|English: My Homeland|
National anthem of Iraq
Former national anthem of Palestine
|Lyrics||ʾIbrāhīm Ṭūqān, 1934|
|Music||Muḥammid Flayfil, 1934|
|Adopted||1936 (by Palestine)|
2004 (by Iraq)
|Relinquished||1996 (by Palestine)|
|Preceded by||"Mawtini" (Iraq)|
|Succeeded by||"Fidāʾī" (Palestine)|
"Mawṭinī" (Arabic: موطني, lit. 'My Homeland') is the national anthem of Iraq. Adopted in 2004, the song is also the de facto national anthem of Palestine since the 1930s, it was adopted during the 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.
|National anthems of Iraq|
It is a popular poem written by the Palestinian poet ʾIbrāhīm Ṭūqān c. 1934 and composed by the Lebanese composer Muḥammid Flayfil. It served as Palestine's de facto national anthem since it was written and until 1996 when it was officially replaced by "Fidā’ī". However, Palestinians still identify with it along with "Fida'i".
In 2004, it was re-adopted as Iraq's national anthem, allegedly on the suggestion of Coalition Provisional Authority chief Paul Bremer as the national anthem of Iraq. It replaced "Mawṭinī" (of no relation to the current national anthem), which in turn replaced the old national anthem "Arḍulfurātayni", which had been in use since 1981 and was thus associated with Saddam Hussein's Ba'athist regime.
During the late 1950s and early 1960s, after it became a republic, Iraq used a national anthem also called "Mawṭinī", composed by Lewis Zanbaka. Though it shares the same name as the current Iraqi national anthem, it is a different song altogether. Unlike the current Iraqi national anthem, this version is instrumental and has no lyrics.
After Iraq's Ba'athist regime was deposed in 2003, the old "Mawṭinī" formerly used as the Iraqi national anthem during the late 1950s and early 1960s was brought back and used temporarily as an interim national anthem until it was replaced by the current "Mawṭinī" in 2004.
|Arabic script||Transliteration||Phonemic transcription (IPA)|
- "as-Salām al-Malakī", the former Iraqi national anthem, used from 1932 to 1958.
- "ʾArḍ ul-Furātayn", the former Iraqi national anthem, used from 1981 to 2003.
- "National Anthems".
- "The song that inspired the Arab world".
- Wills, Emily Regan (July 2016). "Discourses and Differences: Situating Pro-Palestine Activism in Discursive Context". Theory in Action. 9 (3): 48–71.
- "Iraq aims to unite with new national anthem, flag". The Daily Star. September 24, 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Iraq - Mawtini". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Schaffer, Edward; Scotland, Jan; Popp, Reinhard (2017). "Iraq (1958-1965, 2003-2004)". National Anthems. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
Immediately after the fall of the Sadam Hussein government in 2003, 'Mawtini' was used again for a brief time as an interim anthem until a new one was adopted. (The title of this anthem is identical to the title of the anthem that replaced it in 2004).CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Wetzel, Dan (August 24, 2004). "One last chance". Yahoo! Sports. Yahoo!. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
The song is 'My Country.' It is relatively short, contains no words and was composed by a man named Lewis Zanbaka...
- "نشيد مَوطِني". المدرسة العربية الالكترونية. April 2003.
- "سمير الرسام - النشيد الوطني العراقي - موطني بحلته الجديدة - الحوار المتمدن". Ahewar. December 18, 2016.
- "Maw6ini" (PDF). Xpace Cultural Centre. June 29, 2018.
- "My Homeland: "The Youth will not tire, 'till your independence!"". Bethlehem Bible College. November 28, 2015.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mawtini.|
- Information on Mawtini at NationalAnthems.me
- Ilham al Madfai – A free download of Iraqi singer Ilham al Madfai's version of "Mawtini" is available at his official website, from the CD "The Voice of Iraq"
- Anthem Original Performance
- Watch Mawtini sung by Algerian youth
- Free download of Mawtini performed by Sgt. Brenda Bushera, a member of the 34th Red Bull Infantry Band
- Listen to a Syrian version
- Watch the People's National Army (Algeria) singing Mawtini