SH-053-R-CH3-2′F is a drug used in scientific research which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It produces some of the same effects as other benzodiazepines, but is much more subtype-selective than most other drugs of this class, having high selectivity, binding affinity and efficacy at the α5 subtype of the GABAA receptor. This gives much tighter control of the effects produced, and so while SH-053-R-CH3-2′F retains sedative and anxiolytic effects, it does not cause ataxia at moderate doses. SH-053-R-CH3-2′F also blocks the nootropic effects of the α5-selective inverse agonistPWZ-029, so amnesia is also a likely side effect.
^Savić MM, Huang S, Furtmüller R, Clayton T, Huck S, Obradović DI, Ugresić ND, Sieghart W, Bokonjić DR, Cook JM. Are GABAA receptors containing alpha5 subunits contributing to the sedative properties of benzodiazepine site agonists? Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008 Jan;33(2):332-9. PMID 17392731
^Savić MM, Clayton T, Furtmüller R, Gavrilović I, Samardzić J, Savić S, Huck S, Sieghart W, Cook JM. PWZ-029, a compound with moderate inverse agonist functional selectivity at GABA(A) receptors containing alpha5 subunits, improves passive, but not active, avoidance learning in rats. Brain Research. 2008 May 7;1208:150-9. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2008.02.020PMID 18394590