North Efate language

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North Efate
Region Vanuatu
Native speakers
9,500  (2001)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 llp
Glottolog nort2836[2]

North Efate, also known as Nakanamanga or Nguna, is an Oceanic language spoken on the northern area of Efate in Vanuatu, as well as on a number of islands off the northern coast.


  • Ray, Sidney H. (1887). "Sketch of Nguna Grammar". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland) 16: 409–418. doi:10.2307/2841882. JSTOR 2841882. 


  1. ^ North Efate at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "North Efate". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.