|English: My Homeland|
National anthem of Iraq
|Lyrics||Ibrahim Tuqan, 1934|
|Music||Mohammed Flayfel, 1934|
It is a popular poem written by the Palestinian poet Ibrahim Tuqan c. 1934 and composed by the Lebanese composer Mohammed Flayfel. It served as Palestine's de facto national anthem since it was written and until 1996 when it was officially replaced by Fida'i.
In 2004, it was re-adopted as Iraq's national anthem, on the order of Coalition Provisional Authority chief Paul Bremer as the national anthem of Iraq. It replaced the old anthem "Ardh Alforatain", which was in use from 1981 to 2003 and associated with Saddam Hussein's Ba'athist regime.
After the Ba'athist regime was deposed in 2003, the former Iraqi national anthem from the late 1950s and early 1960s was brought back and used temporarily as an interim national anthem.
During the late 1950s and early 1960s, Iraq used a national anthem also called "Mawtini", composed by Lewis Zanbaka. Though it shares the same name as the current Iraqi national anthem, it is a different song altogether. Unlike the current Iraqi national anthem, this version is instrumental and has no lyrics.
|Arabic lyrics||Transliteration||English translation|
- "As-Salam al-Malaki", the former Iraqi national anthem, used from 1932 to 1958.
- "Ardulfurataini", the former Iraqi national anthem, used from 1981 to 2003.
- Wills, Emily Regan (July 2016). "Discourses and Differences: Situating Pro-Palestine Activism in Discursive Context". Theory in Action. 9 (3): 48–71.
- "Iraq aims to unite with new national anthem, flag". The Daily Star. September 24, 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Iraq - Mawtini". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Schaffer, Edward; Scotland, Jan; Popp, Reinhard (2017). "Iraq (1958-1965, 2003-2004)". National Anthems. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
Immediately after the fall of the Sadam Hussein government in 2003, 'My Country' was used again for a brief time as an interim anthem until a new one was adopted. (The title of this anthem is identical to the title of the anthem that replaced it in 2004).
- Wetzel, Dan (August 24, 2004). "One last chance". Yahoo! Sports. Yahoo!. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
The song is 'My Country.' It is relatively short, contains no words and was composed by a man named Lewis Zanbaka...
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- Information on Mawtini at NationalAnthems.me
- Ilham al Madfai – A free download of Iraqi singer Ilham al Madfai's version of "Mawtini" is available at his official website, from the CD "The Voice of Iraq"
- Anthem Original Performance
- Watch Mawtini sung by Algerian youth
- Free download of Mawtini performed by Sgt. Brenda Bushera, a member of the 34th Red Bull Infantry Band
- Listen to a Syrian version
- Watch the People's National Army (Algeria) singing Mawtini