Min Bei

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Northern Min
Min Bei
闽北语
Native to Southern China, United States (mostly California)
Region northwestern & central Fujian; Nanping
Native speakers
2.5 million  (2007)[1]
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mnp
Glottolog minb1244[2]
{{{mapalt}}}
Min Bei (red)

Min-Bei, or Northern Min (simplified Chinese: 闽北; traditional Chinese: 閩北; pinyin: Mǐnběi), is a collection of dialects of Min spoken in Nanping Prefecture of northwestern Fujian, which, apart from Shao-Jiang Min, are mutually intelligible.

The Chinese languages of Fujian province were traditionally divided into Min-Bei (Northern) and Min-Nan (Southern). However, dialectologists now divide Min more finely.[3] By this narrower definition, Northern Min covers the dialects of Shibei (in Pucheng County), Chong'an (in Wuyishan City), Xingtian (in Wuyishan City), Wufu (in Wuyishan City), Zhenghe (in Zhenghe County), Zhenqian (in Zhenghe County), Jianyang and Jian'ou.[3]

Dialects[edit]

The dialects of western Nanping are sometimes split off as a separate division of Min, Shao-Jiang.

Min Bei proper
Jianyang
Jian'ou
Songxi
Shibei
Shaojiang
Shaowu
Jiangle

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Northern Min". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b Zev Handel (2003). "Northern Min Tone Values and the Reconstruction of Softened Initials" (PDF). Language and Linguistics 4 (1): 47–84. Retrieved February 16, 2011. 
  • Branner, David Prager (2000). Problems in Comparative Chinese Dialectology — the Classification of Miin and Hakka. Trends in Linguistics series, no. 123. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-015831-0.