List of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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List of the Dead Sea Scrolls
Temple Scroll.png
A view of part of the Temple Scroll that was found in Qumran Cave 11.
Material Papyrus, Parchment, and Bronze
Writing Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Nabataean
Created Est. 408 BCE to 318 CE
Discovered 1946/7 - 1956
Present location Various

A list of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of manuscripts discovered between 1946 and 1956 in the West Bank near the Dead Sea. The following is a list of the Dead Sea Scrolls from the caves near Qumran:

The Dead Sea Scrolls[edit]

Information is not always comprehensive, as content for many scrolls has not yet been fully published. Some resources for more complete information on the scrolls are the book by Emanuel Tov, "Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert"[1] for a complete list of all of the Dead Sea Scroll texts, as well as the online webpages for the Shrine of the Book[2] and the Leon Levy Collection,[3] both of which present photographs and images of the scrolls and fragments themselves for closer study.

Fragment or Scroll Identifier Fragment or Scroll Name Alternative Identifier English Bible Association Language Date/Script Description Reference

Qumran Cave 1[edit]

1QIsaa Great Isaiah Scroll Isaiah 1:1–31; 2:1–22; 3:1-5:30; 6:1–13; 7:1–25; 8:1–23; 9:1–20; 10:1–34; 11:1-45:25; 46:1-66:24
1QIsab The Book of Isaiah A second copy of portions of the Book of Isaiah
1QS Serekh ha-Yahad or "Community Rule" cf. 4QSa-j = 4Q255-64, 5Q11
1QpHab Pesher on Habakkuk
1QM Milhamah or War Scroll cf. 4Q491, 4Q493; 11Q14?
1QHa Hodayot or Thanksgiving Hymns
1QapGen Genesis Apocryphon Genesis 12:18-15:4 Aramaic
CTLevi Cairo Geniza or Testament of Levi Aramaic
1QGen 1Q1 Genesis 1:18-21; 3:11-14; 22:13-15; 23:17-19; 24:22-24 Hebrew
1QExod 1Q2 Exodus 16:12-16; 19:24-20:2, 20:5-6; 20:25-21:1; 21:4-5
1QpaleoLev 1Q3 Leviticus 11:10-11; 19:30-34; 20:20-24; 21:24-22:6; 23:4-8 and Numbers 1:48-50 Palaeo-Hebrew
1QDeuta 1Q4 Deuteronomy 1:22–25; 4:47–49; 8:18–19; 9:27–28; 11:27–30; 13:1–6, 13–14; 14:21, 24–25; 16:4, 6–7 Hebrew [4]
1QDeutb 1Q5 Deuteronomy 1:9–13; 8:8–9; 9:10; 11:30–31; 15:14-15; 17:16; 21:8–9; 24:10–16; 25:13–18; 28:44–48; 29:9–20; 30:19–20; 31:1–10, 12–13; 32:17–29; 33:12–24 Hebrew [4]
1QJudg 1Q6 Judges 6:20–22; 8:1(?); 9:2–6, 28–31, 40–43, 48–49
1QSam 1Q7 Samuel 18:17–18; 2 Samuel 20:6–10; 21:16–18; 23:9–12
1QIsab Parts of 1QIsab as 1Q8 Isaiah 7:22–25; 8:1; 10:17–19; 12:3–6; 13:1–8, 16–19; 15:3–9; 16:1–2, 7–11; 19:7–17, 20–25; 20:1; 22:11–18, 24–25; 23:1–4; 24:18–23; 25:1–8; 26:1–5; 28:15–20; 29:1–8; 30:10–14, 21–26; 35:4–5; 37:8–12; 38:12–22; 39:1–8; 40:2–3; 41:3–23; 43:1–13, 23–27; 44:21–28; 45:1–13; 46:3–13; 47:1–14; 48:17–22; 49:1–15; 50:7–11; 51:1–10; 52:7–15; 53:1–12; 54:1–6; 55:2–13; 56:1–12; 57:1–4, 17–21; 58:1–14; 59:1–8, 20–21; 60:1–22; 61:1–2; 62:2–12; 63:1–19; 64:1, 6–8; 65:17–25; 66:1–24
1QEzek Parts of 1QIsab as 1Q9 Ezekiel 4:16–17; 5:1
1QPsa 1Q10 Psalms 86:5–8; 92:12–14; 94:16; 95:11–96:2; 119:31–34, 43–48, 77–79 Hebrew [5]
1QPsb 1Q11 Psalms 126:6; 127:1–5; 128:3
1QPsc 1Q12 Psalms 44:3–5, 7, 9, 23–25
1QPhyl 1Q13 Deuteronomy 5:23-27; 11:8-11 Hebrew 58 fragments from a Phylactery [4]
1QpMic Pesher on Micah 1Q14
1QpZeph Pesher on Zephaniah 1Q15
1QpPs Pesher on Psalms 1Q16
1QJuba 1Q17 Jubilees
1QJubb 1Q18 Jubilees
1QNoah 1Q19 Parts of the lost Book of Noah
1QapGen Fragments of the "Genesis Apocryphon" 1Q20 Aramaic
1QTLevi Testament of Levi 1Q21 Aramaic
1QDM "Dibrê Moshe" or "Words of Moses" 1Q22
1QEnGiantsa Book of Giants 1Q23 Enoch Aramaic
1QEnGiantsb Book of Giants 1Q24 Enoch Aramaic
1Q25 "Apocryphal Prophecy"
1Q26 "Instruction"
1QMyst "Mysteries" 1Q27
1Q28 Fragment from "Community Rule"
1QSa "Rule of the Congregation" 1Q28a
1QSb "Rule of the Blessing" or "Rule of the Benedictions" 1Q28b
1Q29 "Liturgy of the Three Tongues of Fire"
1Q30 "Liturgical Text 1"
1Q31 "Liturgical Text 2"
1QNJ "New Jerusalem" 1Q32

(cf. 11Q18)

Aramaic
1QM Fragment of the 1QM or "War Scroll" or "Milhamah" 1Q33 Deuteronomy 20:2-5; Numbers 10:9, 24:17-19; Isaiah 31:8 Hebrew 30-1 BCE

Early Herodian

[4]
1QLitPr "Liturgical Prayers" or "Festival Prayers" 1Q34
1QHb Hodayot" or "Thanksgiving Hymns" 1Q35
1Q36-40 "Hymnic Composition"
1Q41-70 Unclassified Fragments
1QDana 1Q71 Daniel 1:10–17; 2:2–6
1QDanb 1Q72 Daniel 3:22–30

Qumran Cave 2[edit]

2QGen 2Q1 Book of Genesis 19:27–28; 36:6, 35–37
2QExoda 2Q2 Exodus 1:11–14; 7:1–4; 9:27–29; 11:3–7; 12:32–41; 21:18–20(?); 26:11–13; 30:21(?), 23–25; 32:32–34
2QExodb 2Q3 Exodus 4:31; 12:26–27(?); 18:21–22; 19:9; 21:37; 22:1–2, 15–19; 27:17–19; 31:16–17; 34:10
2QExodc 2Q4 Exodus 5:3–5
2QpaleoLev 2Q5 Leviticus 11:22-29 Palaeo-Hebrew
2QNuma 2Q6 Numbers 3:38–41, 51; 4:1–3
2QNumb 2Q7 Numbers 33:47–53
2QNumc 2Q8 Numbers 7:88
2QNumd 2Q9 Numbers 18:8–9
2QDeuta 2Q10 Deuteronomy 1:7–9 Hebrew 50-25 BCE

Late Hasmonean or Early Herodian

[4]
2QDeutb 2Q11 Deuteronomy 17:12–15 Hebrew 30 BCE - 68 CE

Herodian

[4]
2QDeutc 2Q12 Deuteronomy 10:8-12 Hebrew 1-68 CE

Late Herodian

[4]
2QJer 2Q13 Jeremiah 42:7–11, 14; 43:8–11; 44:1–3, 12–14; 46:27–28; 47:1–7; 48:7, 25–39, 43–45; 49:10
2QPs 2Q14 Psalms 103:2–11; 104:6–11
2QJob 2Q15 Job 33:28-30
2QRutha 2Q16 Ruth 2:13–23; 3:1–8; 4:3–4
2QRuthb 2Q17 Ruth 3:13–18
2QSir "Wisdom of Sirach" or "Ecclesiasticus" 2Q18
2QJuba 2Q19 Genesis 25:7-9; Book of Jubilees
2QJubb 2Q20 The Book of Jubilees
2QapMoses "Apocryphon of Moses" 2Q21
2QapDavid "Apocryphon of David" 2Q22
2QapProph "Apocryphal Prophecy" 2Q23
2QNJ "New Jerusalem" 2Q24

(cf. 1Q32 ar, 11Q18 ar)

Aramaic
2Q25 "Juridical Text" 2Q25
2QEnGiants 2Q26

(cf. 6Q8)

"Book of Giants" from "Enoch" Aramaic
2Q27

2Q28 2Q29

2Q30 2Q31

2Q32 2Q33

2Q27

2Q28 2Q29

2Q30 2Q31

2Q32 2Q33

Unidentified Texts

Qumran Cave 3[edit]

3QEzek 3Q1 Ezekiel 16:31-33
3QPs 3Q2 Psalms 2:6-7
3QLam 3Q3 Lamentations 1:10–12; 3:53–62
3QpIsa Pesher on Isaiah 3Q4 Isaiah 1:1 [6]
3QJub 3Q5 Jubilees 23:6-7,12-13,23 [6]
3QHymn Unidentified Hymn 3Q6 Hymn of Praise [6]
3QTJudah Testament of Judah 3Q7 Hebrew cf. 4Q484, 4Q538 [6]
3QUnid 3Q8 Text about an Angel of Peace [6]
3QSectarian text 3Q9 Possible unidentified Sectarian text [6]
3QUnc 3Q10

3Q11

Hebrew Unclassified fragments [6]
3QUncA-B Unclassified fragments 3Q12

3Q13

Aramaic Unclassified fragments [6]
3QUncC 3Q14 21 unclassified fragments [6]
3QCopScr The Copper Scroll 3Q15 Copper plaque mentioning buried treasures [6]

Qumran Cave 4[edit]

4QGen-Exoda Genesis-Exodus 4Q1 Genesis 8:20-21; Exodus 1–4; 5:3-17; 6:4-21,25; 7:5-13,15-20; 8:20-22; 9:8; 22:14; 27:38-39,42-43; 34:17-21 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments from Genesis to Numbers [3][6]
4QGenb Genesis 4Q2 Genesis 1:1–27; 2:14–19; 4:2–4; 5:13 Hebrew Roman Fragment of Genesis [3][6]
4QGenc 4Q3 Genesis 40-41 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Genesis [3][6]
4QGend 4Q4 Genesis 1:18-27 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Genesis on the Beginning of Creation [3][6]
4QGene 4Q5 Genesis 36–37; 40–43; 49 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Genesis [3][6]
4QGenf 4Q6 Genesis 48:1–11 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Genesis [3][6]
4QGeng 4Q7 Genesis 1:1-11,13-22; 2:6-7 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Genesis about Creation [3][6]
4QGenh
4QGenh2
4QGenh-para
4QGenh-title
4Q8
4Q8a
4Q8b
4Q8c
Genesis 1:8-10; 2:17-18; 12:4–5 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Genesis about the beginning to early mankind [3][6]
4QGenj 4Q9 Genesis 41–43; 45 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Genesis [3][6]
4QGenk 4Q10 Genesis 1:9,14-16,27-28; 2:1-3; 3:1-2 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Genesis [3][6]
4QExodl Paleo-Genesis/ Exodus 4Q11 Genesis 50:26; Exodus 1:1–5; 2:10,22–25; 3:1–4,17–21; 8:13–15, 19–21; 9:25–29, 33–35; 10:1–5; 11:4–10; 12:1–11, 42–46; 14:15–24; 16:2–7, 13–14,18–20,23–25,26–31,33–35; 17:1–3,5–11; 18:17–24; 19:24–25; 20:1–2; 22:23–24; 23:5–16; 25:7–20; 26:29–37; 27:1, 6–14; 28:33–35,40–42; 36:34–36 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Genesis and Exodus [3][6]
4QpaleoGenm Paleo-Genesis 4Q12 Genesis 26:21-28 Exodus 6:25–30; 7:1–19,29; 8:1,5,12–26; 9:5–16,19–21,35; 10:1–12,19–28; 11:8–10; 12:1–2,6–8,13–15,17–22,31–32,34–39; 13:3–7,12–13; 14:3–5,8–9,25–26; 15:23–27; 16:1,4–5,7–8,31–35; 17:1–16; 18:1–27; 19:1,7–17,23–25; 20:1,18–19; 21:5–6, 13–14,22–32; 22:3–4,6–7,11–13,16–30; 23:15–16,19–31; 24:1–4,6–11; 25:11–12,20–29,31–34; 26:8,15,21–30; 27:1–3,9–14,18–19; 28:3–4,8–12,22–24,26–28,30–43; 29:1–5,20,22–25,31–41; 30:10,12–18,29–31,34–38; 31:1–8,13–15; 32:2–19,25–30; 33:12–23; 34:1–3,10–13,15–18,20–24,27–28; 35:1; 36:21–24; 37:9–16 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragment from Genesis [3][6]
4QExodb Exodus 4Q13 Exodus 1:1-6,16-12; 2:2-18; 3:13 - 4:8; 5:3-14 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Exodus about Slavery in Egypt [3][6]
4QExodc 4Q14 Exodus 7:17-19,20-23; 7:26 - 8:1; 8:5-14,16-18,22; 9:10-11,15-20,22-25,27-35; 10:1-5,7-9,12-19,23-24; 11:9-10; 12:12-16,31-48; 13:18 - 14:3; 14:3-13; 17:1 - 18:12 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Exodus
4QExodd 4Q15 Exodus 13:15–16 followed directly by 15:1 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Exodus about the Passover and a Hymn [3][6][7]
4QExode 4Q16 Exodus 13:3–5,15–16 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Exodus about the Passover and a Hymn [3][6]
4QExod-Levf Exodus- Leviticus 4Q17 Exodus 38:18-22; 39:3-19; 39:20-24; 40:8-27. Leviticus 1:13-15; 1:17 - 2:1 Hebrew Early Hellenistic Fragments of Exodus and Leviticus [3][6]
4QExodg Exodus 4Q18 Exodus 14:21–27; Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Exodus [3][6]
4QExodh 4Q19 Exodus 1:1–5; 6:3-6 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Exodus [3][6]
4QExodj 4Q20 Exodus 7:29-8:1 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Exodus [3][6]
4QExodk 4Q21 Exodus 26:8–9 Hebrew Roman Fragments of Exodus [3][6]
4QpaleoExodm Paleo-Exodus 4Q22 Exodus 6:25-7:19,29-8:1,12-22; 9:5-16,19-21,35-10:12,19-28 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Exodus [3][6]
4QLevNuma Leviticus- Numbers 4Q23 Leviticus 15:20–23; 16:22–28; 27:10–12; Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Leviticus [3][6]
4QLevb Leviticus 4Q24 Leviticus 1:11–17; 2:1–2, 5–8; 22:9–33; 23:2–8,11–14,16–22; 24:3–23; 25:28–29,45–49; Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Leviticus [3][6]
4QLevc 4Q25 Leviticus 4:13–14; Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman Fragments of Leviticus [3][6]
4QLevg 4QLevd 4Q26

4Q26a
4Q26b

Leviticus 14:26–30, 33–37; 15:20–24; 17:1–12 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman Fragments of Leviticus [3][6]
4QNumLeva Numbers-Leviticus Leviticus 1:36–40; 2:31–32; 3:5–8, 10–18; 4:2–3, 5–11, 40–44, 47; 5:3–4; 8:7–12; 9:3–10, 19–20; 12:4–11; 13:18; Fragments of Numbers and Leviticus [3][6]
4QNumb Numbers 4Q27 Numbers 11:31–35; 12:1–6,8–11; 13:7,10–13,15–24; 15:41–16:11; 17:12–17; 18:25–19:6; 20:12–13,16–17,19–29; 21:1–2,12–13; 22:5–21,31–34,37–38,41–23:4,6,13–15,21–22,27–24:10; 25:4–8,16–18; 26:1–5,7–10,12,14–34,62–27:5,7–8,10,18–19,21–23; 28:13–17,28,30–31; 29:10–13,16–18,26–30; 30:1–3,5–9,15–16; 31:2–6,21–25,30–33,35–36,38,43–44,46–32:1,7–10,13–17,19,23–30,35,37–39,41; 33:1–4,23,25,28,31,45,47–48,50–52; 34:4–9,19–21,23; 35:3–5,12,14–15,18–25,27–28, 33–36:2,4–7 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Numbers [3][6]
4QDeuta Deuteronomy 4Q28 Deuteronomy 23:26-24:8 Hebrew 175-150 BCE

Transitional: Archaic to Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutb 4Q29 Deuteronomy 29:24–27; 30:3–14; 31:9–17,24–30, 32:1-3 Hebrew 150-100 BCE

Early Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutc 4Q30 Deuteronomy 3:25; 4:13–17,31–32; 7:3–4; 8:1–5; 9:11–12, 17–19,29; 10:1–2,5–8; 11:2–4,9–13,18–19; 12:18–19,26,30–31; 13:5–7,11–12,16; 15:1–5,15–19; 16:2–3,5–11,20–17:7,15–18:1; 26:19— 27:2,24–28:14,18–20,22–25,29–30,48–50,61; 29:17–19; 31:16–19; 32:3 Hebrew 150-100 BCE

Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutd 4Q31 Deuteronomy 2:24–33; 3:14–29; 4:1 Hebrew 124-75 BCE

Middle Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeute 4Q32 Deuteronomy 3:24; 7:12–16,21–26; 8:1–16 Hebrew 50-25 BCE

Late Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutf 4Q33 Deuteronomy 4:23–27; 7:22–26; 8:2–14; 9:6–7; 17:17–18; 18:6–10,18–22; 19:17–21; 20:1–6; 21:4–12; 22:12–19; 23:21–26; 24:2–7; 25:3–9; 26:18–27:10 Hebrew 75-50 BCE

Late Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutg 4Q34 Deuteronomy 9:12–14; 23:18–20; 24:16–22; 25:1–5,14–19; 26:1–5; 28:21–25,27–29 Hebrew 1-25 CE

Middle Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeuth 4Q35 Deuteronomy 1:1–17,22–23,29–41,43–2:6,28–30; 19:21; 31:9–11; 33:9-22 Hebrew 50-1 BCE

Transitional: Hasmonean to Early Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeuti 4Q36 Deuteronomy 20:9–13; 21:23; 22:1–9; 23:6–8, 12-16, 22–26; 24:1 Hebrew 100-50 BCE

Late Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutj 4Q37 Exodus 12:43–44, 46-51; 13:1–5; Deuteronomy 5:1–11, 13–15, 21–33; 6:1–3; 8:5–10; 11:6–10, 12–13; 30:17-18; 32:7–8 Hebrew 50 CE

Late Herodian

Fragments of Exodus and Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutk1 4Q38 Deuteronomy 5:28–31; 11:6–13; 32:17–18, 22–23, 25–27; Hebrew 30-1 BCE

Early Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutk2 4Q38a Deuteronomy 19: 8-16; 20: 6-19; 21:16; 23:22-26; 24:1-3; 25:19; 26:1-5, 18-19; 27:1 Hebrew 30-1 BCE

Early Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutk3 4Q38b Deuteronomy 30: 16-18 Hebrew 50 CE

Late Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [6][8]
4QDeutl 4Q39 Deuteronomy 10:1,14-15; 28:67–68; 29:2–5; 31:12; 33:1–2; 34:4–6,8 Hebrew 50 CE

Late Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy about choosing Life or Death [4][6]
4QDeutm 4Q40 Deuteronomy 3:18–22; 4:32–33; 7:18–22 Hebrew 50-1 BCE

Transitional: Hasmonean to Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutn All Souls Deuteronomy 4Q41 Deuteronomy 5:1–33; 6:1; 8:5–10 Hebrew 30-1 BCE

Early Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeuto Deuteronomy 4Q42 Deuteronomy 2:8; 4:30–34; 5:1–5, 8–9; 28:15–18, 33–36, 47–52, 58–62; 29:22–25; Hebrew 75-50 BCE

Late Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QDeutp 4Q43 Deuteronomy 6:4–11 Hebrew 75-50 BCE

Late Hasmonean

Fragments of Deuteronomy about Loving God [4][6]
4QDeutq 4Q44 Deuteronomy 32:9-10, 37–43 Hebrew 50 BCE-25 CE

Late Hasmonean or Early Herodian

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QpaleoDeutr Paleo-Deuteronomy 4Q45 Deuteronomy 7:2–7, 16–25; 11:28,30–12:1,11–12; 13:19; 14:19–22, 26–29; 15:5–6, 8–10; 19:2–3; 21:8-9; 22:3–6,12–15; 28:15–18, 20; 30:7-8; 32:2–8,10–11,13–14; 33:2–8, 29-34:1 Hebrew 100-25 BCE

Paleo-Hebrew

Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QpaleoDeuts 4Q46 Deuteronomy 26:14–15 Hebrew 250-200 BCE

Archaic Paleo-Hebrew

Fragments of Deuteronomy about giving Tithes [4][6]
4QJosha Joshua 4Q47 Joshua 6:5–10; 7:12–15; 8:3–5, 7–9; 10:3–11; Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Joshua [3][6]
4QJoshb 4Q48 Joshua 2:11–12; 3:15–16; 4:1–3; 17:11–15 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QJudga Judges 4Q49 Judges 6:2–6, 11–13 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Judges [3][6]
4QJudgb 4Q50 Judges 19:5–7; 21:12–25 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QSama Samuel 4Q51 1 Samuel 1:2–28; 2:1–6,8–11,13–36; 3:1–4,18–20; 4:9–12; 5:8–12; 6:1–7,12–13,16–18,20–21; 7:1; 8:9–20; 9:6–8,11–12,16–24; 10:3–18,25–27; 11:1,7–12; 12:7–8,14–19; 14:24–25,28–34,47–51; 15:24–32; 17:3–6; 24:4–5,8–9,14–23; 25:3–12,20–21,25–26,39–40; 26:10–12,21–23; 27:8–12; 28:1–2,22–25; 30:28–30; 31:2–4; 2 Samuel 2:5–16,25–27,29–32; 3:1–8,23–39; 4:1–4,9–12; 5:1–3,6-16; 6:2–9,12–18; 7:23–29; 8:2–8; 10:4–7,18–19; 11:2–12,16–20; 12:4–5,8–9,13–20,30–31; 13:1–6,13–34,36–39; 14:1–3,18–19; 15:1–6,27–31; 16:1–2,11–13,17–18,21–23; 18:2–7,9–11; 19:7–12; 20:2–3,9–14,23–26; 21:1–2,4–6,15–17; 22:30–51; 23:1–6; 24:16–20 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel [3][6]
4QSamb 4Q52 1 Samuel 16:1–11; 19:10–17; 20:27–42; 21:1–10; 23:9–17 Hebrew Early Hellenistic [3][6]
4QSamc 4Q53 1 Samuel 25:30–32; 2 Samuel 14:7–33; 15:1–15 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QKgs Kings 4Q54 1 Kings 7:31–41; 8:1–9,16–18 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of 1 Kings [3][6]
4QIsaa Isaiah 4Q55 Isaiah 1:1–3; 2:7–10; 4:5–6; 6:4–7; 11:12–15; 12:4–6; 13:4–6; 17:9–14; 19:9–14; 20:1–6; 21:1–2,4–16; 22:13–25; 23:1–12 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Isaiah, including elements on punishment (4Q67) and God's blessings for his people (4Q67, 4Q69a). [3][6]
4QIsab 4Q56 Isaiah 1:1–6; 2:3–16; 3:14–22; 5:15–28; 9:10–11; 11:7–9; 12:2; 13:3–18; 17:8–14; 18:1,5–7; 19:1–25; 20:1–4; 21:11–14; 22:24–25; 24:2; 26:1–5,7–19; 35:9–10; 36:1–2; 37:2932; 39:1–8; 40:1–4,22–26; 41:8–11; 43:12–15; 44:19–28; 45:20–25; 46:1–3; 49:21–23; 51:14–16; 52:2,7; 53:11–12; 61:1–3; 64:5–11; 65:1; 66:24 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsac 4Q57 Isaiah 9:3–12; 10:23–32; 11:4–11,15–16; 12:1; 14:1–5,13; 22:10–14; 23:8–18; 24:1–15,19–23; 25:1–2,8–12; 30:8–17; 33:2–8,16–23; 45:1–4,6–13; 48:10–13,17–19; 50:7–11; 51:1–16; 52:10–15; 53:1–3,6–8; 54:3–17; 55:1–6; 66:20–24 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsad 4Q58 Isaiah 46:10–13; 47:1–6,8–9; 48:8–22; 49:1–15; 52:4–7; 53:8–12; 54:1–11; 57:9–21; 58:1–3,5–7 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsae 4Q59 Isaiah 2:1-4; 7:17-20; 8:2-14; 9:17-20; 10:1-10; 11:14-15; 12:1-6; 13:1-4; 14:1-13,20-24; 59:15-16 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsaf 4Q60 Isaiah 1:10-16,18-31; 2:1-3; 5:13-14, 25; 6:3-8,10-13; 7:16-18,23-25; 8:1,4-11; 20:4-6; 22:14-22,25; 24:1-3; 27:1,5-6,8-12; 28:6-9,16-18,22,24; 29:8 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsag 4Q61 Isaiah 42:14-25; 43:1-4,17-24 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsah 4Q61 Isaiah 42:4-11 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsai 4Q62 Isaiah 56:7-8; 57:5-8 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsaj 4Q63 Isaiah 1:1-6 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QIsak 4Q64 Isaiah 28:26-29:9 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsal 4Q65 Isaiah 7:14-15; 8:11-14 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsam 4Q66 Isaiah 60:20-61:1,3-6 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsan 4Q67 Isaiah 58:13-14 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsao 4Q68 Isaiah 14:28-15:2 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QIsap 4Q69 Isaiah 5:28-30 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6][9]
4QIsaq 4Q69a Isaiah 54:10-13 [6][9]
4QIsar 4Q69b Isaiah 30:23 [6][9]
4QJera Jeremiah 4Q70 Jeremiah 4, 7-15, 17-22, 25-27, 30-33, 42-44, and 46-50 200 BCE - 1 BCE [10][11]
4QJerb 4Q71 [10][11]
4QJerc 4Q72 [10][11]
4QJerd 4Q71a [10][11]
4QJere 4Q71b [10][11]
4QPsa Psalms 4Q83 Psalms 5:9–13; 6:1–4; 25:15; 31:24–25; 33:1–12; 35:2,14–20,26–28; 36:1–9; 38:2–12,16–23; 47:2; 53:4–7; 54:1–6; 56:4; 62:13; 63:2–4; 66:16–20; 67:1–7; 69:1–19; 71:1–14; Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Psalms, including elements on putting one's hope in God (4Q98d), the earth shaking at the presence of God (4Q98e), the blessings of God's Children and the struggle of the wicked (4Q98f). [3][6]
4QPsb 4Q84 Psalms 91:5–8,12–15; 92:4–8,13–15; 93:5; 94:1–4,8–14,17–18,21–22; 96:2; 98:4; 99:5–6; 100:1–2; 102:5,10–29; 103:1–6,9–14,20–21; 112:4–5; 113:1; 115:2–3; 116:17–19; 118:1–3,6–11,18–20,23–26,29 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsc 4Q85 Psalms 16:7–9; 18:3–14,16–18,33–41; 27:12–14; 28:1–2,4; 35:27–28; 37:18–19; 45:8–11; 49:1–17; 50:14–23; 51:1–5; 52:6–11; 53:1 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsd 4Q86 Psalms 146:10; 147:1–3,13–17,20; 104:1–5,8–11,14–15,22–25,33–35 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QPse 4Q87 Psalms 76:10–12; 77:1; 78:6–7,31–33; 81:2–3; 86:10–11; 88:1–4; 89:44–46,50–53; 104:1–3,20–21; 105:22–24,36–45; 109:13; 115:15–18; 116:1–3; 120:6; 125:2–5; 126:1–5; 129:8; 130:1–3 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsf 4Q88 Psalms 22:14–17; 107:2–4,8–11,13–15,18–19,22–30,35; 109:4–6, 25–28; Apostrophe to Zion; Apostrophe to Judah; Eschatological Hymn Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QPsg 4Q89 Psalms 119:37–43,44–46,49–50,73,81–83,90 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsh 4Q90 Psalms 119:10–21 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsj 4Q91 Psalms 48:1–7; 49:6,9–12,15,17 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsk 4Q92 Psalms 26:7–12; 27:1; 30:9–13; 135:7–16; Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QPsl 4Q93 Psalms 104:3–5,11–12 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsm 4Q94 Psalms 93:3–5; 95:3–6; 97:6–9; 98:4–8 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsn 4Q95 Psalms 135:6–8,11–12; 136:23 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPso 4Q96 Psalms 114:7–8; 115:1–4; 116:5–10 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsp 4Q97 Psalms 143:6–8 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsq 4Q98 Psalms 31:25 33:1–18; 35:4–20 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QPsr 4Q98a Psalms 26:7–12; 27:1; 30:9–13 [6]
4QPss 4Q98b Psalms 5:8–13; 6:1 [6]
4QPst 4Q98c Psalms 88:15-17 [6]
4QPsu 4Q98d Psalms 42:5 [6]
4QPsv 4Q98e Psalms 99:1 [6]
4QPsw 4Q98f Psalms 112:1-9 [6]
4QPsx 4Q98g Psalms 89:20–22,23,26–28,31 [6]
4QJoba Job 4Q99 Job 36 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Job [3][6]
4QJobb 4Q100 Job 13:4-5 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QpaleoJobc Paleo-Job 4Q101 Job 13:18-20, 23-27; 14:13-18 Hebrew Early Hellenistic -
4QProva Proverbs 4Q102 Proverbs 1:27–33; 2:1; chs. 14-15 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Proverbs [3][6]
4QProvb 4Q103 Proverbs 14:31–35; 15:1–5,7–8,20–31 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QRutha Ruth 4Q104 Ruth 1:1-12 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Ruth [3][6]
4QRuthb 4Q105 Ruth 1:1-2, 12-15 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QCanta Canticles 4Q106 Song of Songs 3:7–11; 4:1–7 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of Song of Songs, including an introduction (4Q106). [3][6]
4QCantb 4Q107 Song of Songs 2:9–17; 3:1–2; 4:1–11, 14–5:1 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QCantc 4Q108 Song of Songs 3:7–8 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman -
4QQoha Ecclesiastes 4Q109 Ecclesiastes 5:13–17; 6:1,3–8,12; 7:1–10,19–20 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Ecclesiastes [3][6]
4QQohb 4Q110 Ecclesiastes 1:10–15 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QEzra Ezra 4Q117 Ezra 4:2-6, 9-11; 5:17; 6:1-5 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Ezra [3][6]
4QChr Chronicles 4Q118 2 Chronicles 28:27; 29:1-3 Hebrew Herodian Fragments of 2 Chronicles -
4QLXXLeva Septuagint Leviticus 4Q119 Leviticus 26:2–16 Greek Hasmonean Fragments of Leviticus [3][6]
pap4QLXXLevb 4Q120 Leviticus 1:11; 2:3–5,7–8; 3:4,7,9–14; 4:4,6–8,10–11,18–19,26–28,30; 5:6,8–10,16–19; 6:1–5; Greek Hasmonean [3][6]
4QLXXNumb Septuagint Numbers 4Q121 Numbers 3:40–43,50-51; 4:1,5–9,11–16; 3:39 Greek Herodian Fragments of Numbers [3][6]
4QLXXDeut Septuagint Deuteronomy 4Q122 Deuteronomy 11:4 Greek Early Hellenistic Fragments of Deuteronomy [4][6]
4QPhyla Phylactery Scrolls 4Q128 Deuteronomy 5:1-14,27-6:3; 10:12-11:21; Exodus 12:43-13:7 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman Fragments of Deuteronomy and Exodus. [3][4][6]
4QPhylb 4Q129 Exodus 13:9-16 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylc 4Q130 Exodus 13:13-16, Deuteronomy 6:4-9; 11:13-21 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhyld 4Q131 Deuteronomy 11:13-21 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhyle 4Q132 Exodus 13:1-10 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][6]
4QPhylf 4Q133 Exodus 13:11-16 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][6]
4QPhylg 4Q134 Deuteronomy 5:1-21; Exodus 13:11-12 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylh 4Q135 Deuteronomy 5:22-6:5; Exodus 13:14-16 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhyli 4Q136 Deuteronomy 6:6-7; 11:13-21; Exodus 12:43-13:10 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylj 4Q137 Deuteronomy 5:1-32; 6:2-3 Hebrew N/A [3][4][6]
4QPhylk 4Q138 Deuteronomy 10:12-11:17 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhyll 4Q139 Deuteronomy 5:7-24 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylm 4Q140 Exodus 12:44-13:10; Deuteronomy 5:33-6:5 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhyln 4Q141 Deuteronomy 32:14-20, 32-33 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylo 4Q142 Deuteronomy 5:1-16, 6:7-9 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylp 4Q143 Deuteronomy 10:22-11:3,18-21 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylq 4Q144 Exodus 13:4-9; Deuteronomy 11:4-18 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylr 4Q145 Exodus 13:1-10 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][6]
4QPhyls 4Q146 Deuteronomy 11:19-21 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][4][6]
4QPhylt 4Q147 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman Could not be Decifered [3][6]
4QPhylu 4Q148 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3][6]
4QMeza Mezuzah Scrolls 4Q149 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Exodus and Deuteronomy [6][8]
4QMezb 4Q150 Deuteronomy 6:5–6; 10:14–11:2 Hebrew Herodian [6][8]
4QMezc 4Q151 Deuteronomy 5:27-6:9; 10:12-20 Hebrew Herodian [6][8]
4QMezd 4Q152 Deuteronomy 6:5-7 Hebrew Herodian [6][8]
4QMeze 4Q153 Deuteronomy 11:17-18 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [6][8]
4QMezf 4Q154 Deuteronomy 13:1-4 Hebrew Hasmonean [6][8]
4QMezg 4Q155 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [6][8]
4QtgLev Targum of Leviticus 4Q156 Leviticus 16:12–15,18–21 Hebrew Hasmonean Fragments of Leviticus [3][12]
4QtgJob Targum of Job 4Q157 Job 3:5-6; 4:17-5:4 Aramaic Herodian Fragments of Job [3][12]
4QRPa Reworked Pentateuch A 4Q158 Genesis 32:25-30; 32:31 ?; Exodus 3:12; 4:27-28; 19:17-23; 24:4-6; 20:12-17,19-21 (Samaritan), 22-26; 21:15-25, 32-37; 22:1-13; 30:32.34; Deuteronomy 5:30-31; 21:1-10 Hebrew Herodian Reworked Pentateuch [3][4][13][14]
4QOrdinancesa Ordinances A 4Q159 Hebrew Herodian Non-biblical composition [8]
4QVisSam Vision of Samuel 4Q160 Hebrew Hasmonean Non-biblical composition [8]
4QpIsaiaha Pesher Isaiah 4Q161 Hebrew Herodian Non-biblical composition [8]
4QpIsaiahb 4Q162 Hebrew Herodian Non-biblical composition [8]
4QTest Testimonia 4Q175 Deuteronomy 5:28-29; 18:18-19; 33:8-11

Numbers 24:15-17

Joshua 6:26, quoted in Psalms of Joshua (4Q379, frag. 22)

Hebrew Herodian A list of quotations. [3][4]
4QCommentary on Gen A Commentary on Genesis 4Q252 Genesis 7:11; 8:5,13; 9:24; 22:10 Hebrew Herodian Fragments/ commentary of Genesis. [3][6]
4QCommentary on Gen C 4Q254 Genesis 9:24-25 Hebrew Herodian [3][6]
4QCommentary on Gen D 4Q254a Genesis 6:15 [6][8]
4QRPb Reworked Pentateuch 4Q364 Genesis 25:18-21; 26:7-8; 27:39; 28:6; 29:32-33; 30:8-14,26-36; 31:47-53; 32:18-20,26-30; 34:2; 35:28; 37:7-8; 38:14-21; 44:30-34; 45:1,21-27; 48:14-15; Exodus 21:14-22; 19:17; 24:12-14,18; 25:1-2; 26:1,33-35; Numbers 14:16-20; 33:31-49; 20:17-18; Deuteronomy 2:8-14, 30-37; 3:2,18-23; 9:6-7,12-18, 21-25,27-29; 10:1-4, 6-7, 10-13,22; 11:1-2,6-9,23-24; 14:24-26 Hebrew Late Hasmonean or Herodian Reworked Pentateuch [3][4][6][13]
4QRPc 4Q365 Exodus 8:13-19; 9:9-12; 10:19-20; 14:10,12-21; 15:6-[21],22-26; 17:3-5; 18:13-16; 26:34-36; 28:16-20; 29:20-22; 30:27-38; 31:1-2; 35:[2]-5; 36:32-38; 37:29; 38:1-7; 39:1-19; Leviticus 11:1[3],17-[25],32-[33],[39]-[46]; 13:6-8,15-[19],51-52; 16:6-7; 18:[25]-[29]; 23:42-44; 24:1-2; 25:7-9; 26:17-32; 27:34; Numbers 1:1-5; 3:26-30; 4:47-49; 7:1,78-80; 8:11-12; 9:15-23; 10:1-[4]; 13:[11]-25,[28]-30; 15:26-[29]; 17:20-24; 27:11; 36:1-2; Deuteronomy 2:24; 19:20-21; 20:1 Hebrew Late Hasmonean/ Early Herodian [3][4][6][13]
4QRPd 4Q366 Exodus 21;35-37; 22:1-5; Leviticus 24:20-22; 25:39-43; Numbers 29:14-[25], 32-39; 30:1; Deuteronomy 16:13-14; 14:[13]-21 Hebrew Herodian [3][4][6][13]
4QRPe 4Q367 Leviticus 11:47; 12:1-8; 13:1; 15:14-15; 19:1-4,9-15; 20:13; 27:30-34 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6][13]
4QapocrJosha Apocryphon of Joshua 4Q378 Hebrew Herodian Texts drawing on the content of Joshua, Exodus and Numbers. [3]
4QapocrJoshb 4Q379 Hebrew Hasmonean [3]
4QpapGen or papJub pap-Genesis or pap-Jubilees 4Q483 Genesis 1:28-29, or Book of Jubilees Hebrew Herodian [3]
4QTempleScrollb Temple Scroll 4Q524 Hebrew Hasmonean [3][6]
4QGenn Genesis 4Q576 Genesis 34:7-10; 50:3 Hebrew Hasmonean [3]

Qumran Cave 5[edit]

5QDeut 5Q1 Deuteronomy 7:15-24; 8:5-9:2 Hebrew [4][6]
5QKgs 5Q2 1 Kings 1:1,16-17,27-37 [6]
5QIsa 5Q3 Isaiah 40:16,18-19 [6]
5QAmos 5Q4 Amos 1:2-5 [6]
5QPs 5Q5 Psalms 119:99-101,104,113-20,138-42 [6]
5QLama 5Q6 Lamentations 4:5-8,11-16,19-22; 5:1-13,16-17 [6]
5QLamb 5Q7 Lamentations 4:17-20 [6]
5QPhyl 5Q8 Phylactery in its unopened case [6]
5QToponyms 5Q9 Seven fragments with names of places [6]
5QapocMal 5Q10 Apocryphon of Malachi [6]
5QS Serek hay-Yahad 5Q11 [6]
5QD 5Q12 Damascus Document [6]
5QRégle 5Q13 Fragments related to 1QS [6]
5QCurses 5Q14 Liturgical compositions with curses [6]
5QNJ 5Q15 Description of the New Jerusalem [6]
5QUnid 5Q16-5Q24 Unidentified fragments [6]
5QUnc 5Q25 [6]

Qumran Cave 6[edit]

6QpaleoGen 6Q1 Genesis 6:13-21 [6]
6QpaleoLev 6Q2 Leviticus 8:12-13 [6]
pap6QDeut 6Q3 Deuteronomy 26:19 Hebrew [4][6]
pap6QKgs 6Q4 1 Kings 3:12-14; 12:28-31; 22:28-31; 2 Kings 5:26; 6:32; 7:8-10,20; 8:1-5; 9:1-2; 10:19-21 [6]
pap6QPs 6Q5 Psalms 78:36-37 [6]
6QCant 6Q6 Song of Songs1:1-7 [6]
pap6QDan 6Q7 Daniel 8:20-21; 10:8-16; 11:33-36,38; 8:16-17 [6]
pap6QEnGiants 6Q8 Part of the "Book of Giants" [6]
pap6QapocrSam/Kgs 6Q9 Samuel-Kings apocryphon [6]
pap6QProph 6Q10 Hebrew Prophetic text [6]
6QAllegory 6Q11 Hebrew Fragment containing an Allegory mentioning a vine [6]
6QapProph 6Q12 [6]
6QPriestProph 6Q13 Priestly prophecy [6]
6Qapoc 6Q14 Aramaic Two fragments with apocalyptic text [6]
6QD 6Q15 Damascus Document 4:19-21; 5:13-14,18-21; 6:1-2,20-21; 7:1 Damascus Document [6]
pap6QBen 6Q16 Blessings related 1QSb [6]
6QCalDoc 6Q17 Calendric fragment [6]
pap6QHymn 6Q18 Fragment of a hymn, related to 1QM [6]
6QGen 6Q19 Aramaic Related to Genesis10:6,20 [6]
6QDeut 6Q20 Related to Deuteronomy 11:10 [6]
6QfrgProph 6Q21 Prophetic fragment [6]
pap6QUnidA 6Q22 Hebrew [6]
pap6QUnidA ar 6Q23 Aramaic Related to "Words of the Book of Michael" [6]
6QUnidB 6Q24-6Q31 [6]
6QpapProv 6Q30 Proverbs 11:4b-7a,10b [6]

Qumran Cave 7[edit]

Qumran Cave 8[edit]

8QGen Genesis 8Q1 Hebrew Herodian [3]
8QPs Psalms 8Q2 Hebrew Herodian [3]
8QPhyl Phylacteries 8Q3 Exodus 13:1-16; 12:43-51; 20:11

Deuteronomy 6:4-5; 6:1-3; 10:20-22; 10:12-19; 5:1-14; 10:13; 11:2-3; 10:21-22; 11:1; 11:6-12

Hebrew 1-100 CE

Herodian

[4]
8QMez Mezuzah 8Q4 Deuteronomy 10:1-11:21 Hebrew 30 BCE-68 CE

Herodian

[4]
8QHymn Hymn 8Q5 Hebrew Herodian Non-biblical composition. [3]

Qumran Cave 9[edit]

9Q1 Unidentified 9Q1 Hebrew Roman [3]

Qumran Cave 10[edit]

Qumran Cave 11[edit]

11QpaleoLeva Paleo-Leviticusa 11Q1 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QLevb Leviticusb 11Q2 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QDeut Deuteronomy 11Q3 Deuteronomy 1:4-5; 2:28-30 Hebrew 50 CE

Late Herodian

[4]
11QEzek Ezekiel 11Q4 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11Q5 The Great Psalms Scroll 11Q5 Hebrew/Aramaic A unique Psalms scroll with only about a quarter of the Masoretic psalms (in atypical order), three Syriac psalms, one from Ben Sira, and the only known copies of three more unique psalms—Plea for Deliverance, Apostrophe to Zion, and Hymn to the Creator—all of which are unattested by other sources, as well as the short text David's Compositions. [3]
11QPsa Psalms 11Q5 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QPsb 11Q6 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QPsc 11Q7 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QPsd 11Q8 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QPse 11Q9 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QtgJob Targum Job 11Q10 Aramaic Herodian A unique Aramaic translation of the Book of Job; presents Job somewhat more favourably. [3]
11QapocrPs Apocryphal Psalms 11Q11 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QJub Jubilees 11Q12 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QMelch Melchizedek 11Q13 Contains Pesher commentary on Leviticus 25:13; Deuteronomy 15:2; Psalms 7:8-9; 82:2; Isaiah 52:7; Daniel 9:25; Leviticus 25:9 Hebrew 50-25 BCE or 75-50 BCE

Late Hasmonean or Early Herodian

Describes a tenth jubilee and portrays Melchizedek as a messianic agent of salvation, using similar language to that used for Jesus in Hebrews. [3][4]
11Q Sefer ha-Milmah Sefer ha-Milmah 11Q14 Hebrew Herodian An account of the final eschatological battle of the Israelites and the Kittim (Romans), including a messianic figure named the "Prince of the Congregation." [3]
11QHymnsa Hymns 11Q15 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QHymnsb 11Q16 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QShirShabb Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice 11Q17 Hebrew Herodian Collection of 13 hymns describing a heavenly temple service. [3]
11QNJ New Jerusalem 11Q18 Aramaic Herodian Appears to be an apocalyptic vision, including some architectural details of a very large city (cf. Ezekiel and Revelation). [3]
11QTa

The Temple Scroll

11Q19 Hebrew Herodian Rephrases the Pentateuch laws in the spirit of Deuteronomy, seeks to resolve biblical legal conflicts and expand ritual laws. [3]
11QTb Temple Scroll 11Q20 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11QTc 11Q21 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11Q Unidentified Unidentified 11Q22 Hebrew Hasmonean Unidentified fragments. [3]
11Q23 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3]
11Q24 Aramaic Hasmonean [3]
11Q25 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11Q26 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11Q28 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [3]
11Q30 Hebrew Herodian [3]
11Q9999 Unidentified Hellenistic-Roman [3]

Wadi Murabba'at Cave 1[edit]

Mur1 Pentateuch Mur1 Genesis 32:4-5,30,33-33:1; 34:5-7,30-35:1,4-7

Exodus 6:5-11

Hebrew Roman Parts of Genesis, Exodus, and Numbers. [3]
MurDeut Deuteronomy Mur2 Deuteronomy 10:1-3 Hebrew 20-84 CE

Roman

[3][4]
MurIsa Isaiah Mur3 Hebrew Roman [3]
MurPhyl Phylacteries Mur4 Contains Exodus 13:1-16;

Deuteronomy 11:13-21; 6:4-9

Hebrew Roman [3][4]
MurMez Mezouza Mur5 Contains Exodus 13:1-16,

Deuteronomy 11:13-21; 6:4-9

Hebrew Roman [3][4]
Mur6 Unidentified Literary Text Mur6 [3]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tov, Emanuel (2010). Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert. Brill. ISBN 9789047443797. 
  2. ^ "Shrine Of The Book - The Digital Dead Sea Scrolls". 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd "Leon Levy Collection". Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library. Israel Antiquities Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-22. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf OakTree Software, Inc. Accordance 10: Bible Software. 2008.
  5. ^ http://www.deadseascrolls.org.il/explore-the-archive/manuscript/1Q-10-1
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu Fitzmyer, Joseph A. (2008). Flint, Peter W.; Abegg, Martin G.; Martinez, Florentino G., eds. A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 27–29, 31, 32, 34–37, 39–46, 74–75, 105–109. ISBN 9780802862419. 
  7. ^ Martinez and Tigchelaar, The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition (Brill 1997): page 246
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m http://www.deadseascrolls.org.il/explore-the-archive. Accessed 20 May 2013
  9. ^ a b c Martinez and Tigchelaar, The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition (Brill 1997): page 270
  10. ^ a b c d e Schiffman, Lawrence; VanderKam, James (2008). Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195084504. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Flint, Peter (2013). The Dead Sea Scrolls. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press. p. 68. ISBN 9780687494491. 
  12. ^ a b Wise, Michael O.; Abegg, Martin G.; Cook, Edward M. (2005). The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers. p. 577. ISBN 9780060766627. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Martinez and Tigchelaar, The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition (Brill 1997): page 305ff
  14. ^ http://www.deadseascrolls.org.il/explore-the-archive/manuscript/4Q158-1