2020 coronavirus pandemic in Iraq

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Iraq
Number of confirmed cases by province (as of 28th March 2020).jpg
Number of confirmed cases by province as of 28th March 2020[1]
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationIraq
Index caseNajaf
Arrival date22 February 2020 – present
(1 month and 5 days)
Confirmed cases506
Recovered131
Deaths
42
Official website
https://www.facebook.com/MOH.GOV

The ongoing 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was first confirmed to have spread to Iraq in February 2020. Cases have been confirmed in all 19 Iraqi Governorates as of the 27 March, with the Iraqi Kurdistan region accounting for 113 of those cases.[2]

During the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic, Iraq reported its first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infections on 22 February 2020 in Najaf.[3]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Iraq  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-24
1(+1)
1(=)
2020-03-01
8(+700%)
9(=)
2020-03-03
9(=) 1(+1)
2020-03-04
32(+256%) 2(+1)
32(=) 2(=)
2020-03-09
67(+109%) 7(+5)
2020-03-10
71(+6%) 9(+2)
2020-03-11
71(=) 10(+1)
2020-03-12
79(+11%) 10(=)
79(=) 10(=)
2020-03-14
110(+39%) 10(=)
2020-03-15
124(+13%) 10(=)
2020-03-16
133(+7%) 10(=)
2020-03-17
154(+16%) 11(+1)
2020-03-18
164(+6%) 12(+1)
2020-03-19
192(+17%) 13(+1)
2020-03-20
208(+8%) 17(+4)
2020-03-21
214(+4%) 17(=)
2020-03-22
233(+9%) 20(+3)
2020-03-23
266(+14%) 23(+3)
2020-03-24
316(+16%) 27(+4)
2020-03-25
346(+9%) 29(+2)
2020-03-26
382(+10%) 36(+7)
2020-03-27
458(+20%) 40(+4)
2020-03-28
506(+11%) 42(+2)
Cases: The number of non-repatriated cases reported by the Government
Sources: Various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.[4]

February 2020[edit]

A suspected case in the province of Dhi Qar was reported in Iraq on 22 February, which was later confirmed to be positive according to a local medical centre,[5] but this was denied by the Iraqi Ministry of Health.[6][7] On the next day, 24 February, they reported the first official case in Najaf. The detected case was an Iranian religious studies student in the city of Najaf, some 160 km (99 mi) south of the Iraqi capital Baghdad, and this case was confirmed after laboratory tests carried out during the day.[8] By 29 February, there were 8 confirmed cases in Iraq.[citation needed]

March 2020[edit]

The first case of COVID-19 infection in Iraqi Kurdistan was confirmed on 1 March.[9][10]

On 3 March, a 70-year-old Iraqi Islamic preacher, Rashid Abdulrahman, became the first fatality in Iraq due to the outbreak.[11] It was reported that the preacher from Sulaymaniyah district, had chronic heart failure and underlying asthma conditions on top of the coronavirus disease. The next day, his son announced that the preacher had not visited Iran recently.[12]

On 4 March, the country's Ministry of Health spokesman Saif Al-Badr also confirmed a second death in Baghdad and 32 cases of the virus.[13] The first recovery was reported on 6 March.[14] On the 9 March, the seventh death was announced, which was the first fatality in Basra. The number of cases had also risen to 67.[15] The next day, two new deaths were reported in Babil and Maysan. Iraqi authorities also announced the closure of Najaf Governorate for a week to non-residents.[16]

By 10 March, the figure rose to 71 confirmed cases, as four more people were infected.[17] A total of 15 recoveries were also reported that day by Iraq's Ministry of Health. 11 of the patients in Baghdad and four in Kirkuk Governorate had fully recovered from the infection.[18]

The eighth patient died from the disease on 11 March, which was the first death reported in Karbala.[19] By 12 March, the Health Ministry had recorded 79 cases.[20]

On 14 March, two more patients died, increasing the death rate to 10, including the first death of a couple (that had traveled to Iran) in Wasit Governorate.[21] Later, the Health Ministry reported that there was a total of 110 cases, with 26 recoveries.[22]

On 16 March, 6 recoveries were reported. There were 9 recoveries on 17 March.[23]

On 18 March, the death toll rose to 12 and 10 new cases were registered from 105 suspected cases. One new death was reported in Basra Governorate. 5 of the new cases came from Baghdad.[24]

The next day, the number of cases increased to 192 with 28 new cases, which marked the largest increase in a single day. One new death and 8 recoveries were also announced. On 20 March, 208 positive cases were confirmed and four new deaths were announced, resulting in a total of 17 deaths. 6 new cases were reported on 21 March, which meant that there was a total of 214 positive cases. 2 patients recovered that day.[25]

On 22 March, three new deaths were confirmed in Baghdad. The death toll increased to 20. There were 6 new recoveries.[26]

On 23 March, three more deaths and five recoveries were reported and the number of cases rose to 266.[27] The Iraqi Ministry of Health announced the first case in Nineveh Governorate, leaving Saladin Governorate as the only Iraqi Governorate without any cases.[28][29]

On 24 March, 50 new cases were registered.[30] The Health Ministry announced that the number of recoveries had increased to 75 and the number of deaths had increased to 27.[31][32]

30 new cases were announced on 25 March and the number of recoveries increased to 89.[33] Included, was the first reported case in the Saladin Governorate of a woman in the town of Ishaqi, thus' confirming the presence of the virus in all 19 iraqi provinces for the first time. [34]

On 26 March, 36 new cases were reported, as well as 7 new deaths and a total of 105 recoveries. The death toll increased to 36 deaths.[35]

On 27 March, the first cases were reported in Halabja and Saladin governorates, meaning that all Governorates of Iraq have been infected by COVID-19. The total number of cases increased to 458, after 76 new cases tested positive. The death toll also increased to 40, after four new deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 122.[36]

On 28 March, the total number of cases increased to 506, after 48 new cases tested positive. The death toll also increased to 42, after two new deaths were confirmed. The number of recovered cases also increased to 131.[37]

Government response[edit]

Iraq closed its border with Iran in late February, only allowing Iraqi citizens that were returning, after the pandemic in Iran spread. On 27 February, schools, universities and cinemas in Baghdad were closed, and other large public gatherings (including major religious gatherings during Rajab[38]) in cities were banned until 7 March. Between 8 and 16 March, trading with Kuwait was suspended.[39] On 10 March, the Kurdish Regional Government decided to close its border with Iran from 16 March until at least April.[40][41][42]

On 13 March, the Kurdish Regional Government imposed a two-day curfew in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah.[43] After the first death in Sheikh Saad, Wasit Governorate, the town placed into temporary lockdown after an elderly couple died from the coronavirus on 14 March.[44] On 15 March, a three-day curfew was imposed in Karbala.[45]

On 15 March, the government announced that all flights to and from Baghdad airport between 17 and 24 March would be suspended. The government also imposed a curfew in the capital, Baghdad, over the same period.[46]

On 18 March, all schools and universities in Baghdad closed for 10 days.[47]

Travel restrictions[edit]

In response to the outbreak in Iraq, Jordan decided to restrict land and air travel with the country on 10 March.[48] Iraq banned travelers from Germany and Qatar from 13 March in attempt to stop the disease from spreading.[49] Travelers from China, France, Iran, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea and Thailand were also on the ban list.[50][51]

Statistics[edit]

Overview[edit]

The table below shows the confirmed COVID-19 cases in each Governorate of Iraq.[52][53][54]

COVID-19 in Iraq by Governorate as of 29th March 2020
Province
Cases Deaths Recovered
Al-Anbar Governorate 1 0 1
Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate 4 0 3
Baghdad Governorate 148 13 48
Babil Governorate 7 5 0
Basra Governorate 73 8 4
Dhi Qar Governorate 5 2 2
Diyala Governorate 7 1 4
Duhok Governorate 7 0 0
Erbil Governorate 38 0 0
Halabja Governorate 1 0 0
Karbala Governorate 30 6 4
Kirkuk Governorate 11 1 6
Maysan Governorate 4 1 2
Muthanna Governorate 11 1 1
Najaf Governorate 76 1 10
Nineveh Governorate 5 0 0
Sulaymaniyah Governorate 70 2 43
Saladin Governorate 1 0 0
Wasit Governorate 10 1 3
Total (19 Governorates) 506 42 131

Graphs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "وزارة الصحة العراقية". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Covid-19 situation update in Iraqi Kurdistan". gov.krd/coronavirus-en.
  3. ^ "Iraq announces 1st case of COVID-19 in Najaf - World - Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn.
  4. ^ https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/iraq/
  5. ^ "iraq-reports-first-coronavirus-infection". aa.com.tr. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  6. ^ "وەزارەتی تەندروستی: لە عێراق هیچ تووشبوونێک بە کۆرۆنا تۆمارنەکراوە". rudaw.net. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  7. ^ Iraq, Government of (23 February 2020). "Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): Iraq's Ministry of Health guidance to the public".
  8. ^ "2nd LD-Writethru: Iraq announces 1st case of COVID-19 in Najaf - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Iraq, Lebanon confirm new coronavirus cases". www.aa.com.tr. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
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  21. ^ "10".
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