List of companies of South Korea

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Location of South Korea

South Korea is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.[1] Highly urbanized at 92%,[2] South Koreans lead a distinctive urban lifestyle; half of them live in high-rises[3] concentrated in the Seoul Capital Area with 25 million residents[4] and the world's sixth leading global city[5] with the fourth largest economy[6] and seventh most sustainable city in the world.[7]

South Korea is East Asia's most developed country in the Human Development Index. Driven by a highly educated and skilled workforce, it has the world's eighth highest median household income, the highest in Asia, and its singles in particular earn more than all G7 nations. Globally, it ranks highly in personal safety,[8] job security, ease of doing business and healthcare quality, with the world's third highest health adjusted life expectancy and fourth most efficient healthcare system.[9] It is the world's largest spender on R&D per GDP, leading the OECD in graduates in science and engineering[10] and ranking third in the Youth Wellbeing Index.[11] Home of Samsung, LG and Hyundai-Kia, South Korea was named the world's most innovative country in the Bloomberg Innovation Index,[12] ranking first in business R&D intensity and patents filed per GDP. In 2005, it became the world's first country to fully transition to high-speed Internet[13] and today it has the world's fastest Internet speed and highest smartphone ownership, ranking first in ICT Development, e-Government[14] and 4G LTE coverage.

For further information on the types of business entities in this country and their abbreviations, see "Business entities in South Korea".

Largest firms[edit]

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenue for 2016.[15] Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 Revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
13 Samsung headquarters.jpg Samsung $177,440 319,000 Multinational electronics conglomerate, and one of the world's largest information technology firms. Samsung has been on the Global 500 list since it began, steadily climbing to position 13 and holding despite declining revenues in 2016.
84 2010 Hyundai Genesis Coupe 1.jpg Hyundai Motor Company $81,320 129,315 Fourth largest automotive manufacturer, including its Kia Motors subsidiary. The company moved up 15 spots despite a revenue decline of 4.1% in 2016.
172 KEPCO Malaya Power Plant Philippines.jpg Korea Electric Power Corporation $51,805 41,949 Korea's largest electrical utility, majority owned by the Korean state. KEPCO has steadily risen 134 places in the ranking since 2010.
173 Poscotower07.jpg POSCO $51,752 34,327 Multinational steel manufacturing group, the world's fourth largest steelmaker. The company has maintained a steady position on the charts since 2011 after recovering from a drop on the 2010 list.
180 Korea-Seoul-Yeouido-LG Twin building-01.jpg LG Electronics $49,996 77,000 Electronics and consumer devices engineering and the world's second-largest television manufacturer. The firm rejoined the list in 2011.

Notable firms[edit]

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

     Active firms
     State-owned firms
     Defunct firms

Name (English) Name (Korean) Group Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
AhnLab Inc 안랩 - Technology Software Seongnam 1995 Antivirus computer software
Aju Group 아주그룹 Aju Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1960[16] Industrial conglomerate
AKOM 애이콤프로덕션 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1985 Animation
Amorepacific Corporation 아모레퍼시픽 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1945 Cosmetics
Andamiro 안다미로 - Technology Software Seoul 1992 Video games
Asia Cement 아세아시멘트 - Industrials Construction & materials Seoul 1965 Cement
Asiana Airlines 아시아나항공 Kumho Asiana Group Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 1988 Airline
BC Card 비씨카드 KT Corporation Financials Financial services Seoul 1982 Payment processor
Bexel 벡셀 - Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Seoul 1978 Batteries
Big Hit Entertainment 빅히트 엔터테인먼트 - Consumer services Media Seoul 2005 Record label
Bubang Techron Co. 부방테크론 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1976 Consumer electronics
Busan Bank 부산은행 - Financials Banks Busan 1967 Bank
Busan Transportation Corporation 부산교통공사 - Industrials Industrial transportation Busan 2006 Transit authority
BYC Co. 비와이씨 or 백양 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1946[17] Clothing, (KRX: 001460)
CAS Corporation 캐스 - Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Seoul 1983 Electronic scales
Channel A 채널에이 The Dong-a Ilbo Media Group Consumer services Media Seoul 2011 Broadcasting
Cheil Industries 제일모직 Samsung Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1954
CJ CGV 씨제이 씨지브이 CJ Group Consumer services Media Seoul 1996 Theater chain
CJ E&M Film Division CJ E&M 영화사업부문 CJ Group Consumer services Media Seoul 1995 Film production
CJ Group CJ그룹 CJ Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1953 Holding company
Com2uS 컴투스 Gamevil Technology Software Seoul 1998 Video games, (KRX: 078340)
Cowon 코원시스템 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1995 Consumer electronics
Crown Confectionery 크라운제과 Crown Confectionery Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1947 Confectionery
CT&T United 씨티엔티 - Consumer goods Automotive Seoul 2002 Electric vehicles
Cuckoo Electronics 쿠쿠전자 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1978 Consumer electronics
Cyworld 싸이월드 SK Group Technology Internet Seoul 1999 Social network
Daehan Tire 대한타이어 - Consumer goods Automotive Seoul 1990 Tires
Daelim 대림산업 Daelim Conglomerates - Seoul 1939 Industrials, oil and gas, financials
Dongbu Group 동부그룹 Dongbu Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1969 Steel, financials, chemicals, industrials
Dongbu Steel 동부제철 Dongbu Group Basic materials Basic resources Seoul 1982 Steel
Dongkuk Steel 동국제강 - Basic materials Basic resources Seoul 1954[18] Steel
Doosan Engineering & Construction 두산건설 Doosan Group Industrials Construction & materials Seoul[19] 1960 Construction
Doosan Group 두산그룹 Doosan Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1896 Industrials, infrastructure
Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction 두산중공업 Doosan Group Industrials Heavy construction Changwon 1962 Heavy industrial
Eastar Jet 이스타 항공 - Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 2007 Low cost airline
E-Land Group 이랜드그룹 E-Land Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1980 Retail, travel & leisure
ETLAND or SYS Retail 전자랜드 Kiswel Group Technology Internet Seoul 1989 Auction site
Eugene Basic Materials Company 유진기초소재 Eugene Group Basic materials Chemicals Seoul 1999 Chemicals
Eugene Concrete 유진콘크리트 Eugene Group Industrials Construction & materials Seoul 1979 Cement, concrete
Eugene Group 유진그룹 Eugene Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1954[20] Industrials, media, food & beverage
Eugene Koryeo Cement 고려시멘트 Eugene Group Industrials Construction & materials Gwangju 1962 Cement
FILA 휠라 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1911 Sportswear
Game Park 게임파크 - Technology Software Seoul 1996 Video games, defunct 2007
Gamevil 게임빌 Gamevil Technology Software Seoul 2000 Video games, (KRX: 063080)
GM Korea 한국지엠 General Motors (USA) Consumer goods Automotive Incheon 1937 Automotive
Gravity 그라비티 SoftBank Group (Japan) Technology Software Seoul 2000 Video games, (NASDAQGRVY)
GS Caltex GS칼텍스 GS Group Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Seoul 1967 Refiner
GS Group 지에스홀딩스 GS Group Conglomerates - Seoul 2005 Retail, construction, sports
Haitai 해태제과식품 Crown Confectionery Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1945 Instant foods
Halla Group 한라그룹 Halla Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1962 Automotive, construction
Hana Financial Group 하나금융그룹 - Financials Financial services Seoul 1971 financial services
Hanjin 한진 그룹 Hanjin Industrials Industrial transportation Seoul 1945
Hankook Ilbo 한국일보 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1954 Publishing
Hankook Tires 한국타이어 - Consumer goods Automotive Seoul 1941 Tires
Hansol 한솔 Hansol Conglomerates - Seoul 1965 Construction, chemicals, telecom
Hanwha 한화그룹 Hanwha Conglomerates - Seoul 1952 Industrials, chemicals, financials
Hanwha Life Insurance 한화생명 Hanwha Financials Insurance Seoul 1946 Life insurance
Hanwha Total 한화토탈 Hanwha Basic materials Chemicals Seoul 1988 Chemicals
HCT Co., Ltd. 에이치시티 - Technology Semiconductors Icheon 2000 Semiconductor
Hite Brewery 하이트맥주 Hite Brewery Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1933 Brewery, (KRX: 103150)
HiteJinro 하이트진로 Hite Brewery Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1924 Distillery
Hotel Shilla 신라호텔 Samsung Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 1979 Hotels
Humax 휴맥스 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1989 Consumer electronics
Hyosung 효성그룹 Hyosung Conglomerates - Seoul 1966 Chemical, industrials, construction
Hyundai Amco 엠코건설 Hyundai Motor Company Industrials Construction & materials Seoul 2002 Construction and materials
Hyundai Asan 현대아산 Hyundai Group Financials Real estate Goseong 1998[21] Development
Hyundai Corporation 현대종합상사 Hyundai Heavy Industries Group Industrials General industries Seoul 1976 Trading, logistics
Hyundai Department Store Group 현대백화점그룹 Hyundai Department Store Group Consumer services Retail Seoul 1971 Retail holding company
Hyundai Engineering & Construction 현대 건설 Hyundai Motor Group Industrials Construction & materials Seoul 1947 Engineering
Hyundai Glovis 현대글로비스 주식회사 Hyundai Motor Group Industrials Industrial transportation Seoul 2001 Logistics
Hyundai Group 현대 Hyundai Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1947 Construction, transportation, power
Hyundai Heavy Industries Group 현대중공업그룹 Hyundai Heavy Industries Group Conglomerates - Ulsan 1972 Industrials, transportation, oil & gas
Hyundai Heavy Industries 현대중공업 (주) Hyundai Heavy Industries Group Industrials Heavy construction Ulsan 1972 Shipyard, machinery
Hyundai Merchant Marine 현대상선 Hyundai Group Industrials Industrial transportation Seoul 1976 Marine transport
Hyundai Mobis 현대모비스 주식회사 Hyundai Motor Group Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Seoul 1977 Parts and services
Hyundai Motor Company 현대자동차 Hyundai Motor Group Consumer goods Automobiles Seoul 1967 Automotive manufacturer
Hyundai Motor Group 현대자동차그룹 Hyundai Motor Group Conglomerates - Seoul 2000 Holding group
Hyundai Oilbank 현대오일뱅크 Hyundai Heavy Industries Group Oil & gas Oil & gas producer Seoul 1964 Refinery
Hyundai Rotem 현대로템 주식회사 Hyundai Motor Group Industrials Industrial engineering Seoul 1999 Heavy vehicles
Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries 현대삼호중공업 Hyundai Heavy Industries Group Industrials Industrial engineering Yeongam 1998 Shipyard
Hyundai Steel 현대제철 Hyundai Motor Group Basic materials Basic resources Incheon 1953 Steel
Hyundai Wia 현대위아 Hyundai Motor Group Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Changwon 1976 Parts
Iconix Entertainment ㈜아이코닉스 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1996 Media company
INCA Internet 잉카인터넷 - Technology Software Seoul 2000 Software
Industrial Bank of Korea 기업은행 - Financials Banks Seoul 1961 Bank, (KRX: 024110)
iriver 아이리버 SK Group Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1999 Consumer electronics
Isu Group 이수 그룹 Isu Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1996 Chemical, financials, oil & gas
Jeju Air 제주항공 - Consumer services Travel & leisure Jeju City 2005 Airline
Jin Air 진에어 Hanjin Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 2008 Airline
Jinwoo SMC 진우에스엠씨 - Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Muju 1998 Aerial work platforms
JoongAng Ilbo 중앙일보 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1965 Publishing
JTBC 제이티비씨 - Consumer services Media Seoul 2011 Broadcasting
JYP Entertainment JYP 엔터테인먼트 or 제이와이피엔터테인먼트 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1997 Record label
Kakao 카카오 - Technology Software Jeju City 2014 Software
KB Kookmin Bank KB국민은행 - Financials Banks Seoul 1963 Bank
KCC Corporation 주식회사 케이씨씨 - Basic materials Chemicals Seoul 1958 Chemical
Kia Motors 기아자동차 Hyundai Motor Group Consumer goods Automobiles Seoul 1944 Automobile manufacturer
Kiswel Group 키스웰그룹 Kiswel Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1969[22] Steel, retail, chemical
Korea Development Bank 한국산업은행 - Financials Banks Seoul 1954 Bank
Korea Electric Power Corporation 한국전력공사 - Utilities Electricity Naju 1961 Electric utility
Korea Thrunet 두루넷 - Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Seoul  ? Acquired by Hanaro in 2005
Korean Air 대한항공 Hanjin Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 1946 Airline
Korean Broadcasting System 한국방송공사 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1927 Television broadcasting
Koscom 코스콤 - Financials Financial services Seoul 1977 Financial services technology
KOTRA 코트라 - Industrials Support services Seoul 1962 Korea trade-investment promotion agency
KR Motors KR모터스 Hyosung Consumer goods Automotive Changwon 1978 Motorcycles
KT Corporation 케이티 주식회사 KT Corporation Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Seongnam 1885 Telecommunications
Korea Tobacco & Ginseng Corporation 한국담배인삼공사 - Consumer goods Tobacco Daejeon 1899 Tobacco products
Kumho Asiana Cultural Foundation 금호아시아나문화재단 Kumho Asiana Group Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 1977 Entertainment
Kumho Asiana Group 금호아시아나그룹 Kumho Asiana Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1946 Airlines, tires, financials, leisure
Kumho Engineering and Construction 금호건설 Kumho Asiana Group Industrials Construction & materials Seoul 1967 Engineering
Kumho Investment Bank 금호종합금융 Kumho Asiana Group Financials Banks Gwangju 1974 Bank
CJ KIFT 씨제이한국복합물류 Kumho Asiana Group Industrials Industrial transportation Gunpo 1998 Logistic
Kumho Tire 금호타이어 Kumho Asiana Group Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Gwangju 1960 Tires
Kyobo Automobile Insurance 교보자동차보험 Kyobo Life Insurance Company Financials Insurance Seoul 2001 Auto insurance
Kyobo Book Centre 교보문고 Kyobo Life Insurance Company Consumer services Retail Seoul 1980 Bookseller
Kyobo Life Insurance Company 교보생명 Kyobo Life Insurance Company Financials Insurance Seoul 1958 Life insurance
LG Chem LG화학 LG Corporation Basic materials Chemicals Seoul 1947 Chemicals
LG CNS 엘지 씨엔에스 LG Corporation Technology Computer services Seoul 1987 I/T consulting
LG Corporation 주식회사 LG LG Corporation Conglomerates - Seoul 1947 Electronics, chemicals, telecom
LG Display LG디스플레이 LG Corporation Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Seoul 1995 LCD panels
LG Electronics LG전자 LG Corporation Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Seoul 1958 Electronics
LG Uplus LG유플러스 LG Corporation Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Seoul 1996 Mobile provider
LOEN Entertainment 로엔 엔터테인먼트 LOEN Entertainment Consumer services Media Seoul 1978 Entertainment
Lotte Group 롯데 Lotte Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1948 Food & beverage, financials, industrials
Lotte Capital 롯데캐피탈 Lotte Group Financials Financial services Seoul 1995 Financial services
Lotte Card 롯데카드 Lotte Group Financials Financial services Seoul 2002 Credit cards
Lotte Chilsung 롯데칠성음료 Lotte Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1950 Beverage
Lotte Confectionery 롯데제과 Lotte Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1967 Confections
Lotte Department Store 롯데백화점 Lotte Group Consumer services Retail Seoul 1979 Department stores
Lotte Global Logistics 롯데글로벌로지스 and 롯데택배 Lotte Group Industrials Industrial transportation Seoul 1988 Logistics
Lotte Hotels & Resorts 롯데호텔앤리조트 Lotte Group Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 1973 Hotels
Lotte World 롯데월드 Lotte Group Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 1989 Recreation complex
LS Cable & System LS전선, 엘에스전선 LS Group Industrials General industries Anyang 1962 Cables
LS Group LS그룹 LS Group Industrials General industries Anyang 1936 Cables, industrial systems
Mando Corporation 만도 Halla Group Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Seongnam 1962 OEM parts
Maycom Co. 메이콤 - Consumer goods Personal goods Anyang 1994 Consumer electronics
Mirae Asset Group 미래에셋금융그룹 - Financials Financial services Seoul 1997 Financial services
M-Pio 엠피오 - Consumer goods Personal goods Seongnam 1998 Consumer electronics
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation 문화방송주식회사 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1961 Broadcasting
Namhae Chemical Corporation 남해화학 - Basic materials Chemicals Yeosu 1974 Chemicals
Naver Corporation 네이버 주식회사 - Technology Internet Seongnam 1999 Software
NCsoft 엔씨소프트 - Technology Software Pangyo 1997 Video games
Netmarble Games 넷마블게임즈 - Technology Software Seoul 2000 Video games
Nexen Tire 넥센타이어 - Consumer goods Automotive Yangsan 1942 Tires
Nexon 넥슨 - Technology Software Seoul 1994 Video games
National Agricultural Cooperative Federation 농협중앙회/농업협동조합 Nonghyup Conglomerates - Seoul 1961 Co-op
Nongshim 농심 Nongshim Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1965 Food and beverage conglomerate, processed food
On-Media 온 미디어 CJ Group Consumer services Media Seongnam 2000 broadcasting
Oriental Brewery 오비맥주 Anheuser-Busch InBev (Belgium) Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1952 Brewery
Orion Confectionery 주식회사 오리온 - Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1956 Confectionery
Ottogi 주식회사 오뚜기 Ottogi Consumer goods Food & beverage Seoul 1969 Instant food
Pantech 주식회사 팬택 - Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Seoul 1991 Mobile phones
Penta Security 펜타시큐리티시스템㈜ - Technology Software Seoul 1997 IT security
Phantagram 판타그램 - Technology Software Seoul 1994 Video games
Pledis Entertainment 플레디스 엔터테인먼트 - Consumer services Media Seoul 2007 Record label
POSCO 주식회사 포스코 - Basic materials Basic resources Pohang 1968 Steel
Proto Motors 프로토자동차 - Consumer goods Automotive Seoul 1997 Automotive, defunct 2017
Renault Samsung Motors 르노삼성자동차 Renault (France) Consumer goods Automotive Busan 1994 Automotive manufacturer
S.M. Entertainment SM엔터테인먼트 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1989 Record label
Samick 삼익악기 - Consumer goods Personal goods Eumseong County 1958 Musical instruments
Samsung 삼성 Samsung Conglomerates - Seoul 1938 Electronics, financials, retail, media
Samsung C&T Corporation 삼성물산 Samsung Industrials Construction & materials Seoul 1938 Construction and engineering
Samsung Card 삼성카드 Samsung Financials Financial services Seoul 1988 Credit cards
Samsung Digital Imaging 삼성디지털이미징 Samsung Industrials Electronic equipment Seoul 2009 Optoelectronics
Samsung Economic Research Institute 삼성경제연구소 Samsung Industrials Support services Seoul 1986 Industrial think tank
Samsung Electro-Mechanics 삼성전기 Samsung Industrials Electronic equipment Suwon 1973 Electronic components
Samsung Electronics 삼성전자 Samsung Consumer goods Consumer electronics Suwon 1969 Consumer electronics
Samsung Engineering 삼성엔지니어링 Samsung Industrials Industrial engineering Seoul 1970 Engineering
Samsung Fire & Marine Insurance 삼성화재 Samsung Financials Insurance Seoul 1952 General insurance
Samsung Heavy Industries 삼성중공업 Samsung Industrials Industrial engineering Seoul 1974 Shipyard
Samsung Life Insurance 삼성생명보험 Samsung Financials Insurance Seoul 1957 Life and health insurance
Samsung Medical Center 삼성의료원 Samsung Health care Health care providers Seoul 1994 Hospital
Samsung SDS 삼성에스디에스 Samsung Technology Computer services Seoul 1985 I/T consulting
Standard Chartered Korea SC제일은행 Standard Chartered (UK) Financials Banks Seoul 1929 Bank
Seoul Broadcasting System 에스비에스 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1991 Broadcasting
Shinhan Bank 신한은행 - Financials Banks Seoul 1897 Bank
Shinsegae 신세계 Shinsegae Consumer services Retail Seoul 1955 Department stores
SK C&C 에스케이씨앤씨 SK Group Technology Computer services Seoul 1991 IT consulting
SK Group 에스케이그룹 SK Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1953 Energy, chemicals, telecom, semiconductors
SK Hynix 에스케이하이닉스 주식회사 SK Group Technology Semiconductors Icheon 1983 Semiconductor, (KRX: 000660)
SK Telecom 에스케이텔레콤 SK Group Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Seoul 1984 Wireless
S-LCD 에스 엘시디 Samsung Consumer goods Personal goods Asan 2004 Consumer electronics
Softmax 소프트맥스 - Technology Software Seoul 1994 Video games, (KRX: 052190)
S-Oil 에쓰오일 - Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Seoul 1977 Refinery
SsangYong Motor 쌍용자동차 - Consumer goods Automobiles Seoul 1954 Automobile manufacturer
Starship Entertainment 스타쉽 엔터테인먼트 LOEN Entertainment Consumer services Media Seoul 2008 Record label
STX Corporation 에스티엑스 STX Corporation Conglomerates - Changwon 1976 Industrials, construction, financials
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding STX조선해양 STX Corporation Industrials Industrial engineering Changwon 1962 Shipbuilder
TaeguTec 대구텍 Berkshire Hathaway US Basic materials Basic resources Daegu 1916 Metals
Taekwang Group 태광그룹 Taekwang Group Conglomerates - Seoul 1950 Clothing, chemicals, industrials, financials
Taekwang Industry 태광산업 Taekwang Group Consumer goods Personal goods Seoul 1950 Clothing
TG Sambo 삼보컴퓨터 - Consumer goods Personal goods Ansan 1980 Consumer electronics
The Chosun Ilbo 조선일보 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1920 Publishing
The Dong-a Ilbo 동아일보 The Dong-a Ilbo Media Group Consumer services Media Seoul 1920 Newspaper
T'way Airlines 티웨이항공 - Consumer services Travel & leisure Seoul 2010 Airline
WeMade Entertainment 위메이드 엔터테인먼트 - Technology Software Seoul 2000 Video games, (KRX: 112040)
Woollim Entertainment 울림엔터테인먼트 S.M. Entertainment Consumer services Media Seoul 2003 Record label
Woori Bank 우리은행 Woori Bank Financials Banks Seoul 1899 Bank
NH Investment & Securities NH투자증권, formerly 우리투자증권 Woori Bank Financials Financial services Seoul 1969 Financial services
YG Entertainment YG 엔터테인먼트 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1996 Record label
Young Chang 영창뮤직 - Consumer goods Personal goods Incheon 1956 Musical instruments
YTN 와이티엔 - Consumer services Media Seoul 1993 Broadcasting
Yuhan 유한양행 - Basic materials Chemicals Seoul 1926 Chemicals

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.
  2. ^ 지표상세. Index.go.kr. July 24, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  3. ^ [수도권]‘응팔 아파트’ 만들기 서울시의 이색 도전 : 뉴스 : 동아닷컴. News.donga.com (January 7, 2016). Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  4. ^ "Current population of the Seoul National Capital Area". Statistics Korea. 
  5. ^ Institute for Urban Strategies, The Mori Memorials Foundation (2015). Global Power City Index 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2016
  6. ^ Global Metro Monitor |Brookings Institution. Brookings.edu (January 22, 2015). Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  7. ^ "Sustainable City Index 2016 - Comparing cities". Arcadis. 
  8. ^ Crime Index by Country 2016. Numbeo.com. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  9. ^ Lu, Lisa Du lisadont Wei (September 29, 2016). "U.S. Health-Care System Ranks as One of the Least-Efficient". Bloomberg. 
  10. ^ "These are the 10 smartest countries in the world when it comes to science". Business Insider. December 4, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2016. 
  11. ^ http://www.youthindex.org/reports/globalyouthwellbeingindex.pdf
  12. ^ "The Bloomberg Innovation Index". Bloomberg. 
  13. ^ Ahonen, Tomi; O'Reilly, Jim (2007). Digital Korea. futuretext. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-9556069-0-8.
  14. ^ UN E-Government Survey 2014. Unpan3.un.org. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  15. ^ DeCarlo, Scott (22 July 2016). "The Fortune 2016 Global 500". Fortune. 
  16. ^ AJU Group: Private Company Information - Bloomberg
  17. ^ BYC
  18. ^ Dongkuk Steel Mill Co., Ltd.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg
  19. ^ Doosan Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg
  20. ^ 연혁 | EUGENE
  21. ^ Hyundai Asan Corporation: Private Company Information - Bloomberg
  22. ^ Kiswel Co.,Ltd.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg