While similar to a peninsula in shape, a salient is not surrounded by water on three sides and connected to a geographical mainland. Instead, it is delimited by a land border on at least two sides and extends out from the larger geographical body of the administrative unit.
In American English the term panhandle is often used to describe Florida or a similar shape. Less common descriptors include chimney (if protruding northward, as a chimney does from a roof) and bootheel (if protruding southward, as the heel underneath a boot).
The salient shape is the result of arbitrarily drawn international or subnational boundaries, although the location of some administrative borders takes into account other considerations such as economic ties or topography.
- Misiones, Argentina
- Ontario, Canada
- Tatshenshini-Alsek Park[clarification needed], British Columbia, Canada
- Amazonas, Colombia
- Guainía Departments, Colombia
- Petén, Guatemala
- Wakhan Corridor, Afghanistan
- Chittagong, Bangladesh
- Rangpur, Bangladesh
- Tanintharyi Region, Burma (Myanmar)
- Parrot's Beak, Cambodia
- Louroujina Salient, Cyprus
- Seven Sister States, India
- Sikkim, India
- Galilee Panhandle, Israel
- Mafraq Governorate, Jordan
- Batken, Kyrgyzstan
- North Hamgyŏng, South Hamgyŏng, and Ryanggang, together comprise the "panhandle" of North Korea[who?]
- Sughd, Tajikistan
- Southern Thailand, Thailand
- Hatay Province, Turkey
- Syunik, Armenia
- Tyrol and Vorarlberg together comprise the western "panhandle" of Austria
- Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Cheb District, Czech Republic
- Šluknov Hook, Czech Republic
- Enontekiö, Finland
- Western Thrace, Greece
- Donegal, Ireland
- Monaghan, Ireland
- Province of Trieste, Italy
- Dieveniškės Appendix, Lithuania
- Limburg, the Netherlands
- Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
- Canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland
- Bernina, Inn, Lugano, Mendrisio and Porrentruy Districts, Switzerland
- Budjak, Ukraine
|This section requires expansion. (August 2015)|
Panhandles in the United States
|State||Largest city||Population||Area (sq mi)||Area (km2)||Population density
(per sq mi)
|Population density (/km2)|
|Eastern West Virginia||Martinsburg||261,041||3,499||9,060||75||29|
|Northern West Virginia||Wheeling||132,295||601||1,560||220||85|
* This definition includes the following counties: Bay, Calhoun, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Madison, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington.
Many people in the Pacific Northwest refer to the extreme northern section of Idaho's panhandle as "The Chimney", due to its resemblance to a chimney when viewed on maps.
Although Utah, like Nebraska, has a protrusion from its otherwise straight border, it is not usually considered a panhandle.
- The six northwest Cook County, Illinois townships, outside of Chicago.
- The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway was often called the Panhandle, as it crossed the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia.
- The San Francisco Panhandle, California
- "Cook County Forest Preserve District Recreational Facilities". Users.rcn.com. Retrieved 2012-11-15.