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Prefecture-level city
South Renmin Road (人民南路), Huaihua
South Renmin Road (人民南路), Huaihua
Huaihua is located in Hunan
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°33′N 109°58′E / 27.550°N 109.967°E / 27.550; 109.967Coordinates: 27°33′N 109°58′E / 27.550°N 109.967°E / 27.550; 109.967
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
 • Prefecture-level city 27,600 km2 (10,700 sq mi)
 • Urban 32 km2 (12 sq mi)
 • Prefecture-level city 5,000,000
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
 • Urban 370,000
 • Urban density 12,000/km2 (30,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Huaihua (simplified Chinese: 怀化市; traditional Chinese: 懷化市; pinyin: huái huà shì) is a prefecture-level city in the south western Hunan, China. it covers 27,564 km2 (10,643 sq mi) and is bordered by Xiangxi to the northern west; Zhangjiajie, Changde to the north; Yiyang, Loudi and Shaoyang to the east; Guilin and Liuzhou of Guangxi to the south; Qiandongnan, Tongren of Guizhou to the southern west. It has 4,741,948 of population (2010 census), shares 7.22% of the province.[1][2] According to 2010 Census, there are 2,909,574 Han Chinese, Han shares 61.4% of the population, 1,832,289 population of minorities, 38.6%; Dong, Miao, Tujia, Yao and Bai are major native minorities.[3] Huaihua is the central region of Dong ethnic population, there lives 816,481 Dong people (2010 census), it shares 28.35 per centage of Chinese Dong ethnic group.[4]

Huaihua is very mountainous, it is located between Wuyi and Xuefeng mountain ranges, Yuan river runs from the south to the north; the forest coverage reached 70.8% in 2015.[5]


Geography and economy[edit]

Huaihua lies is in the mountainous west of Hunan, south-east of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, and shares the same mountain belt. Railroads is a major means of transportation in the region, and an airport was opened in 2004.

Huaihua is home to the Second Artillery Corps Base 55, which is charged with maintaining ICBMs. [1][2] The nuclear assets at Huaihua are intended for small-scale nuclear conflicts [3] (with a limited, but nuclear, exchange), as well as the ability to strike Guam, one of only two B-2 bases.


Huaihua railway station

Huaihua is located at a major railway node and its economy has historically benefited from the concentration of railways meeting in the city. Three major railways, the Shanghai–Kunming Railway, the Jiaozuo–Liuzhou Railway, and the Chongqing–Huaihua Railway, intersect in the city. Through these railways Huaihua has connections to almost all major Chinese cities. Passenger trains are served by the Huaihua Railway Station.

Huaihua is on the route of G65 Baotou-Maoming Expressway, which connects it with Chongqing to the northwest. It is also on the route of G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway, which connects it with Guiyang to the west, and Changsha to the east. Other roads that run through the city include China National Highway 209 and China National Highway 320.

By air, Huaihua is served by Zhijiang Airport, located some 31 kilometers from the city proper in the Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County.

External links[edit]