Baba Hari Dass

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Baba Hari Dass
बाबा हरि दास
Baba Hari Dass.jpg
Baba Hari Dass
Born H. Karnataka
(1923-03-28) March 28, 1923 (age 91)
Almora, near Nainital, Uttar Pradesh (Uttarakhand), India
Nationality Indian
Founder of Sri Ram Orphanage, Haridwar, India; Mount Madonna Center; Dharmasara, Salt Spring Centre, Vancouver; Ashtanga Yoga Institute; Mount Madonna Institute
Guru Baba Raghubar Dassji Maharaj
Philosophy Ashtanga Yoga, Samkhya, Vedanta, Raja Yoga
Literary works Ashtanga Yoga, Rāja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Samkhya, Jnana Yoga, aphorisms, scriptural commentaries, short stories, collection of letters, kids stories and theater plays
Quotation

Work Honestly, Meditate everyday, Meet people without fear, And play[1]

The aim of life is to live in peace[2]

Baba Hari Dass (Devanagari: बाबा हरि दास), is a yoga master, a silent monk, and commentator of Indian scriptural tradition, who was born in March 28, 1923 in Almora near Nainital, Uttar Pradesh, now Uttarakand, in India. He was classically trained in Ashtanga Yoga (the Yoga of Eight Limbs),[3] also known as Raja Yoga, as well as Kriya Yoga, Ayurveda, Samkhya, Tantra Yoga, Vedanta, and Sanskrit.

Born into the 13th generation of Kumaoni Karnataka Brahmin family, in the lunar month of Chaitra, in Shukla Paksha Dashami, he is an author, play writer, martial arts teacher, sculptor and a builder. Upon his arrival in the US in the early 1971, he funded several yoga teaching projects in California and in Vancouver in Canada. His extensive literary creativity included scriptural commentaries, collections of wisdom aphorisms about meaning of life, play-writing, short stories, children stories, kirtan mantras and instructional yoga materials.

He was an early proponent of Ayurveda in the United States, an ancient Indian system of health and healing and created. In annual rendition of an Indian classic Ramayana, he though performing arts and costume making, With the emphasis on selfless service (karma yoga) that guided his life, and action that benefits the world, he devoted himself to helping others and opened Sri Ram Ashram in Haridwar for homeless children, in India. Although he does not speak, he is conversant in several languages in writing.

Early life and spiritual path[edit]

Baba Hari Dass grew up in the lower Himalayan region of Kumaon division, which includes Dunagiri (known as the birthplace of modern day Kriya Yoga) and the temple of Shakti or Mother Goddess. The region, also known as Kurmachala[4] includes Nainital, Bageshwar, Champawat, Pithoragarh, and Udham Singh Nagar. Early on he listened to stories told by older people about Sombari Baba Maharaj, Gudari Baba, Hariakhan Baba Maharaj (Babaji Mahavatar) and several other saints of that region. In 1929, on the way to Haldwani, during the winter time, he received his first darshana with the sage Sombari Baba Maharaj[5][6] also known as Paramanandji Maharaj in the village Kakarighat, by the Koshi river, where Sombari Baba Maharaj lived under a huge Banyan tree in a tiny hut built into its roots.

Darshana can be viewed as being in the presence of a highly revered person, which then can awaken latent potential for spiritual growth, or intellectual understanding. A poet Gary Snyder explaining his meaning of Darśana wrote: "It's a gift; it's like there's a moment in which the thing is ready to let you see it. In India, this is called darshan. Darshan means getting a view.."[7]

He was six or seven when he made known his conviction to seek spiritual freedom (Sanskrit: मोक्ष mokṣa).[8][9] He left home at the age of eight[10][11] and later joined a school for young yoga renunciates in the jungles of Kumaon.[12]

He was initiated at the age of 19 years old, in 1942,[13] into the Vairagi-Tyagi Vaishnava order of Ramanandi Sampradaya (followers of Saint Ramananda originated in the 1400s). His guru Baba Raghubar Dassji Maharaj, a reclusive sadhu, a highly regarded renunciate and Sanskrit scholar was known for minimal verbal communication and did not have a large disciple following. He met with his disciples only once in every two-three years to convey yoga sādhanā instructions for his advanced followers.[14]

In 1952-1953, while living in a burial place called Ghati, Baba Hari Dass describes staying in a cave in a cold wintertime. While sitting by the side of the fire he fainted and his left arm fell into that fire: "I saw Hariakhan Maharaj come into the room and bend over me…, I saw him clearly, removing my left arm from the fire pit... By some unknown power I was related to Hariakhan Maharaj."[15]

To local population of Nainital and Almora, Baba Hari Dass, was also known as Haridas,[16] Haridas Baba, or as Chota Maharaji.

Vow of silence and tapas[edit]

Silence is God's one and only voice -- Herman Melville

Beginning in 1952, Baba Hari Dass took a continual vow of silence, called mauna. In 1964, Bhagavan Das (yogi) met Baba Hari Dass near a temple called Hanuman Girdi, in Nainital: "The sadhu was a muni, a yogi whose practice of austerity includes complete silence. For the previous twelve years, whenever he wanted to communicate, he would jot his thoughts succinctly on a small chalkboard."[17] Similarly, in 1967, Ram Dass met Baba Hari Dass and later wrote: "He is a jungle sadhu. He went into the jungle when he was 8 years old. He is silent (mauna). He has been mauna for 15 years. He writes with a chalkboard."[18]

Baba Hari Dass continued his silence over years. In 1983, David C. Fuess (a writer for Wall Street Journal), describing Mount Madonna Center and the annual Ramayana play, commented: "Babaji had not spoken for twenty-nine years and communicates by a means of a small chalk board."[19] In 2008, Melissa Weaver, Santa Cruz Sentinel correspondent, wrote: "During classes, he sits in a wood-backed chair, his students spread out, cross-legged and contemplative, in a half-circle around him chanting Sanskrit verses and waiting for Hari Dass to deliver his reflections. They sit patiently while he writes his thoughts on a wipe-off board, which are then read aloud by a volunteer."[20]

Even as continued silence would seem a radical but also inconvenient form of communication, several Western authors recognized the social value of silence. Among those were Jacques Derrida and Søren Kierkegaard. In their opinion, silence would function as the means of clearer and substantively deeper understanding. Michael Strawser (Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Central Florida), commenting on Jacques Derrida’s view of Soren Kierkegaard’s meaning of silence, wrote, “What is needed is Kierkegaard’s call to silence in order to recognize one’s responsibility to the other.”[21]

Silence can be practiced for more than one reason and some authors like Perkey Avot, in the Jewish Sages guide for living, said: "a safety fence for wisdom... is silence". Mauna in yoga is maintained with the aim of achieving uninterrupted concentration (ekagrata, Sanskrit: एकाग्रता). Side effects of such practice would include constraining outgoing emotions of the mind, such as anger, excessive argumentativeness, etc. In Ashtanga Yoga, mauna would be part of the larger body of practices called tapas (Sanskrit: तपस्). Overall, mauna as practice of tapas would not be viewed as penance.[22]

Karma yogi builder[edit]

Influenced by the teachings of Bhagavad Gita, which view karma yoga as selfless service and as the most straight-forward pathway to progress in the spiritual life, led him to implementing those ideals early on in his life. He learned temple masonry and sculpture and became a builder of rock walls, temples and ashrams. In more than one of those projects he had a lead role. The Divine Reality, a publication by Sri Kainchi Hanuman Mandir & Ashram, stated: “Haridas Baba used to come to Kainchi from Hanumangarh to supervise the construction work of Kainchi Ashram.”[23] In 1962, after Hanumangarh Ashram, and Kenchi (Kainchi) Ashram, he started to build an ashram at Kakharighat where Sombari Maharaj lived, which was later completed on a contract basis.[24]

In the United States and Canada,[25] he continued using his considerable construction skills by building rock walls, temples, sculpturing deities figures, building structures, roads, and drainage outlets. In 1983, Yoga Journal writer, Virginia Lee, said "Baba Hari Dass swings his hummer alongside everyone else".[26] In another article, the same publication, in 2002, in Karma Yoga Awards, in the article Saving Young Lives, Baba Hari Dass, Shri Ram Ashram, added that Baba Hari Dass, beginning with 1986, donated proceeds from his books publishing to Sri Ram Fundation that was setup to help destitute children in India. From those funds, and other donations, Shri Ram Ashram was created near Haridwar, in India.[27]

Western confluence (1958-1971)[edit]

Local teacher-leader[edit]

During one of the first waves of interest in Indian spirituality and yoga, in the early 60ies, newcomers from Western countries coming to Nainital district were directed to Haridas Baba[28] to receive instructions in hatha yoga, meditation and yogic life. "A young Englishman named Lawrie...was allowed to stay in the ashram, studying with Haridas Baba". Baba Hari Dass, also known as Haridas, had established a local following and was considered an adept teacher and a leader in karma yoga construction projects. Dada Mukerjee (Sri Sudhir Mukerjee), recounting that wrote: "Haridas, with his band of enthusiastic and active associates, was managing the affairs of the temples and ashram at Hanumanghar. He was well-versed in pujas and rituals, as well as in pranayam and meditation, and an experienced practitioner of hatha yoga...Those staying there were sometimes tuaght the preliminaries of yoga, especially hatha yoga. Ram Dass stayed there in 1967 and Lawrie in 1964, among others."[29]

Bhagavan Dass[edit]

In 1964, Kermit Michael Riggs aka Bhagavan Das (yogi), studied various yoga practices and was introduced to Baba Hari Dass in Nainital, Hanuman Garhi (the Fortress of Hanuman, Google Inc. "Hanuman Garhi, Nainital, Uttarakhand". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://www.google.com/maps/place/Hanuman+Garhi/@29.3537335,79.4507065,12303m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!1m2!2m1!1shanumangarhi,+nainital!3m1!1s0x39a09f57599d1b19:0xb5c63417d43777c7.) Bhagavan Dass described that experience: “Hari Das was the real thing, a cave yogi”, and, “I showed Hari Dass Baba how I did these kriyas, and he helped me perfect my technique”.[30] In 1968, in meditation, Bhagavan Dass, according to his own account, was able to recognize Baba Hari Dass was in danger while undergoing anesthetic confinement in the hospital bed in Lucknow. He drove from Nainital overnight and removed Baba Hari Dass from that condition.[note 1]

Ram Dass[edit]

In 1966-1967 an ex-Harvard professor Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) traveled to India and was taken to Kainchi region by Bhagavan Dass. At that time Baba Hari Dass was already an accomplished yoga teacher and had a large following in the Nainital region. Following his guru Neem Karoli Baba’s recommendation, Ram Dass received teachings of Ashtanga Yoga from Baba Hari Dass: “Baba Hari Dass was my teacher. I was taught by this man with a chalkboard in the most terse way possible” (Be Here Now: Ashtanga Yoga, 1971).[31] Baba Hari Dass trained Ram Dass in Raja Yoga, asana, pranayama, and ahimsa (non-violence). In his later publications Ram Dass confirms the same, “Hari Dass Baba, who had been my sadhana tutor while I lived in Kainchi” (Be Love Now, 2010, p. 150). (Also see:[32])

Ma Renu-Horsting[edit]

Baba Hari Dass and Ma Renu, watching annual volleyball competition at Mount Madonna Center, around July 1999

In 1970, before the book Be Here Now of Ram Dass was published in the US, Baba Hari Dass was contacted by Bondana and Mahendra Mark Jurgerman in Haridwar, students of Ruth Jonhson-Horsting (Ma Renu), a professor of Arts at the University of California in Davis. Then, a prospect of inviting Baba Hari Dass to the US was raised. "They stayed with me and asked me to go to the United States," Baba Hari Dass wrote. "I said I could go anywhere. I was ready to move to the higher mountains."[note 2]

On the recommendation of her students Ma Renu invited Baba Hari Dass to the US and sponsored his stay in 1971 with the purpose of teaching yoga. Ma Renu described her first meeting Baba Hari Dass thus: “I felt there was no time to lose. I had already given my permission to sponsor his stay in America, but what had been intended as a short stay, turned into a 29 year darshan and blessing."[note 3]

That association over the years became a fruitful fulfillment of selfless service ideals when several organizational projects and service missions were formed in the US, Canada and India. In 1976, Baba Hari Dass directed her in forming Sri Rama Fundation to support Sri Ram Ashram for destitute children located in Shyampur, near Haridwar. Ma Renu edited several published writings of Baba Hari Dass.

Anand Dass[edit]

Jerry Tabachnick (Anand Dass) became one of the first seekers who recognized the need to study yoga with a live master and became a highly regarded disciple of Baba Hari Dass. He became active in organizing the Vancouver Satsang in Canada[33] and became a Yoga Sutras commentator and teacher.

Jeannine Parvati Baker[edit]

Baba Hari Dass agreed to mentor his pregnant student Jeannine Parvati through a course of prenatal Yoga. During that time she continued practicing asanas and authored the first book in the Western world on the subject, Prenatal Yoga & Natural Childbirth, published in 1974.[34]

The impact of Be Here Now and Chota Maharaji[edit]

How the Swamis Came to the States, is the article by Richard Leviton, in Yoga Journal, Mar/Apr 1990, that proposed a timeline of influential yoga teachers in the US. That overview covered 100 years (1890-1990) of multicultural developments in yoga influences with a focus in larger audience teaching. Among those, the beginning of yoga teaching of Baba Hari Dass[35] in the US was seen as starting in 1971. Prior to that, “Baba Hari Dass’s reputation preceded his arrival in America by about two years", confirming his teaching engagements going back to at least 1969 as already well established in India.

In the beginning of 1971 Baba Hari Dass was teaching in the US when later the same year Be Here Now (1st edition) of Ram Dass was published by the Lama Foundation, in New Mexico. That book, viewed as meaningful contribution to the public knowledge in the US and Canada about yoga and Baba Hari Dass as a master yogi, was re-edited after some preliminary copies were already printed. Richard Leviton in How the Swamis Came to the States recalls that "Ram Dass refers to 'this incredible fellow' as one of his teachers.." and quotes the initial first printing of Be Here Now. Several affirmative remarks about Baba Hari Dass, also known as Chota Maharaji in his native Nainital-Almora regioin, were removed from the first edition.[note 4]

Organizations and teaching projects[edit]

Ganesha Temple, Mount Madonna Center, California; May 2012
Mount Madonna Center, California, Baba Hari Dass, Sep 2013

Mount Madonna Center[edit]

Fire ceremony, Mount Madonna Center, California, 2013

In the US, Baba Hari Dass advised his growing group of followers (Hanuman Fellowship, 1974)[36] to write letters to their friends, associates, etc., in order to find a large, open space, in out of city surroundings. One response came from a ranger in Santa Cruz Mountains that included a would-be offer. Mount Madonna Center for Creative Arts[37] in Watsonville, California, was formed in 1978 and with the labor of many volunteers and the ideal of selfless service (karma yoga) grew into a major yoga learning, and programs rentals center.

US temples[edit]

Sankat Mochan Hanuman and Ganesh temples[38] were built in Mount Madonna Center to serve local residents as well as a larger Hindu community of the San Francisco Bay Area who can visit it daily.

Yoga Teachers Training, Sri Ram Ashram and other projects[edit]

Baba Hari Dass created, inspired, and oversaw several building projects and programs such Yoga Certification Teachers Training; Pacific Cultural Center in Santa Cruz; Dharmasara community in Toronto; Salt Spring Centre of yoga, on Salt Spring Island BC., and Dharma Sara Satsang, in Vancouver, BC., Canada; Sri Ram Ashram and Vidya Mandir in Shyampur, near Haridwar in India (1987) for abandoned children in India; and Mount Madonna Institute – College of Ayurveda. Keenly aware of the value of physical work without selfish motive, i.e.; "Karma Yoga", Baba Hari Dass supported community work days, in all locations, and worked alongside his students, year after year, teaching in his own inimitable way, and by example, and sport activities with annual Hanuman Olympics and Indian martial arts, staging epic of Ramayana; he directed several building projects and rock walls construction.

Transpersonal Psychology contribution[edit]

In the West Transpersonal Psychology became a rich and productive field in psychology, anthropology and psychiatry. Practices and theories of yoga have added to that impact while researchers focused on energies of the subtle body that in yoga terms relate to sukshma sharira.  Several authors credited Baba Hari Dass for his contributions and adept views. Steven Simon Bentheim Ph. D. commenting on "spiritual" marriages that were made and fell apart despite the blessings of the guru, he wrote: “Baba Hari Dass soon realized that the ideal of abstinence as a tool for spiritual development- whether it be dietary or sexual was a problem in the West.“[39]

Bonnie Greenwell, while working on her Ph. D. in Transpersonal Psychology (Energies Transformation – A Guide to the Kundalini Process) was allowed to study “the unpublished manuscripts of the Jnana yoga teacher Baba Hari Dass” (p. xi).[40]

Stuart Sovatsky Ph. D. commenting on Ken Wilber, Ram Dass and others whose work focused on “[solo] spiritual heroes” unwittingly garbled into Western lives the specialized family-less “the sadhu trip”. Baba Hari Dass, warned all Western seekers not to mix up Western life style and stringent sadhu requirements. Commenting on that he wrote, “For Westerners Brahmacharya is almost impossible because association between sexes is so free. Don’t mix the sadhu trip in this thing”(Silence Speaks, p. 107).[41]

Ayurveda teachings[edit]

Baba Hari Dass was one of the early proponents who helped bring Ayurveda to the US,[42] an ancient Indian system of health and healing. He taught classes leading to the establishment of the Mount Madonna Institute, College of Ayurveda,[43] Ayurveda World, and Ayurvedic pharmacy. Michael Tierra, Ayurvedic medicine practitioner, remarked: "The history of Ayurveda in North America will always owe a debt to the selfless contributions of Baba Hari Dass" (The way of Ayurvedic Herbs, Lotus Press, 2008, p. XIV)

Scriptural teachings[edit]

Baba Hari Dass with kids, Mount Madonna Center, May 2008

The aim[edit]

Attainment of higher states of concentration according to Ashtanga Yoga (classical yoga of Patanjali) is rooted in development of the physical body (Hatha Yoga). That tenant is aptly expressed in: “The body is a boat which carries the soul in the ocean of the world. If it is not strong, or if has a hole, then it can’t cross the ocean. So the first duty is to fix the boat”; (Baba Hari Dass, Ashtanga Yoga Primer, 1981). As the physical body gains in strength and is guided by disciplined life, an adept can receive more refined instructions and teachings, called sadhana.

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali[edit]

Samadhi Pada; in depth exposition of upaya, the primary means of yoga together with more advanced subject of the efficiency of practice abhyasa and dispassion (vairagya). Sadhana Pada; practical methods for the yogis who are aspiring to higher states of concentration and need to remove mental distractions (viksipta). Those practical methods constitute Kriya Yoga and make the mind ready for one-pointed concentration (ekagra-dhyana), which results in the steadiness of concentration, or samahita chitta. Voll III, Vibhuti Pada; pratyahara is further developed into concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana), and into the state of absorption samadhi. Those states, when mastered in succession are the foundation of samyama; “samyama is perfect control of mental concentration” (p. 7); and "The samyama is not complete unless there is a fusion of these three processes of concentration"; it should also be understood that the perfection of samyama constitutes “three internal limbs of concentration”. Furthermore, Baba Hari Dass elucidates different aspects of samadhi and samyama and their resulting achievements in relation to viveka khyati, or discriminating faculty. Vol IV, Kaivalya Pada; the commentary to the last volume of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is in editing stages.

Silence Speaks[edit]

From the chalkboard of Baba Hari Dass is a collection of aphorisms and short notes about spiritual liberation, life and death, relationships, desires and obstacles in the practice of yoga; "In Yoga sadhana the mind works like a ball; the more you hit it the more it rebounds. So you have to keep on hitting it with regular sadhana"(p. 186).

Ramayana, Bhagavat Gita, and other writings[edit]

Ramayana is an Indian classic annually retold in stage performances throughout India's villages and towns. In the United States, Baba Hari Dass trained students of Mount Madonna School in Watsonville, CA,[44] who continue that tradition in annual musical performance in June. He has thought acting arts, costume-attire design, masks making, and choreography to bring alive characters of Sri Ram, Sita, Hanuman, Lakshmana, Shiva and Parvati, Vibhishan, Jatayu, Sugriva, Surpanakha, Ravana and his rakshasa court, Meghnaad, Kumbhakarna, and the army of monkeys and demons.

Bhagavat Gita - a commentary to Chapters 1-6 (Vol I) published in 2013; the Bhagavad Gita uses a metaphor of a battle to convey the meaning of the inner struggle to attain knowledge of human condition. The struggle is between positive and negative tendencies. In this volume meaning of three main types of yoga are elucidated: Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, and Bhakti Yoga. The emphasis is given to the view that "action is superior to inaction" (p. 300). "Actions that are performed without self-interest and for the good of all are called sacrifice (yajna)"(p. 302), and those actions will not cause any bondage.

Samkhya Karika and Panchadasi A commentary to Ishvara Krishna’s (Samkhyakarika) exposition of Samkhya principles of 24 tattva system that culminates in full recognition of the Self, recognition which brings about the separation of Purusha, conscious principle from Prakriti, unconscious material principle; in editing stages. In a commentary to Panchadasi of Vidyaranya, a Vedantic classic commentary includes discussion of several Vedantic schools: Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita, and Dvaita; in editing stages.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It’s Here Now,(Are You?), A Spiritual Memoir; Broadway Books, Ney York, 1997, 1st ed; ISBN 0-7679-00801; Ch 20, p.170: "I climbed through the window. I pulled the tubes out of his limbs, picked him up like a baby and walked out of the house. I laid him in the passenger seat of the Land Rover and drove back to Naini Tal..."
  2. ^ See review of this subject in: http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/ci_9875268; by Melissa Weaver - Sentinel correspondent; POSTED: 07/14/2008: "Silent yogi has led Mount Madonna community tucked in the Santa Cruz Mountains for more than 30 years..Hari Dass moved to the U.S. from India in 1971 after meeting Mark Jungerman and his wife, who had been traveling through Haridwar, India"; 'They stayed with me and asked me to go to the United States," Hari Dass said. 'I said I could go anywhere. I was ready to move to the higher mountains.'
  3. ^ Ma Renu’s motivation in inviting Baba Hari Dass into US came from personal quest of seeking deeper knowledge about life and the meaning of suffering at the time after her elder son had been killed. Trying to find solace in philosophy books by various authors left her concluding, “I basically got nowhere, none of the books said anything to me”; http://sriramfoundation.org/index.php/sri-rama-foundation/ma-renu-horsting
  4. ^ http://beherenow.dc7.us/hisstory01.htm#ASHTANGA YOGA; BE HERE NOW by Ram Dass, First published in 1971, ASHTANGA YOGA: “Hari Dass Baba -- this little 90 pound fellow -- architecturally designed all of the temples and schools, supervised all the buildings and grounds, had many followers of his own, slept two hours a night. His food intake for the last 15 years had been 2 glasses of milk a day. That's it. His feces are like two small marbles each day. His arms are about this big around, tiny, but when the workmen can't lift a particularly heavy rock, they call for 'Chota Maharaji' -- the little great king. As in a comic strip, he goes over and lifts the rock, just with one-pointedness of mind. He had met Maharaji in the jungle 15 years before, and he had become a disciple of Maharaji.”

Books by Baba Hari Dass[edit]

  • The Yellow Book: The Sayings of Baba Hari Dass, 1973, Lama Foundation; First Edition; ASIN B001U2T24W
  • Hariakhan Baba: Known, Unknown, 1975, Sri Rama Foundation, (ISBN 0-918100-00-3)
  • Silence Speaks: Aphorisms From the Chalkboard of Baba Hari Dass, Sri Rama Foundation, 1977, (ISBN 0-918100-19-4)
  • Ashtanga Yoga Primer, Illustrated Practical Guide, Sri Rama Publishing, 1977, (ISBN 0-918100-04-6)
  • Child's Garden of Yoga, Sri Rama Publishing, 1980, (ISBN 0-918100-02-X)
  • Sweeper to Saint: Stories of Holy India, A Collection of short stories; Sri Rama Publishing, 1980, (ISBN 0-91800-03-8)
  • Mystic Monkey, Sri Rama Publishing, (ISBN 0-918100-05-4)
  • Fire Without Fuel: The Aphorisms of Baba Hari Dass, Sri Rama Publishing, 1986, (ISBN 0-918100-08-9)
  • Vinaya Chalisa: Forty Prayers, Sri Rama Publishing, (ISBN 0-918100-16-X)
  • The Path to Enlightenment is Not a Highway, Sri Rama Publishing, 1996, (ISBN 0-918100-18-6)
  • The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: A Study Guide and Commentary for Book I Samadhi Pada, Sri Rama Publishing, 1999, (ISBN 0-918100-20-8)
  • Everyday Peace: Letters for Life, Sri Rama Publishing, 2000, (ISBN 0-918100-21-6)
  • The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: A Study Guide and Commentary for Book II Sadhana Pada, Sri Rama Publishing, 2008, (ISBN 978-0-918100-23-8)
  • Pigeon Throne, 2010, Sri Rama Publishing, (ISBN 978-0918100269)
  • Bronze Buddha, A Collection of three short stories, 2011, Sri Rama Publishing, (ISBN 978-0-918100-27-6)
  • Srimad Bhagavad Gita: Chapters I-VI, A Study Guide and Commentary, Sri Rama Publishing, 2013, (ISBN 978-0918100283)
  • The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: A Study Guide and Commentary for Book III Vibhuti Pada, Sri Rama Publishing, 2013, (ISBN 978-0-918100-24-5)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Talks With Babaji: http://hanumanfellowship.org/index.php?option=com_wrapper&Itemid=54
  2. ^ Everyday Peace Letters for Life, Baba Hari Dass; Sri Rama Publishing, 2000, ISBN 0-918100-21-6; p.21
  3. ^ What is Ashtanga Yoga, The Eight Limbs: Yamas and NIyamas; http://pacificcultural.org/yiteachings.html Pacific Cultural Center, Santa Cruz, CA
  4. ^ Aggarwal,, J. C.; Agrawal, S. P. (Jan 1, 1995). Uttarakhand: Past, Present, and Future. Uttar Khand Region (India): Concept Publishing Company. pp. 163... ISBN 978-8170225720. 
  5. ^ Baba Hari Dass Hariakhan Baba: Known, Unknown, 1975, p. 78.
  6. ^ Be Love Now: The Path of the Heart; by Ram Dass and Rameshwar Das; 2010, HarperCollins Publishers, New York; ISBN 978-0-06-196138-0; p. 284-290.
  7. ^ White, Jonathan, ed. (1994). Talking on the water: conversations about nature and creativity. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. ISBN 0871565153. OCLC 2764060
  8. ^ The Box Of Earth and Sky; http://blog.laylamorganwilde.com/2012/01/20/the-box-of-earth-and-sky.aspx
  9. ^ Baba Hari Dass, The Yellow Book: The Sayings of Baba Hari Dass, 1973, The Lama Foundation
  10. ^ Baba Hari Dass; Encyclopedia of Hinduism; Constance A. Jones and James D. Ryan; Infobase Publishing, New York; 2007; ISBN 978-0-8160-5458-9
  11. ^ http://beherenow.dc7.us/hisstory01.htm#ASHTANGA YOGA; BE HERE NOW, by Ram Dass, First published in 1971
  12. ^ Baba Hari Dass, The Yellow Book: The Sayings of Baba Hari Dass, Lama Foundation; First Edition (1973); ASIN: B001U2T24W
  13. ^ "In 1942 he took initiation as a monk in the Vairagi Tyagi Vaishnavite order"; Encyclopedia of Hinduism; Constance A. Jones and James D. Ryan; Baba Hari Dass; Infobase Publishing, New York; 2007; ISBN 978-0-8160-5458-9
  14. ^ The Babaji Interview; By Devyn (Mount Madonna School); http://newsasaurus.newscenter.com/articles/09April/09AprilBabaji.html
  15. ^ Baba Hari Dass, Hariakhan Baba: Known, Unknown, Sri Rama Foundation, 1975, p. 76-79 ISBN 0-918100-00-3
  16. ^ Dada Mukerjee, Umadatta Shukla 1 Chapter, Hanuman Foundation, May 1, 2000; ISBN 978-1887474023; http://maharajji.com/Near-and-the-Dear/umadutta-shukla-1-chapter.html
  17. ^ Bhagavan Das, It's Here Now (Are You?), Broadway Books, New York, 1997
  18. ^ http://beherenow.dc7.us/hisstory01.htm#ASHTANGA YOGA; BE HERE NOW, by Ram Dass, First published in 1971
  19. ^ David C. Fuess, Ramayana - Selfless Service, Wall Street Journal, October 1983, page iB
  20. ^ Silent yogi has led Mount Madonna community tucked in the Santa Cruz Mountains for more than 30 years, Melissa Weaver - (Santa Cruz) Sentinel correspondent, 07/14/2008; http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/ci_9875268
  21. ^ Michael Strawser, Gifts of Silence from Kierkegaard and Derrida, Penn State University Press, Vol. 89, No. 1/2, Spring/Summer 2006; Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal; ISSN: 00381861; http://www.jstor.org/stable/i40052851
  22. ^ "Tapas is not a penance, it's a mental training to develop will power" -- Baba Hari Dass; On Ashtanga Yoga, Silence Speaks, p.153, Sri Rama Foundation Inc, 1977
  23. ^ The Divine Reality of Sri Baba Neeb Karori Ji Maharaj (A Translation of Alokik Yathartha), A Case of Typhoid; January 1, 2005, by Sri Kainchi Hanuman Mandir & Ashram; 2nd ed., ISBN 978-8190310505
  24. ^ Baba Hari Dass, Hariakhan Baba: Known, Unknown, Sri Rama Foundation, 1975, p. 78-79, ISBN 0-918100-00-3
  25. ^ http://saltspringcentre.com/about/baba-hari-dass/
  26. ^ The Silent Master of Mount Madonna Center; Yoga Journal, May/June 1983; by Virginia Lee; p. 18-20; http://books.google.com/books?id=--sDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA20&dq=baba+hari+dass&hl=en&sa= X&ei=28GwU-b1HMKpyASzmoHgAg&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q= baba%20hari%20dass&f=false
  27. ^ Catalfo, Phil (2002). "Karma Yoga Awards". Yoga Journal. Yoga Journal. pp. 82–83. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  28. ^ Mukerjee, Dada (1990). By His Grace - Stories About Neem Karoli Baba. Hanuman Fundation. pp. 60–61. ISBN 0-9628878-7-0. 
  29. ^ Dada Mukerjee, Umadatta Shukla 1 Chapter, Hanuman Foundation, May 1, 2000; ISBN 978-1887474023; http://maharajji.com/Near-and-the-Dear/umadutta-shukla-1-chapter.html
  30. ^ It’s Here Now,(Are You?), A Spiritual Memoir; Broadway Books, Ney York, 1997, 1st ed; ISBN 0-7679-00801; Ch 6, p.43-44
  31. ^ http://beherenow.dc7.us/hisstory01.htm#ASHTANGA YOGA; BE HERE NOW, by Ram Dass, First published in 1971
  32. ^ Ram Dass Biography, "...Hari Dass Baba, who taught in silence using only a chalkboard. For a time, Alpert was in correspondence with Meher Baba however he remained focused on the teaching of Hari Dass Baba..."; http://www.rottentomatoes.com/celebrity/ram_dass/biography/
  33. ^ http://saltspringcentre.com/about/dharma-sara-satsang/
  34. ^ "Practicing Yoga during pregnancy is one way to heal the split between soul and spirit found in our culture", p. XII, Jeannine Parvati Baker, North Atlantic Books, ASIN: B002XB5XQK, 1986
  35. ^ Leviton, Richard (Mar/Apr 1990). "How the Swamis Came to the States". Yoga in America – the first 100 Years, How the Swamis Came to the States. Yoga Journal. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  36. ^ The Hanuman Fellowship is a non-profit organization founded by the students of Baba Hari Dass in 1971; http://hanumanfellowship.org/)
  37. ^ A Conference, Retreat and Yoga Center in the Heart of California; http://mountmadonna.org/
  38. ^ The Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple is a project sponsored by the Hanuman Fellowship and is located within the grounds of the Mount Madonna Center for the Creative Arts and Sciences, a residential private retreat and conference center. Established in 1978 by the students of Baba Hari Dass;
  39. ^ Bentheim, Steven Simon (2005). "Couple Congruence and Spirituality: Expanding Satir's Model Through". Couple Congruence and Spirituality: Expanding Satir's Model Through. University of Victoria. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  40. ^ Greenwell, Bonnie (2002). "Energies of Transformation – A Guide to Kundalini Process". Energies of Transformation – A Guide to Kundalini Process. Motilal Banarsidas, Delhi. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  41. ^ Sovatsky, Stuart (1987). "Euro-Hinduism in America: From Vivekananda to Deepak Chopra". Merlian News. MerlianNews.com and PS-Magazine.com. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  42. ^ Karta Purkh Singh Khalsa and Michael Tierra: “Independently, we both first learned Ayurvedic medicine from our respective spiritual mentors – myself with Baba Hari Dass and K.P., with Yogi Bhajan.“ (p.X); The way of Ayurvedic Herbs, Lotus Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-9409-8598-8
  43. ^ http://www.mountmadonnainstitute.org/ayurveda/ayurveda_world.html
  44. ^ David C. Fuess; Ramayana – Self Service; The Wall Street Journal, October 1983; page iB

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