Xie (surname)

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Xie
謝姓 - 楷体.svg
PronunciationXiè (Pinyin)
Siā (Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Language(s)Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean
Origin
Language(s)Chinese
Word/NameDescendants of Yuyang
DerivationState of Xie
Meaningto thank
Other names
Variant(s)Xie, Hsieh (Mandarin)
Tse, Tze, Che, Jay (Cantonese)
Chia, Cheah, Sia (Hokkien)
Chia (Teochew)
Zhia, Zia (Shanghainese)
Sa (Korean)
Tạ (Vietnamese)
Chea (Cambodian)

Xie ([ɕjê]; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Xiè; Wade–Giles: Hsieh4) is a Chinese family name. It is estimated that there are more than ten million people with this surname, the majority of whom live in Southern China, South East Asia, America, Europe and Africa. A 2013 study found that Xie was the 23rd most common surname in China,[1] with 0.79% of the population having this surname.[2] The majority of Xie are from south of China.

The surname originated in two major branches: during the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, and near the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty. It was a prominent aristocratic clan in the Eastern Jin dynasty of China. The hometown of the Xie is Kaifeng, Henan Province.

There is a less common surname with the same pronunciation but different writing (解).

Variations[edit]

The spelling of the same Chinese character using Wade–Giles romanization is Hsieh. The spelling "Hsieh" is most commonly used in Taiwan and in older romanizations. "Hsieh" tends to be incorrectly pronounced as "Shay" by those attempting to read it using English orthography. However, other variations are pronounced "Sh'eh" and the spelling is sometimes modified as Shieh.

The Cantonese spelling of the same Chinese character is Tse or Tze and the Taishanese spelling of the same Chinese character is Dea, Der, Dare, or Dear. The Teochew and Hokkien spelling of the same Chinese character is Chia, Cheah, or Sia.

In Malaysia and Singapore, the name is most commonly Chia, although Cheah, Seah, Sia, Cha, Tse, Chay, etc. can also be found. During the Chinese diaspora, the region was administered by British Empire clerks, who knew little about Chinese dialects, often had to find their own romanizations. As a result, the variations are non-exhaustive.

In the Philippines, the name is also spelled as Sese (which also means thank you in Kapampangan, the language in Pampanga, where the first Xie settled), which is also a variation in the rest of the ASEAN region, Taiwan, and South Korea. In Indonesia, the name is also spelt as Tjhia or Tjia. In East Timor, as a legacy of Portuguese colonialism and lingua franca, Xie is also produced as Tchia, Tchea, Tsia, Tcha, and Tjea. The Vietnamese version is Tạ.

In the United States, the name is sometimes spelled as Jair and Zia. Other variations of the surname include Shea and Shei.

Variation table[edit]

Variation Language Common Place
Xie Mandarin/Pinyin Romanization Mainland China
Tse Cantonese Hong Kong
Chay

Cheah
Chia
Seah
Sia

Hokkien (Minnan) and Teochew

Cantonese

Min Overseas Chinese
Tjhia
Tjia
Bahasa Indonesia Indonesia
Cheah
Chia
Seah
All Min, Hakka and Yue dialects Malaysia, Singapore
Saa
Sia

Sieh

Filipino-Chinese Philippines
Sese Filipino-Kapampangan
Hsieh
Shieh
Wade–Giles romanization Taiwan
Ché Portuguese Macau
Tcha
Tchea
Tchia
Tjea
Tsia
Portuguese Timor-Leste
Dea
Dear
Dare
Der
Taishanese United States
Zia
Zhia
Shanghainese
Tạ
Ha
Vietnamese Vietnam
Sa Korean Korea
Sha Japanese Japan

Origins and history[edit]

During the legendary Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, the Xie were believed to be the descendants of Yuyang, son of the Yellow Emperor. Yuyang's descendants founded ten states successively, the State of Xie (谢) first, and its occupants becoming the first Xie.[3]

For the purpose of reciprocating his mother's upbringing, King Xuan of Zhou (r. 827 – 782 BCE) of the Western Zhou Dynasty granted the former State of Xie, in modern Nanyang, Henan province, to his maternal uncle Shen Boxi, the Marquess of Shen, whose line claimed descent from the semi-mythological character Bo Yi. The people of Xie later adopted the name of the state as their surname.[3]

In the Eastern Jin dynasty, the Xie were among the cluster of noble clans who fled to the south in the wake of the fall of Chang'an, dominating the court thereafter.[4] History Development The Origin Ancestor of Xie Clan The legend has it that it derived from Yellow Emperor Tribe: almost vanished in “Xia, Shang, Zhou” Dynasty. The legend has it that it derived from Ren Clan in Xie State, descendant of Yellow Emperor, It takes the State name as Clan. Its land were manor of Shen Bo until Zhou Dynasty got perished, the descendant of Shen Bo took the State name as Clan. Derived from Yan Emperor Tribe: the Ancestor Shen Bo is generally acknowledged by contemporary Xie Clan. Derived from Jiang Clan, came from the inherited manor Xie for the descendant of Yan Emperor and Shen Bo, it takes the State name as Clan. The royal descendant of State Shen who takes the place name as Clan, called Xie Clan, it’s so-called Henan Xie Clan, known as Xie Clan Orthodox in history. Most of the contemporary Xie Clan people respects Shen Bo as the first ancestor. Changed into Zhile Clan.

The litterateur Xie Yan in late Sui Dynasty and early Tang Dynasty(? — 643), changed Xie into Zhi Le, his grandfather Xiao Zheng was emperor’s regular attendant of horse riding, restored to Xie after Sui Dynasty.

The compound surname of Xieqiu, derived from Ji Clan, came from the manor Xie Shui which was granted by King Xuan for his concubine, it takes the densely populated place as the Clan. In Western Zhou Dynasty, the King Xuan of Ji Jing once granted his concubine with Xie Shui waterfront in the South-West of Luoyang. After the King Ping of Ji Yijiu transferred to Luoyang, these clan people also moved to Gongqiu (old Yunzhou, present-day Ningyang, Shandong ). In memory of the old house, the concubine’s son for King Xuan also call the newly granted Gongqiu as Xie Qiu, after that, some Clan people take the densely populated place Xie Qiu as Clan, called Xie Qiu Clan, there was Xie Qiu Zhang at Lu State in Spring and Autumn Period.

Famous people with the surname Xie[edit]

Xie clan of Chen commandery[edit]

Politics and military[edit]

Entertainment and business[edit]

Literature and art[edit]

Sports[edit]

  • Xie Limei (谢荔梅), Chinese triple jumper
  • Xie Xingfang (谢杏芳), badminton player from the People's Republic of China
  • Xie Zhongbo (谢中博), badminton player from the People's Republic of China
  • Cheah Soon Kit (謝順吉) (born 1968), badminton player from Malaysia. 1986 Badminton Olympic Silver medalist
  • Hsieh Chia-hsien (謝佳賢), Taiwanese professional baseball player
  • Hsieh Su-wei, professional tennis player
  • Hsieh Chia-Han (born 1988), Taiwanese pole vaulter

Religion[edit]

Education[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Newest 100 Surnames". 2006-01-10. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
  2. ^ Tanghe County and Taikang County of Henan Province: the origin of surname Xie Archived October 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, en.hnta.cn.
  3. ^ a b Chinese surname history: Xie, peopledaily.com Retrieved 2011-07-11.
  4. ^ Clans in the Eastern Jin, chinaknowledge.de