This is a
list of dishes found in . Greek cuisine
Salads, spreads, dips [ edit ]
Greek salad consists of pieces of tomatoes, sliced cucumbers, onion, feta cheese, and olives (usually Kalamata olives), typically seasoned with salt and oregano, and dressed with olive oil.
Cretan bread salad
Fish roe, breadcrumbs, olive oil, lemon juice.
Sometimes written 'tyrokavteri'. A spread or dip of feta cheese, roasted red peppers, and garlic. Can be spicy hot or mild.
Yogurt, cucumber, garlic
A sauce that accompanies fried
cod (bakaliaro) and in some cases, salads. The main ingredients are potato, garlic, olive oil and vinegar.
Appetizers [ edit ]
Roasted red peppers, often stuffed with such things as cheese and herbs
Fried squid kalamarakia (tiganita)
Batter-coated, deep fried squid, served plain, with salt and lemon on the side.
Stuffed zucchini flowers
Sausage made of pork and lamb and flavoured with orange zest.
Usually grilled and served with a mezze, or as a main dish
Several styles of
pitas are found all over Greece: zucchini, cheese, eggplant, onion, meat, custard, etc.
filo pastry pie of spinach and feta cheese
Tiropita or tyropita is a Greek layered pastry food in the burek family
'Egg-lemon' soup: chicken, meat, vegetable, or fish broth thickened with
eggs, lemon juice, and rice.
A lentil soup, usually served with vinegar and olives and/or smoked herring (
A bean soup defined often considered as
the traditional Greek dish. It is made of beans, tomatoes, carrot, celery and a lot of olive oil.
A hearty chicken soup with chunks of chicken, vegetables, and a rich flavoured broth.
A mixture of a variety of
vegetables. Main ingredients are carrot, cabbage, zucchini, onions and potato. Sometimes served with cheese or yogurt. [1 ]
A traditional Easter soup made with lamb offal and thickened with
Psarosoupa or kakavia
Various fish soups, using various fish and possibly vegetables (
carrots, parsley, celery, potatoes, onion),
A chickpea soup.
A dried mixture of fermented grain and yoghurt, made into soup.
Vegetarian and non-meat dishes [ edit ]
Very popular during fasting periods, such as the
a la Polita
Artichokes with olive oil.
Arakas me anginares
peas with artichokes in the oven.
Okra with tomato sauce (sometimes with potatoes and/or chicken/lamb).
ratatouille of summer vegetables based on sliced potatoes and zucchini in olive oil. Usually includes eggplant, tomatoes, onions, and ample aromatic herbs and seasonings.
green beans stewed in tomato sauce. Some people might also add potatoes and/or zucchini.
beans with tomato sauce and various herbs. Often made spicy with various [2 ] peppers.
Quite often consumed as a light main meal, with boiled potatoes and
Cabbage with rice
A form of short-cut pasta, shaped like a large grain of rice. It can be served alone, as a soup accompaniment, as part of a salad, or baked in a casserole.
Leeks with rice
Spinach and rice stew cooked in lemon and olive oil sauce.
Greek scrambled eggs with cheese and tomato.
Nettle pie with filo pastry, sheep's milk butter and feta cheese
Baked stuffed vegetables. Usually tomatoes, peppers, or other vegetables hollowed out and baked with a rice and herb filling.
Meat and fish dishes [ edit ]
lamb with potatoes ( Αρνί στο φούρνο με πατάτες)
One of the most common Greek dishes. There are many variations with additional ingredients.
Baked lamb in clay pot with
Kritharaki - orzo.
Meat roasted on a vertically turning spit and served with sauce (often
tzatziki) and garnishes (tomato, onions) on pita bread; a popular fast food.
Kotopoulo me ryzi
Chicken with rice
Meat pie using veal, lamb, goat or pork meat (or a combination thereof) with rice and a light tomato sauce wrapped in pastry kneaded with white wine. Popular dish on the island of
of the , this is lamb slow-baked klephts on the bone, first marinated in garlic and lemon juice, originally cooked in a pit oven.
Kokkinisto means 'reddened', a family of meat stews with tomatoes.
Seasoned lamb innards
Fried meatballs with oregano and mint.
aubergine casserole. There are other variations besides eggplant, such as zucchini or rice, but the aubergine version melitzanes moussaka is most popular.
Grilled lamb chops with lemon, oregano, salt and pepper.
A baked pasta dish with a filling of ground meat and a
Bechamel sauce top.
Pork with celery
A stew of pork chunks and celery in an
Mackerel is a fish high in oils and as it is grilled, the skin has a hint of a smoky flavour.
Meatballs in red wine sauce.
In Greece and Italy snails are eaten in a diversity of dishes and sometimes they are even used in sauces and poured over various types of pasta. On Crete, one popular dish is snails in tomato sauce.
(Lit: 'skewer') Anything grilled on a skewer (lamb, chicken, pork, swordfish, shrimp). Most common is lamb, pork or chicken, often marinated in oil, salt, pepper, oregano and lemon.
A dish with country sausages, peppers, onions and wine. Originates from
Game (rabbit, venison etc.)stew with pearl onions, red wine and cinnamon.
Swordfish is generally grilled.
Desserts and sweets [ edit ]
Pastry consisting of custard, cheese, or minced meat filling between layers of phyllo.
A Christmas and wedding delicacy, made of thin, sheet-like dough which is cut in large squares and dipped in a swirling fashion in a pot of hot olive oil for a few seconds. As the dough fries, it stiffens into a helical tube; it is then removed immediately and sprinkled with honey and crushed walnuts.
A kind of spicebread with ground
cloves and cinnamon, resembling a sweet bread rather than a cake.
The basic ingredients for
finikia involve varieties of flour and butter, as well as sugar. Many varieties of this dish also include citrus flavourings.
Custard between layers of filo.
A walnut cake.
Butter or olive-oil cookies.
Christmas cookies made by kneading flour, butter and crushed roasted almonds, then generously dusted with powdered sugar.
Lazarákia are small, sweet spice breads made by Greek Orthodox Christians on Lazarus Saturday, the Saturday that begins Holy Week.
Similar to doughnuts, loukoumades are essentially fried balls of dough drenched in honey and sprinkled with cinnamon.
These sweet cheese pastries originate in the Cyclades. Soft mizithra goat's milk cheese is used as a filling but ricotta can be used as a substitute.
"Honey macaroons", Christmas cookies soaked in a syrup of diluted honey (
meli in Greek, thus melomakarona), then sprinkled with crushed walnuts.
A flour and grape
Cookies of flour kneaded with fresh grape
must instead of water.
Apple pie with cinnamon and powdered sugar.
Pasteli are sesame seed candy with sesame seeds, sugar or honey pressed into a bar or ball.
Sweet cake made of a semolina soaked in syrup.
Spoon sweets ( γλυκά του κουταλιού)
Of various fruits, ripe or unripe, or green unripe nuts. Spoon sweets are essentially made the same way as marmalade, except that the fruit are boiled whole or in large chunks.
A Christmas and Easter sweet bread also known as 'Lambropsomo' (Easter bread), flavoured with "
mahlepi", the intensely aromatic extract of the stone of the St. Lucie Cherry.
Saint Basil's cake or King's cake, traditional for New Year's Day.
Vasilopites are baked with a coin inside, and whoever gets the coin in their slice are considered blessed with good luck for the whole year.
There is a wide variety of cheeses made in various regions across Greece. The vast majority of them are unknown outside Greece. Many
artisanal hand made cheeses, both common varieties and local specialties, are produced by small family farms throughout Greece and offer distinct flavors. A good list of some of the varieties of cheese produced and consumed in Greece can be found in the List of cheeses article, under the name of the country. Here are some of the more popular throughout Greece:
Feta is a white salty Greek cheese made from the milk of ewes or goats.
Graviera is one of the most popular cheeses in Crete. It is a hard cheese with a light yellow color, and has a slightly sweet and nutty taste. The Cretan version (there is also a graviera made in Naxos) is made from sheep's milk, or sheep's milk with a small amount of goat's milk.
Kasseri is a medium-hard pale yellow cheese made from unpasteurized sheep's milk with very little, if any, goat's milk mixed in.
Kefalotyri or kefalotiri is a hard, salty yellow cheese made from sheep milk and/or goat's milk in Greece and Cyprus.
Kefalograviera is a hard table cheese usually produced from sheep's milk or mixture of sheep's and goat's milk.
Mizithra or Myzithra is a fresh cheese made with milk and whey from sheep and/or goats. The ratio of milk to whey usually is 7 to 3.
Manouri is a Greek semi-soft, fresh white whey cheese made from goat or sheep milk as a by-product following the production of feta. It is produced primarily in Thessalia and Macedonia in central and northern Greece.
Metsovone is a semi-hard smoked pasta filata cheese produced in the region of Metsovo. Metsovone has been a European protected designation of origin since 1996. Metsovone is manufactured from cow’s milk or a mixture of cow and sheep or goat milk.
Widely drunk; common brands include
Vergina, Heineken, Amstel, Zeos, Mythos, Alfa Hellenic Lager, Fix, Henninger, and Kaiser, all of which are produced locally, some under license.
Greek frappé coffee
A foam-covered drink derived from
spray-dried instant coffee that is consumed cold.
Sweet, liquor-style, red wine with higher alcohol percentage than normal.
Mastika is a liquor seasoned with mastic, a resin gathered from the mastic tree, a small evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean region.
A brand of sweet
brandy, 40% alcohol content.
An 80-proof clear
alcoholic beverage that is flavored with anise; it turns milky white with water or ice.
A white wine with
pine resin added; a specialty in North Greece(Thessaloniki). It should not be aged.
A cinnamon flavored liquor from
Tsipouro or tsikoudia/ raki ( Crete)
Mostly home-brewed, a clear drink similar to ouzo, often with higher alcohol content, and usually not flavored with herbs. The city of Volos at the centre of Greece is well known for its Tsipouradika (literally: tsipouro places). In Thessaly tsipouro is always flavored with anise.
The most common drink in Greece. Legend claims that wine was invented on the island of
References [ edit ]