|Suburban neighborhood and municipality|
Location of Barajevo within the city of Belgrade
Location of the city of Belgrade within Serbia
|• Mayor||Slobodan Adamović (SNS)|
|• Municipality||213 km2 (82 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Barajevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Барајево, pronounced [bǎrajɛv̞ɔ]) is a suburban neighborhood and one of 17 municipalities which constitute the city of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 27,110 inhabitants.
The urban settlement of Barajevo is still statistically classified as a rural (village). It is growing by even higher rate than the municipality as a whole (census 2002, 8,325 inhabitants). It is located east of the 'Parcanski vis' hill, northern part of the Kosmaj mountain, in the valley of the Beljanica river (or Barajevska reka; Cyrillic: Бељаница or Барајевска река), a tributary to the Turija river.
Many outer settlements and hamlets are built as Barajevo grows and stretches in all directions making one continuous built-up are with the neighboring settlements (Guncati, Baćevac, Lisović, Boždarevac, Guberevac in Sopot municipality): Bela Reka, Dražanovac, Dubrave, Gaj (a separate local community with a population of 1,930 in 2002), Glumčevo Brdo (a separate local community, split after the 2002 census), Karaula, Nenadovac, Pajšuma, Ravni Gaj, Srednji Kraj, Stara Lipovica, Suva Šuma, Trebež (the industrial zone), Vitkovica.
Municipality is located in the low part of Šumadija, southeast of the Belgrade, with an elevation spanning from 140 to 364 m. Most of the municipal territory belongs to the drainage area of the Turija river, right tributary of the Peštan river, which in turn flows into the Kolubara, thus whole area geographically gravitates to the Kolubara region.
The municipality of Barajevo covers an area of 213 km² and includes 13 settlements, all of which are statistically classified as rural, not urban:
It also includes various sub-settlements and hamlets spawning around the central settlements:
The municipality has a population of 27,110 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census results. Two major traffic routes, the Ibar Highway and the railway Belgrade-Bar (Montenegro), are passing through the municipal territory.
History and politics
Municipality was created in 1956 and immediately became administratively part of the wider Belgrade area. In 1957 a nearby municipality of Beljina was annexed to Barajevo, and in 1960 Umka municipality has been divided between Čukarica and Barajevo (villages of Meljak and Vranić).
Recent presidents of the municipal assembly:
- 2000 - 9 February 2001; Zoran Jevtić (1947)
- 9 February 2001 - 1 November 2001; Miodrag Skoknić (1931) (acting)
- 1 November 2001 - 20 February 2003; Dragoljub Stanić (1947) (acting)
- 20 February 2003 - 12 February 2007; Rade Stevanović (1956)
- 12 February 2007 - 21 February 2007; Branislav Đurić (1957) (acting)
- 21 February 2007 - 1 May 2007; Rade Stevanović (second time)
- 1 May 2007 - 25 June 2007; Igor Jevtić (1975) (acting)
- 25 June 2007 - 16 September 2015; Branka Savić (1956)
- 16 September 2015 - 3 December 2015; Velibor Novićević (1977)
- 3 December 2015 - 15 June 2016; Saša Kostić
- 15 June 2016 - present; Slobodan Adamović (1967) (SNS)
The economy is not much developed. Being an agricultural area, Barajevo has a mill, large orchard farm, a veterinarian station and the hunting & forestry company of Lipovička šuma. Wheat, barley, oats and corn are being grown. Industry is based on the small construction and electronic companies and the ball bearing factory.
Barajevo is outside major roads, but it is located on the Belgrade-Bar railway. The settlement itself was further away, but as it grew, it reached the railway.
Culture and tradition
Cultural festival, the Barlet, (Barajevo summer) is held annually.
First mention of the name Barajevo is from the 16th century. The popular story that the settlement got its name from the multitude of springs in this area [Serbian: bara je ovo (this is a pond)] is probably not true.
Artificial lake "Duboki potok" (Дубоки поток; Deep brook) is located near Barajevo, with the large weekend-settlement, and is colloquially called the "Barajevo Sea". The lake is some 30 km (19 mi) south of downtown Belgrade and 2 km (1.2 mi) northeast from downtown Barajevo. It was created in the early 1990s when the brook of the same name was dammed. The lake is 800 m (2,600 ft) long, 100 m (330 ft) wide, has an area of 7.2 ha (18 acres) and an average depth of 6 m (20 ft). One side of the lake is surrounded by the thick forest and other by the meadows. Even though the water is health safe, it warms up to 28 °C (82 °F) during summer, and there is a 100 m (330 ft) long pebble beach on the left shore, bathing in the lake is officially banned, though visitors do swim regularly. Shores are not urbanized, but there are kafana, splav and a kayaking club on the shore. The club has rich collection of artistic paintings and sculptures donated by the artists from Serbia. One of the exhibits is the kayak which was used by Matija Ljubek and Mirko Nišović when they won a gold medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Sports fishing is developed as the lake is populated with a lots of fish: common bream, common roach, Prussian carp, common rudd, common carp, zander, northern pike, wels catfish and grass carp. The water is apparently very clean, as the lake is also inhabited by crayfish and freshwater bivalves. There is an underwater spring in the lake.
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Branka Vasiljević (18 July 2010). "Stidljive drugarice Savskog jezera" (in Serbian). Politika.
- M.Janković (2 March 2014), "Šampioni "barajevskog mora"", Politika (in Serbian)
- Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
- Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
- Srpska porodična enciklopedija, Vol. II (2006); Narodna knjiga and Politika NM; ISBN 86-331-2731-8
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