Fenghuang County

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Fenghuang County
凤凰县
County
The Fenghuang Ancient Town
Fenghuang is located in Hunan
Fenghuang
Fenghuang
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°56′56″N 109°36′14″E / 27.949°N 109.604°E / 27.949; 109.604Coordinates: 27°56′56″N 109°36′14″E / 27.949°N 109.604°E / 27.949; 109.604[1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Autonomous prefecture Xiangxi
Area[2]
 • Total 1,751.10 km2 (676.10 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 350,195
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 4162XX

Fenghuang County (simplified Chinese: 凤凰县; traditional Chinese: 鳳凰縣; pinyin: Fènghuáng Xiàn; literally: "phoenix county") is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture.

Located on the western margin of the province and the southern Xiangxi, it is immediately adjacent to the eastern edge of Guizhou Province. The county is bordered to the north by Huayuan County and Jishou City, to the east by Luxi County, to the southeast by Mayang County, to the southwest and the west by Bijiang District of Tongren City and Songtao County of Guizhou. Fenghuang County covers 1,745 km2 (674 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of 428,294 and a resident population of 363,700.[4] The county has 13 towns and 4 townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Tuojiang (沱江镇).[5]

History[edit]

1 fenghuang ancient town hunan china 2.jpg

After 1913, the name of the town changed from Zhen'gan (鎮筸) to Fenghuang.[6]

The town was damaged by flooding in July 2014.[7]

Culture and Tourism[edit]

Fenghuang County has an exceptionally well-preserved ancient town that harbors unique ethnic languages, customs, arts as well as many distinctive architectural remains of Ming and Qing styles. The town is placed in a mountain setting, incorporating the natural flow of water into city layout.[8] Over half of the city's population belong to the Miao or Tujia minorities.[9] It was the center of the unsuccessful Miao Rebellion (1854–73), which created a Miao diaspora in Southeast Asia during the last two centuries. The city is revered in Miao traditions and funeral rites and is the location of the Southern China Great Wall (中国南方长城; 中國南方長城; Zhōngguó Nánfāng Chángchéng; Miao: "Suav Tuam Choj"), a fortification built by the Ming dynasty to protect the local Han Chinese from Miao attacks.

World Heritage status[edit]

The door to the government office built in the 1920s. The writing on top of the door reads "Fenghuang County"

The ancient town of Fenghuang was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on March 28, 2008 in the Cultural category. This ancient town was regarded as the most beautiful town in China by New Zealand writer Rewi Alley. It was built in 1704, and has 300 years of history. The ancient city is a gathering place for Miao and Tujia ethnic minorities.

Notable people[edit]

  • Shen Congwen - modern author and researcher of Chinese material arts. His childhood home is a popular tourist attraction in Fenghuang town.
  • Huang Yongyu - painter

Transportation[edit]

Though there is no airport or train station in Fenghuang County, it is quite convenient to go to Fenghuang. The nearest airport Fenghuang Airport in Tongren City is only 34km away from Fenghuang County and the nearest train station in Jishou City is only 50km away. After arriving at Fenghuang Airport or Jishou Train Station, tourists may take a bus or taxi to Fenghuang County. Zhangjiajie Airport and Huaihua Train Station are also often used as transfer stops for Fenghuang County. [10][11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Fenghuang" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  2. ^ Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Land Use Plan (2006–20)/《湘西土家族苗族自治州土地利用总体规划(2006-2020年)》.(in Chinese) Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 湘西自治州2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Xiangxi Prefecture People's Government. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  4. ^ about the population of Baojing County in 2015, according to the Statistical Communiqué of Baojing County on the 2015 National Economic and Social Development - (2015年凤凰县国民经济和社会发展统计公报): fhzf.gov.cn or ahmhxc.com
  5. ^ the divisions of Baojing County in 2015, according to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Baojing County on November 30, 2015 - 《湖南省民政厅关于同意凤凰县乡镇区划调整方案的批复》(湘民行发〔2015〕112号): rednet.cn, also see 《湖南省乡镇区划调整改革109个县市区批复方案》: people.com or xinhuanet.com
  6. ^ Kinkley, Jeffrey C. (1987). The Odyssey of Shen Congwen. Stanford University Press. p. 19. 
  7. ^ Ancient town under water as downpour hit central China
  8. ^ Fenghuang Ancient City - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  9. ^ Wang (2007) p 135
  10. ^ "Fenghuang County" ChinaTour.Net Accessed 2014-9-25
  11. ^ "Фэнхуан | Fenghuang". zhangjiajie-wulingyuan.ru. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]