Ghulam Ali Dihlawi

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Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
Born 1156 AH (1743 C.E)
Patiala, Punjab
Died 22 Safar 1240 AH (October 1824)
Delhi, India
Region Islamic scholar/Sufi
School Sunni Islam, Hanafi, Sufi, Naqshbandi

Shah Abdullah alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi (1743–1824, Urdu:شاہ غلام علی دہلوی) was a very prominent Sufi Shaykh in Delhi during early 19th century. He was a master of the Naqshbandi tradition and also in other major Sufi orders such as Qadri and Chishti.

Biography[edit]

He was born in 1156 AH (1743 C.E) in Patiala, Punjab in current-day India. His father was Shah Abdul-Latif, a scholar and Sufi shaykh belonging to the Qadri tariqah. It is reported in his biographies that his father had a dream before his birth in which he saw Sayyadna Ali who told him to name the baby on his name (Ali). After he grew up, he modified his own name to be Ghulam Ali (literally meaning slave of Ali, a common name in Indian Muslims today). Similarly, his mother had a dream in which she saw Muhammad who told her to name the baby Abdullah. Hence his real name is still known to be Abdullah while his alias is Ghulam Ali.[1][2]

He is reported[citation needed] to have memorized the Quran in a single month's duration. In 1170 AH he came to Delhi to take the oath of allegiance to Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan who was a famous Shaykh of Naqshbandi tariqah in Delhi at that time. After getting trained in the major Sufi orders including Naqshbandi for 15 years, he received complete Khilafat (spiritual Ijazah) from his Shaykh.

He had many Khulafa (deputies) who spread the Naqshbandi Sufi order to a vast number of people in the whole Muslim world at that time. His Khulafa went to Bukhara, Baghdad, Madinah and Turkey. His famous khalifa was Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi who had hundreds of thousands of followers in his lifetime, and many Naqshbandi's today in Turkey and nearby countries follow him.

He is quoted to have said: "My Faid (spirituality) has reached far off countries. Our Halqa is held in Makkah and our Halqa is held in Madinah. Similarly our Halqa is held in Baghdad, Rome (now Turkey and Cyprus) and Maghrib (Parts of Europe and Africa facing Asia). And Bukhara is our parental home."[2]

He died on 22 Safar 1240 AH (15/16 October 1824) and was buried alongside his Shaykh's grave in Khanqah Mazharia in Delhi.[1]

Writings[edit]

He wrote multiple books, the most famous of them is Maqamat Mazhari in Persian, which is a complete biography of his shaykh Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan Shaheed. His other books are:[2]

  • Edah-e-Tariqat
  • Ahwal-e-Buzurgaan
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Ba'yat wa Azkar
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Naqshband
  • Risalah Sitri Chand dar Ahwal-e-Shah-e-Naqshband
  • Risalah-e-Azkar
  • Risalah-e-Muraqbat
  • Risalah dar Aitarazat Shaykh Abdul-Haq bar Hazrat Mujaddid
  • Risalah Mashgooliyah
  • Sulook Raqia Naqshbandia
  • Makateeb Shareefa (collection of his letters)
  • Kamalat-e-Mazhariya

Spiritual Chain of Succession[edit]

Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi received Ijazah in multiple tariqahs of Sufism, mainly the Naqshbandi.

Naqshbandi chain[3][edit]

# Name Buried Birth Death
1 Sayyadna Muhammad the last Prophet Madinah, Saudi Arabia Mon 12 Rabi al-Awwal

(570/571 CE)

12 Rabi al-Awwal 11 AH

(5/6 June 632 CE)

2 Sayyadna Abu Bakr Siddiq Madinah, Saudi Arabia 22 Jumada al-Thani 13 AH

(22 August 634 C.E)

3 Sayyadna Salman al-Farsi Mada'in, Iraq 10 Rajab 33 AH

(4/5 February 654 C.E)

4 Imām Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, son of son of (2) Madinah, Saudi Arabia 23 Shaban 24 AH

(22/23 June 645 C.E)

24 Jumada al-Thani 101/106/107 AH
5 Imām Jafar Sadiq, son of granddaughter of (2) Madinah, Saudi Arabia 8 Ramadan 80 AH

(5/6 November 699 C.E)

15 Rajab 148 AH

(6/7 September 765 C.E)

6 Khwaja Bayazid Bastami Bistam, Semnan province, Iran 186 AH

(804 C.E)

15 Shaban 261 AH

(24/25 May 875 C.E)

7 Khwaja Abul-Hassan Kharaqani Kharaqan, near Bistam, Semnan province, Iran 352 AH

(963 C.E)

10 Muharram 425 AH

(5/6 December 1033 C.E)

8 Khwaja Abul Qasim Gurgani Gurgan, Iran 23 Safar 450 AH

(19/20 April 1058 C.E)

9 Khwaja Abu Ali Farmadi Toos, Khurasan, Iran 434 AH

(1042/1043 C.E)

4 Rabi al-Awwal 477 or 511 AH

(10 July 1084 / 6 July 1117)

10 Khwaja Abu Yaqub Yusuf Hamadānī Marv, near Mary, Turkmenistan 440 AH

(1048/1049 C.E)

Rajab 535 AH

(Feb/Mar 1141 C.E)

11 Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani Ghajdawan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 22 Shaban 435 AH

(24/25 March 1044 C.E)

12 Rabi al-Awwal 575 AH

(17/18 August 1179 C.E)

12 Khwaja Arif Reogari Reogar, near Bukhara, Uzbekistan 27 Rajab 551 AH

(15 September 1156 C.E)

1 Shawwal 616 AH

(10/11 December 1219 C.E.)

13 Khwaja Mahmood Anjir-Faghnawi Bukhara, Uzbekistan 18 Shawwal 628 AH

(18/19 August 1231 C.E)

17 Rabi al-Awwal 717 AH

(29/30 May 1317 C.E)

14 Khwaja Azizan Ali Ramitani Khwaarizm, Uzbekistan 591 AH

(1194 C.E)

27 Ramadan 715 or 721 AH

(25/26 December 1315 or 20/21 October 1321)

15 Khwaja Muhammad Baba Samasi Samaas, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 25 Rajab 591 AH

(5/6 July 1195 C.E)

10 Jumada al-Thani 755 AH

(2/3 July 1354 C.E)

16 Khwaja Sayyid Amir Kulal Saukhaar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 676 AH

(1277/1278 C.E)

Wed 2 Jumada al-Thani 772 AH

(21/22 December 1370 C.E)

17 Khwaja Muhammad Baha'uddin Naqshband Bukhari Qasr-e-Aarifan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 4 Muharram 718 AH[4]

(8/9 March 1318 C.E)

3 Rabi al-Awwal 791 AH

(2/3 March 1389 C.E)

18 Khwaja Ala'uddin Attar Bukhari, son-in-law of (17) Jafaaniyan, Transoxiana (Uzbekistan) Wed 20 Rajab 804 AH

(23 February 1402 C.E)

19 Khwaja Yaqub Charkhi Gulistan, Dushanbe, Tajkistan 762 AH

(1360/1361 C.E)

5 Safar 851 AH

(21/22 April 1447 C.E)

20 Khwaja Ubaidullah Ahrar Samarkand, Uzbekistan Ramadan 806 AH

(March/April 1404 C.E)

29 Rabi al-Awwal 895 AH

(19/20 February 1490 C.E)

21 Khwaja Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi Wakhsh 14 Shawwal 852 AH

(11/12 December 1448 C.E)

1 Rabi al-Awwal 936 AH

(3/4 November 1529 C.E)

22 Khwaja Durwesh Muhammad, son of sister of (21) Asqarar, Uzbekistan 16 Shawwal 846 AH

(17/18 February 1443 C.E)

19 Muharram 970 AH

(18/19 September 1562 C.E)

23 Khwaja Muhammad Amkanaki, son of (22) Amkana, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 918 AH

(1512/1513 C.E)

22 Shaban 1008 AH

(8/9 March 1600 C.E)

24 Khwaja Muhammad Baqi Billah Berang Delhi, India 5 Dhu al-Hijjah 971 or 972 AH

(14 July 1564 / 3 July 1565)

25 Jumada al-Thani 1012 AH

(29/30 November 1603 C.E)

25 Shaikh Ahmad al-Farūqī al-Sirhindī, Imām Rabbānī Sirhind, India 14 Shawwal 971 AH

(25/26 May 1564 C.E)

28 Safar 1034 AH

(9/10 December 1624 C.E)

26 Imām Khwaja Muhammad Masum Faruqi, 3rd son of (25) Sirhind, India 1007 AH

(1598/1599 C.E)

9 Rabi al-Awwal 1099 AH

(13/14 January 1688 C.E)

27 Khwaja Muhammad Saifuddin Faruqi, son of (26) Sirhind, India 1049 AH

(1639/1640 C.E)

19 or 26 Jumada al-awwal 1096 AH

(April 1685 C.E)

28 Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavi Delhi, India
29 Sayyid Nur Muhammad Badayuni Delhi, India 11 Dhu al-Qi'dah 1135AH

(12/13 August 1723 C.E)

30 Shaheed Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, Shams-ud-Dīn Habībullāh Delhi, India 11 Ramadan 1111 AH

(2/3 March 1700 C.E)

10 Muharram 1195 AH

(Fri 5 January 1781 C.E)

31 Khwaja Abdullah Dehlavi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi Delhi, India 1156 AH[5]

(1743 C.E)

22 Safar 1240 AH

(15/16 October 1824 C.E)

Qadri chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[6]

  1. Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
  2. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  3. Muhammad Abid Sanami
  4. Abdul Ahad
  5. Muhammad Said
  6. Ahmed Sirhindi
  7. Abdul Ahad Faruqi
  8. Shah Kamal Kethali
  9. Shah Fuzail
  10. Gada e Rahman Sani
  11. Shamsuddin Arif
  12. Gada e Rahman Awal
  13. Shamsuddin Sehrai
  14. Aqeel
  15. Abdul Wahhab
  16. Sharfuddin
  17. Abdur Razzaq
  18. Abdul-Qadir Gilani

Chishti chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[6]

  1. Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlvi
  2. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  3. Muhammad Abid Sanami
  4. Abdul Ahad Sirhindi
  5. Muhammad Said
  6. Ahmed Sirhindi
  7. Abdul Ahad Faruqi
  8. Ruknuddin
  9. Abdul Quddus Gangohi
  10. Muhammad Arif
  11. Ahmed Abdul Haq
  12. Jalaluddin Panipati
  13. Shamsuddin Turk
  14. Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari
  15. Fariduddin Ganjshakar
  16. Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki
  17. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti

His Khulafa[edit]

His Khulafa were numerous and many of them were prominent Shaykhs at their times. Following is a list of his most prominent Khulafa as extracted from various sources.[6]

  1. Mawlana Hafiz Abu Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi Naqshbandi, his successor (Delhi)
  2. Mawlana Hafiz Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi, son of Hafiz Abu Saeed (Medina)
  3. Shah Rauf Ahmed Raaft Faruqi Mujaddidi Rampuri (Bhopal)
  4. Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi al-Kurdi al-Rumi (Turkey)
  5. Mawlana Ismaeel Madani (Medina)
  6. Mawlana Ghulam Mohiuddin Qusoori (Qusoor)
  7. Mawlana Bashartullah Behra'ichi
  8. Mawlana Shah Gul Muhammad Ghaznavi (Bukhara)
  9. Mawlana Muhammad Sharif (Sirhind)
  10. Mawlana Pir Muhammad (Kashmir)
  11. Mawlana Jan Muhammad (Herat)
  12. Mawlana Muhammad Jan (Makkah, d.1266 AH), whose Khulafa spread up to Turkey

References[edit]

External links[edit]