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List of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada

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The table below lists the census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2016 Census.[1] Each entry is identified as a census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) as defined by Statistics Canada. Any other census subdivision that comprises at least 10 per cent of the CMA or CA population is listed in parentheses.[2]

Note that a city's metropolitan area in colloquial or administrative terms may be different from its CMA as defined by Statistics Canada, resulting in differing populations. Such is the case with the Greater Toronto Area where its metro population is notably higher than its CMA population due to its inclusion of the neighbouring Oshawa CMA to the east and the Burlington portion of the neighbouring Hamilton CMA to the west.[3]

Toronto
Montreal
Vancouver
Ottawa
Calgary
Edmonton
Quebec City
Winnipeg
Hamilton
Kitchener

Recent growth

Between 2006 and 2011, four of the five fastest growing CMAs were located in Western Canada with Alberta's two CMAs, Calgary and Edmonton, leading the country. Saskatoon, Kelowna and Moncton rounded out the top five in the country, while nine other CMAs registered growth that outpaced the national average. Of the remaining nineteen CMAs, all but two of them recorded population growth. Those that experienced population decline were Thunder Bay and Windsor.[4][5]

Ten of the fifteen fastest growing CAs in Canada between the two most recent censuses were located in Alberta. The other five were located in British Columbia with two, and Manitoba, Ontario and Yukon each with one. Twenty-four CAs experienced population decline between 2006 and 2011. The fifteen CAs that experienced the greatest population decline were located in British Columbia (two), Manitoba (one), New Brunswick (one), Nova Scotia (three), Ontario (four) and Quebec (four). Okotoks experienced the greatest increase while Thompson experienced the greatest decline.[4][5]

List

Canada had 33 CMAs and 114 CAs as of the 2011 census. For the 2016 census, the number of CMAs will increase to 35 by promoting the Belleville and Lethbridge CAs.[6] The number of CAs will increase to 117 through the creation of eight new CAs – Arnprior, Carleton Place, Gander, Nelson, Sainte-Marie, Wasaga Beach, Weyburn and Winkler – the demotion of two CAs – Amos and Temiskaming Shores – and the promotion of Belleville and Lethbridge to CMAs.[6]

Rank
(2016)
Rank
(2011)
Geographic name Province Type Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
1 1 Toronto (Mississauga, Brampton) Ontario CMA 5,928,040 5,583,064 +6.18% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
2 2 Montreal (Laval) Quebec CMA 4,098,927 3,934,078 +4.19% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
3 3 Vancouver (Surrey) British Columbia CMA 2,463,431 2,313,328 +6.49% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
4 5 Calgary Alberta CMA 1,392,609 1,214,839 +14.63% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
5 4 Ottawa–Gatineau Ontario/Quebec CMA 1,323,783 1,254,919 +5.49% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
6 6 Edmonton Alberta CMA 1,321,426 1,159,869 +13.93% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
7 7 Quebec City (Lévis) Quebec CMA 800,296 767,310 +4.30% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
8 8 Winnipeg Manitoba CMA 778,489 730,018 +6.64% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
9 9 Hamilton (Burlington) Ontario CMA 747,545 721,053 +3.67% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
10 10 Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo Ontario CMA 523,894 496,383 +5.54% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
11 11 London Ontario CMA 494,069 474,786 +4.06% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
12 12 St. Catharines - Niagara (Niagara Falls, Welland) Ontario CMA 406,074 392,184 +3.54% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
13 13 Halifax Nova Scotia CMA 403,390 390,328 +3.35% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
14 14 Oshawa (Whitby, Clarington) Ontario CMA 379,848 356,177 +6.65% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
15 15 Victoria (Saanich) British Columbia CMA 367,770 344,580 +6.73% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
16 16 Windsor (Lakeshore) Ontario CMA 329,144 319,246 +3.10% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
17 17 Saskatoon Saskatchewan CMA 295,095 262,215 +12.54% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
18 18 Regina Saskatchewan CMA 236,481 211,519 +11.80% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
19 19 Sherbrooke (Magog) Quebec CMA 212,105 202,261 +4.87% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
20 20 St. John's (Conception Bay South, Mount Pearl, Paradise) Newfoundland and Labrador CMA 205,955 196,954 +4.57% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
21 21 Barrie (Innisfil) Ontario CMA 197,059 187,013 +5.37% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
22 22 Kelowna (West Kelowna) British Columbia CMA 194,882 179,839 +8.36% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
23 23 Abbotsford - Mission British Columbia CMA 180,518 170,191 +6.07% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
24 24 Greater Sudbury Ontario CMA 164,689 163,067 +0.99% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
25 25 Kingston (South Frontenac, Loyalist) Ontario CMA 161,175 159,561 +1.01% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
26 26 Saguenay Quebec CMA 160,980 158,658 +1.46% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
27 27 Trois-Rivières Quebec CMA 156,042 151,773 +2.81% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
28 28 Guelph Ontario CMA 151,984 141,097 +7.72% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
29 29 Moncton (Dieppe, Riverview) New Brunswick CMA 144,810 139,287 +3.97% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
30 30 Brantford (Brant) Ontario CMA 134,203 135,501 −0.96% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
31 31 Saint John (Quispamsis) New Brunswick CMA 126,202 129,057 −2.21% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
32 33 Peterborough (Selwyn) Ontario CMA 121,721 118,975 +2.31% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
33 32 Thunder Bay Ontario CMA 121,621 121,596 +0.02% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
34 34 Lethbridge Alberta CMA 117,394 105,999 +10.75% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
35 38 Nanaimo British Columbia CA 104,936 98,021 +7.05% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
36 37 Kamloops British Columbia CA 103,811 98,754 +5.12% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
37 40 Belleville (Quinte West) Ontario CMA 103,472 101,668 +1.77% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
38 35 Chatham-Kent Ontario CA 102,042 104,075 −1.95% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
39 39 Fredericton New Brunswick CA 101,760 98,320 +3.50% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
40 42 Chilliwack British Columbia CA 101,512 93,882 +8.13% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
41 43 Red Deer Alberta CA 100,418 90,564 +10.88% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
42 36 Cape Breton Nova Scotia CA 98,722 101,619 −2.85% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
43 44 Sarnia (St. Clair) Ontario CA 96,151 97,131 −1.01% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
44 45 Drummondville Quebec CA 96,118 91,222 +5.37% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
45 46 Prince George British Columbia CA 86,622 84,232 +2.84% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
46 48 Granby (Bromont) Quebec CA 85,056 80,863 +5.19% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
47 47 Sault Ste. Marie Ontario CA 78,159 79,800 −2.06% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
48 50 Medicine Hat (Cypress County) Alberta CA 76,522 72,807 +5.10% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
49 49 Kawartha Lakes Ontario CA 75,423 73,219 +3.01% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
50 51 Wood Buffalo Alberta CA 73,320 66,896 +9.60% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
51 53 North Bay Ontario CA 70,378 72,241 −2.58% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
52 52 Charlottetown (Stratford) Prince Edward Island CA 69,325 65,523 +5.80% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
53 54 Norfolk Ontario CA 64,044 63,175 +1.38% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
54 59 Grande Prairie Alberta CA 63,166 55,655 +13.50% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
55 56 Vernon (Coldstream) British Columbia CA 61,334 58,584 +4.69% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
56 55 Cornwall (South Stormont) Ontario CA 59,699 58,957 +1.26% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
57 57 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec CA 59,614 56,794 +4.97% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
58 61 Brandon Manitoba CA 58,003 54,847 +5.75% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
59 62 Rimouski Quebec CA 55,349 53,711 +3.05% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
60 60 Shawinigan Quebec CA 54,181 54,489 −0.57% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
61 58 Courtenay (Comox, Comox Valley A & B) British Columbia CA 54,157 51,787 +4.58% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
62 65 Joliette (Notre-Dame-des-Prairies, Saint-Charles-Borromée, Saint-Paul) Quebec CA 49,439 46,932 +5.34% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
63 66 Victoriaville Quebec CA 49,151 46,354 +6.03% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
64 63 Leamington (Kingsville) Ontario CA 49,147 49,765 −1.24% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
65 67 Truro (Colchester, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 45,753 45,888 −0.29% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
66 68 Duncan (North Cowichan) British Columbia CA 44,451 43,252 +2.77% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
67 70 Prince Albert Saskatchewan CA 44,160 43,680 +1.10% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
68 71 Penticton (Okanagan-Similkameen D) British Columbia CA 43,432 42,361 +2.53% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
69 72 Rouyn-Noranda Quebec CA 42,334 41,012 +3.22% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
70 69 Timmins Ontario CA 41,788 43,165 −3.19% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
71 64 Sorel-Tracy Quebec CA 41,629 41,520 +0.26% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
72 76 Woodstock Ontario CA 40,902 37,754 +8.34% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
73 74 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield Quebec CA 40,745 40,077 +1.67% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
74 75 Brockville (Elizabethtown-Kitley, Augusta) Ontario CA 38,553 39,024 −1.21% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
75 77 Campbell River (Strathcona D) British Columbia CA 37,861 36,096 +4.89% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
76 79 Midland (Tay, Penetanguishene) Ontario CA 35,859 35,419 +1.24% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
77 81 Moose Jaw Saskatchewan CA 35,053 34,421 +1.84% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
78 87 Lloydminster Alberta/Saskatchewan CA 34,583 30,798 +12.29% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
79 78 New Glasgow (Pictou, Subd. C & B, Stellarton, Westville) Nova Scotia CA 34,487 35,809 −3.69% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
80 83 Val-d'Or Quebec CA 33,871 33,265 +1.82% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
81 84 Alma Quebec CA 32,849 33,018 −0.51% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
82 80 Saint-Georges Quebec CA 32,513 31,173 +4.30% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
83 94 Corner Brook (Pasadena) Newfoundland and Labrador CA 31,917 31,417 +1.59% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
84 85 Owen Sound (Georgian Bluffs) Ontario CA 31,820 32,092 −0.85% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
85 86 Stratford Ontario CA 31,465 30,903 +1.82% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
86 NR Carleton Place (Mississippi Mills, Beckwith) Ontario CA 31,451 29,180 +7.78% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
87 73 Orillia Ontario CA 31,166 30,586 +1.90% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
88 82 Bathurst (Beresford Parish, Bathurst Parish, Beresford) New Brunswick CA 31,110 31,936 −2.59% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
89 NR Winkler (Stanley, Morden) Manitoba CA 30,297 26,838 +12.89% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
90 92 Parksville (Qualicum Beach, Nanaimo G) British Columbia CA 28,922 27,822 +3.95% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
91 93 Rivière-du-Loup (Saint-Antonin) Quebec CA 28,902 28,987 −0.29% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
92 101 Okotoks Alberta CA 28,881 24,511 +17.83% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
93 89 Sept-Îles Quebec CA 28,534 28,487 +0.16% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
94 91 Thetford Mines Quebec CA 28,448 28,927 −1.66% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
95 96 Fort St. John (Peace River C) British Columbia CA 28,396 26,380 +7.64% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
96 98 Whitehorse Yukon CA 28,225 26,028 +8.44% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
97 95 Centre Wellington Ontario CA 28,191 26,693 +5.61% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
98 88 Baie-Comeau Quebec CA 27,692 28,465 −2.72% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
99 90 Miramichi New Brunswick CA 27,523 28,115 −2.11% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
100 97 Kentville (Kings, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 26,222 26,359 −0.52% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
101 100 Cranbrook (East Kootenay C) British Columbia CA 26,083 25,037 +4.18% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
102 99 Port Alberni (Alberni-Clayoquot E) British Columbia CA 25,112 25,465 −1.39% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
103 103 Brooks (Newell County) Alberta CA 24,662 23,430 +5.26% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
104 105 Edmundston New Brunswick CA 23,524 23,819 −1.24% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
105 102 Pembroke (Laurentian Valley) Ontario CA 23,269 24,017 −3.11% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
106 104 Quesnel (Cariboo A & B) British Columbia CA 23,146 23,566 −1.78% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
107 106 Collingwood Ontario CA 21,793 19,241 +13.26% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
108 NR Wasaga Beach Ontario CA 20,675 17,537 +17.89% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
109 116 Squamish British Columbia CA 19,893 17,479 +13.81% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
110 108 North Battleford (Battleford) Saskatchewan CA 19,623 18,850 +4.10% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
111 107 Yellowknife Northwest Territories CA 19,569 19,234 +1.74% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
112 109 Cobourg Ontario CA 19,440 18,519 +4.97% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
113 112 Yorkton Saskatchewan CA 18,905 18,238 +3.66% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
114 117 Camrose Alberta CA 18,742 17,286 +8.42% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
115 115 Swift Current (Swift Current No. 137) Saskatchewan CA 18,536 17,535 +5.71% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
116 NR Nelson (Central Kootenay F & E) British Columbia CA 18,307 17,987 +1.78% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
117 110 Williams Lake (Cariboo D & E) British Columbia CA 18,277 18,490 −1.15% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
118 111 Matane Quebec CA 17,926 18,368 −2.41% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
119 114 Salmon Arm British Columbia CA 17,904 17,683 +1.25% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
120 123 Petawawa Ontario CA 17,187 15,988 +7.50% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
121 119 Powell River (Powell River C) British Columbia CA 16,783 16,689 +0.56% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
122 121 Port Hope Ontario CA 16,753 16,214 +3.32% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
123 120 Summerside Prince Edward Island CA 16,587 16,488 +0.60% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
124 NR Arnprior (McNab/Braeside) Ontario CA 15,973 15,485 +3.15% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
125 126 Tillsonburg Ontario CA 15,872 15,301 +3.73% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
126 130 Steinbach Manitoba CA 15,829 13,524 +17.04% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
127 113 Campbellton, New Brunswick (Atholville) New Brunswick CA 15,746 17,361 −9.30% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
128 124 Terrace (Kitimat-Stikine E) British Columbia CA 15,723 15,569 +0.99% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
129 122 Dolbeau-Mistassini Quebec CA 15,673 15,826 −0.97% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
130 136 Sylvan Lake Alberta CA 15,302 12,797 +19.57% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
131 125 Kenora Ontario CA 15,096 15,348 −1.64% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
132 127 Cold Lake Alberta CA 14,961 13,839 +8.11% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
133 128 Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador CA 14,171 13,725 +3.25% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
134 141 Canmore Alberta CA 13,992 12,288 +13.87% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
135 140 Strathmore Alberta CA 13,756 12,305 +11.79% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
136 135 Thompson Manitoba CA 13,678 12,829 +6.62% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
137 139 Cowansville Quebec CA 13,656 12,489 +9.34% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
138 133 Estevan (Estevan No. 5) Saskatchewan CA 13,615 12,973 +4.95% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
139 134 High River Alberta CA 13,584 12,930 +5.06% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
140 NR Sainte-Marie Quebec CA 13,565 12,889 +5.24% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
141 132 Portage la Prairie Manitoba CA 13,304 12,996 +2.37% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
142 NR Gander Newfoundland and Labrador CA 13,234 12,683 +4.34% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
143 144 Lacombe Alberta CA 13,057 11,707 +11.53% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
144 137 Lachute Quebec CA 12,862 12,551 +2.48% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
145 142 Ingersoll Ontario CA 12,757 12,146 +5.03% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
146 131 Prince Rupert British Columbia CA 12,687 13,052 −2.80% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
147 138 Wetaskiwin Alberta CA 12,655 12,525 +1.04% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
148 145 Dawson Creek British Columbia CA 12,178 11,583 +5.14% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
149 143 Hawkesbury (Grenville) Ontario/Quebec CA 11,974 12,128 −1.27% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
150 147 Bay Roberts (Spaniard's Bay, Upper Island Cove) Newfoundland and Labrador CA 11,083 10,871 +1.95% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
151 NR Weyburn Saskatchewan CA 10,870 10,484 +3.68% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".
152 146 Elliot Lake Ontario CA 10,741 11,348 −5.35% Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",".

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses (table). 2016 Census.". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 19, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses. 2011 Census.". Statistics Canada. January 15, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ "What's the difference between the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and CMA Toronto (census metropolitan area)?". Computing in the Humanities and Social Sciences University of Toronto. May 9, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses (table). 2011 Census.". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "The Canadian Population in 2011: Population Counts and Growth" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 2012. pp. 13–17. Retrieved October 12, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Statistical Area Classification - Variant of SGC 2016 (Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration)". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016. There are 35 CMAs and 117 CAs in 2016. Two new CMAs were created: Belleville (Ont.) and Lethbridge (Alta.). Eight new CAs were created: Gander (N.L.), Sainte-Marie (Que.), Arnprior (Ont.), Carleton Place (Ont.), Wasaga Beach (Ont.), Winkler (Man.), Weyburn (Sask.) and Nelson (Alta.). The CAs of Amos (Que.) and Temiskaming Shores (Ont.) were retired because the population of their cores dropped below 10,000 in 2011. 

External links