot of hot olive oil for a few seconds. As the dough fries, it stiffens into a helical tube; it is then removed immediately and sprinkled with honey and crushed walnuts.[3]
Fanouropita Fanouropita.jpg A kind of spicebread with ground cloves and cinnamon, resembling a sweet bread rather than a cake.
Finikia Finikia at the 2011 Greek Festival.jpg The basic ingredients for finikia involve varieties of flour and butter, as well as sugar. Many varieties of this dish also include citrus flavourings.
Galaktoboureko Galaktoboureko.jpg Custard between layers of filo. The name derives from the Greek "ghala", meaning milk, and from the Turkish börek, meaning filled, thus meaning "filled with milk."
Karydopita A walnut cake.
Koulourakia Koulourakia.jpg Butter or olive-oil cookies.
Kourabiedes Kourabiedes platter 2008 01 08.jpg Christmas cookies made by kneading flour, butter and crushed roasted almonds, then generously dusted with powdered sugar.
Lazarakia Lazarakia On Plate.jpg Lazarákia are small, sweet spice breads made by Greek Orthodox Christians on Lazarus Saturday, the Saturday that begins Holy Week.
Loukoumades Loukoumades.jpg Similar to doughnuts, loukoumades are essentially fried balls of dough drenched in honey and sprinkled with cinnamon.
Melitinia cookies Πασχαλινά Μελιτίνια (Melitinia).jpg These sweet cheese pastries originate in the Cyclades. Soft mizithra goat's milk cheese is used as a filling but ricotta can be used as a substitute.
Melomakarona Melomakarona.jpg "Honey macaroons", Christmas cookies soaked in a syrup of diluted honey (meli in Greek, thus melomakarona), then sprinkled with crushed walnuts.
Moustalevria A flour and grape must pudding.
Moustokouloura Cookies of flour kneaded with fresh grape must instead of water.
Rizogalo 'Rice-milk' is rice pudding.
Milopita Apple pie with cinnamon and powdered sugar.
Pasteli Kefalonian pasteli.jpg Pasteli are sesame seed candy with sesame seeds, sugar or honey pressed into a bar or ball.
Revani Basboosa.jpg Sweet cake made of a semolina soaked in syrup.
Spoon sweets (γλυκά του κουταλιού) Of various fruits, ripe or unripe, or green unripe nuts. Spoon sweets are essentially made the same way as marmalade, except that the fruit are boiled whole or in large chunks.
Tsoureki Paskalya coregi.jpg A Christmas and Easter sweet bread also known as 'Lambropsomo' (Easter bread), flavoured with "mahlepi", the intensely aromatic extract of the stone of the St. Lucie Cherry.
Vasilopita Greek vasilopita.JPG Saint Basil's cake or King's cake, traditional for New Year's Day. Vasilopites are baked with a coin inside, and whoever gets the coin in their slice are considered blessed with good luck for the whole year.

Cheese[edit]

There is a wide variety of cheeses made in various regions across Greece. The vast majority of them remain unknown outside the Greek borders due to the lack of knowledge and the highly localized distinctive features. Many artisanal hand made cheeses, both common varieties and local specialties, are produced by small family farms throughout Greece and offer distinct flavors atypical of the mass-produced varieties found commercially in Greece and abroad. A good list of some of the varieties of cheese produced and consumed in Greece can be found in the List of cheeses article, under the name of the country. Here are some of the more popular throughout Greece:

Name Image Description
Anthotyros
Formaela
Feta Greek feta.jpg Feta is a white salty Greek cheese made from the milk of ewes or goats.
Graviera Fromage de Crète (Graviera).JPG Graviera is one of the most popular cheeses in Crete. It is a hard cheese with a light yellow color, and has a slightly sweet and nutty taste. The Cretan version (there is also a graviera made in Naxos) is made from sheep's milk, or sheep's milk with a small amount of goat's milk.
Kasseri Kasseri is a medium-hard pale yellow cheese made from unpasteurized sheep's milk with very little, if any, goat's milk mixed in.
Kefalotyri Kefalotyri.jpg Kefalotyri or kefalotiri is a hard, salty yellow cheese made from sheep milk and/or goat's milk in Greece and Cyprus.
Kefalograviera Kefalograviera is a hard table cheese usually produced from sheep's milk or mixture of sheep's and goat's milk.
Myzithra Homemade Mizithra.jpg Mizithra or Myzithra is a fresh cheese made with milk and whey from sheep and/or goats. The ratio of milk to whey usually is 7 to 3.
Manouri Manouri.jpg Manouri is a Greek semi-soft, fresh white whey cheese made from goat or sheep milk as a by-product following the production of feta. It is produced primarily in Thessalia and Macedonia in central and northern Greece.
Metsovone Metsovone is a semi-hard smoked pasta filata cheese produced in the region of Metsovo. Metsovone has been a European protected designation of origin since 1996. Metsovone is manufactured from cow’s milk or a mixture of cow and sheep or goat milk.

Drinks[edit]

Name Image Description
Beer Fix Hellas Beer glass and bottle.jpg Widely drunk; common brands include Vergina, Heineken, Amstel, Zeos, Mythos, Alfa Hellenic Lager, Fix, Henninger, and Kaiser, all of which are produced locally, some under license.
Greek frappé coffee Frappe (4547117210).jpg A foam-covered drink derived from spray-dried instant coffee that is consumed cold.
Mavrodafni Mavrodaphne.jpg Sweet, liquor-style, red wine with higher alcohol percentage than normal.
Mastichato MastichatoDrink.jpg Mastika is a liquor seasoned with mastic, a resin gathered from the mastic tree, a small evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean region. The name of the resin and the name of the drink, is derived from the Greek "to chew, to gnash the teeth".
Metaxa METAXA 12 stars.JPG A brand of sweet brandy, 40% alcohol content.
Ouzo Ouzo Ouzo.JPG An 80-proof clear alcoholic beverage that is flavored with anise; it turns milky white with water or ice.
Retsina Retsina.JPG A white wine that has some pine resin added, originally as a preservative, but nowadays for the flavor; this is a specialty in North Greece(Thessaloniki). It should not be aged.
Tentura Tentura.jpg A cinnamon flavored liquor from Patras.
Tsipouro or tsikoudia/raki (Crete) KretaRaki PL.JPG Mostly home-brewed, a clear drink similar to ouzo, often with higher alcohol content, and usually not flavored with herbs. The city of Volos at the centre of Greece is well known for its Tsipouradika (literally: tsipouro places). In Thessaly tsipouro is always flavored with anise.
Wine Muscat de Samos.jpg The most common drink in Greece. Legend claims that wine was invented on the island of Icaria.

References[edit]