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Robert

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Robert
Robert magnificent statue in falaise.JPG
Robert I of Normandy a.k.a. Robert the Magnificent
Pronunciation/ˈrɒbərt/
French: [ˈʁɔbɛʁ]
German: [ˈʁoːbɛɐ̯t]
Czech: [ˈrobɛrt]
Slovak: [ˈrɔːbɛrt]
Serbo-Croatian: [rǒbert]
GenderMale
Name daySeptember 17
Origin
Word/nameGermanic
Meaning"fame-bright"
Region of originGermanic countries (England, Scotland, Germany, the Netherlands, Scandinavian region), also Ireland
Other names
Related namesRob (short form), Robb (short form), Robbie (nickname), Robby (nickname), Robin, Rupert

The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic *Hrōþi- "fame" and *berhta- "bright" (Hrōþiberhtaz).[1] Compare Old Dutch Robrecht and Old High German Hrodebert (a compound of Hruod (Old Norse: Hróðr) "fame, glory, renown" and berht "bright"). It is also in use as a surname.[2][3]

After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form Robert, where an Old English cognate form (Hrēodbēorht, Hrodberht, Hrēodbēorð, Hrœdbœrð, Hrœdberð, Hrōðberχt) had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is Roberto.

Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Irish, Scottish, Finnish, and Estonian name as well.

Variations

Bert, Bertie, Berto, Bertus (also short for Albert)
Beto, Betinho (Portuguese)
Bo, Bob, Bobbie, Bobby
Chrodobert, Chrodobrecht (Frankish)
Dobbie, Dobby
Boris (Bulgarian)(likely not etymologically connected, but linked together through nickname "Bob")
Hob, Hopkin (Medieval English)
Hopcyn (Welsh)
Hrodberaht, Hrodebert, Hrodpreht (Old High German)
Rab, Rabbie (Scots)
Raibeart (Scottish Gaelic)
Rhobert (Welsh)
Roibeárd, Riobárd (Irish)
Rob, Robb, Robbie, Robby (also short for Robin)
Robbe (Dutch, Frisian and Low German short form)
Roban
Robban (Swedish)
Robbert (Dutch)
Robbi, Hrobbi, Hrobjartur (Icelandic)
Robercik or Robuś (Polish, "Little Robert")
Robere (Old French)
Ροβῆρος, Rovēros (Greek)
Róbert (Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak)
Robertas (Lithuanian)
Roberto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Robertino (Italian, "Little Robert")
Robertinho (Portuguese, "Little Robert")
Роберт (Robert), Роман (Roman) (Russian)
Ροβέρτος, Rovértos (Greek)
Raivo (Estonian)
Roberts (Latvian)
Raivis (Latvian form of the Estonian variant)
Robertson (English given name)
Robertus (Latin)
Robetus (Medieval misspelling?)
Robi (Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian)
Romulus (Latin)
Röbi (Swiss German)

Robin (Medieval diminutive in English, Dutch, Swedish)
Robo
Robrecht (Old Dutch)
Rochbert
Rodbeard, Rodbeart
Rodbert, Rodebert, Rotbert, Roteberht, Rotebert (Germanic)
Rodbertus, Rodepertus (Latin)
Rodebrecht (Old German)
Röpke (Low German diminutive form)
Rotbryht (Old English)
Rothbert
Roopertti, Pertti, Roope (Finnish)
Tuukka (Finnish nickname)
Ropars, Ropartz, Roparzh (Breton)
Ruben, Rupen, Roupen (Armenian)
Reuben (Hebrew)
Rutbert, Rubert, Ruby (Old Dutch)
Rudebet, Rudbert, Rudbert, Rudpert, Rudbrecht, Rudprecht
Rupert (Dutch, English, German, Polish)
Ruperto (Spanish)
Rupertus, Rvpertvs (Latin)
Rutpert, Ruppert, Rupprecht, Ruprecht (Upper German)
Trebor (reversal)


Feminine forms:
Bobbi, Bobbie
Robbi, Robbie
Roberta
Robertina, Robertine
Robina
Robyn, Robynne
Ruprette, Rupretta (archaic French)


Surnames:
Roberts, Robertson, Roberson, Robinson, Roth, Robero, Romero, Romanov, Bertson, Bertke, Robertsen

Trivia

The name Robert was also a royal name in France, Germany and England during medieval period. Robert was the name of several kings, dukes, and other rulers and noblemen.

Robert, and also the name Joseph, were in the top 10 most given boys' names in the US for 47 years, from 1925 to 1972.[4]

In Italy during the Second World War, the form of the name, Roberto, briefly acquired a new meaning derived from, and referring to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.[5]

Geographical distribution

As of 2014, 27.0% of all known bearers of the surname Robert were residents of France (frequency 1:472), 22.8% of Tanzania (1:434), 10.6% of Nigeria (1:3,177), 6.0% of the United States (1:11,438), 3.7% of Canada (1:1,926), 2.9% of Papua New Guinea (1:534), 2.5% of Malawi (1:1,335), 2.2% of Kenya (1:3,929), 2.1% of Rwanda (1:1,018), 1.9% of Togo (1:721), 1.3% Haiti (1:1,631), 1.2% of Belgium (1:1,822), 1.2% of Liberia (1:722), 1.1% of Sudan (1:6,756) and 1.1% of South Africa (1:9,780).

In France, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average (1:472) in the following regions:[6]

People with the name

Royalty

Kings of Scotland
Kings of France
King of Naples
King of Germany
Dukes of Normandy
Duke of Chartres
Duke of Parma
Count of Flanders
Crown Prince of Bavaria
  • Robert I, crown prince of Bavaria, last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne, one of the most prominent military commanders of World War I, claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland
Latin Emperor and Emperor of Constantinopole
Duke of Sicily and Prince of Benevento
  • Robert Guiscard, Norman nobleman, adventurer and explorer, leader of the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily

Medieval Figures

Nobility

Religious figures and saints

Presidents and Prime Ministers

Wartime Figures and Military Leaders

Explorers

  • Robert Bartlett, Newfoundland-born American Arctic explorer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, accompanied United States Navy Commander Robert Peary on his attempts to reach the North Pole
  • Robert O'Hara Burke, Irish soldier and police officer who explored Australia, leader of the first expedition to cross Australia from south to north
  • Robert Dudley, English explorer and cartographer
  • Sir Robert McClure, Irish explorer of the Arctic who in 1854 traversed the Northwest Passage by boat and sledge and was the first to circumnavigate the Americas
  • Robert Peary, American explorer and United States Navy officer who made several expeditions to the Arctic, reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909, believed to be the first man to have ever reached the North Pole
  • Robert Falcon Scott, British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions including Terra Nova Expedition, widely regarded as one of the greatest explorers of all time

Movie industry

Musicians

Scientists

Intelligence officers

Criminals

Political Figures

Literary figures

Businessmen

Astronauts

Others

People with the surname

Fictional characters

In different languages

See also

References

  1. ^ "Robrecht". Historische woordenboeken: Nederlands en Fries (in Dutch). Instituut voor de Nederlandse Taal.
  2. ^ Reaney & Wilson, 1997. Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ Withycombe, E., 1973 edn. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian names. Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Frank Nuessel (1992). The Study of Names: A Guide to the Principles and Topics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 10. Retrieved September 11, 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  5. ^ RoBerTo Checked, Time Magazine, October 19, 1942
  6. ^ Robert surname distribution