Komering language

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Komering
Native to Indonesia
Region Sumatra
Ethnicity Komering people
Native speakers
470,000  (2000 census)[1]
Official status
Official language in
 Indonesia
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kge
Glottolog kome1238[2]
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Three Komering girls in 1929

Komering is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Indonesia, in the southern part of Sumatra.

Location[edit]

Komering in the Lampung Province in southern Sumatra, along the Komering River.

Classification[edit]

Komering belongs to the group of Lampung languages, one of the groups within the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family.[3] Walker regards Komering as a mere dialect, presenting Lampung as a single language instead of a group of languages;[4] others treat it as a dialect specifically of Lampung Api.

Vocabulary[edit]

Examples of basic Komering words:[5]

English Komering Indonesian/Malay
tree kayu kayu ("wood")
ashes habu abu
world tanoh tanah
grass jukuk rumput
egg hatolui telur
three tolu tiga
five lima lima
rain hujau hujan
to steal hambur hambur ("to waste")
egg tohlui telur
four pak empat
naw ganta sekarang

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Komering at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Komering". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Adelaar, 2005, p. 22.
  4. ^ Walker, 1976, p. 1.
  5. ^ From Walker, 1975, pp. 14-17.

Sources[edit]

  • (English) Adelaar, Alexander, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar: A Historical Perspective, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar, pp. 1–42, Routledge Language Family Series, Londres, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-7007-1286-0
  • (English) Walker, Dale F., A Lexical Study of Lampung Dialects, Miscellaneous Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, Part I (éditeur: John W. M. Verhaar), NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 1, pp. 11–21, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1975.
  • (English) Walker, Dale F., A Grammar of the Lampung Language: the Pesisir Dialect of Way Lima, NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 2, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1976.

See also[edit]