A salient is an elongated arm-like protrusion of a geopolitical entity, such as a subnational entity or a sovereign state. In American English the term panhandle, chimney, or bootheel is often used to describe the same sort of entity.
The term salient is derived from military salients. While similar to a peninsula in shape, a salient is not surrounded by water on three sides and connected to a geographical mainland. Instead, it is delimited by a land border on at least two sides and extends out from the larger geographical body of the administrative unit.
The salient shape is the result of arbitrarily drawn international or subnational boundaries, although the location of some administrative borders takes into account other considerations such as economic ties or topography.
The panhandle or salient shape may be the result of arbitrarily drawn international or subnational boundaries, although the location of some administrative borders takes into account other considerations such as economic ties or topography. In the United States, a protrusion with a less elongated shape is informally called a bootheel. Examples of bootheels in the United States include the regions of southeastern Missouri, southwestern Alabama, southwestern New Mexico, and northwestern Oregon.
- Misiones, Argentina
- Tatshenshini-Alsek Park[clarification needed], British Columbia, Canada
- Amazonas, Colombia
- Guainía Departments, Colombia
- Petén, Guatemala
- Wakhan Corridor, Afghanistan
- Chittagong, Bangladesh
- Tanintharyi Region, Burma (Myanmar)
- Parrot's Beak, Cambodia
- Louroujina Salient, Cyprus
- Seven Sister States, India
- Sikkim, India
- Mafraq Governorate, Jordan
- Batken, Kyrgyzstan
- North Hamgyŏng, South Hamgyŏng, and Ryanggang, together comprise the "panhandle" of North Korea[who?]
- Sughd, Tajikistan
- Southern Thailand, Thailand
- Hatay Province, Turkey
- Syunik, Armenia
- Tyrol and Vorarlberg together comprise the western "panhandle" of Austria
- Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Cheb District, Czech Republic
- Šluknov Hook, Czech Republic
- Enontekiö, Finland
- Western Thrace, Greece
- Donegal, Ireland
- Monaghan, Ireland
- Province of Trieste, Italy
- Limburg, the Netherlands
- Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
- Canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland
- Bernina, Inn, Lugano and Mendrisio, Porrentruy Districts, Switzerland
- Budjak, Ukraine
|This section requires expansion. (August 2015)|
Panhandles in the United States
|State||Largest city||Population||Area (sq mi)||Area (km2)||Population density
(per sq mi)
|Population density (/km2)|
|Eastern West Virginia||Martinsburg||261,041||3,499||9,060||75||29|
|Northern West Virginia||Wheeling||132,295||601||1,560||220||85|
* This definition includes the following counties: Bay, Calhoun, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Madison, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington.
Many people in the Pacific Northwest refer to the extreme northern section of Idaho's panhandle as "The Chimney", due to its resemblance to a chimney when viewed on maps.
Although Utah, like Nebraska, has a protrusion from its otherwise straight border, it is not usually considered a panhandle.
- The six northwest Cook County, Illinois townships, outside of Chicago.
- The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway was often called the Panhandle, as it crossed the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia.
- The San Francisco Panhandle, California
- "Cook County Forest Preserve District Recreational Facilities". Users.rcn.com. Retrieved 2012-11-15.