Ghulam Ali Dihlawi

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Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
Born 1156 AH (1743 C.E)
Patiala, Punjab
Died 22 Safar 1240 AH (October 1824)
Delhi, India
Region Islamic scholar/Sufi
School Sunni Islam, Hanafi, Sufi, Naqshbandi

Shah Abdullah alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi (1743–1824, Urdu:شاہ غلام علی دہلوی) was a very prominent Sufi Shaykh in Delhi during early 19th century. He was a master of the Naqshbandi tradition and also in other major Sufi orders such as Qadri and Chishti.


He was born in 1156 AH (1743 C.E) in Patiala, Punjab in current-day India. His father was Shah Abdul-Latif, a scholar and Sufi shaykh belonging to the Qadri tariqah. It is reported in his biographies that his father had a dream before his birth in which he saw Sayyadna Ali who told him to name the baby on his name (Ali). After he grew up, he modified his own name to be Ghulam Ali (literally meaning slave of Ali, a common name in Indian Muslims today). Similarly, his mother had a dream in which she saw Muhammad who told her to name the baby Abdullah. Hence his real name is still known to be Abdullah while his alias is Ghulam Ali.[1][2]

He is reported[citation needed] to have memorized the Quran in a single month's duration. In 1170 AH he came to Delhi to take the oath of allegiance to Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan who was a famous Shaykh of Naqshbandi tariqah in Delhi at that time. After getting trained in the major Sufi orders including Naqshbandi for 15 years, he received complete Khilafat (spiritual Ijazah) from his Shaykh.

He had many Khulafa (deputies) who spread the Naqshbandi Sufi order to a vast number of people in the whole Muslim world at that time. His Khulafa went to Bukhara, Baghdad, Madinah and Turkey. His famous khalifa was Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi who had hundreds of thousands of followers in his lifetime, and many Naqshbandi's today in Turkey and nearby countries follow him.

He is quoted to have said: "My Faid (spirituality) has reached far off countries. Our Halqa is held in Makkah and our Halqa is held in Madinah. Similarly our Halqa is held in Baghdad, Rome (now Turkey and Cyprus) and Maghrib (Parts of Europe and Africa facing Asia). And Bukhara is our parental home."[2]

He died on 22 Safar 1240 AH (15/16 October 1824) and was buried alongside his Shaykh's grave in Khanqah Mazharia in Delhi.[1]


He wrote multiple books, the most famous of them is Maqamat Mazhari in Persian, which is a complete biography of his shaykh Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan Shaheed. His other books are:[2]

  • Edah-e-Tariqat
  • Ahwal-e-Buzurgaan
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Ba'yat wa Azkar
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Naqshband
  • Risalah Sitri Chand dar Ahwal-e-Shah-e-Naqshband
  • Risalah-e-Azkar
  • Risalah-e-Muraqbat
  • Risalah dar Aitarazat Shaykh Abdul-Haq bar Hazrat Mujaddid
  • Risalah Mashgooliyah
  • Sulook Raqia Naqshbandia
  • Makateeb Shareefa (collection of his letters)
  • Kamalat-e-Mazhariya

Spiritual Chain of Succession[edit]

Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi received Ijazah in multiple tariqahs of Sufism, mainly the Naqshbandi.

Naqshbandi chain[edit]


  1. Muhammad d.11AH, buried Madinah SA (570/571 - 632 CE)
  2. Sayyadna Abu Bakr Siddiq, d.13AH, buried Madinah, SA
  3. Sayyadna Salman al-Farsi, d.35AH buried Madaa'in, SA
  4. Imām Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr d.107AH buried Madinah SA.
  5. Imām Jafar Sadiq, (after which moves to Iran) d 148AH buried Madinah SA.
  6. Shaikh Bayazid Bastami, d 261AH buried Bistaam, Iraq (804 - 874 CE).
  7. Shaikh Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani, d 425AH buried Kharqaan, Iran.
  8. Shaikh Abul Qasim Gurgani, d.450AH buried Gurgan, Iran.
  9. Shaikh Abu Ali Farmadi, (after which moves to Turkmenistan) d 477AH buried Tous, Khorasan, Iran.
  10. Khwaja Abu Yaqub Yusuf Hamadani, d 535AH buried Maru, Khorosan, Iran.
  11. Khwaja Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani, d 575AH buried Ghajdawan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  12. Khwaja Arif Reogari, d 616AH buried Reogar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  13. Khwaja Mahmood Anjir-Faghnawi, d 715AH buried Waabakni, Mawralnahar.
  14. Shaikh Azizan Ali Ramitani, d 715AH buried Khwaarizm, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  15. Shaikh Muhammad Baba Samasi, d 755AH buried Samaas, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  16. Shaikh Sayyid Amir Kulal, d 772AH buried Saukhaar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  17. Shaikh Muhammad Baha'uddin Naqshband, d 791AH buried Qasr-e-Aarifan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan (1318–1389 CE).
  18. Shaikh Ala'uddin Attar Bukhari, buried Jafaaniyan, Mawranahar, Uzbekistan.
  19. Shaikh Yaqub Charkhi, d 851AH buried Charkh, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  20. Shaikh Ubaidullah Ahrar, d 895AH buried Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  21. Shaikh Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi, d 936AH buried Wakhsh, Malk Hasaar
  22. Shaikh Durwesh Muhammad, d 970AH buried Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  23. Shaikh Muhammad Amkanaki, (after which moves to India) d 1008AH buried Akang, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
  24. Shaikh Razi ūd-Dīn Muhammad Baqī Billah, d 1012AH buried Delhi, India.
  25. Shaikh Ahmad al-Farūqī al-Sirhindī, Imām Rabbānī, d 1034AH buried Sarhand, India (1564–1624 CE)
  26. Muhammad Masum Sirhindi, d 1079AH buried Sarhand, India.
  27. Muhammad Saifuddin Faruqi Mujaddidi, d 1096AH buried Sarhand, India
  28. Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin
  29. Sayyid Nur Muhammad Badayuni, d.1135AH
  30. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, d.1195AH
  31. Abdullah Dahlawi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali, d.1240AH

Qadri chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[4]

  1. Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
  2. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  3. Muhammad Abid Sanami
  4. Abdul Ahad
  5. Muhammad Said
  6. Ahmed Sirhindi
  7. Abdul Ahad Faruqi
  8. Shah Kamal Kethali
  9. Shah Fuzail
  10. Gada e Rahman Sani
  11. Shamsuddin Arif
  12. Gada e Rahman Awal
  13. Shamsuddin Sehrai
  14. Aqeel
  15. Abdul Wahhab
  16. Sharfuddin
  17. Abdur Razzaq
  18. Abdul-Qadir Gilani

Chishti chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[4]

  1. Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlvi
  2. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  3. Muhammad Abid Sanami
  4. Abdul Ahad Sirhindi
  5. Muhammad Said
  6. Ahmed Sirhindi
  7. Abdul Ahad Faruqi
  8. Ruknuddin
  9. Abdul Quddus Gangohi
  10. Muhammad Arif
  11. Ahmed Abdul Haq
  12. Jalaluddin Panipati
  13. Shamsuddin Turk
  14. Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari
  15. Fariduddin Ganjshakar
  16. Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki
  17. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti

His Khulafa[edit]

His Khulafa were numerous and many of them were prominent Shaykhs at their times. Following is a list of his most prominent Khulafa as extracted from various sources.[4]

  1. Mawlana Hafiz Abu Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi Naqshbandi, his successor (Delhi)
  2. Mawlana Hafiz Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi, son of Hafiz Abu Saeed (Medina)
  3. Shah Rauf Ahmed Raaft Faruqi Mujaddidi Rampuri (Bhopal)
  4. Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi al-Kurdi al-Rumi (Turkey)
  5. Mawlana Ismaeel Madani (Medina)
  6. Mawlana Ghulam Mohiuddin Qusoori (Qusoor)
  7. Mawlana Bashartullah Behra'ichi
  8. Mawlana Shah Gul Muhammad Ghaznavi (Bukhara)
  9. Mawlana Muhammad Sharif (Sirhind)
  10. Mawlana Pir Muhammad (Kashmir)
  11. Mawlana Jan Muhammad (Herat)
  12. Mawlana Muhammad Jan (Makkah, d.1266 AH), whose Khulafa spread up to Turkey


External links[edit]