Demographics of Calgary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
View of Calgary's skyline from Nose Hill Park, overlooking the downtown core & facing SE, summer 2013
Federal census
population history
YearPop.±%
18913,876—    
19014,091+5.5%
190611,967+192.5%
191143,704+265.2%
191656,514+29.3%
192163,305+12.0%
192665,291+3.1%
193183,761+28.3%
193683,407−0.4%
194188,904+6.6%
1946100,044+12.5%
1951129,060+29.0%
1956181,780+40.8%
1961249,641+37.3%
1966330,575+32.4%
1971403,319+22.0%
1976469,917+16.5%
1981592,743+26.1%
1986636,107+7.3%
1991710,795+11.7%
1996768,082+8.1%
2001878,866+14.4%
2006988,193+12.4%
20111,096,833+11.0%
20161,239,220+13.0%
Source: Statistics Canada
[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]
[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]

In the 2011 Census, the City of Calgary had a population of 1,096,833 residents, representing 30% of the 3,645,257 residents in all of Alberta, and 3% compared to a population of 33,476,688 in all of Canada.[22] The total population of the Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) was 1,214,839.[23] Calgary is the largest city in Alberta,[22] and the third-largest municipality and fourth-largest metropolitan area in Canada, as of 2016.[23][24]

Civic census[edit]

Section 57 of Alberta's Municipal Government Act (MGA) enables municipalities to conduct censuses.[25] The City of Calgary first conducted a municipal census, or civic census, in 1931.[26] It has conducted a civic census annually since 1958.[26]

Calgary's 2016 civic census counted a population of 1,381,345.[27] From 2011 to 2012, there was a 2.7% increase over its 2011 municipal census population of 1,090,936.[28][29] The city attributed the 29,289 increase in residents to a natural increase of 9,631 and a net migration of 19,658 since the 2011 civic census.[30] The 2012 civic census also recorded a total 459,339 dwellings in the city.[30]

2012 population breakdown[edit]

The following is a breakdown of the City of Calgary's 2012 civic census results by community, including residential communities, industrial areas, major parks and residual areas by electoral ward.[30]

Growth and density[edit]

Between 2006 and 2011, the population of the City of Calgary grew by 10.9%, compared with an increase of 12.6% for the Calgary CMA.[35] During the same period, the growth rates were 10.8% for Alberta and 5.9% for Canada.[36] With land areas of 825.29 km2 (318.65 sq mi) and 5,107.55 km2 (1,972.04 sq mi) for the city and CMA respectively, the population density was 1,329.027/km2 (3,442.165/sq mi) for the city and 237.8516/km2 (616.0328/sq mi) for the CMA in 2011.[35]

Age and gender[edit]

In the 2011 census, the median age was 36.4 years for both the City of Calgary and its CMA.[35] Comparatively, the median ages were 36.5 years in Alberta and 40.6 years in Canada.[36] The largest age group was 25 to 29 years for both the city (93,360) and the CMA (100,290).[35]

The 2011 census also indicated that 50.09% of the population was female and 49.91% was male in the city (549,360 females and 547,475 males) and 50.05% and 49.95% in the CMA (607,970 females and 606,870 males).[35]

Ethnicity[edit]

Population by ethnicity, 2016
Ethnic origin[37] Population Percent
English 298,865 21.74%
Canadian 275,950 20.07%
Scottish 240,775 17.52%
German 201,650 14.67%
Irish 197,185 14.34%
French 118,080 8.59%
Chinese 104,620 7.61%
Ukrainian 90,740 6.60%
East Indian 90,620 6.59%
Filipino 75,020 5.46%

Pie chart showing the ethnic breakdown of Calgary (2016)

  European (60.9%)
  South Asian (9.5%)
  Chinese (7.2%)
  Filipino (5.5%)
  Black (4.2%)
  Southeast Asian (1.8%)
  Latin American (2.1%)
  Arab (2.1%)
  Other (3.8%)
  Indigenous (2.9%)
Visible minority and Aboriginal population[38][39][40][41]
Population group Population (2016) % of total population (2016) Population (2011) % of total population (2011) Population (2006) % of total population (2006)
European 744,625 60.9% 727,940 67.3% 722,595 73.8%
Visible minority group South Asian 115,795 9.5% 81,180 7.5% 56,210 5.7%
Chinese 87,835 7.2% 74,070 6.8% 65,365 6.7%
Black 51,515 4.2% 31,870 2.9% 20,540 2.1%
Filipino 67,650 5.5% 47,350 4.4% 24,915 2.5%
Latin American 26,265 2.1% 19,870 1.8% 13,120 1.3%
Arab 25,190 2.1% 16,745 1.5% 11,245 1.1%
Southeast Asian 21,610 1.8% 20,530 1.9% 15,410 1.6%
West Asian 12,610 1% 8,470 0.8% 5,930 0.6%
Korean 10,635 0.9% 8,160 0.8% 6,710 0.7%
Japanese 5,170 0.4% 5,160 0.5% 4,490 0.5%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 4,410 0.4% 2,860 0.3% 1,920 0.2%
Multiple visible minorities 13,895 1.1% 9,130 0.8% 6,605 0.7%
Total visible minority population 442,585 36.2% 325,390 30.1% 232,465 23.7%
Aboriginal group First Nations 15,505 1.3% 12,855 1.2% 10,090 1%
Métis 18,475 1.5% 14,650 1.4% 13,505 1.4%
Inuit 355 0% 235 0% 230 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 495 0% 1,010 0.1% 420 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 365 0% 155 0% 170 0%
Total Aboriginal population 35,195 2.9% 28,905 2.7% 24,425 2.5%
Total population 1,222,405 100% 1,082,235 100% 979,485 100%

Religion[edit]

Religion in Calgary (2011)

  No Religion (32.3%)
  Christian (54.9%)
  Muslim (5.2%)
  Sikh (2.6%)
  Buddhist (2.1%)
  Hindu (1.6%)
  Jewish (0.6%)
  Other (0.7%)
Religion (2011)[42] Population Percent
Christian 594,270 54.9%
No religion 349,830 32.3%
Islam 56,785 5.2%
Sikh 28,565 2.6%
Buddhist 22,375 2.1%
Hindu 17,410 1.6%
Jewish 5,995 0.6%
Other 7,000 0.7%

Languages[edit]

Based on Calgary's 2016 metropolitan census reporting a population of 1,381,345, English is the mother tongue for 67.8 per cent of inhabitants. French-speakers make up 1.5 per cent with 20,715 people. Other languages make up 30.7 per cent or 383,320. The top three languages outside English and French in Calgary are Tagalog (Pilipino; Filipino), Punjabi (Panjabi), Cantonese, Mandarin, and Spanish (at 8,685 or 2.1 per cent of Calgary's population).[43]

2016 population by Mother tongue[edit]

City of Calgary[edit]

Top 25 languages Calgary, 2016[44] Population %
English 806,815 67.8
Tagalog (Filipino) 39,285 3.3
Panjabi (Punjabi) 38,840 3.3
Cantonese 33,700 2.8
Mandarin 28,355 2.4
Spanish 27,055 2.3
Arabic 18,390 1.5
French 18,150 1.5
Urdu 16,320 1.4
Vietnamese 12,550 1.1
German 9,895 0.8
Persian 9,525 0.8
Russian 9,255 0.8
Korean 8,880 0.7
Polish 7,680 0.6
Hindi 7,050 0.6
Gujarati 5,390 0.5
Italian 5,000 0.4
Romanian 4,495 0.4
Bengali 4,070 0.3
Amharic 4,050 0.3
Dutch 3,435 0.3
Hungarian 3,395 0.3
Portuguese 3,360 0.3
Ukrainian 3,345 0.3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100.
  2. ^ "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39.
  3. ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.
  4. ^ "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215.
  5. ^ "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567.
  6. ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.
  7. ^ "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836.
  8. ^ "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141.
  9. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414.
  10. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83.
  11. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53.
  12. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83.
  13. ^ "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53.
  14. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111.
  15. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43.
  16. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1–4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2.
  17. ^ "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1–2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0.
  18. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
  19. ^ "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. pp. 136–146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5.
  20. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  21. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  22. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  23. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  24. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  25. ^ "Municipal Government Act". Alberta Queen’s Printer. 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  26. ^ a b "Calgary's population hits 1,071,515 - Civic Census Results". City of Calgary. 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  27. ^ "Calgary 2016 Civic Census Metropolitan Area". Hola Calgary. 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  28. ^ "2011 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
  29. ^ "City Releases 2011 Census Results". City of Calgary. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g "2012 Civic Census Results" (PDF). City of Calgary. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
  31. ^ a b c "Community Boundaries" (Esri shapefile). City of Calgary. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
  32. ^ "2013 Civic Census Results" (PDF). City of Calgary. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
  33. ^ "Report to the Calgary Planning Commission (CPC2013-025)" (PDF). City of Calgary. January 17, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  34. ^ "Report to the Calgary Planning Commission (CPC2013-050)" (PDF). City of Calgary. January 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ a b c d e "Census Profile: Calgary, City, Alberta (Census Subdivision) and Calgary, Alberta (Census metropolitan area)". Statistics Canada. 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
  36. ^ a b "Census Profile: Alberta (Province) and Canada (Country)". Statistics Canada. 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
  37. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census, Ethnic Origin, Calgary".
  38. ^ [1], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  39. ^ [2], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  40. ^ [3], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  41. ^ [4], Census Profile from the 2016 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  42. ^ "National Household Survey - 2011". Statistics Canada. 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
  43. ^ "Calgary Spanish Speaking Population". Hola Calgary. 2017-12-02. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  44. ^ Calgary Profile, Calgary 2016

External links[edit]